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Full text of "The parliamentary history of the county of Gloucester, including the cities of Bristol and Gloucester, and the boroughs of Cheltenham, Cirencester, Stroud, and Tewkesbury, from the earliest times to the present day, 1213-1898"

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Parliamentary History 


COUNTY OF Gloucester, 







1213— 1898, 





' The Parliamentary History of JVa/es," and " Worcestershire Members.^ 




Only i2§ Copies printed, of which this is No — // y 










AMONG the many Ancient Families who during the progress of 
centuries have contributed so many of the Members for 
Gloucestershire, the first place must undoubtedly be assigned 
to the noble House of Berkeley, who, during 600 years, have sent 
from this Shire no less than 30 representatives to Westminster. Of 
the extinct families were those of Botiller, Brydges, Clifford, Cooke, 
Denys, GifFord, Howe, Kingston, Pauncefort, Poole, Poyntz, Stephens, 
Throckmorton and Whittington, while the names of Chester Master, 
Dowdeswell, Button, Estcourt, Guise, Hale, Hanbury-Tracy, 
Hicks-Beach, Howard, Kemeys, Moreton, and Somerset remain 
at the present day. As time removed the more ancient landmarks, 
so did fresh families arise during the last two centuries to take the 
foremost places in the County, and a glance at the Index will show 
how many Members the Houses of Bathurst, Codrington, Colchester, 
Cripps, Hyett, Lechmere, Martin, and Selwyn supplied. 

Many of the Gloucestershire Members have attained to fame 
and eminence in various positions in the service of their country, for 
Sir William Wynter was a gallant Elizabethan Admiral, who was 
wounded in the defeat of the Armada, and Sir John Ratcliffe fell at 
Rh^. Sir Nicholas Arnold, Lord Ossory and Lord Capel were all 
Lord Deputies of Ireland. No less than five Members, Sir John 
Cheney, Sir John Popham, Serjeant Glanville, William Lenthall and 
Henry Powle were Speakers of the House of Commons. The first 
Earl of Shaftesbury was a leading member of the famous Cabal, 
and his contemporary Sir Robert Long was Chancellor of the 
Exchequer. Sir Richard Morgan was Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, Sir Dudley Diggs was Master of the Rolls, Sir Matthew Hale 
was Lord Chief Justice of England, Sir John Powell was a Baron of 
the Exchequer, and Sir John Rolt was Lord Justice of Appeal, while 
the first Earl Bathurst was Lord High Chancellor. Lying so close to 
the Marshes, it is not surprising to find that William Oldisworth, 
Sir George Snigge, Sir Nicholas Overbury, Serjeant Seys, and Charles 
Coxe, were appointed Welsh Judges Other Lawyers were Sir Francis 

vi. Introduction. 

Winnington, Solicitor General, Nicholas Lechmere, Attorney General, 
J. E. Dowdeswell, Master in Chancery, and J. J. Powell, County 
Court Judge. Among the Politicians were Lord John Russell, the 
Prime Minister, William Dowdeswell, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
Lord Ducie, Joint Vice Treasurer of Ireland, the third Earl of 
Berkeley, First Lord of the Admiralty, the second Earl Bathurst 
who was a Cabinet Minister during the Peninsular War, the Duke of 
Beaufort, who was a Lord of the Admiralty, General Fox, the 
Surveyor General of the Ordnance, Edward Horsman, the Free 
Lance, William Cripps, Lord of the Treasury and " Whip," G. C. L. 
Berkeley, Secretary of the Poor Law Board, and H. S. P. Winterbotham, 
Under Secretary of State : while Sir Henry Jerningham, 'Jack' Howe, 
the first Earl Bathurst, General Henry Berkeley, Col. John Selwyn, 
Lord Botetourt, the Earl of Ducie, and Earl Beauchamp held positions 
at Court. Sir Thomas Rowe and the 2nd Earl of Berkeley were 
Ambassadors. General William Selwyn was Governor of Jamaica, 
Major Richard Master was Governor of Tobago, General William 
Dowdeswell Commander in Chief in Bengal, and Sir George 
Berkeley was Lord High Admiral of Portugal. Lord Edward 
Somerset was a hero of Waterloo. Sir Robert Garden was Lord 
Mayor of London. 

During the Civil Wars and the Commonwealth, Richard and 
Sir Maurice Berkeley, Lord Tracy, John Dutton, Sir Robert Pointz, 
Sir William Master, Sir Henry Poole, Sir Theobald Gorges, Sir 
William Hicks, Lord Newburgh, Richard Dowdeswell, and other 
noted Royalists, suffered for the loyalty to their King, while on the 
side of Parliament were Sir Thomas Fairfax, Commander in Chief, 
General Desberough, Col. Nathaniel Rich, Col. Francis White who 
perished at sea, Sir Robert Cooke, and the Pury and Stephens families. 
The gallant Massey fought at first for Parliament, but afterwards led 
several forlorn hopes for the Kiog, while John George, at one time 
condemned to death by the Royalists, was subsequently disabled to 
sit by ParHament. Of other Members may be mentioned Sir Anthony 
Kingston, who is thought to have fallen by his own hand, and Mr. 
Craven Berkeley who fought a duel with Col. Boldero M.P. George 
Augustus Selwyn was a famous wit in his day. 

Introduction. vii. 

Of the various County elections the most famous was in 
1776, when the pitched battle between the Beaufort and Berkeley 
interests is said to have cost ;^iooooo. Several instances of Double 
Returns and Petitions will be found during the Eighteenth Century 
especially. The most famous of the Defeated Candidates were Sir 
Robert Atkyns, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Sir Philip Francis of 
' Junius ' fame, General Gage, General Perronet Thompson, and the 
late General Sir Henry Havelock-Allan V.C. Through the courtesy 
of the Rev. A. B. Beavan MA. who has made a special study of the 
subject, the Political opinions of the Members during the Eighteenth 
Century, have been in most cases supphed, and I again beg to return 
him my thanks for his co-operation in this and several other 

The list of authorities consulted is far too long to be given 
in extenso, but especial mention must be made of such local Histories 
as Atkyns' Gloucestershire, Barretfs Bristol, and Bennett's Tewkesbury. 
The Dictionary of National Biography, Foster's Alumni Oxonienses, and 
the Patent Rolls, Close Rolls, and Calendars of State Papers, have at 
times afforded valuable data. In addition to such works of general 
reference, much information has been privately supphed by the 
courtesy of several of the present representatives of FamiHes 
interested, to whom I now wish to tender my acknowledgments. 

A considerable portion of the Work has been revised by the 
untiring kindness of Mr. W. Duncombe Pink, who with his usual 
courtesy has once more permitted me to avail myself of the benefit of 
his stores of information on the subject. And lastly I beg to tender 
my most grateful thanks to those Noblemen and Gentlemen, who 
have so generously allowed their names to appear in the List of 
Subscribers, and to express my sincere hope that the Work will be 
found to afford them every satisfaction. 


Talybont, Brecknock, 
1st August, i8g8. 




1213, 1226, 1254, 1261, 1265, 1275, and Jan. 1283. No 
Returns found. 

1283. Sept. Walterus de Helion. 

Dominus Rogerus le Rous. 

" No returns found except for County Gloucester, which appears 
to belong to this Parliament. No date of Return given." (Official 

Sir Walter de Helion, of Much Marcle, near Ledbury, co. 
Hereford, who again represented co. Gloucester 1295, was a Justice 
Itinerary 1267-8, a Justiciary 1268-9, ^ Justice of the King's Bench (as 
Walter de Helynn or Helyun), at the death of Hen. HI. in Nov. 1572, 
and a Justice of the Common Pleas 1275-6, and 23 Jan. 1278. On 
23 Nov. 1282 Commission of oyer and terminer issued to him and 
Henry de Shotbrok, touching the persons who broke the parks of 
Edmund Earl of Cornwall at Cosham, Wilts, hunted therein, and 
carried away deer. (Patent Rolls). He was also joined in many 
other commissions in various counties. On 18 Sept. 1297 Writ of aid 
for Walter de Helyun appointed to the custody of Hereford Castle. 

Sir Roger le Rous was also a Justice Itinerant, and was M.P. 
for Herefordshire (as Roger le Rus) 1290. At his death in 1294 he 
was seized of the manor of Harscomb and of 3 yard-lands in Bruckrup, 
CO. Glouc. The corporation of Hereford gave him " et sociis suis " 
(the Judges) presents of wine, bread, and cheese, in 1291 (Hist. MSS. 
Comm. Report ij). On 30 Dec. 1282 Commission of oyer and 
terminer issued to him and Adam de Botiler, touching the persons who 
entered the free warren of Anselm de Gise at Elmor, co. G. while he was 
on the King's service in Wales and under his protection, hunted therein, 
and carried away hares and rabbits. Another commission to Walter 
de Heliun and Roger le Rus 16 Aug. 1292 touching the persons who 
entered the park of John son of Reginald at Bardeslee, co. G. with dogs 

2 Members for Gloucestershire. 

and nets, hunted therein, and carried away deer. On 29 June 1294 
another one to Bogo de Knovill and Roger le Rus touching the persons 
who assaulted John de Danehirst, the King's baihff at Leomynistre. 
Commission 29 July 1294 to Roger le Rus and Giles de Berkeley 
(see 1290) to deliver Gloucester gaol of William de Derneford, in 
custody there on the appeal of a King's approver, who broke prison at 
Old Sarum, fled to church, and abjured the realm. He was placed in 
many other commissions of oyer and terminer, especially in cos. Hereford 
and Gloucester, 1282-94. (Patent Rolls). 

1290. Richard de la More. 
Egidius de Berk'. 

On 2 May 1284 Letters for Agatha de Mortuo Mari, staying 
in England, nominating Robert de Dayleford and Richard de la More 
her attorneys in Ireland for 3 years. In 1287 a commission issued to 
Walter de Helion, Richard de la Ryvere (see 1314,) Roger de Lokintone, 
and Richard de la More to deliver the gaol of Gloucester of Bruning le 
Heyward who was put in exigent after the last eyre in co. Gloucester 
her the death of two men unknown at Hameswell, and has since 

Sir Giles de Berkeley was one of the earlier members of the 
great and numerous Berkeley family. Commission of oyer and terminer 
issued 6 October 1283 to Master Thomas de Sudinton and Egidius 
de Berk', touching the persons who wounded and imprisoned Hugh de 
Upton at Chilteham (Cheltenham) and carried away his goods. 
Another one 28 Aug. 1284 to Walter de Helyun and Egidius de 
Berkeley touching an appeal which Alesia de Blakeneye brings in 
CO. G. against Thomas le Waleys, Geoffrey le Arblaster, Roger le 
Ventrer, and Walter de Marisco, for the death of her brother, Walter de 
Blakeneye. On 20 Oct. 1289 the King's Pardon was granted to 
Richard le Discher of his outlawry for the death of Robert Ace, as it 
appears by the record of Walter de Helyun and Giles de Berkeley, 
Justices appointed to deliver the gaol of Gloucester, that he is not guilty. 

1294. Return lost. 

1295. Walter de Helyon. 
Robert de Berkele. 

Robert de Berkeley (? 3rd son of Thomas B. of Berkeley Castle, 
who d. 1243), sat for CO. Glouc. 1295 and 1298. It is practically 
impossible to identify in a satisfactory manner the earliest Members of 
the House of Berkeley, as there were so many branches bearing the 
same name. 18 July 1284, Protection, with clause volumus, until 
Midsummer, for Robert de Berkeley, going to Ireland. 18 Feb.' 1292 
License for the alienation in mortmain to the Abbot and Convent of 
Flaxley, by Robert de Berkele of 3s. rent in ErHngham. 12 Nov. ieQ4 
appointment of Robert de Berk and John de Langele (see 1298) to 

Members for Gloucestershire. 3 

assess and levy in co. G. the tenth on the moveables of all persons, 
granted the King in aid of his war. 30 July 1297, appointment of 
Robert de Berkeley and another to collect and assess the King's subsidy 
in CO. Hereford. 16 Sept. 1297, appointment of Robert de Berk and 
John de Wylington to select and retain in the King's service at the 
King's wage, knights and yeomen of co. G. at their discretion to be at 
London with their horses and arms by a week after Michaelmas. 
23 Oct. 1297, appointment of Robert de Berkeley to levy 2000 men in 
CO. G. and to retain these in the King's service against the Scots. 
(Patent Rolls). 

1296. John de Seynt Lo. 
Richard de Croupes. 

Sir John de Sancto Laudo sat for CO. Glouc. 1296, 131 9, 1322. 
On r8 Feb. 1283 John de Sancto Laudo was app. to the custody of the 
Castle of Shireburn during pleasure, and on 28 July 1285 he was app. 
to exercise the office of Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, (Eleanor the 
King's Consort being app. to the custody of those counties). On 
27 Dec. 1285 commission of oyer and terminer issued to him, and 
another touching the persons who hunted and took deer in the park of 
William de Gouyz at Dontetis, Dorset, and wounded his men. (Patent 
Rolls). He is mentioned in the Close Rolls as follows: — 22 April 
132 1, Bristol. John de Sancto Laudo acknowledges that he owes to 
Philip de Englefeld 160 marks, to be levied in default of payment, of 
his lands and chattels in co. Somerset. — ^Master Henry de Clif (see 
1338) received the acknowledgment. 

Sir Richard de Croupes sat for co. Glouc. 1296 and 1301. On 
21 Oct. 1287, Simple Protection for Richard de Croupes, now in Wales, 
on the King's affairs, for one year. 14 Oct. 1288, Protection, with 
clause volumus, for R. de C, staying in Wales by the King's command, 
until Whitsunday. As Sir Rd. de Crompis he appears to have 
witnessed a certain document at Westminster 24 Jan. 1292, (see Patent 
Rolls). On 26 Aug. 1309 John de Langeleye (see 1298), Rd. de 
Crupes, and Odo. de Dumbleton were app. to assess and levy the 25 th 
upon all moveable goods in co. G. for the war in Scotland. On 18 Dec. 
1309 John ap Adams, R. de Croupes, and J. de Langele were app. 
Commissioners to enquire touching all prises taken in co. G. for the 
King's use. On i April 13 10 licence was granted to Rd. de Croupes 
in consideration of his good service to the late and present King to 
grant in fee to Peter Withinthegate of Ameneyethe manor of Whitenton 
CO. G. held in chief, and for the latter to re-grant the same to the 
former for Ufe, with remainder over to his son Richard and to the right 
heirs of the grantor. 

1 298. Robert de Berkeleye. 

John de Langeleye. 
The latter was M.P. co. Glouc, 1298, 1311, 1316, and was 

4 Members for Gloucestershire. 

perhaps of kin to William de Langley, Attorney General 1315-18. He 
was Sheriff of co. G. 1294, 1303. On 24 March 1322, Order to John 
de Langeleye, John de Hampton, and Robert de Aston, to restore to 
William Corbet (see 1318), his lands, goods, and chattels m co. G., 
the custody whereof the King lately committed to them, as he has 
served the King well in the present expedition against certain magnates 
of the realm opposing the King, and has found security for his good 
behaviour and to answer to the King for what he will say to him. 
A similar order issued to Wm. de Bradewell (see 1324) and others, to 
restore Corbet's lands in co. Worcester. On 26 Feb. 1323, John de 
Langele acknowledges tha:t he owes to John de Ellerker the elder £^20 ; 
to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in cos, 
Oxford and Derby. Also on 19 Feb. that he owes to Thomas West 
;^3oo. On 28 Feb. 1323, Enrolment of grant by John de Langele to 
Thomas West of the bailiwick of the Forestry of Whicchewode 
(Whichwood), co. Oxford. (Close Rolls). 

1300. March |Rgt^,„, lost. 

1300. May / 

1 30 1. John de Acton. 
Richard de Croupes. 

Sir John de Acton, son of John, was joint Sheriff of co. Glouc. 
1306, 1307, and deed seized of the Manor of Iron Acton 1315. (?) 
John de Acton was M.P. Herefordshire 1300, and seems to have been 
returned both for cos. Hereford and Gloucester 1301. As John Dacton 
he was one of those app. 15 July 1301 to enquire by jury with respect 
to what bailiffs and ministers had received bribes to allow men to stay 
at home from the army out of the 700 footmen selected in co. Glouc. 
He was one of the three placed in the Commission of the Peace for co. 
G. 20 Jan., 1287, and he and John de Langeleye (see 1298) were app. 
to raise the assessment in co. G. for the war, i Nov. 1301. He was 
made Sheriff of co. Hereford 1305, and app. Governor of Hereford 
Castle by letters patent i Oct. 1305. He was made a Commissioner of 
the Peace in co. Hereford 24 Dec. 1307, and 17 March 1308, and was 
one of those app. to levy the twentieth and fifteenth in co. Hereford 28 
Nov. 1307. He and others were placed in a commission of oyer and 
terminer in co. G. 14 Sept. 1309. On 6 Oct. 13 10 Thomas de Berkele, 
John de Acton, and two others were commissioned to enquire touching 
the state of the Castle of Stroghulle and town of Chepstowe ; and on 
16 Dec. 1316, John de Acton was made a Commr. to enquire touching 
forestalling and other offences in co. Hereford. The Close Rolls for 26 
Nov. 131 2, mention him as then dead, and state that Sybil his widow 
held lands in the manor of Ceddre. The Order to the Sheriff of co. 
Gloucester dated 16 Feb. 1322 to pursue arrest and imprison John de 
Acton and others, perhaps applies to the Member's son. 

Members for Gloucestershire. S 

1302. Peter Crok'. 

William de Wauton. 

Both Members are elsewhere styled Knights. Peter Crok' 

married Isabella , and died before 1322, when his lands were forfeited 

owing to his son Roger being a rebel. On 10 May 1300 Peter Crok, 
Walter de Helyun (see 1283), and John de Langele (see 1298), were 
app. Commrs. for co. Glouc. to punish offenders against Magna Carta 
and the Forest Charter of Henry 3. Power to Peter Crok to administer 
the oath to his fellow Commrs. 

Commission 2 Sept. 1592 to John le Bretun and Wm. de Wauton 
to deliver Ipswich gaol of John de Cressouener, who was outlawed for 
robbery after the last eyre in Suffolk, and has since surrendered. 
Protection 13 Dec. 1295 with clause volumus, until Easter, for William 
de Wauton going with Thomas de Berkeley, beyond seas on the King's 
service. Wm. de Wauton and Thomas de Berkeley were app. Commrs. 
of the Peace in co. G. 8 March 1327. (Patent Rolls). On 16 July 
1322, John Peeche and Wm. de Wauton, Knights, acknowledge that 
they owe to John de EUerker the elder, 1 1 marks, 5 shillings, to be 
levied, in default of payment, of their lands and chattels in co. 
Warwick. — Cancelled on payment. (Close Rolls.) Simon de Wauton 
or Walton was Bishop of Norwich 1253-65. 

1305. Thomas de Botiler. 
John Bisshop. 

The former was M.P. for Worcestershire (as T. de Bottelegh) 
1298. On 10 April 1290 the King granted Pardon to Thomas de 
Bottelegh, late Verderer of Feckenham Forest, for a fine of 100 shillings. 
On 31 Aug. 1294, Grant to Thomas de Botiller, going to Gascony on 
the King's service, of that that pertains to the King of imprisonments 
ransoms fines or amercements of those convicted of breaking the park 
of the said T. de B. at Badmynton, and of other trespasses there, and 
also of those persons who may be convicted before the justices 
appointed to hear and determine the said trespasses. Pardon dated 
Bristol I July 1308, to Thomas le Botiller for acquiring in fee without 
the King's licence, from Avelina late wife of Peter le Botiller, the manor 
of Basteldon held in chief. 

Sir John Bisshop was M.P. co. Glouc. 1305, 1309, 1313. 
Thomas Bishop was seized of one messuage and one yardland in 
Weston Subedge 1324. 

1306. Nicholas de Kyngeston. 
John de Bradenstok. 

Sir Nicholas de Kyngeston (probably brother to Sir John de K., 
"a contrariant to be arrested" 6 May 1322), sat for co. Glou. 1306, 1315, 
and was Joint Sheriff 1304 and 1305. On 3 Dec. 1308 Sir Peter Crok 
Knt. (see 1302), Sir Nich. de Kyngeston, Sir John de Acton (see 1301), 

6 Members for Gloucestershire. 

and Sir Wm. Corbet (see 1318), witnessed at London the enrolment of 
a release from Rd. de Weilonde, son of Sir Thomas de W. Knt. to Sir 
Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford of lands m cos. 
Gloucester and Worcester. On 23 March 1322 Nich. de Kyngeston 
Knt. acknowledges that he owes to Rd. de Castiloun £i,o ; to be levied, 
in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in Wilts. (C/ose Rolls). 
On 13 Feb. 1322, Order to the Sheriff of Wilts and Nich. de_ Kyngeston 
to cause 500 footmen to be elected in that county, and to bring them in 
person to the King, so that he may have them at Coventry on the first 
Sunday in Lent. (Patent Rolls). It is very doubtful whether he was 
the same person as Nicholas de Kyngton who (with his wife Mariota) 
complained to the King of having been assaulted and beat at Kyngton, 
CO. Worcester, by Nicholas de Somery and others in 1327. 

On 14 July 1300, Letters for the Abbot of Malmesbury, going 
beyond seas, nominating Brother Wm. de Alinton and John de 
Bradenestok his Attorneys for one year. Commission of oyer and 
terminer issued to John de Bradenstoke and others in co. G. 
2 Dec. 1310. 

1307. Jan. William Maunsel. 

Nicholas de Bathon. 

Sir William Mansel was M.P. co. Glouc. 1307, 131 1, 1313, 1314, 
and Joint Sheriff 1308, 1309. He was probably one of the same family 
as the Mansels who afterwards settled in Glamorganshire and became 
Lords Mansel of Margam, but he cannot be more particularly identified. 

Henry de Bathonia a Justice of the Bench at Westminster in 1 250, 
was perhaps grandfather of Nich. de Bathon, while the Sheriff of co. 
Gloucester was ordered to release from prison, another kinsman 
Reginald de Bathon, one of the garrison of Bristol Castle, indicted with 
others for the death of John son of Robert Peel of Bristol. (Close Rolls). 

^ 'o ' 1-Returns lost. 

1308. j 

1309. Sir John Bisshop. 
Sir John de Vivonia. 

Quaere husband or grandson of Joan de Vivonia, who was a lady 
of considerable importance, judging from the frequent references made 
to her in the Patent Rolls. 23 June 1301, Simple Protection for two 
years for Joan de Vivonia, going beyond seas. 3 Dec. 1308, Licence 
upon fine for Aymer de Archiaco to grant a moiety of the hamlet of 
Wolverton, Dorset, a fourth part of the manor of Midsomeresnorton 
Somerset, and a fourth of a sixth part of the manor of Luyton, Beds, 
held in chief, to Joan de Vivonia and Reginald her son, for their lives' 
with remainder to the latter's son John. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 7 

131 1. Aug. Sir John de Langeleye. 
Sir William Mauncel. 

131 1. Nov. The same. 

131 2. Return lost. 

1313. March. Nicholas de Sancto Mauro. 

WilUam Tracy. 

St. Maur or Seymour, of the same family as the Dukes of 
Somerset. 24 April 1294, Protection with clause volumus for Nich. de 
Sancto Mauro, staying beyond seas with Edmund the King's brother, 
until Easter. 17 Sept. 1294, Licence for Reginald de Sancto Mauro, 
tenant in chief, going to Gascony on the King's service with Edmund, 
the King's brother, to enfeoff Nicholas de Sancto Mauro of the manors 
of Ubbeton, Weredore, Sutton, and Dene, and for him to re-grant it to 
the said Reginald and Eva his wife and their heirs. (Patent Rolls). 
26 Nov. 1318, Order to Ralph de CrophuU, escheator this side Trent, 
to cause dower to be assigned to Alan de Cherleton and Ellen his wife, 
late the wife of Nich. de Sancto Mauro, of lands in Northumberland. 
(Close Rolls). From this it would seem that the Member died between 
1315 and 1318, when his widow had married again. 

Sir William Tracy, son of William Tracy, was Joint Sheriff of 
CO. Glouc. 1319, 1320, 1321, M.P. 1313, 1322, and app. 23 Sept. 1327 
a Commr. to collect in co. G. the twentieth of the moveables granted 
to the King for the defence of the Kingdom against the Scots. 
(Patent Rolls). On 20 July 13 10 Wm. de Tracy acknowledged that he 
owed Matthew de Clyveden ^3000, to be levied, in default of payment, 
of his lands and chattels in co. Gloucester, while Matthew de Clyvedon 
acknowledged that he owed Wm. de Tracy 200 marks, to be levied, &c., 
on his lands in Somerset. (Close Rolls). On 22 March 1337 "\Vm. 
Tracy and two others were app. to arrest and imprison in Worcester 
Castle, Gilbert de Northwyk, chaplain, and Walter Devoten, clerk, as 
suspected persons. 

13 1 3. July. Return lost. 

1313. Sept. John Bisshop. 

William Maunsel. 

1 314. April. Return lost. 

1 3 14. Sept. Richard de la Ryvere. 
William Maunsel. 

Sir Richard de la Riviere, lord of the manor of Hinton, was 
Sheriff of CO. Glouc. (he or his father 1275,) 131°' 13") 1312, 1313, 
and M.P. 1314, 1322, 1326. On 27 Nov. 1319 Henry de Brocworth 
(see 1324) puts in his place John de Evesham to prosecute a 

8 Members for Gloucestershire. 

recognisance for ^£'40 made to him in Chancery by Richard de la 
Ryvere. On 28 Dec. 1319 Peter Richard of Sherston Magna 
acknowledges that he owes Rd. de la Ryvere ;!{^2oo ; and on 14 April 
1320 Rd. de la R. puts in his place John de Crosseby to sue m 
Chancery for the execution of a recognisance for ;£2oo made to him by 
Peter Richard. On 28 Feb. 1320 Rd. de la Rivere Knt. and Thomas 
de Brocworth acknowledge that they owe Aymer de Valencia, Earl of 
Pembroke, ^23 6s. 8d., to be levied, in default of payment, of their 
lands and chattels in co. G. (Close Rolls.) On 4 March 1327 
commission of oyer and terminer issued to Justices, on complaint by 
Rd. de la Rivere that Wm. Aylmer, parson, and others, had carried 
away his goods at Heghworth, Hampton, and Westhorp, Wilts, and 
that Alice Burnel, Wm. de Ercalue, and others, had felled and carried 
away his trees at Wyk Fokeram, Somerset, to the value of ;£ioo, and 
assaulted his servant. (Patent Rolls). 

1315. Sir Nicholas de Kyngeston. 
Sir John de Rous. 

Probably Sir John de Rous was the son of the M.P. 1283, but 
it is somewhat doubtful if he was the same person as John le Rous who 
was M.P. CO. Worcester 1332, and co. Hereford 1330, 1336, 1337, 
1340, 1343. John le Rous was app. a commissioner to assess co. 
Hereford 4 Nov. 1301, and to preserve the Peace there t8 May 1329. 
He married Mabel dau. and heir of John de Knokyn (who had lands in 
the manor of Ness, Salop, and died before 1321,) and was made a 
Knight of the Bath 20 Jan. 1327. On 25 June 1320 John le Rous Knt. 
and two others acknowledged that they owed Aymer de Valencia, Earl 
of Pembroke, £,?>o ; to be levied, &c., on their lands and chattels in 
cos. Hereford and Gloucester. 14 Feb. 1322, Order to Simon de 
Dryly to restore to John Rous the manor of Duntesbourn, co. G., the 
custody whereof the King lately committed to him ; and a similar Order 
to the Sheriff of Salop to restore to John Rous lands in Salop. ( Close 
Rolls.) Commission of oyer and terminer issued to certain Justices 
21 Nov. 1327 on complaint of Nich. de Lavyngton, that John le Rous 
and others had carried away his goods at Caumpedene, co. G., and 
numerous other similar charges were brought against him. Protection 
with clause volumus was granted to him 18 Oct. 1328. On 28 Dec. 
1329 he received the King's licence for the alienation in frank-almoin 
to the Abbot and Convent of Dore of an acre of land in Duntesburne, 
and the advowson of the Church of that place, held in chief. {Patent 

1316. Jan. (One Member only.) Roger Gacelyn. 

On I Aug. 1 32 1 Roger Gacelyn, lord of Catmere, acknowledged 
that he owed to Warin de Insula Knt., £<^o ; to be levied, in default 
of payment, of his lands and chattels in Berks. i Dec. 1322, Order 
to Robert de Aston, keeper of certain of the rebels' lands in co. G. to 

Members for Gloucestershire. 9 

deliver to Henry de Lancastre a yearly rent of £1 os. gd. in the manor 
of Munstreworth, together with the issues received therefrom from 
the death of Rogo Gascelyn, as the King learns by inquisition that 
Henry granted the aforesaid rent to Rogo for life for his service, and 
that Rogo was seised thereof for 10 years before his lands were seised 
into the King's hands by reason of his forfeiture on 28 Dec. 1321. 
Roger had evidently been charged with complicity in one of those 
treasonable designs so prevalent at that period, and sufiered the usual 
punishment of his lands being forfeited to the King. On 20 Sept. 
1292 Rd. de Turbeville had granted a messuage and a carucate of 
land in Acton Turvill, co. G. to Wm. Arches and Amise his wife. 
Wm Arches died three years afterwards, and his widow Amice 
married Roger de Gascelyn, whose crime could not have been very 
great, for on i Dec. 1322 the issues of these lands were restored to his 
widow Amice. (Close Rolls.) 

13 16. April. Stephen de la More. 
John de Langeleye. 

Stephen de la More, (perhaps son of the M.P. 1290,) was 
nominated 31 April 1313 one of the two attorneys of Bartholomew de 
Badelesmere, Constable of the Castle and Town of Bristol. The 
Sheriff of Kent was ordered 27 Sept. 1322 to arrest Stephen de la More 
and others, and to cause them to be brought to the Castle of Wyndesore 
for rebellion and other felonies in Kent. Commission &c. issued to 
Justices I June 1330, on complaint by Roger de Mortuo Mari, Earl of 
March, that Stephen de la More and others broke his park at 
Cleobury Mortimer, Salop, entered his chase at Wyre, hunted there 
and carried away deer. 

1316. July. (One Member.) Stephen de la More. 

1 3 18. Sir William Corbet. 

Sir Walter Gacelyn. 

The Corbets were an ancient family of considerable importance 
in Salop, whence various branches spread to other counties. Three of 
the family represented Worcestershire in Parliament, (see Williams' 
Worcestershire Members.) It is again dififlcult to decide whether the 
Gloucestershire Member in 1318, 1319, and 1320 was the same person 
as Wm. Corbet who sat for Worcestershire 1337, 1340, but if so he was 
son of Roger C. of Chaddesley, co. Worcester (who d. 1289,) presented 
to Chaddesley 17 Oct. 13 17, and had a warren there 1305, and lands in 
that parish 1346. Soon after coming to the throne Edward II 
committed the custody of all Castles in co. Worcester to Wm. de 
Beauchamp, Wm. de Bradewell (see 1324), Alexander de Besseford, 
and Wm. Corbet. He appears to have been wrongly accused of 
treasonable practices, whereby his lands reverted to the Crown, for on 
12 February 1322 there was an order to Wm. de Bradewell and two 

10 Members tor Gloucestershire. 

others, keepers of the lands, goods and chattels of Wm. Corbet and 
others, to cause all money to be levied that they can of the goods and 
chattels underwood and other things of these men, and to cause such 
money to come into the King's chamber. On 24 March following 
however the Sheriff of Salop was ordered to restore to Wm. Corbet his 
lands and chattels which the Sheriiftook into the King's hands, believing 
that he adhered to the King's rebels. {Close Rolls). He was placed 
in a commission of oyer and terminer 4 May 1327, and made a Commr. 
of the Peace for co. Worcester 14 June 1327, and 16 Feb. 1331. On 
16 Aug. 1329 Wm. Corbet was granted a licence to impark and hold in 
fee simple his wood of Prodesore, co. Worcester, on condition that it 
was not within the metes of the forest. {Patent Rolls.) 

Sir Walter Gacelyn, probably brother to the M.P. 1316, was 
placed on the commission of the Peace in Berks 14 June, 1327. On 
27 April 1309 Walter Gascelyn acknowledged that he owed to William 
Russell (see Gloucester 1321) £,\o ; to be levied, &c., of his lands and 
chattels m co. G. On 12 Oct. 1327 Walter Gacelyn and John de 
Bradenstock (see 1306) were app. to collect in Wilts the twentieth of 
moveables granted to the King for defence against the Scots. 

1319. Sir John de Sancto Laudo. 
Sir William Corbet. 

The former was again M.P. 1322. Ancestor of the familyof St. Lo. 

1320. William Corbet. 
Henry de Preyers. 

I June 131 1, Order to the Sheriff of Wilts to pay to William 
de Cotes the 100 shillings that ha lately ordered him to pay to 
Henry de Preyers for his wages for 25 days for bringing footmen from 
that county to Rokesburgh in conjunction with John de Northwode, as 
the said Henry cannot attend to this. 4 March 1322, Order to Malcolm 
Musard to restore to Henry de Preiers his lands, goods and chattels 
taken by him into the Kings hands by virtue of his appointment by the 
King to take into his hands all Henry's lands, goods and chattels in co. 
G., so soon as the Sheriff of G. shall inform hfm that he has received 
security from Henry to answer to the King for all things that the King 
will say against him. 17 May 1322, Order to H. de Preiers and others 
to supersede entirely their appointment by the King to levy 600 marks 
upon cos. Bedford and Bucks. ( Close Rolls). 

1321. William Maunsel. 
John de Selers. 

It is impossible to say whether the latter was of the same family 
as Sir John de Sollers, a Norman Knight, settled in Brecknockshire 
whose name is still preserved in a farm called Pentre-Sollers near 
Talgarth. ' 

Members for Gloucestershire. ii 

1322. May. Sir Richard de la Rivere. 
Sir William Tracy. 

1322. Nov. John de Sancto Laudo. 
Fulk de Penebrugg. 

Son of Fulk de Penbrig, (tenant in chief of lands in the Manor 
of Ayleston), and was a minor in 1312. Three of the Pembridge family 
represented co. Hereford in Parliament, (see Williams^ Herefordshire 
Members). On 25 Jan. 1321 Fulk de Penbrugge and two others 
acknowledged that they owed to Robert de Swalclive and Roger 
Rycheman 100 marks, to be levied, &c., of their lands and chattels 
in Salop. 

1324. Jan. John le Botiler. 

William de Bradewell. 

John le Botiler of Lanultyt, perhaps son of the M.P. 1305, sat 
for CO. Glouc. 1324, 1332, 1339, 1340. Protection with clause nolumus 
for one year was granted to John de Botiller of Lanultit on 20 April 
1327, and again on 13 June 1328. On 12 July 1335, Exemption from 
Knighthood of John le Botiller of Lanultyt ; on testimony of some of 
the Council and others that he is upwards of 70 years of age. 

William de Bradewell sat for co. Worcester 1322, 1324, 1332, 
and for co. Gloucester 1324, 1331, 1332. He and two others were 
ordered 12 April 1322 to certify the King of the lands goods and chattels 
taken into the King's hands by them, of the contrariants (rebels) and to 
deliver the money into the King's chamber. Commission of oyer and 
terminer issued to Wm. de Bradewelle and others 23 March 1327 on 
complaint by Nicholas de Aston of trespasses withiri his closes at 
Pupplinton and Clifton, co. Worcester, when his goods had been carried 
away. The same to him and others 24 Dec. 1327 on complaint by the 
Prior of Llanthony by Gloucester that John Besemaunsel and others 
carried away his goods at Gloucester and Berneton. The same i Jan. 
1328 on complaint by Nich. de Somery that Henry atte Hurst and 
others assaulted him at Kyngton, co Worcester, and carried away his 
goods. He was placed in similar commissions 15 May and 10 Dec. 
1329. On 27 May 1330 Giles de Bello Campo going to Gascony had 
letters nominating Wm. de Bradewell and another his attorneys for one 

1324. Oct. Henry de Brockeworth. 
Walter de Ocle. 

Henry Brockeworth was seized of the manor of Brockworth 1348, 
it is supposed as tenant to the Abbey of Gloucester. He was M.P. co. 
Glouc. 1324, 1330, 1332, 1334, 1336. On 26 March 1336 the Prior 
of Lanthony, Robert Dabetot (see 133c), and Henry de Brockworth 
were commissioned to survey the church of la Kynghesholme by 
Gloucestre, and to certify the King touching any repairs which may be 
required therein. 

12 Members for Gloucestershire. 

On I Aug. 1337 Thomas Bishop of Hereford, the Chancellor of 
Ireland, has letters nominating John de Sancto Paulo, clerk, and Walter 
de Ocle his attorneys in England for one year, Thomas de Ocle 
(probably his son), was Sheriff of co. G. 1368. The name is still 
preserved in ' Ocle Street,' near Gloucester. 

1325. Walter de Cirencestr'. 
William de Cheltenham. 

Walter de Ciren'cestre was Escheator in counties Warwick, 
Leicester, Notts, Derby, and Lancaster. Commission of oyer &c. to 
Justices 2 March 1327 on complaint by Roger de Percy that Robert de 
Aston (see 1328), Walter de Cirencester, and others, broke his house at 
Folk, Dorset, and carried away his goods. A similar commission 8 
March 1327 on complaint by John de Wrosehele that the same R. de 
Aston, Walter de Circestr', and others, took 10 horses 10 oxen, and 80 
swine of his, worth £,2^, at North Maplerton, Dorset, felled his trees 
growing there, and carried them away with other goods. Appointment 
of W. de Cyrcestre and two others 25 Sept 1334 to audit the accounts 
of the bailiffs reeves farmers and ministers of the lands of Glamorgan 
and Morgannon in Wales. Commission of oyer &c. to W. de 
Cirencester and others 20 July 1335 on complaint by Robert Bishop of 
Salisbury that John Heym, clerk, and others, carried away his goods 
and assaulted his men and servants at Shirebourne, Dorset. A similar 
commission to Thomas de Berkeleye and ethers 27 June 1336 on 
complaint by W. de Circestre that Thomas de Sancto Mauro Knt. (see 
1337)1 ^"^d others assaulted him and his men and servants at Circestre. 
29 Sept. 1337, Exemption for life for W. de Cirencestre from being put 
on assizes juries or recognizances, and from appointment as Mayor 
sheriflf coroner or other bailiff or minister of the King, against his will. 

William de Cheltenham, who was perhaps grandson of William 
de Chilt {sic), the Bailiff of Gloucester 1248, 1255, and 1263, was 
elected for co. Glouc. eight times, in 1325, 1328, 1331, 1332, 1334, 
i33.5> 1336, and 1338. On 20 July 1335 Wm. de Cheltenham, Thomas 
de Bradeston, and two others received a commission to survey the wastes 
in the free chaces of Kyngeswode and Filwode, cos. Glouc. and 
Somerset, held for life by Queen Philippa, and to make leases thereof. 
They were again so appointed 3 July 1336. On 16 Oct. 1336 Thomas 
de Berkele, Thomas de Berkele of Cuberle, Wm. de Chiltenham, and 
R. Dapetot (see 1330), were app. to arrest suspected persons in co. G. and 
to hear and determine the felonies whereof they shall be indicted. On 1 5 
March 1337 W. de Chiltenham was one of those similarly app. for co. 
Worcester. On 21 Aug. 1337 W. de Chiltenham, T. de Berkele, and 
Wm. Tracy (see 1313), were app. to lay before the men of co. G. who 
have been summoned to meet at Gloucester, the decisions of the coming 
Council at Westminster, and the King's intention in regard to the 
safety of the realm. 18 Dec. 1337, Licence for the alienation in 

Members for Gloucestershire. 13 

mortmain by W. de Chiltenham of 2 messuages, a virgate and 8 acres 
of land, 3 acres of meadow, and 10 acres of pasture, in Poketchurch, 
Bedewyk, and Churcheleye, to a Chaplain to celebrate divine service 
daily in the Church of St. Andrew, Poketchurch, in honour of the 
Virgin Mary, for the soul of the said William.— By fine of half a mark. 

1326. Sir Richard de la Ryver. 
William de Arches. 

The latter was seemingly son of William de Arches who d. 1295, 
and step-son of the M.P. 1316. 

1327. WiUiam de Whitenton. 
Andrew de Pendok. 

The former was father of the M.P. 1348, and was of the same 
family as the famous Sir Richard Whittington thrice Lord Mayor of 
London. Sir Wm. Whittington of Pauntley (son of Wm. W. of 
Pauntley and Upton who d. 1284), m. Joan dau. of Wm. Mansell (see 
1307), or (and) Joan dau. and heir of Robert Linet, levied a fine of the 
manor of Pauntley, 1330, and died ttie following year. 

Andrew de Pendok was one of the two Bailififs of Gloucester 
131S1 1.316) '318, 1319, 1321, and 1330. He represented the City 
1307. i3'9. 1320, 1321, 1322, 1324, 1325, 1326, 1338, and the County 
1327. On 30 Sept. 1321 Andrew de Pendok of Gloucester acknow- 
ledged that he owed Wm. de Thunneyk, clerk, ;^2o, and also that he 
owed him 15 marks, to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and 
chattels in co. Gloucester — Cancelled on payment. 

1328. Feb. John de Sevenhampton. 

Robert Dastyn. 

Probably brother to Robert de Sevenhampton who was M.P. 
for Worcester 1332. On 8 July 1328 Robert, prior of Bath, staying in 
England, has letters nominating Ralph de Sobbury and John de 
Sevenhampton his attorneys in Ireland for two years. On 6 Nov. 1334, 
License for Juliana de Paunton to enfeofi John de Sevenhampton of the 
manor of Cherburgh said to be held in chief, and for him to re-grant it to 
her for life with remainders to Nicholas de Jewelton in fee tail, and to 
her right heirs. 

Robert de Aston was keeper of certain of the contrariants' lands 
in CO. Gloucester, Dorset, and Somerset, during 1322 and 1323, when 
several references are made to him in the Close Rolls. Walter de 
Dastin who was Sheriff of co. G. 1336, and joint Sheriff 1346, may have 
been his son. Commission of oyer &c. to Robert de Aston and others 
12 Feb. 1327 on complaint by John de Sapy that certain malefactors 
broke his houses at Ridmarle Dapetot, co. Worcester, and carried away 
his goods. On 10 March 1327 Robert de Aston, Thomas de Berkle, 

14 Members for Gloucestershire. 

and Reginald de Abenhale were commissioned to enquire touching the 
death of John le Myners killed at St. Briavell's. On i July 1327 
commission to Robert de Aston and Robert de Prestbury to enquire 
into breaches of the peace in co. G., to arrest offenders, and to certify 
the King from time to time as to their names. On 23 Sept. 1327 
Wm. de Tracy (see 13 13), and Robert de Aston were app. to collect the 
aid in co. G. Robert de Aston was placed in many other commissions 
of oyer and terminer. It is somewhat doubtful whether the Robert de 
Aston who died just before 8 Aug. 1336, " lately app. a Justice in Eyre 
of the Forest of Pikeryng, co. Yorks," ( Patent Rolls ), was the Gloucester- 
shire Member. 

1328. April. William de Cheltenham. 
Robert Dastyn. 

1328. July. John de Gyse. 

John de Berkele. 

Sir William Gyse, a younger brother of an illustrious Norman 
family, came into England at the conquest, and obtained as his portion 
of the spoil, Aspley Guise, with several other lordships, cos, Beds and 
Bucks. His descendant Anselme de Gyse married in Henry II's time, 
Magotta dau. of Hubert de Burgh, the great Earl of Kent, and thus 
acquired the manor and royalty of Elmore. From him descended the 
M.P. 1328, who married Isabella, probably a Norfolk lady, as from an 
entry in the Close Rolls it appears that John de Gyse had ;^2o yearly 
out of the manor of Tunstede, Norfolk. This member was unjustly 
suspected of being a rebel, for on 20 May 1322, the Sheriff of co. G. 
was ordered to restore to John de Gyse his lands, goods, and chattels, 
which the Sheriff took into the King's hands under the behef that John 
was against the King during the late disturbances, and to restore the 
issues received therefrom, as the King learns by the testimony of John 
de Warenna, Earl of Surrey, that the aforesaid John was in his company 
at the time of the disturbances. 

Quaere if the other member was John de Berkeley, lord of 
Wymundham, co. Leicester, second son of Thomas B. of Berkeley 
Castle, (by Jane dau. of Wm. de Ferrers, Earl of Derby,) and great 
nephew of the M.P. 1295. 2 July 1327, Remission to John de 
Berkeley who is in the King's Service guarding the Castle at Bristol, 
of the Knight Service due by him in the present expedition against 

1328. Oct. Return lost. 

1330. March. John de Cromhale. 

William de Tyderinton. 

John de Cromhale was again M.P. 1335. Wm. de Tyderinton 
sat for Gloucester city 1332, 1336. Hugh Cromehale was in 1535 

Members for Gloucestershire. 


Receiver of the Forest rents for John Duke of Bedford, Constable of the 
Castle and manor of St. Briavels. The Rent of Mines beneath the 
Wood was demised for lo years to Henry Deane and John Cromehale 
for ;;^22, who thus held it in 1435. 

1330. Nov. Henry de Brockworth. 

Robert Dapetot. 

On 28 April 1335, Commission of oyer, &c., to Wm. de 
Shareshull, Wm. Tracy (see 1313), and Robert Dabtot (D'Abitot) 
touching an information that John de Weston (see 1348,) and several 
persons entered the free chaces of Queen Philippa at Berton Regis and 
Bedemynstre by Bristol, hunted there and carried away deer ; and on 
10 July, John de Hegham and Wm. de Chiltenham (see 1325,) were 
also added to the commission. Licence 28 Oct. 1336 for the alienation 
in mortmain to the Abbot and Convent of St. Peter's, Gloucester, by 
Robert Dabetot of 4^ acres of land in Colethorp. Perhaps brother to 
WilHam d'Abetot, lord of the manor of Rydmerley, M.P. for co. 
Worcester 1337. (See Williams^ Worcestershire Members). 

1 33 1. William de Cheltenham. 
William de Bradewell. 

1332. Mar. John le Botiller. 

William de Bradewelle. 

1332. Sept. William de Chiltenham. 
Henry de Brocworth. 

1332. Dec. William de Chiltenham. 
William de Bradewell. 

1334. Feb. William de Chiltenham. 
Richard de la Hale. 

The latter was perhaps the ancestor of the Hales of Alderley, 
(see 1654 and 1836). 

1334. Sept. William de Chiltenham. 
Henry de Brokworth. 

1335- William de Chiltenham. 

John de Cromhale. 

1336. Mar. Henry de Brocworth. 
John de Chadesle. 

On 24 May 1327, General Pardon to John de Chaddeleye. 

1 6 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1336. Sept. Walter de Coumb. 

William de Cheltenham. 

On 18 May 1322 Walter de Coumbe was one of the two clerks 
of Adam de Wetenhale, Chamberlain of North Wales. {Close Rolls) 
Appointment 6 June : 335 of Walter de Coumbe, the King's clerk, as 
Chief Chamberlain of the Exchequer of Dublin, during good behaviour. 
On 26 Nov. 1335 Robert de Clifford staying in England has letters 
nominating Robert de Salkeld and W. de Coumbe his attorneys in 
Ireland for one year ; and on 24 Sept. 1336 he had fresh letters patent 
nominating them for two years. 

1337. Jan. Thomas de Seymor. 

John Golafr'. 

Thomas de Seymour may have been son of the M.P. 1313. 
Licence for Thomas de Sancto Mauro to enfeoff Laurence de Sancto 
Mauro, parson of the Church of Hegham Ferers (Higham Ferrers, 
Northants), of the manor of Pulton, held in chief, and for the feoffee to 
grant the same to the said Thomas in fee tail. — By fine of 10 marks. 
On 27 Aug. 1337, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by Thomas 
de Sancto Mauro of a messuage, 100 acres of land, and 8 acres of 
meadow, in Pulton, parcel of the manor of Pulton which is held in 
chief, to a Chaplain to celebrate divine service daily in the parish 
church of Pulton, for the good estate of the King and the said Thomas 
in life, for their souls after death, and for the souls of Edward II. and 
other the King's progenitors, sometime Kings of England, and the 
father, mother, ancestors, and heirs of the said Thomas. 

John Golafre of Golafers, in Trafford, co. Worcester, was the 
son of Thomas G. who was M.P. Northampton 1313, and co. Oxford 
1 31 5, (see Williams' Oxfordshire Members). He was M.P. co. Oxford 
1334, 134°: CO- Gloucester 1337, and co. Worcester 1337, 1338, and 
was placed in commissions of oyer and terminer 24 May 1337, and 10 
Sept. 1338. On 26 Oct. 1320 John (son of Thomas) Golafre of 
Certeden acknowledges that he owes Thomas son of Roger de Bella 
Fago 80 marks ; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and 
chattels in co. Worcester. 1 Jan. 1328, Commission of oyer and 
terminer to John Golaffre and two others on complaint by Nich. de 
Somery that Henry atte Hurst and others assaulted him at Kyngton, co. 
Worcester, and carried away his goods. On 21 March 1332 John 
Golafre and others were app. Keepers of co. Oxford to arrest all 
disturbers of the peace therein, and to hear and determine the 
trespasses whereof they were indicted. 

1337. Sept. Return lost. 

By Writs dated at Westminster i8 August, the following persons 
are summoned to attend this Parliament (in addition to the ordinary 

Members for Gloucestershire. 17 

Members), namely, from co. Gloucester, William Tracy (see 13 13), 
Thomas de Berkele, de Cubberle (see 1358), and John de Sudle (see 
1340). There were frequent instances at this period of the leading 
county men, or eminent merchants, being called in to assist on special 
occasions in the deliberations of the Members, but these assemblies were 
called Great Councils, and must not be confused with the Parliaments 

1338. Feb. Henry de Clyfford. 
Richard Fraunceys. 

Henry de Clifford was again M.P. 1343, and perhaps father 01 
John de C. who was Sheriff 1367. It is doubtful whether he was of kin 
to Henry de Cliff who was Master of the Rolls 4 July 1324 to Jan. 1332. 
He belonged to the Herefordshire branch of the Poynt;^ family. He 
was more probably 4th son of Wm. Clifford of Frampton (who died in 
132 1). His wife's name was Maude, and her direct line failed with her 
grand-daughter Alice, the wife of Wm. Teste. 

Richard Franceys was probably son of John F. (see Bristol 131 1). 

1338. July. William de Cheltenham. 

Henry de Clifford. 

1339. Jan. John de Cheltenham. 

Henry de Corsham. 

The former was presumably son or brother of the M.P. 1325. 
On 24 June 1335 John de Cheltenham and two others were app. 
to assess and levy 200 marks in co. G. (Gloucester and Bristol excepted), 
granted the King for his service against the Scots, and for relief from 
100 hobelers and 200 archers requisitioned from co. G. for the 
said service. 

1339. Oct. William de Insula. 

John de Botiller. 

The former may have been son of John de Insula who was app. 
a Baron of the Exchequer 1298, and brother to Sir John de Insula who 
was Constable of Windsor Castle and keeper of Windsor Forest in 1329. 
Commission of oyer &c. 13 Feb. 1328 on complaint by Stephen Lovet 
that Wm. de Insula and others broke his close at Ikham, Kent, 
imprisoned him, carried him away to Dover, and imprisoned him there 
until he made a fine of 100 shillings to them, and carried away his 

1340. Jan. Sir John de Suydle. 

Sir Philip Joce. ' 

The former was son and heir of Bartholomew de Sudeley. 
7 Oct. 1329, Licence, at the request of John Wyard, King's Yeoman, 


i8 Members for Gloucestershire. 

for the alienation in frank almoin by John de Sudeley of 40 acres of 
meadow in his manor of Sudeley, co. G., held in chief, to the Abbot 
and Convent of Wynchecombe. 

Sir Philip Joce was the son of William Joce of Newland, and 
grandson of Sir John Joce. The Member's son John Joce was Sheriff 
of CO. G. 1369 and 1371, (and his dau. Margaret m. Robert Grendoure.) 
" Margaret Joce or Joice, a Gloucestershire lady, who was damsel of 
Queen Philippa's Chamber," in 1337, was probably the Member's 
daughter. On 12 March 1337 the King granted to Philip Joye 
(? Joyce) of Erleyeston exemption from being put on assizes juries 
or recognisances, and from appointment as Mayor, Sheriff, Coroner, 
Escheator or other Bailiff or Minister of the King against his will. 
Sir Philip Joce was in May 1341 a juror to inquire what yearly 
revenues there were of Dean Forest. 

1340. March. Thomas le Botiller. 

John de Berkele, de Durseleye. 

Sir John de Berkeley of Dursley, either the same as the M.P. 
1328, or, which seems the more probable, third son of Maurice B, of 
Berkeley Castle, (who died 1325.) Commission of oyer and terminer 
issued 12 March 1336 to Wm. de Shareshall, Wm. de Wauton 
(see 1302), and Robert Dabetot (see 1330), on complaint by John 
de la Ryvere, Knt. (son of the M.P. 1314), that John de Berkeleye of 
Durlegh Knt. and others broke his park at Tormerton (Todmorton), 
entered his free warren there, hunted in these, carried away deer from ' 
the park, and hares rabbits and partridges from the warren, and 
assaulted his men and servants. — By fine of 10 shillings. 

Thomas le Botiller may have have been the same as the M.P. 
1 305, or perhaps his son. 

1340. July. Return lost. 

1341- John fuitz Nichol de Hulle. 

Edmund le Blunt 

John FitzNichol, who was connected with the Berkeleys, was 
seized of the manor of Wikestow in Ham 1375. He was Governor 
of Stafford gaol on 6 Oct 1336. Probably the same person as 
Sir John FitzNichol whose death however is said to have taken 
place 1370. 

Edmund Blount, third son of David B. married Agnes , 

and d. 1362. He was tenant in chief of a moiety of the manor of 
Button. On 7 Feb. 1379 Pardon of outlawry was granted to Richard 
Vitele for not appearing to answer Edmound Blount on a plea of 
trespass in co. G. 

1342. Return Lost. 

Members for Gloucestershire. ig 

1343. Henry de Clifford. 
William de Westhale. 

1 344. Michael de Assh'. 
William de Westhale. 

1346. Elias de Fylton. 
John de Clopton. 

On 3 Oct 1357 Protection with clause volumus until Easter was 
granted John de Clopton, going with William de Bohun, Earl of 
Northampton, beyond seas on the King's service. 

1348. Jan. Simon Basset. 

John de Weston. 

Sir Simon Basset was lord of Basset's Court, Uley, Sheriff of co. 
G. for 9 years 1337 to 1345, and M.P. 1348, 1361, 1362. He was 
mentioned as a Knight on 20 March 1336, and as such was one of the 
witnesses to the confirmation of a charter 6 June 1378. On 3 March 
i33S> Grant to Simon Basset, for a fine of ^^"40, of the marriage of Hugh de 
Rodeberewe, kinsman and heir of Thomas de R. tenant in chief; if said 
Hugh die under age and unmarried, the grant is to hold good for any 
other heir under age until satisfied On 12 March 1387, Grant to 
Simon Basset of the two marks of rent in Camme, co. G. late of John 
de Soules, a Scot, which escheated to Edw. IV. by his rebellion, to hold 
of the King and other chief lords of the fee by the services whereby it 
was held before the forfeiture. (Patent Rolls). He was son of Edmund 
Pynchard alias Basset by Margery his wife, and married Maud daughter of 
Sir John Betton. His descendants were located at Uley, 

John de Weston was Sheriff of co. G. 1347, and M.P. 1348, 
1352. On 18 Sept. 1334 Master Nicholas de la Wyle, precentor of the 
Church of St. Mary, Salisbury, going beyond seas, has letters nominating 
John de Weston and John de Wynterburne his attorneys m England 
for one year. On 13 Oct. 1344 the King desires the Abbot of St. 
Peter's, Gloucester, to provide a house for Thomas de la Mare de 
Ryndecombe (see 1348) and John de Weston, collectors of the tenth 
and fifteenth in co. G. {Patent Rolls). On 3 June 1320 the King 
appoints John de Weston to provide lodgings for him on his journey 
abroad. He was constable of Bordeaux on 28 March 1328 when the 
King writes him that he intends to recover his right and inheritance, 
and wishes him and others to treat of it secretly with the nobles and 
commons. On 12 Oct. 1351 the King orders the mayor and 
commonalty of London to stay the action against John de Weston and 
Richard de Wycombe who are charged with having granted the loan 
to the King without the consent of their fellow citizens. {Rymer's 

Members for Gloucestershire. 

1348. March. William de Whytynton. 
Thomas de la Mare. 

Sir William Whittington of Pauntley was son of the M.P. 1327, 
and d. 1359. 

Sir Thomas de la Mare of Ryndecomb was M.P. co. Glouc. 
1348 and 1354, app. a Commissioner of Array for Berks i July 1377, 
and a Commr. of the Peace there 6 Nov. 1377, Feb 1378, and 26 May 
1380. On 6 April 1378, commission to T. de la Mare Knt. and others 
to command Richard de Thorpe, clerk, and others, to restore to Master 
Thomas de Carlol, provost of the College called " Queenhithe," 
Oxford, the college seal and goods, &c., which they have carried away. 

1351. Robert Palet. 
John Serjaunt. 

Palet was again M.P. co. Glouc. 1371. In 1380 Henry Palet 
was accused of breaking the banks of a dyke at Compton, Somerset. 
John Serjaunt was seized of lands in Hamtything, Berkeley, 1356, 1362, 
1373, of lands in Cam 1356, and of lands in Alkinton 1356, 1362, and 
1372. He was M.P. co. Glouc. 1351, and Bristol 1363, and was made a 
Commr. or Keeper of the Peace in co. G. 2 July 1377. On 27 Nov. 
1377 commission to Sir John de Beauchamp (see Williams' Worcester- 
shire Members), Nicholas de Berkelee, and John Sargeant, to enquire 
touching felonies trespasses oppressions extortions and other wrongs 
done to the men and tenants of Wynchecombe at Wynchecombe. On 
8 April 1378 a similar commission to John de Beauchamp of Powyk, 
John Sergeant, and another, to enquire touching the felonies &c. done 
by the King's ministers in the hundred of Bottelawe, co. G. It is 
somewhat uncertain whether it was the Member who is mentioned in 
the following paragraph : — 27 April 1381, Pardon at the supplication of 
the King's servant Walter atte Mille to Wm Haselbury for the death ot 
John Serjant the elder, killed on Sunday after the Nativity of St. Mary 
1379 : — but if so it must have been his son who with John Cassy and 
others was commissioned 26 Oct. 1380 to visit and enquire touching the 
state of the hospital of St. Bartholomew, Gloucester, and make 
ordinances for its reformation. 

1352. Jan. John de Weston. 

Nicholas Trykkelade. 

The latter was evidently the same person as Nicholas Crikkelade 
who was Member for Gloucester city 1355. 

1352. Aug. (One Member). Edward de Kayrdif. 

Edward de KeyrdefF or Kerdiffe (Cardiff,) 2nd son of Wm. deK. 
(whose inq. p. m. was held 1329), was aged 30 in 1350, succeeded his 
elder brother William in 1 33 1, was M.P. co. Glouc. 1 35 2, and co. Worcester 

Members for Gloucestershire. 21 

1362. He m. Joanna (who re-m. to Henry Grendour), and died seised 
of Queenhull in Ripple 1370. His great grandfather Richard de 
Kardiflf was a tenant of the Honour of Gloucester, and no doubt he or 
his father followed Fitzhamon into Glamorganshire, where he obtained 
Newton IVIanor. The co-heir of the family married one of the Bassets. 

1353- (One Member). Thomas le Botiller. 

1354- Thomas le Botiller. 
Thomas de la Mare. 

1355. William Maunsel. 
Peter Crook. 

It is presumed these Members were the sons of the M.P. 1307 
and 1302. 

1357. Kobert de Shareshull. 
Richard de Hildesley. 

The former was probably son of Wm. de Shareshull, (who was 
app. Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer July 1344, and was Lord 
Chief Justice of England Oct. 1351 to July 1358.) 

The latter may have been of kin to John de Hildesley, app. a 
Baron of the Exchequer about 1334. 

1358. Thomas de Berkele. 

Sir John Tracy, chivaler. 

Thomas Berkeley of Cubberle, son of Sir Thomas B. (Sheriff 
1326, 1327, 1334, 133s, 1351, and Joint Sheriff 1333, 1350,) was 
Sheriff of co. G. 1385, 1388, M.P. 1358, 1380, held the manor of 
Cubberly 1351, and died seised thereof 1405. 

Sir John Tracy of Toddington, son of Thomas T. (Sheriff 
1359-63), was Knighted by Edward HI, Sheriff of CO. G. 1366, 1379, 
and M.P. 1358, 1363, 1366, 1368, 1369. He and others held the 
manor of Hinton in trust for Rd. de la Rivere 1363. On 20 July 1381 
John Tracy Knt., Wm. Heyberer (see 1380,) John Byseley (see 
Gloucester 1382,) Robert Pope (see Gloucester 1376), and others, were 
app. to enquire touching the state of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 

1360. Sir Adam de Shareshull, chivaler. 
Maurice de Chiltenham. 

Presumably the former was brother of the M.P. 1357, while the 
latter was son of the M.P. 1325. On 20 April 1346 Power to Ivo de 
Clynton and Sir Adam de Shareshull to recover the inheritance of 
Queen Philippa, come to her by the death of the Count of Holland. 
(Rymer's Faedera.) 

2 2 Membeks for Gloucestershire. 

1361. Sir Simon Basset, miles. 
Sir Thomas Moigne, miles. 

William le Moigne was seized of Shipton Moign 1221 and 1253, 
and held the manor of the King by service to keep the King's larder. 
His son William died seized thereof 1295, as did his son Henry 1314. 
Henry's widow Joan died 1340, when her son Robert had livery of the 
manor. His son Sir Henry died 1375, leaving a son Sir John Moigne, 
whose dau. and heir Elizabeth took the manor to her husband Wm. de 
Stourton. Sir Thomas Moigne was sheriff of co. G. 1356, 1357, 1358, 
and M.P. 1361, 1362, and was probably the younger son of Robert 
Moigne. 20 April 1360, Protection of various dates for Sir John de 
Nowers, Sir Thomas Moygne and 20 others. (Rymer.) 

1362. Simon Basset. 
Thomas Moigne. 

1363. John Tracy. 
Nicholas Berkele. 

Nicholas Berkeley of Dursley was Sheriff 1370, and died s.p. 
1382. 22 October 1377 License on payment of 100 shillings by Nich. 
de Berkeleye for him to enfeoff Wm. de Auste and Nich. de Waneswell 
of his manors ofDereslegh and Goldenewynton, held in chief and for the 
said feoffees to re-enfeoff the said Nich. de Berkeleye and Cicely his wife, 
to hold to them, and to the heirs of the said N. de B. Commission 
26 Nov. 1377 to John de Beauchamp Knt., Nich. de Berkeley, and 
Robert Charlton to enquire touching the felonies, trespasses, oppresions, 
extortions and other wrongs done to the Abbot of Wynchcombe and his 
men and tenants, 

1365. John de Bromwych. 
John Sloughtre. 

Sir John Bromwych settled at Bromsborough in 1379, and he 
and Catherine his wife levied a fine of the manor and advowson in 1387. 
Their son Thomas m. John Oldcastle's daughter. 13 Nov. 1377 Pardon 
at the request of John de Bromwich, Knt. to John Starky for the death 
of John Fauvell of Aylwaston. 22 Sept. 1379 Appointment during 
pleasure of John de Bromwich to the office of Justiciary of Ireland. 
22 Oct. 1379 Mandate to J. de B. Justiciary of Ireland to deliver up to 
Edmund de Mortuo Mari, Earl of March and Ulster, the office of 
King's Lieutenant in Ireland. On 15 Nov. 1379 Letters for John de 
Bromwich Knt. going to Ireland on the King's business nominating two 
attorneys for one year. On 16 Nov. 1379 Protection with clause 
volumus for one year for J. de B. Knt. going to Ireland on the King's 
service. On i June 1380 Robert de Crull, clerk, staying in England has 
letters nominating John Lovell and John Bromwich Knts. his attorneys 
in Ireland for one year. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 23 

John Slaughter was M.P. 1365, 1366, and perhaps son or 
brother of Thomas de Sleughtre who was M,P. co. Worcester 1339, 
1343, 1346, (see Williams' Worcestershire Members). The family of 
Slaughter was seated in co. Glouc. from early times, and acquired 
lands in co. Worcester in the 1 7th century. The " Slaughters, lords of 
Slaughter Upper, resided here above 300 years." {Atkyns' Gloucester- 
shire, 171 2). 

1366. John Tracy. 

John de Sloughter. 

1368. John Tracy. 
John Poyns. 

John Pointz was Sheriff of co. G. 1363, 1364, 1365, and M.P. 
1368, 1369, 1371. He was the son of Sir Nicholas P., and became 
lord of the manor of Iron Acton as heir to his mother, Maud, cousin 
and heir to Sir John de Acton (who died 1343). He m. Elizabeth dau. 
of Sir Philip Clanvow (see Williams' Herefordshire Members), and 
cousin and heir to Sir Thomas Clanvow. 

1369. April 30. John Poyntz. 

John Tracy. 

1 37 1. Feb. John Poyntz. 

Robert Palet. 

1 37 1. June. (One Member). John Poyntz. 

1372. John Clifford. 
John Lucy. 

John Clifford of Frampton, eldest son of Wm. C. who d. 1321, 
was Sheriff of CO. G. (as John de Clifford) 1367, and M.P. 1372. He 

m. (i) Erneburga Hussey, and (2) Joane . On 5 April 1379, 

Protection with clause volumus for one year was granted by the King to 
John Clyffbrd going with Edmund de Mortuo Mari, Earl of March, 
going on the King's service to Ireland. 

John Lucy was Escheator in cos. Gloucester and Hereford in 
1377 and 1388. On 9 April 1380 he was granted exemption for life 
from being put on assizes juries, inquisitions or recognisances, and from 
being made mayor, sheriff, escheator, coroner, inquisitor, assessor, 
collector of tenths, fifteenths, tallages, or other subsidies, or other bailiff 
or minister of the King against his will. Promise (by bill of Treasurer) 
to pay before Martinmas to John Lucy of co. G. 20 marks which the 
King has received as a loan for the war, 29 March 1379. 

24 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1373. John Giffard. 

Thomas Hathewy. 

Sir John Giffard of Weston, M.P. co. Glouc. 1373, 1376, 1379, 
son of John G. who had the manor and advowson of Weston Underegge 
and Norton Underegge 1320 and 1327, was seized of the same 1365, 
but Wm. de Acton had Weston Underegge 1373. 

The Hathewys were andently possessors of lands in St. Briavels) 
and gave their name to a manor in that parish. Thomas Hathewey, 
(son of Wm. H.) was M.P. co. G. 1373, and died seized of one 
messuage and 40 acres of land in St. Briavels 1381. 

1376. Sir John Thorp, chivaler. 
Sir John Giffard, chivaler. 

Sir John Thorp was M.P. co. G. 1376, 1377, 1380, 1381, 1382, 
and Sheriff 1382. He was an Esquire to Edward III and Richard II, 
app. Constable of Bristol Castle 15 July 1373, and confirmed as such 
I Feb. 1378. On 26 Jan. 1368 the King ordered John de Thorp, 
keeper of the Mint at the Tower, and others, to test certain plate made 
for the Earl of Salisbury, and on 11 June 1372 gave power to 
John de Appleby, dean of London, and John de Thorp to treat 
with Duke Albert of Bavaria. (Rymer's Fxderd). On i Feb. 1378 
inspeximus and confirmation in favour of John de Thorp Knt. 
whom the King has retained to stay with him, of letters patent 
dated 15 July 1373, being a grant to him of the Constable- 
ship of Bristol Castle, and the custody of the forest of 
Kyngeswode and Filwode. On 24 Sept. 1379 the King granted 
him exemption for life from being put on assizes juries or 
recognizances and from being made mayor, sheriff, escheator, coroner, 
or other bailiff or minister of the King against his will ; and on 17 
March 1380 further exemption was granted to John de Thorp the 
King's esquire from serving on attaints or as justice collector of tenths, 
fifteenths, or other subsidies, purveyor of victuals, or other minister or 
officer of the King against his will. On 12 Oct. 1380 Commission dt 
walltis, fossatis, &•€. to Thomas de Berkeley Knt. (see 1358), Ralph 
Waleys (see 1383), John Thorp Knt., and others, along the Severne by 
Albryghton Olveston, Luttelton, Aust by Cotes, and divers other places 
in CO. G, On i Jan. 1381 appointment during pleasure of John de 
Thorp to the office of controller of the custom of wines, wools, hides, 
and wool-fells, and of the third in the pound, and other petty customs 
due from merchants in the port of Southampton, on condition that he 
execute the office in person ; but this probably does not apply to the 
Member but to another person, John Thorp, clerk, who during 1378 
and 1380 was Surveyor and Controller of the Works in Hants and at 
Carisbrooke Castle. {FaUnt Foils). The Thorpes of Wanswell held 
lands to guard a tower of Berkeley Castle, which tower was built in the 
reign of Edw. 3, and was called Thorp's Tower. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 25 

1377. Jan. Peter de Veel. 

Edmund de Bradeston. 

Sir Peter de Veel, lord of Tortworth, son of Sir Peter de Veel of 
Norton Vele, Somerset (who m. Catherine dau. of Sir John Clivedon ; 
she re-m. to Thomas Berkeley who d. 1361), was Sheriff of co. G. 1371, 
and M.P. 1377, 1378, 1381, 1382. He m. Cicely dau. and heir of 
John Maysey or Massey, with whom he had the manor of Charnfield 
1330, and held the same 1343, and d. 1396. Veel and Bradeston were 
placed in a commission of oyer and terminer in Somerset 2 Dec. 1379. 
On 28 April 1364, Protection for Sir Peter de Veel in the retinue of the 
Prince of Wales in Gascony. {Rymer). On 22 June 1378 licence for 
the alienation in mortmain by Peter de Veel Knt. of the advowson of 
the Church of St. Fagan in the diocese of Llandaff to the abbot and 
convent of Morgan, in Wales, in exchange for a certain plot of land and 
tenements called Hosbrugge, co. Gloucester. 22 March, 1378, 
Inspeximus and confirmation in favour of Peter de Veel (Knt. of 
Edward late Prince of Wales), of letters patent of the said Prince dated 
Kermerdyn (Carmarthen) 20 Dec. 47 Edw. Ill, being a him for 
life of 100 marks at the Exchequer of Kermerdyn on condition of 
serving the Prince in time of war with two esquires without further fee. 
28 Nov. 1379 Pardon of outlawry to Roger de Claryngdon Knt. for not 
appearing to answer Peter de Veel Knt. touching a debt of ;£^2oo. 
{Patent Rolls). Sir Peter's great grandfather Robert le Vele m. Hawise 
le Sore, eventual heiress of St. Pagan's, Glamorgan, but about the 
commencement of the i6th century St. Fagan's was sold. 

Sir Edmund de Bradeston d. seized of Horton 1360, as did 
Agnes his widow 1369, and Thomas his son 1374. The member for 
CO. G. 1377, 1378, 1379, 1384, was probably the second son. Grant to 
him and his wife Blanche for their lives 6 Nov. 1368 of ;^ioo yearly 
from the issues of South Wales, and 40 marks yearly from the issues of 
the lordship and castle of Dynnevour. This grant was confirmed 2 
Feb. 1379, but afterwards cancelled because the King granted them 40 
marks yearly with an annuity of £fio from the issues of co. Oxford, the 
said Blanche for her life to receive the ;£ioo yearly from South Wales. 

1377. Oct. John Thorp. 

William Whitenton. 

Son of the M.P. 1348. On i July 1377 commission of array in 
CO. G. to Hugh Earl of Stafford, Thomas de Berkeley (see 1358), John 
de Berkeley, Peter de Veel (see 1377), Thomas de Ocle, Wm. 
Whityngton, and the Sheriff, to array and equip all the men of that 
county between the ages of 16 and 60, and to keep them, the men at 
arms, hobelers, and archers, in readiness to resist foreign invasion, with 
power to arrest and imprison the disobedient. Wm. Whityngton was 
placed in a similar commission 20 March 1380. Wm. Whittington 
of Pauntley m. Catherine sister and heir of John de Staunton, and in 

26 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1398 d. seized of Pauntley, which he held of Roger de Mortimer, Earl 
of March, as of Clifford Castle. 

1378. Oct. Peter le Veel. 

Edmund de Bradeston. 

This Parliament was summoned to meet at Gloucester on 
20 Oct. 1378. 

1379. Edmund de Bradeston. 
John Giffard. 

1380. Jan. Maurice Wythe. 

John de Thorp. 

14 Feb. 1381 exemption for life of Maurice Wyth Knt. from 
being put on assizes juries or recognisances or being made coroner 
sheriff escheator, verderer of the forest or chase, collector assessor 
surveyor or controller of the tenth fifteenth or other subsidy, leader 
trier or arrayer of men at arms, hobelers, or archers, justice of the peace 
or forest, or other ofiScer of the King against his will. 

1380. Nov. Thomas de Berkeley. 

William Heyberare. 

The latter was perhaps grandson of Roger le Heberer, (see 
Gloucester 1295). He was a burgess of Gloucester, one of its two 
Bailiffs 1361, 1362, 1363, 1371, 1372, 1377, 1384, M.P. for the 
city 1361, 1362, 1365, 1371, 1372, 1373, 1380, 1390, and for the 
county 1380, 1384, 1385, 1388. On 14 July 1377 W. Heyberer 
and John Hede (see Gloucester 1384) were app. surveyors and 
controllers of the works which John Beauchamp Knt. Constable of 
Gloucester Castle has been app. to undertake for its repair. 12 May 
1379, appointment during pleasure of W. Heyberere of Gloucester to 
pay the moneys ordered to be expended in the repair of Gloucester 
Castle, by control of John Hede, burgess thereof, with power to take 
workmen therefor. 26 May 1380, commission of the Peace in co. G. 
to Thomas de Berkeleye (see 1358,) John de Thorp (see 1376,) John 
Cassy, and W. Heyberere. His kinsman, perhaps uncle, William le 
Heyberer, was Incumbent of St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester, in 1357. 

1 38 1. John Thorp. 
Peter Veel. 

1382. May. John de Thorp. 

Peter de Veel. 

1382. Oct, Thomas fitz Nicol. 
Laurence Sebrok. 

Sir Laurence Sebrok was M.P. co. Glouc. 1382, 1388, 1390, and 
Sheriff (as L. Leabrook) 1389. Kinsman to Thomas Sebroke who was 

Members for Gloucestershire. 27 

Abbot of St. Peter's 1450. Edmund Blount (son of Hugh, son of 
Edmond B. who d. 1362,) m. Margaret who re-m. to — Seebrooke. 

Thomas Fitz Nichol, son of Reginald who d. s. p., and grandson 
oftheM.P. 1341, sat for co. Glouc. 1382, 1383, 1385, 1393, 1395, 
i399> 1401, 1402. 1406, 1407, 1413, 1414. He m. (i) Margaret 

(who d. before 141 1,) dau. and heir of , and (2) Agnes , and d. 

1418. In 5 Hen. 4 he and John Browning (see 1397) received a 
special commission to array all the able men of co. G. for the wars. 
Thomas Filz Nicholas, descended from Robert Fitz Harding, was 
Sheriff CO. Glouc. 1383, and d. seized of the manor of Filton 1392, but 
he must have been another person, unless it was his son who was M.P. 
1393 et sequitur. 

1383. Feb. Thomas fitz Nichol. 
Ralph Waleys. 

The latter was Sheriff of co. G. as Ralph Wallery 1384. 

1383. Oct. Thomas Fitz Nichol. 

Ralph Waleys. 

1384. Apr. Edmund de Bradeston. 

William Heyberare. 

1384. Nov. Robert de Whitynton. 

William Heyberare. 

1385. Sir Thomas fitz Nichol. 
William Heyberere. 

1386. Thomas Fitz Nicol. 

William Hervey of Bidfield in Bisley, was a Yeoman at Court to 
Edward III. and Richard II., and was app. Ulnager of woollen cloths 
throughout England 29 June 1362, and confirmed as such 3 Aug. 1379. 
Commission of oyer and terminer issued to Justices 26 Nov. 1377 on 
complaint by W. Hervy that John Warton and others broke his close 
and houses at Bydfield, co. G. carried away goods and assaulted his 
servants. InsJ>eximus and confirmation i Feb. 1378 of letters patent 
dated 29 Dec. 1373 being a grant to Mary wife of Wm. Hervy of lands 
in Budefeld, co. G. forfeited by Owin de Retheryk, free of rent. 
Commission 26 May 1378 to W. Hervy and others to enquire touching 
divers forestallings, re-gratings of wools, and other merchandise, con- 
cealments, false weights and measures, and withdrawal of presentments 
therefore before the late King's ministers at Bureford and other 
merchant towns adjacent to the marches of Codeswold in the counties 

28 Members for Gloucestershire. 

of Oxford and Gloucester. Inspeximus 3 Aug. 1379 '« favour of W. 
Hervy, yeoman of the late King retained, of letters patent dated 29 
June 1362, being a grant to him for life of the office of the ulnage of 
woollen cloths in England, as from 30 May 1377. He was placed in a 
commission of the Peace for co. Oxford 28 June 1378. 

1388. Feb. John de Berkeley. 
William Heyberare. 

Sir John Berkeley of Beverston, 4th and youngest son of 
Maurice 3rd Lord Berkeley, was born at Wotton-under-Edge 21 Jan. 
1 35 1, Knighted about 1386, and m. (i) Elizabeth dau. and heir of Sir 
John Betteshorne, by whom he had the manor of Betteshorne, and 
many others in Hants, Wilts, Somerset, and Devon. He m. (2) 
Margaret dau. of Sir Robert de Ashton, and widow of Sir Thomas de 
Breouse ol Tetbury. He was M.P. co. G. 1388, 1397, Somerset (as 
Chivaler) 1394, and Hants 1406. He was in the expedition sent to 
Bretagne under Thomas of Woodstock, Earl of Buckingham in 1380. 
He was 9 times Sheriff of co. Gloucester (1393, 1413), Somerset, 
Dorset, Hants, and Wilts, 1390, 1392, 1394, 1397, 1402, 1406, 1410, 
1414, 1415. He died 1427, aged 76. 11 June 1372 Protection for 
John de Berkeley, in the retinue of John de Strettle, in the retinue 
of the Prince of Wales. (Rymer). Appointment 16 Feb. 1381 of 
John Broud and John Berkeley to arrest Pascual Despagyn, prisoner 
of Walter Derby, merchant of Bristol (see that city 1372), who has 
escaped from Monkbrigge prison in Bristol with the connivance of the 
keeper, and, for this purpose only, to search ports and ships where he is 
suspected to be. (Patent Rolls). 

1388, Sept. Sir John de Berkeley, miles. 
Sir Lawrence Sebrok, miles. 

1390. Jan. John Cheyne. 

Lawrence Sebrok. 

Sir John Cheyne was M.P. co. G. 1390, 1393, 1394, 1399, and 
Cornwall 1406. He was chosen Speaker in 1399, but as he was 
"growing infirm, and not able to serve," another was chosen in 
his place. 4 March 1378, pardon to John Cheyne Knt. of 
Isnamstedecheyne, (Chenies, Bucks,) of ;^so of his fine of ^100 for 
marrying without licence of the King, Margaret, late wife of Robert 
Tibetot Knt. tenant in chief. On 17 Jan. 1379, John Cheyne staying 
in England has letters nominating two attorneys in Ireland for one 
year. On 7 March 1379 he lent 10 marks to the King for the war. 
(Patent Rolls). On 5 Oct. 1407, power for Sir John Cheyne, Henry 
Chichele, and Hugh Mortymer, chamberlain of the Prince of Wales, 
to treat for a perpetual peace with France, i July 141 1, power for 
Henry Bishop of St. David's, Sir John Cheyne, and John Catryk, 

Members for Gloucestershire. 29 

to treat with France for redress of injuries, and for a truce and 
perpetual peace, and to redress infractions of the peace. Sir John 
Cheyne was Standard Bearer to the King (;^ioo a year) till 27 July 
1409. Commissions were granted to him and others to decide appeals 
from military and other sentences 23 Feb. 1400, i6 July 1400, 
24 March 1403. He and Henry Chichele received a commission as 
Ambassadors to Pope Innocent VH on 18 July 1406 and to Pope 
Gregory XII on 26 April 1407, and were granted power to treat with 
France for the redress of injuries 27 March 141 1, and to treat for a 
truce with France i July 141 1. {Rymer). 

1390. Nov. Gilbert Denys. 

Thomas Berkele. 

Sir Gilbert Dennis of Syston, son of Wm. D. was M.P. co. G. 
1390, 1395, and Sheriff 1394. He m. (i) Joan Kemeys, and (2) 
Margaret elder dau. and co-heir of Sir Maurice Russell (see 1402). 
He and Sir John Drayton held the manor of Dyrham jure uxoris 1416, 
but Sir Gilbert bought Drayton's moiety, and died seized of the whole 
manor 1423. Sir Gilbert and his wife Margaret had a suit concerning 
this manor with Margaret, wife of Morgan Gwyn. The Dennis family 
possessed for generations extensive property in Ogmore, Glamorgan- 
shire. 4 March 1378, protection for Gilbert Denys and 53 others, 
in the retinue of John King of Castile, Duke of Lancaster. {Ry?ner.) 

Thomas Berkeley of Coberley, son of Sir Giles B. married 
Elizabeth dau. of Thomas Chandos and sister and heir to John Lord 
Chandos K.G. He d. seized of the manors of Stoke Archer and 

1391. Maurice de Berkeley. 
Robert de Whidyngton. 

Maurice Berkeley Uley, co. Gloucester, was the son and heir of 
Thomas de B. of Uley who died 35 Edw. Ill, leaving this Maurice 3 years 
old. He went to the wars in France in the retinue of Sir Robert de Knolls 
in June 3 Ric. II, (when aged 20), and was Knighted that year. He 
again went to the wars in France 6 Ric. II. He married Johanna dau. 
of Sir John Denham and died 2 Hen. IV on the Saturday after 
Michaelmas day. He was ancestor of the Berkeleys of Stoke GifFord. 

Robert Whittington, son and heir of Wm. W., lord of the manor 
of Pauntley, was M.P. co. G. 1391, 1403. 1406, 1411, 1414, and Sheriff 
1402 1407. His younger brother was the celebrated Sir Richard 
Whittington, thrice Lord Mayor of London. 

1393. John Cheyne. 

Thomas FitzNicoll. 


Members for Gloucestershire. 

1394. John Cheyne. 
Henry de la Ryver. 

Henry de la River had a confirmation of markets and fairs in 
Tormarton 1398. 

1395. Jan. 5. Sir Thomas FitzNichol, chivaler. 

Sir Gilbert Denys, chivaler. 

1397. Jan. Sir Thomas Botiller, chivaler. 
Sir John de Berkeley, chivaler. 

On II July 14 1 5 the King orders Thomas Barton and Thomas 
Botiller, collectors of the customs in the port of London, to repay to 
Nicholas de Mulyn and his partners, Venetian merchants, their loan of 
1000 marks. 11 July 1415 Letters of attorney for Richard Grey, Lord 
de Wilton, in the names of John Barton jun. and John Boteler. {Rymer). 

1397. Sept. Hugh Mortymer. 
John Brounyng. 

Hugh Mortimer wa.s probably an early ancestor of the Mortimers 
of Whitefield in Deerhurst, where they were located as late as the 1 7th 
century, i Dec. 1407, commission to Thomas Bishop of Durham, Sir 
Thomas Erpynghara, Hugh Mortemer, and John Catryk, to treat for 
peace with France. 3 August 1408, commission to Hugh Mortymer 
and J. Catrik, to treat with France for redress of injuries. 15 May 
1409, Power for Henry Bishop of Winchester, Henry Lord Scrope of 
Masham, Sir Arnald Savage, Hugh Mortimer, and John Catrik, to treat 
with France for redress of injuries, and for a truce. 3 Sept. 1409, 
commission to the same four, with Thomas Beauford, Admiral of 
England, instead of Lord Scrope, to treat for a truce with France. 
I Sept. 141 1, commission to Thomas Earl of Arundel, Francis de 
Courte, lord of Pembrok, Hugh Mortimer, Chamberlain to the Prince 
of Wales, and J. Catryk, to negotiate the marriage of Henry Prince 
of Wales with a daughter of John Duke of Burgundy. 10 Feb. 1412, 
Power to Thomas Bishop of Durham, Richard Lord de Grey, 
chamberlain, Hugh Mortimer, Richard Courteney, Dean of Wells, 
and Richard Holme, Canon of York, secretary, to treat for the 
marriage of the Prince of Wales with Anne. 28 Jan. 1414, Power to 
Henry Lord de Scrope, Hugh Mortimer, and Henry Warre, to treat 
for peace with France. 4 June 1414, Power to Lord Scrope, Hugh 
Mortimer, and three others, to treat with Ralph Major and other 
Ambassadors of the Duke of Burgundy, concerning the marriage of 
the King with the French King's daughter Catherine. 20 June 1414, 
Power to Sir Henry le Scrop and Hugh Mortymer to grant letters of 
safe conduct for the business of their embassy. {Rymer's Fadera.) 

John Browning, of Haresfield, was M.P. co. G. 1397, 1401, 
and Sheriff 1399, and m. (i) Elianor elder dau. and co-heir of Sir 

Members for Gloucestershire. 31 

Thomas Fitz Nichols, (see 1382), whereby his son and heir John 
Browning M.P. 1414, came seized of part of Fihon 142 1. He m. 
(2) Alice widow of Sir Thomas Brugge, and only dau. of Thomas 
Berkeley of Coberley (see 1390), who brought him the manor of Stoke 
Archer. She survived John Browning and d. 1415. 

1399. John Cheyne. 

Thomas fitz Nicol. 

1401. Sir Thomas Fitz Nycholl. 
John Brounyng. 

1402. Sir Maurice Russell. 

Sir Thomas Fitz NichoU. 

Sir Maurice Russell, chivaler, of Kingston Russell, Dorset, was 
M.P. CO. G. 1402, 1403, Joint Sheriff 1401, and Sheriff 1396, 1406. 
He was son of Sir Ralph R. m. (i) Isabella Bruyne, (2) Joane (who 

re-m. to Sir John Stradling,) and (3) Elizabeth . He left two 

daughters and co-heirs, Isabel m. to Stephen Heytfield, and Margaret 
m. (i) to Sir Gilbert Denys (see 1390,) and (2) to John Kemeys of 
Syston, (2nd son of the M.P. 1450.) 

1403. Sir Maurice Russell. 
Robert Whytyngton. 

1404. Richard Manwardy. 
James Clifford. 

Margaret, dau. of Thomas Cassey, married — Mainwaringe, who 
might have been this Member. Richard Mawarden was Sheriff 1408. 

James Clifford of Frampton, son of John C. (see 1372), m. (i) 

Margaret dau. and heir to — Hedley, and (2) Joan , and had a 

dau. Catherine who m. to Sir Giles Bruges. Perhaps father of Henry 
and James Chfford who were Sheriffs of co. G. 1446 and 1450. 

1406. Thomas Fitznicholl 
Robert Whytynton. 

1407. Sept. 26. Sir Thomas Fitznicholl. 

Thomas Mille. 

Thomas Mille or Mulle sat for co. G. 1407, 141 1. Thomas 
Myll of Tremyll, (son of Thomas by Julian dau. and heir of Thomas 
Rous), m. Margery Tracy. His son Sir Wm. Mill was lord of the 
manor of Harscomb, but being attainted for treason, his lands (one 
toft and one yardland in Haresfield, called Hexbarrows), were forfeited 
to the Crown, and afterwards granted to Thomas Herbert 1462 ; and 
again to Sir Richard Beauchamp (see 1472) in 1474. Writ of 
supersedeas 6 Dec. 1380 in respect of the late mandate to arrest Walter 
Levenaunt, clerk, and two others, one mainprize, in the penalty of 

jz Members for Gloucestershire. 

£20, by Thomas Mill of co, G. and three others, that he shall appear 
before the king on the octave of the Purification. This is an early 
instance of giving bail for a friend. 

1410. Return lost. 

141 1. Oct. 19. Thomas Mulle. 

Robert Whityngton. 

1413. Jan. Return lost. 

1413. May I. Thomas FitzNicoll. 

John Paunsefot. 

John Pauncefort, son of Sir Hugh, was M.P. co. G. 1413, and 
d. seized of the manor of Hasfield 1415- 

1414. Jan. Robert Whityngton. 

John Grevell. 

John Greville of Campden, son of William G., m. (i) Sybil dau. 
and heir of Sir Robert Corbet, and entered on lands in Farnecote, 
which Joan widow of Sir R. Corbet, held in dower, for which he had 
the King's pardon 1420, and (2) Joyce dau. of Sir Walter Cokesey. 
He was Sheriff of co. G. 1414, 1415, 14241 M.P. 1414, 1419, 1421, 
1422, 1423, 1425, 1427, and d. 1445. His son and heir (by his 2nd 
wife) Sir John Greville was Sheriff co. G. 1459, lived at Charlton 
Regis, and had the honour of Milcot, co. Warwick, 1449. He d. 
seized of the manor ot Weston upon Avon 1480. 

1414. Nov. 12. Thomas Fitz Nicoll. 

John Brounyng. 

The latter was son of the M.P. 1397, and was seized of the 
manor of Heydon, under the Abbot, 1415. He became seized of part 
of Felton 1420. 

1415. Oct. Thomas Fitz Nicol. 

Robert Poynes. 

Robert Pointz was son of the M.P. 1368, sat for co. G. 1415, 
141 7, and held the manor of Iron Acton of Hugh Earl of Stafford, as 
of his manor of Thornbury, by one Knight's fee 1386. He m. 
Catherine dau. and co-heir of Thomas Fitz Nicholas (see 1382), and 
d. on 15 June, about 1439. 

1416. Feb. I Tj i 1 ^ 

141 6. Oct. I ^^^'^'■"^ l°^t. 

Members for Gloucesiershire. 33 

141 7. Oct. Robert Poyntz. 

Robert Greyndore. 

The latter was only son (by his first wife) of Sir John 
Grendour, M.P. of Clear well, (see Williams' Herefordshire Members,) 

sat for CO. G. 141 7, 1420, 1426, 1433, m. Joan , was lord of the 

manors of Churchley 1443, Hannam, and Aston Ingham, and d. lord 
of Abbenhall manor 1447. 

1419. Oct. 19. John Grevell. 

William Tracy jun. 

William Tracy jun. of Todington, son of Wm. T., who was 
Sheriif of co. G. 1395, m. Alice dau. and co-heir of Guido de la Spine, 
(great grandson to Wm. de la Spyne.) He was Sheriff 1416, and 
M.P. 1419. 

1420. Nov. 4. Robert Greyndore. 

Guy Whityngton. 

Sir Guy Whittington was son and heir of the M.P. 1391, and 
m. Cicely dau. of John Browning (see 1397), and sister and co-heir of 
Robert B., and became jicre uxoris lord of the manors of Notgrove, 
Lye, and Rodborough. He was M.P. co. G. 1421, 1427, 1432, and 
Sheriff 1426, 1432, and d. seized of Pauntley, 1441. 

142 1. Mar. John Grevell. 

Guy Whityngton. 

142 1. Nov. Sir John Blaket, chivaler. 

Sir John Fauncefot, chivaler. 

Sir John Blacket was M.P. co. G. 142 1, and Sheriff 1422. Sir 
John Blacket had a fair mansion house in Iccomb, co. Worcester, and 
had a son Robert who died s.p., and a dau. and heiress Agnes, who 
m. Walter Raan de Raan. Their grand-dau. ni. Wm. Brudenel of 
Aynho, temp. Edward III. 

Sir John Pauncefort was son of Sir Hugh P. and m. the dau. 
of Sir Andrew Herle, or was son of the M.P. 1413. 

1422. Oct. John Grevell. 

Robert Stransshawe. 

Robert Stranshawe, who was M.P. co. G. 1422, 1423, 1426, 
1433, was probably father of Robert S., who was seized of the manors 
of Alderleigh, Leighterton, Charnfield, Yate, and Stranshaw, 1472, 
and whose widow Joan re-m. to John Bodifaunt before 1498. 

1423. Oct. 4. John Grevell. 

Robert Stranshawe 

34 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1425- April 16. Sir Maurice Berkeley. 
John Grevell. 

Sir Maurice Berkeley of Beverstone, eldest son of the M.P. 
1388, m. Lora dau. of Henry Lord Fitz Hugh. He was Sheriff 1429, 
1434, and held the manor of Cheltenham, as is supposed by lease 
from the Abbess of Syon. He d. 1458, aged 63. 

1426. Jan. 21. Robert Stransshawe. 

Robert Greyndore. 

1427. Sept. John Grevell. 

Guy Whityngton. 

1429. Sept. Return lost. 

1430. Dec. 18, Nicholas Poyntz. 

Giles Brugge. 

Nicholas Poyntz, son of Robert P. (see 141 5), m. (i) Eliz. dau. 
of Henry Hassey of Sussex, and (2) Eliz. dau. of Sir Edward Mills of 
Harscombe, and d. 1450. 

Giles Bruges or Brydges, son of Sir Thomas Brugge (by Alice 
dau. and heir to Sir Thomas Berkeley of Coberley, see 1390), was 
Sheriff 1428, 1452, M.P. 1430, 1455, and seised of the manor of Stoke 
Archer 1466. He m. Catherine dau. of James Clifford (see 1404), 
and had Haresfield manor 1467. 

1432. April 7. John de Langeley. 

Guy Whityngton. 

The former was son of Wm. Langley, and m. Margaret dau. 
of Wm. Lluellin of the Nash. He was M.P. Bristol 1426, and co. 
G. 1432, 143s, 1436, 1442, was Baihff of Bristol 1418, and was seised 
of Chesterton 1459. His grandson Philip Langley was M.P. Bristol. 

1433. June 29, Robert Greyndore. 

Robert Stranshawe. 

1435. July 25- John Langeley. 

Thomas Mulle. 

Thomas Mill M.P. 1435, 1449, was probably son ot the 
M.P. 1407. 

1436. Dec. 10. John Langley. 

John Cassy. 

John Cassy of Adesburye, who sat for co. G. 1436, 1447, i4S3i 
and was Sheriff 1468, was perhaps son or grandson of John Cassey 
(lord of the manor of Whitfield 1399, who was Lord Chief Baron of 

Members for Gloucestershire. 35 

the Exchequer May 1389 till his death 1401). Father of Sir Thomas 
Cassey who m. Eliz. dau. of Sir Walter Cokesey, (see Williams' 
Worcestershire Members). 

1439. Oct. No return found. 

1442. Jan, r. William Tracy. 
John Langeley. 

The former was perhaps son of the M.P. 1419, and was Sheriff 
of CO. G. 1442, 1443, ^"'i M.P. 1442. He may however have been 
William Tracy of Tuddington, son of Henry, son of Sir John Tracy, 
and in that case married Margery sister to Thomas Pauncefote, 
(see 1447). 

1445. Feb. Return lost. 

1447. J^"' 23. Thomas Pauncefot. 
John Gassy. 

Thomas Pauncefot was M.P. co. G. 1447, 1449, and son of the 
M.P. 1421. He m. (i) Margaret dau. of Henry Owgan, (2) Margaret 
dau. of Sir Thomas Swinford, and (3) Elinor dau. of Thomas Bridges. 
Another T. P. was son of Sir Hugh, (son of Sir Grimbald P.) and m. 

(i) Margaret dau. of Sir Humphrey or Henry , (2) Margaret dau. 

of Sir John or Thomas , and (3) Elenor dau. of Thomas Bridges. 

1449. Jan. 20. Thomas Mulle. 

Thomas Pauncefote. 

1449. Oct. 28. William GyfFord. 

Thomas Durehurst. 

Thomas Derehurst was son of John Derhurst who was one 01 
the two Bailiffs of Gloucester 141 7. He sat for Gloucester city 1433, 
1436, 1447, Feb. 1449, and for the county Oct. 1449, and m. 1438 
Joan dau. of , or Margaret dau. of Robert Baynham of Westbury. 

William Gifford was Sheriff of co. G. 1444, and M.P. 1449. 
Perhaps the same as Sir Wm. G. who m. (i) Jane dau. of Sir John 
Rogers, and (2) Elenor dau. of Sir John Pawlett, and from whom 
descended the Giffords of Weston under Edge. 

1450. Oct. 27. John Barre. 

John Kemmyse. 

Sir John Barre of Barr's Court, and Rotherwas, co. Heretord, 
son of Sir Thomas B., (who d. 1442). was M.P. co. Hereford 1447, 
and CO. Glou, 1450, Sheriff of co. Hereford 1455, and of co. G. 1456, 
m. (i) Eliz. 2nd dau. of Sir Thomas Cornewall, Baron of Burford, 
(2) Joan widow of Robert Greyndour (see 1417). and (3) Margaret 
dau. and heir of Simon Blount, and held jure uxoris the manors of 

36 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Button, Oldland, East and West Hannam, Stone, Nass, Hurst, and 
Upton, at his death in 1482. He was app. steward of all the manors 
of the see of Hereford in cos. Hereford, Gloucester, Salop, and the 
Marches 1445, and on 15 Feb. 1473 founded St. Anne's Chantry, 
Clehonger, co. Hereford, for the good estate of himself, his wife 
Joan, and others, while living, and for their souls when dead. His 
only dau. and heir Joan m. Sir Thomas Newton. 

John Kemeys of Whitwick, third son of John ap. Jevan 
Kemeys, m. 1422 or 1430 Agnes dau. of Wm. Stradling, and was lord 
of Rogerston in 1459. His second son John Kemeys was of Syston, 
while from his third son David descended the Kemeys of Cefn Mably, 
Glamorgan, which eventually became the head of the family. Sir 
Nicholas Kemeys of Cefn Mably was made a Baronet 1642, and being 
a zealous cavalier was slain in the defence of Chepstow Castle, 1648. 
The title expired on the death of his great grandson. Sir Charles 
Kemeys in 1735, when Cefn Mably devolved upon his nephew 
Sir Charles Kemeys Tynte, Bart, of Halsewell, Somerset. The Tynte 
Baronetcy also expired in 1785, but the estates, through the sister 
and heiress of the last Baronet, eventually devolved upon the present 
owner, Mr, H. M. Kemeys Tynte, of Cefn Mably and Halsewell. 
Many of the family sat in Parliament. {See Williams' Pari. Hist. Oj 

William Nottingham was M.P. for Gloucester city, 1449, and 
for the county 1453. He was one of the two Bailiffs of Gloucester 
1449. He seems to have been the same person as Sir William 
Nottingham who was Attorney General 30 June 1451 to Aug. 1461, 
and Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer 3 April T480 till his death 
about June 1484. He was " one of our counseillours " to King 
Edw. IV, in 1467 and 1473. Wm. Nottingham m. Eliz. dau. and 

heir of Gouldwell of Kent, and when Attorney General gave to 

St, Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, certain lands at Senbrugge to maintain 
a charity in the Abbey for two marks. He levied a fine of 
lands in Baunton 1441 and the same year he and his wife 
Elizabeth levied a fine of lands in Bagendon. He purchased both 
moieties of the manor of Saperton, was seized of lands in Hydon 
1483, and d. s.p. seized of the manors of Cotes and Trewsbury 1484. 
His widow Eliz. took these two manors to her second husband Richard 
Poole of Coats. Their son Leonard Poole d. 1538. 

1455. June 30. Giles Brugges. 

William Whityngton. 

Both styled notahilis artniger. The former was kinsman 
and heir of Mr. Berkeley. William Whittington, 2nd but eldest 
surviving son of Robert W. who d. v.p. 1436, and grandson of the 
M.P. 1420, m. Eliz. dau. and heir to Remfrey Arundell, and 

Members for Gloucestershire. 37 

sister to Sir Remfrey A. (who d. 1468, see Williams^ Worcestershire 
Members,) and aunt and co-heir ot Sir Edmond Arundell. He d. 
seized of Pauntley 147 1. 

1459. Nov. Return lost. 

1460. Sept. 15. Thomas Yonge. 

Thomas Brygge. 

The former was the elder son of Thomas Yonge, (see Bristol, 
i4i4,)and was M.P. for Bristol, 1435, 1436, 1442, 1447, i450j 1455, 
and for the County 1460. He was an eminent lawyer of the Middle 
Temple, Recorder of Bristol 1463 till he 'declined' 1467, and was made 
Serjeant at law 7 Nov. 1463, King's Serjeant by Edw. IV. the next day, 
and a Justice of the Common Pleas with a grant of 10 marks per 
annum 4 Nov. 1367, but was superseded 1471. He was however 
made a Justice of the King's Bench 29 April 1475. ^i^ wife's name 
was Joan. In 1453 {i 1455) he was committed to the Tower for 
moving in the House of Commons that the Duke of York might be 
declared heir apparent of the Crown. He was Lord of the manors 
of North Wraxal, Wilts, and Easton, Somerset, and dying in 1476, 
was buried in Christ Church, London. As he is sometimes styled 
a merchant it may be that he carried on his father's business at 
Bristol, as well as being a lawyer. 4 Aug. 1461, Grant to the King's 
servant Thomas Yonge, late of Bristol, ot ;£i 16 13s. 4d., in repayment 
of the same sum lent by him to the King. (Pateut Rolls.) His 
younger brother Sir John Yonge was Lord Mayor of London 1464. 
Sir Thomas Brydges, son of the M.P. 1430, m. Florence dau. of Wm. 
Darrell, and was granted the manor of Charnfield by William 
Berkeley 1483. 

1461. 1463. Returns lost. 

1467. May 19. Maurice Berkeley. 

Thomas Herbert senior. 

Sir Maurice Berkeley of Betteshorne, Hants, aged 26 at his 
father's death, was the eldest son of the M.P. 1425, and was H.S. 
Hants 1461, H.S. co. Glouc. 1463, 1471, and was knighted 1469, and 
became " the King's Servant, and one of the Knights for the bodye 
of the King." He was made Constable of the Castle of Southampton 
15 Feb. 1471, at a "yearly fFee of ;^io," and one of the "Privy 
standinge Counsell to the King" 1472. He died 5 May 1474, aged 
42. He must not be confused with his kinsman Sir Maurice B. of 
Uley, lord of King's Weston, who d. 26 Nov. 1464. 

Thomas Herbert senior was probably one of the Monmouth- 
shire Herberts, probably of the Troy line, 23 June, 1461, Grant for 
life to T. H. the elder esquire of the body of the Constableship of 
the King's Castle of Gloucester. 

38 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1469, 1470. Returns lost. 

1472. Aug. 31. Sir Richard Beauchamp. 
Thomas Lymryk. 

Sir Richard was the only son of Sir John B. who was created 
Lord Beauchamp 1447, and d. 1475. He was aged 40 in 1475, ™' 
by special licence in his private chapel at Beauchamp Court, Eliz. 
dau. of Sir Humphrey Stafford, and became Lord Beauchamp of 
Powick 1475. He d. 1496, when the title expired. His three 
daughters and co-heirs were, (i) Eliz. m. to Sir Robert Willoughby, 
Lord Broke, (2) Anne m. to Richard Lygon of Madresfield, (see 
Williams' Worcestershire Members,) and (3) Margaret m. to Wm. 

Thomas Lymryk of Cirencester, was made J. P. co. G. 
15 Dec. 1464, and was perhaps grandfather of Thomas 
Lymmerych of Broughton who d. seized of lands in Northlach, 
Strallon, Minte, and Cirencester, having m. Sibbell Curson of 
Waterbury, Oxon. His son Thomas died old and s.p. 1623. 

1478. Jan. 12. Thomas Kokesay, 
John Twyneho. 

Thomas Cokesey was nephew of Sir Hugh C, (see Williams' 
Worcestershire Members,) and son of Sir John Grevill of Campden, 
(son of the M.P. 1414). He was aged 26 at his father's death in 1480 
and assumed his grandmother's name of Cokesey on inheriting her 
great estates. He was made a Knight of the Bath at the coronation 
of Hen. VIL on 28 Oct. 1485, and d.s.p. 1498, seized of the manor 
of Cokesey. 

John Twynho who was also M.P. Bristol 1472, and 1483, was 
Recorder of Bristol 1483-1500. He was perhaps father of Wm. 
Twinyho of Cayford, Somerset, who m. the dau. and co-heir of — 

1483, 1484, 1485, 1487. Returns lost. 

1 49 1. Sept. Sir Edmond Monforde. 
Thomas Morton. 

The Montforts were a Warwickshire family, and it seems probable 
that this Sir Edmond Montfort was the same person as Sir Edward M. 
son of William Montfort of Colshall, Staffordshire, by his second wife 
Joan, dau. of Wm. de Alderwich. His elder half brother Baldwin was 
father of Sir Simon M., who was knighted in 1471, and was M.P. for 
Warwick in 1491. Sir Edward died s.p. Wm. Butler of Badminton 
m. Margaret dau. of — ^^Pers, and Eliz. his wife, sister and heir of Thomas 
Mountford of Ashley, in Box parish. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 39 

Thomas Morton was Sheriff of co. G. (as Norton) 1475, ^^nd (as 
Mourton) 1487. Perhaps of Lechlade, co. Glouc, brother to Robert, 
Bishop of Worcester, and 2nd son of Sir Rowland M., of Thwining, 
Gloucestershire. In that case he would be nephew of Cardinal Morton. 

1495. 1497. 151°, 151Z1 1515. 1523- Returns lost. 

1529. Oct. Sir William Kyngeston. 
Sir John Bryges. 

Sir William Kingston of Painswick, m. (i) Elizabeth , and 

(2) Mary dau. of Sir Richard Scrope of Upsall, Yorks, and widow 
of Sir Edward Jernyngham of Somerleyton, Suffolk. He was made 
a Yeoman of the Guard before June 1509, was an under 
marshal in the army in 1512, and fought well at Flodden. He 
was H.S. CO. Glouc. 15 13, Knighted 1513, made Sewer to the King, 
and later (1521) Carver to the King, and took part in the tilting at the 
Field of the Cloth of Gold 1520. In 1523 Sir William was made 
Knight of the King's Body Guard and Captain of the Guard, and it was 
in his custody that Cardinal Wolseley died Nov. 1530. He was in 
Jan. 1526 " stuard of the duchy of Lancashire, and captain of the 
Kynges garde," Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard 1523-36, Constable 
of the Tower of London 28 May 1524-40, M.P. co. Gloucester 1529-36, 
made Comptroller of the King's Household 9 March 1539, Knight of 
the Garter 24 April 1539, and died at Painswick 14 Sept. 1540, and 
was buried there. He was granted a lease for 99 years at the yearly 
rentof;^36 13s. 4d. of the cell of Stanley St. Leonards 18 July, 30 
Henry VIII., and also obtained the site of Flaxley Abbey and many 
small grants. Commission of oyer and terminer issued to him. Sir 
John Briggs (see 1529) and several others for treasons in the Oxford 
circuit 4 Feb. 1539. Commission of the Peace to them for co. 
Glouc. 24 June 1539. Commission of gaol delivery at Gloucester 
Castle issued to Sir W. Kyngston, Sir Anth. Hungerford, Nich. Wykes, 
Thos. Lane and others 20 June 1530. The names of Sir Wm. 
Kingston and his wife appear in the list of " persons assigned to have 
lodging on the King's side in the King's house at Eltham when they 
repair to it," Jan. 1526. 

Sir John Brydges of Sudeley, son of Sir Giles B., was born after 
2 Aug. 1492, knighted at the battle of Spurs 15 13, and was Captain in 
the English army in France on 15 Jan. 1514. He m. Elizabeth 
dau. of Edmund loth Lord Grey of Wilton, and was a Knight of the 
Body (Guard) to Henry VIIL, a Commr. for a Subsidy in co. Glouc. 
I Aug. 1524, J.P. 6 Dec. 1528, M.P. 1529-36, Keeper of Langley 
manor and park 10 June 1536, Ranger of Wichwood forest 10 June 
1536, Constable of Sudeley Castle and Keeper of the park 20 March 
1538, and Sheriff of co. Worcester 1538. He was made Dep. Lieut, 
of Boulogne and the Marches 2 Sept. 1547, and conducted the defence 

40 Members for Gloucestershire. 

of Boulogne against the King of France in person 1549. Sir John was 
Lieutenant of the Tower of London Aug. 1553 to June 1554, and 
created Lord Chandos of Sudeley 8 April 1554. He was made Chief 
Special Commr. to inquire into felonies in co. Glouc. 2 May 1554, and 
d. 12 April 1556, being buried at Sudeley. Sir John Brudges was one 
of 5 Commrs. app. 14 July 1530 to make an inquisition in co. Glouc. 
of the possessions held by Cardinal Wolsey after his attainder. In 
Sept. 1543 he and Richard Coton certified the musters for Wynche- 
combe and Cheltenham. 

1536, 1539, I54I. Returns lost. 

1545, Jan. 10. Sir Anthony Kyngston. 
Nicholas Arnold. 

Sir Anthony Kingston, son of the M.P. 1529, was born 15 19, 
and m. after 1535 Mary widow of Sir Wm. Courtenay and dau. of Sir 
John Gainsford, and went to live at Chudleigh, Devon. He was like his 
father a gallant soldier, and fought in the defeat of the Irish rebels at 
Louth, 13 Oct. 1536, and served at the head of 1000 Gloucestershire 
men under the Duke of Norfolk in suppressing the Pilgrimage of Grace 
1537. He was H.S. co. Glouc. 1532, 1549, M.P. 1545-7, 1547-52, Feb. 
to March 1553, Sept. to Dec. 1555, Knighted 18 Oct. 1537, made 
Serjeant of the King's Hawks, and received a grant of the Manor of 
Haresfield, 4 Edw. 6, and of the Seven Hundreds of Cirencester 6 Edw. 
6. Sir Anthony was Provost Marshal in Cornwall in 1549, and in that 
year suppressed the rebellion in the West with so much bloodshed that 
his conduct has been compared to that of Jeffreys in 1685. He was one 
of the Council of the Marches of Wales temp. Edw. 6, and Knight 
Marshal in the Parliament of 1555. An annuity of 50 marks was 
granted to Ant. Kyngston, Esquire of the Royal Body, on 24 June 1539. 
Sir Anthony was a prisoner in the Tower from 10 to 23 Dec. 1555, and 
died at Cirencester 14 April 1556, "probably by his own hand, from 
despair, while journeying up from Devon to London to stand his trial 
.or high treason." (Frowde.) He was buried at Painswick. After the 
dissolution of the monasteries 36 Hen. 8, he obtained a grant of all the 
lands in Dean Forest formerly belonging to the Abbey of Flaxley, also 
a grant of the site of Gloucester Abbey, and a grant of Blaisdon Manor 
1544. On 27 Dec. 1555 John Bedell wrote to Christopher Ashton, 
" understands that Mr. Dudley is gone, and that Sir Anthony Kingston 
is at liberty." Sir Anthony was however concerned in a fresh plot 
shortly afterwards, and on 8 April 1556 was examined at Coberley 
relative to a conversation he had with Ashton and Dudley. " Ashton 
broke a piece of coin, and delivered it to Sir A. K. as a token, &c." 
On 9 May 1556, " Declaration by Henry Pekham of the particulars of 
the conspiracy in which Sir A. K. and a great many of the Western 
gentlemen were concerned, for deposing Queen Mary and making 
the Lady Elizabeth Queen, for her to marry the Earl of Devonshire." 

Members for Gloucestershire. 41 

Sir Nicholas Arnold of Hyneton, a distinguished statesman, was 
the son of John Arnold, (who was granted the manors of Highnam and 
Over, by the Crown 1541). Sir Nicholas who had Uvery of these 
manors on his father's death 37 Hen. 8, presented to Dormington 1546, 
and to Cusop, co. Hereford 1563, and was a Gentleman Pensioner to 
the King in Jan. 1526. He m. (i) Margaret dau of Sir William 
Dennys of Dyrham, (see 1558), and (2) Margaret widow of Nicholas 
Hore of Harpersdown, Wexford, and dau. and co-heir of John Isham of 
Bryanstown, Grand Seneschall of co. Wexford. She d. Sept. i6i6. He 
was H.S. CO. Gloucester, 1558, 1559, Gustos Rotulorum till his death 
April 1580, Knighted about 1553, M.P. co. Gloucester 1545-7, Feb. to 
3i_ March 1553, Sept. to Dec. 1555. Gloucester city 1559, 1563-7, 
Cricklade 1571, and co. Gloucester 1572 till his decease. He was app. 
one of the Council of the Marches of Wales June 1574, and was Lord 
Deputy of Ireland 1564-5. "He bred the best horses in England," 
(Hollinshed). In March 1556 Thomas White made a Deposition 
implicating Sir Nicholas Arnold in the plot to kill the King and Queen. 
As J. P. CO. Gloucester, Arnold wrote the Council 20 Sept. 157 1, 
certifying his proceedings in search and watch for rogues and vagabonds. 
On 17 April 1580 the Mayor of Gloucester requested the Council to 
grant a " separate commission to take the musters of their city. Sir 
Nicholas Arnold and Thomas Purie (see Gloucester 1640), named in 
the late commission are dead." {Cal. State Papers). 

1547. Oct. Sir Nicholas Pointz. 

Sir Anthony Kingston. 

Sir Nicholas Pointz of Iron Acton, eldest son of Sir Anthony, 
(who was great great grandson of Nicholas P. (see 1430,) was b. 15 10, 
H.S. CO. Glouc. 1538, 1544, M.P., 1547-52, Cricklade Oct. to Dec. 
1555, Knighted before 1547, and m. Joan dau. of Thomas Lord 
Berkeley. He was a prominent courtier during the latter part of the 
reign of Hen. VIII, and died seized of the manors of Iron Acton and 
Hill, in 1557. Will proved 8 July 1557. 

1553. Feb. Sir Anthony Kyngiston. 

Sir Nicholas Arnolde. 

1553. Sept. 25. Sir Edmund Bridges. 

Sir Anthony Hungerford. 

Sir Edmund Bridges, son of John ist Lord Chandos, (see 1529), 
was b. before 1522, and m. Dorothy 5th dau. and co-heir of Edmund 
ist Lord Bray. He was Esquire of the Body to Hen. VIII in 1542, 
made Joint Constable of Sudeley Castle, 15 Oct. 1542, Knight 
Banneret by the Duke of Somerset in the camp at Rockesburgh, 
Scotland, 27 Sept. 1547, M.P. Wootton Bassett 1545-7, co. Gloucester 
Sept. to Dec. 1553, Lord Lieut. 10 May 1559, Vice Admiral of co. 
Glouc. in 1561, and succ. his father as 2nd Lord Chandos 12 April 

42 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1556. His Lordship was app. Chief Steward of the manor of Hailes, 
Master of Braydon Forest 4 June 1563, High Steward and Keeper of 
the manor and hundred of Slaughter 25 Oct. 1567, and was Chief 
Commr, of Musters in co. Gloucester, on 22 July, 1569. He was 
installed K.G. at Windsor 17 June, 1572, (the Earl of Leicester having 
been given a commission to admit him as such i June), and d. 
II Sept. 1573. Lord Chandos was one of the leading men of the 
county, and many references are made to him in the Cal. State Papers. 
Lord Chandos, Sir N. Arnold (see 1545), and others as Commrs. of 
Musters for co. Gloucester, send their statement to the Council 
22 July 1569. On II Jan. 1570 Edmund Lord Chandos and others. 
Justices of CO. Gloucester wrote the Council, " Have assembled and 
subscribed the declaration for Uniformity of Common Prayer. Mention 
several persons who have not subscribed, and reasons for their refusal." 
On 24 March 1570, he wrote from Sudeley to the Council, "Has caused 
100 foot furnished, and 20 demi-lances, with 8 light horsemen of co. 
G. to set forward to the Earl of Sussex," and mentioned the death of 
William Reede, (see 1554.) 

Sir Anthony Hungerford, lord of the manor of Down Ampney, 
was son of Sir John H., and m. (i) Jane dau. of Sir Edward Darell, 
and (2) Dorothy dau. of Sir John Danvers of Dauntesey. He was 
placed in the commission of the Peace for Somerset 5 July 1539, 
Knighted 25 Dec. 1513, H.S. co. Glouc. 1552, M.P. Sept. to Dec. 
1553, and was buried at Great Bedwin 6 Dec. 1558. As H.S. co. 
Gloucester he wrote on 9 Feb. 1554 from Downamney to the Council, 
sending a " Statement of words spoken by Sir Nicholas Arnold 
(see 1545,) relative to the coming of the King of Spain. Measures 
taken for preserving the peace of the Shire." 

1554. Mar. 12. Sir Giles Poole. 
Nicholas Wykes. 

Sir Giles Poole, who was granted livery of the manor of Elbridge 
on the death of his father Leonard Poole of Saperton 30 Hen. VIII., 
was a Gentleman Pensioner to the King in Jan. 1526, M.P. co. 
Glouc. March to May 1554, 1571, H.S. 1565, and m. (i) Elizabeth 
dau. and heir to Thomas Whittington of Pantley, and (2) Ellen 
Lewkener. He was Knighted at Rockesburgh camp, in Scotland, by 
the Duke of Somerset 27 Sept. 1547, presented to Coats 1574, 1577, 
and died lord of the manors of Cotes and Trewsbury 24 Feb. 1588. 
On 31 Oct. 1558 a warrant was granted to pay Sir Gyles Poole 
£t,2 15s. expended by him for coat and conduct money for 200 
soldiers sent into Ireland. 

Nicholas Wykes of Doddington was H.S. co. Glouc. (as N. 
Wickers) 1545, and (as N. Hicks) 1553. As N. Wekys he died seized 
of Dursley manor 5 Mary. In March 1539 Anth. Kingston Nich. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 43 

Wickes, Ric. Rede, Arth. Porter and two others made a return of all 
able persons meet to serve the King in his wars for the hundreds of 
Barkeley, Thornbury, Tewxbury, and Tebbelston. Commission of the 
Peace to Sir Nich. Poynes, Sir Anth Hungerford, Nich. Wykes, Anth. 
Porter, Ric. Rede, Dav. Broke, and Thos. Lane 24 June 1539. 

1554. Oct. 22. Arthur Porter. 

William Reede sen. 

Arthur Porter of Newent, son and heir of Roger Porter, m. 
Allice dau of John Arnold, and sister to the M.P. 1545. He was a 
considerable purchaser of Abbey lands at the dissolution of the 
monasteries, and in 1540 was granted Alvington manor, and had a 
grant the same year of " lands in Barton Abbat's, near Gloucester, and 
the first feeding of the meadow called Pully-Mead, and the tythes of 
the same, lately belonging to Llanthony Priory," and also had a grant 
of the site of Llanthony Priory 31 Oct. 1539. He was HS. co. 
Glouc. 1547, M.P. CO. Glouc. Oct. 1554 to Jan. 1555, and 1559, and 
Gloucester city Oct. to Dec. 1555. His dau. Tacy m. Edward 
Oldisworth, who d. 1570. His 2nd son Sir Thomas Porter of 
Hampsted, m. Anne eldest dau. of Richard Dennys, (see 1563). 

William Reede sen., of Mitton, was H S. co. Glouc. (as Read) 
1562, and M.P. Oct. 1554 to Jan. 1555. He d. March 1570. Perhaps 
son of Richard Rede. Quaere if he was also M.P. for Cricklade 
1529-36, and Devizes Oct. to Dec. 1553. 

1555. Sept. 23. Sir Anthony Kyngeston. 

Sir Nicholas Arnold. 

1558. Jan. Sir Henry Jarnyngeham. 

Sir Walter Denys. 

Sir Henry Jemingham of Cossey, Norfolk, and Huntingfield 
and Wingfield, Suffolk, a prominent soldier and courtier in Queen 
Mary's reign, was b. 1509, the son of Sir Edward Jernegan of 
Somerley, Suffolk, and m. Mary or Frances dau. of Sir George or Edward 
Baynham of Clowerwall, and heiress to her maternal uncle Sir 
Anthony Kingston, (see 1545.) He was one of the Gentlemen 
Pensioners to the King in Jan. 1526. He was one of the first, with 
the Earls of Suffolk, Bath, Oxford &c., to support Queen Mary, whom 
he proclaimed at Norwich 12 July 1553, and was commander of the 
forces under the Duke of Norfolk to suppress Sir Thomas Wyatt's 
insurrection, and routed the rebels near Charing Cross. He was made 
a Knight of the Bath at Queen Mary's coronation 28 Sept. 1553, and 
on her accession to the throne made one of her Privy Council 31 July 
1553) Vice Chamberlain and Master of her Household, Lord Lieut, of 
Kent, and had a grant of several manors in cos. Norfolk, Suffolk, 
Hereford, and Gloucester, of which the principal was Cossey, (granted 

44 Members for Gloucestershire. 

by Henry VIII. to Anne of Cleves). Sir Henry re-built Cossey Hall, 
and during the rebuilding resided at the royal palace at Eltham, Kent, 
of which he was Keeper, and Queen Elizabeth on her progress through 
Norfolk, was entertained at Cossey. Sir Henry was also Captain of the 
Yeomen of the Guard 1553-8, Master of the Horse 1556 to Jan. 1559, 
Keeper of the royal parks at Eltham and Home, Kent, M.P. co. 
Glouc. Jan. 1558, presented to Hardwick '57 r, and d. seized of 
Haresfield 7 Sept. 1572, aged 63. He had a grant of the Mythe Wood 
shortly after the dissolution of Tewkesbury monastery, and in 1553 had 
a grant of Tewkesbury Park on payment of 20s. a year to the Crown 
for the tenths thereof. 

Sir Walter Denys, of St. Augustine's Green, Bristol, born 1502, 
son of Sir Walter Denys of Dyrham, (who was made K.B. i Nov. 1491, 
and was H.S. 1526,) and great grandson of the M.P. 1450, was brother 
and heir to Maurice Dennis, lord of the manor of Alston and Wick, 
who died 1562, when Sir Walter (then aged 60) succeeded him in his 
estates. He was Knighted before 1539, M.P. co. Glouc. Jan. 1558, 
H.S. 1531, 1537, 1542, 1550, 1554, and was granted the manor and 
advowson of Cold Aston 1540. Sir Walter m. Margaret dau. of 
Sir Richard Weston of Surrey. His Will dated 2 Feb. 1570, was 
proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 12 May 15 71. He and 
his eldest son Richard (see 1563) sold the manor of Dyrham in 1560, 
to George Wynter, brother to the Admiral, (see 1586). 

1559- J^n. Arthur Porter. 

The Return has been lost, but Rudder on the authority of 
Broivne Willis, gives Porter as one of the Members. He was elected 
also for Aylesbury but preferred Gloucestershire. 

1563. Jan. Nicholas Welshe. 
Richard Denys. 

Nicholas Welsh or Walsh was H.S. co. Glouc. (as Walsh) 1561, 
and M.P. 1563-7. He was a Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland 
1584-97, Knighted there in 1597, and Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas there 22 Oct. 1597 till his death 28 Nov. 1615. 

Richard Denys of Pucklechurch, eldest son of the M.P. 1558, 
and nephew and heir to Sir Maurice Denys, to whose manor of Barton 
Regis he succeeded 1562, but which he sold in 1565 to Thomas 
Chester, (see 1573). He m. Anne dau. of Sir John St. John of 
Bletshoe, and sat for Bath 1547-52, and co. Glouc. 1563-7. 

1571. April. Sir Giles Poole, (see 1554). 
Sir Nicholas Poyntz. 

The latter was son of the M.P. 1547, and was 21 years old at his 
father's death 1556. He was made K.B. 1558, H.S. co. Glouc. 1569, 

Members for Gloucestershire. 45 

M.P. 1571, seated at Iron Acton, to which living he presented 1574, 
and m. (i) Anne dau. of Sir Ralph Verney of Penley, Herts and (2) 
Margaret dau. of Henry, Earl of Derby. In Aug. 1585 he and 
other Justices made ready at Cirencester a force of 300 men to be sent 
to London under Capt. George Baskerville. He died i Sept. 1585. 

1572. April. Hon. Giles Bridges. 

Sir Nicholas Arnolde, (see 1545). 

The former was eldest son of Edmund 2nd Lord Chandos (see 
1553), and was b. 1547, and m. Lady Francis Clinton 5th dau. of 
Edward 1st Earl of Lincoln. He was M.P. Crickelade 1571, and co. 
Glouc. April 1572 to 11 Sept. 1573, when he succ. his father in the 
Peerage, and had livery of the manor of Badgworth. He was a leading 
man in the county, and had a grant for life (in succession to his 
father) of Chief or High Steward of the Hundreds of Kyttesgate, 
Holford, and Gretton, the manor and hundred of Slaughter, the manor 
of Hailes, co. Gloucester, and Keeper of Braydon Forest, Wilts, ig 
June 1573, app. Lord Lieut, co. Glouc. 17 Nov. 1586, and 20 June 
1587, one of the Council of the Marches of Wales 16 Dec. 1590, J P. 
COS. Glouc. and Wilts, and was adm. an Ancient of Grays Inn 2 Feb. 
1592. Lord Chandos presented to Meysey Hampton 1573, Coberley 
1579, Sudeley 1583, 1585, 1588, 1590, Cranham, 1585, 1593, Bourton- 
upon-the-Water 1585, 1589, and Brimpsfield 1591, and d. 21 Feb. 1598. 
In 1587 Lord Chandos was required to send 1000 of the trained men of 
Gloucestershire to Wales for its defence in case of invasion from Spain, 
and in 1588 he was ordered to send a force to London. 

1573 Thomas Chester, vice Hon. Giles Bridges called to 

the Upper House. He was born about 1528, the third son of Aid. 
William C. (see Bristol 1555), and like him was a leading Bristol 
merchant, serving as Sheriff of the city 1559, and Mayor 1569. His 
first wife Agnes was buried at St. James', Bristol, 14 Feb. 1568, and he 
m. (2) 26 Sept. 1569 Catherine dau. of James Shepherd of Bristol, and 
widow of Robert Smyth of Bristol. Mr. Chester was M.P. Bristol 
1563-7, CO. Glouc. 1573-83, H.S. 1577, purchased the manor of 
Almondsbury 1569, and was buried at St. James', 24 Sept. 1583. His 
son Wilham m. Katherine dau. of Richard Denys, (see 1563) 

1584. Nov. Sir John Darcy. 

Hon. William Bruges. 

Sir John Darcy received the honour of knighthood, and sat for 
Gloucestershire 1584-5 but he cannot be otherwise identified. Quaere 
if he was a younger son of Sir Arthur D. who purchased Almondsbury 
Manor from the Crown 1555, but whose son Henry Darcy sold it in 
1569 to Thomas Chester, (see 1573). Another Sir John Darcy, who 
died unmarried, >vas the second son of John 2nd Lord Darcy, of 
Critches, Essex. 

46 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Hon. William Bridges, 2nd son of Edmund 2nd Lord Chandos 
(see 1553), and brother to the M.P. 1572, was b. after 1547, and m. 
Mary dau. of Sir Owen Hopton. He was admitted to Grays Inn 1571, 
M.P. Cricklade 1572-83, co. Glouc. 1584-5, Cirencester and co. Glouc. 
1586, but preferred the latter, till 1587, Captain of 300 footmen of the 
Gloucestershire Trained Foot 2 Aug. 1588, (sent to London at that 
time), succ. his brother Giles (see 1572) as 4th Lord Chandos 21 Feb. 
1598, and as Lieut, and Keeper of Braydon Forest 1598, was made one 
of the Council of the Marches of Wales May 1 598, and d. 1 8 Nov. 1 602. 

1586. Oct. 10. Hon. William Bridges. 
Sir William Wynter Knt. 

Vice Admiral Sir William Wynter of Lydney, one of Elizabeth's 
leading sailors, was the son of John Wynter, by Alice dau. of Wm. 
Tirell of Cork, and m. Maria dau. and co-heir of Thomas Langton. He 
presented to Lydney 1570, was knighted at Rye 12 Aug. 1573, and was 
M.P. for Liverpool 1563 till his election was declared void, Portsmouth 
1559 and 1563-7, Clitheroe 1572-83, and Gloucestershire 1586-7. 
He received a grant of Lydney Manor from the Queen, and 
built his mansion of White Cross at Lydney 1588. There are many 
references to him in the Cal. State Papers as follows: — 28 May 1552, 
Petition of William Winter to the Duke ot Northumberland relative 
to the ship and goods taken from him and George his brother by the 
French. On 22 July 1557 the King and Queen wrote to the Governor 
of Guernsey, " Wm. Winter, master of ordnance on the seas, and 
surveyor of Admiralty, on 7 June last set out a bark called the Roe, 
which took near Sark a Guernsey ship laden with Frenchmen's wines." 
26 July 1557, Order to several to repair to Mr. Wynter at Dover and 
to serve as Captain in the fleet in the Narrow Seas, i Sept. 1558, 
Statement by W. Wynter of services performed by the fleet from the 
time of the burning of Conquet till their return to Portsmouth. On 
24 March 1559 he made a declaration as Master of the Queen's 
Ordnance for the seas, but on 16 Oct. 1559 his commission ceased. On 
16 Dec. 1559 the Queen gave him instructions on his being made 
Admiral of a fleet of 14 ships of war to convey stores to Tynemouth, 
Holy Island, and Berwick, "to intercept any succours coming from 
France to Scotland, and to pick a quarrel with the French fleet if he 
can." On 11 July 1560 Lord Admiral Clinton wrote to Cecill, "The 
ships under Wynter's command are to go to Portsmouth where the rest 
of the fleet is." Admiral Wynter was constantly employed at this 
period, and was greatly relied upon as a gallant and able sailor. On 30 
July 1570 his name appears as Vice Admiral of Someiset. The Queen 
wrote to Lord Admiral Clynton 29 Aug. 1570, saying that she "has 
appointed her navy to put to sea under the command of Charles Howard 
and William Wynter." As J. P. co. Gloucester he and Sir N. Arnold 
(see 1545) wrote the Council 20 Sept. 1571 certifying their proceedings 
in search and watch for rogues and vagabonds. In 1574 Sir William 

Members for Gloucestershire. 47 

put the Isle of Sheppey and the Medway into a state of defence. Com- 
mission 15 March 1578 to him and Martin Frobisher and others "to 
make the third voyage." He received instructions from the Council 17 
March 1580 on being app. " to go to the seas with three of the Queen's 
ships to cruize off the Irish coast, to intercept any succours that might be 
sent by the King of Spain to aid the rebels in Ireland. To arrest all 
pirates that he may fall in with." In April 1582 he was consulted 
as to the repair of Dover harbour, and in 1586 and for some years 
previously he was one of the officers of the Admiralty, called in for 
advice and counsel. As Vice Admiral of the White, or of England, 
Wynter fought like a lion in defeating the Spanish Armada in 1588. 
From his flagship " The Vanguard, in the Downs," he wrote to the 
Commrs. of the Admiralty 28 Feb. 1588, "The ships have suffered 
from the roughness of the weather. It does a man's heart good to see 
the gallant fleet, and they only long for the Prince of Parma to put to 
sea." He was still watching for the Spanish fleet in the Downs on 
28 June, and off Folkestone on 27 July, but a few days later on 
I August, he writes from the Vanguard off Harwich to Walsyngham, 
that he is chasing and fighting the enemy. " Another engagement 
with them, and great was the spoil done unto them. Wynter hurt." 
He however recovered from his wound, and was Keeper of the 
Ordnance in 1589, but died before 1594. 

1588. Dec. 30. Sir Thomas Throckmerton. 
Edward Wynter. 

The former was of Tortworth, the elder son of Sir Thomas 
Throckmorton of Coss Court, (H.S. 1558, who had livery of Tortworth 

9 Eliz. and d. 1586,) and m. (i) Elizabeth or Ellen, dau. of Sir Richard 
Berkeley, and (2) the dau. of Sir Edward Rogers. He was Knighted 
in 1587, H.S. CO. Glouc. 1587, 1600, M.P., 1588 to March 1589, 
presented to Tortworth 1592, and d. 1607. 

Edward Wynter of Sydney, son and heir of the M.P. 1586, was 
b. 1560, matric. Bras. Coll. Oxon, under date 20 Dec. 1577, aged 17, 
B.A. 28 Jan 1579, student of the Inner Temple 1579, and m. 11 Aug. 
1595 Lady Anne Somerset 3rd dau. of Edward Earl of Worcester. 
He fought on board his father's ship against the Armada i Aug. 1588, 
was knighted in 1595, M.P. Newport (Cornwall) 1586-7, co. Glouc. 1588-9 
and Sept. to Dec. 1601, H.S. 1598, presented to Lydney 1594, and to 
Newent i6i6, and was Lord of the Manors of Awre, and of Abston and 
Wyck in i6o8. On the death of the 2nd Earl of Pembroke 19 Jan. 
1 601, he became Constable of St. Briavel's Castle and Keeper of Dean 
Forest, but surrendered these posts to the 3rd Earl of Pembroke 

10 Jan. 1609. He it was who commenced to make iron in the Forest 
of Dean, for which purpose he purchased wood from the Crown in 1611, 
but this made him very unpopular with the Commoners of the Forest, 
who feared that they would have none left for their own use, and led 

48 Members for Gloucestershire. 

to several disputes. He d. probably before 15 March 1627, when 
his son, Sir John Wynter the Royalist, was granted for ;!^i266 13s. 4d. 
4000 cords of wood to be felled in the Forest of Dean. 

1593. Jan. Sir Henry Poole, 
Sir John Poyntz. 

Sir Henry Poole of Saperton, son of Sir Giles (see 1554,) m. 
(i) Anne dau. of Sir Wm. Wroughton, and (2) Hon. Beatrix Bridges 
dau. of WiUiara Lord Chandos, (see 1584). He was knighted before 
1593, one of the Council of the Marches of Wales in 1591, H.S. co. 
Glouc. 1588, 1603, M.P. Jan. to April 1593, presented to Coats 1600, 
and d. 1616, aged 75. He was "eminent for his great housekeeping." 
He was Captain of 300 footmen of the Gloucestershire Trained Bands 
sent to London 2 Aug. 1588. On 12 Sept. 1594, Sir John Danvers, 
Sir Henry Poole, Sir H. Winston, and George Master, (see Cirencester 
1^86), wrote to Lord Burghley to recommend Jasper Stone for 
Comptroller of the Port of Gloucester, he having executed the office 
during the sickness of the late Comptroller. 

Sir John Poyntz, Lord of the Manor of Iron Acton, son of the 
M.P. 1571, by his ist wife, was M.P. co. Glouc. Jan. to April 1593, 
J. P. in 1592, sworn in H.S. Nov. 1591, before Sir Richard Berkeley 
(see 1604,) and William Chester, (son of the M.P. 1573). He was 
Knighted before 1593, m. (i) Ursula dau. of — Sidenham of Brampton, 
Somerset, and (2) Elizabeth dau. of Alexander Sydenham. He 
presented to Iron Acton 1586, 1593, 1594, and to Dodington 1593, 
and was buried at Iron Acton in 1633. 

1597. Sept. 26. Sir John Tracie. 

Sir John Hungerford. 

Sir John Tracy of Toddingion, son and heir of Sir John (who 
was Knighted in the Royal Progress to Bristol 1574, was H.S. co. 
Gloucester 1578, and d. 25 Sept. 1591,) was adm. to the Inner Temple 
Nov. 1580, and granted special livery of his father's estates 14 Feb. 
1592. It is doubtful if he was the Sir John Tracy Knighted by the Earl 
of Essex before Rouen in 1591, but if not, he was Knighted by James I 
on 23 July, 1603. He m. about 1590 Anne dau. of Sir Thomas Shirley 
of Wiston, Sussex, was M.P. co. Glouc. Sept. 1597 to Jan. 1598, H.S. 
1609, presented to Todington 161 1, 1616, and to Tortworth 1611, 
1616, and was created Viscount Tracy of Ireland 12 Jan. 1643, being 
then "72 years old or more." He died in or before 1648. 
(Administration 22 Nov. 1648). 

Sir John Hungerford of Down Ampney, son of Anthony H., 
(son of Sir John, son of the M.P. 1553,) matric. St. John's Coll. Oxon 
12 April 1583, aged 17, created M.A. 9 July 1594, Knighted in 1590, 

Members for Gloucestershire. 49 

m. (i) Mary dau. of Sir Richard Barkly (see 1604,) and (2) Anna dau. 
of Edward Goddard. Sir John was M.P. co. Glouc. 1597-8, Cricklade 
1604-11, presented to Down Amney 1593, and d. 18 March 1634, 
aged 68. 

1601. Sept. 21. Sir Edward Wynter Knt. 
John Throckmerton. 

John Throckmorton, yonnger son of the M.P. 1588, by his ist 
wife, and brother to Sir William T., ist Bart, of Tortworth, was b. 1572, 
matric. Univ. Coll. Oxon. 9 Dec. 1586, aged 14, sat for co. Glouc. Sept. 
to Dec. 1601, 1604-11, and d. s.p. before 1623. 

1604. March 7. Hon. Sir Thomas Barkeley Knt. 
Sir Richard Barkeley Knt. 

The former was elder sen of Henry 7th or 12th Lord Berkeley, 
born 1674, matric. Magd. Coll. Oxon 27 June 1590, aged 14, entered 
Grays Inn 2 Feb. 1589, and was made K.B. 25 July 1603. He m. 
Hon. Elizabeth Gary, dau. and sole heir of George Lord Hunsdon, sat 
for CO. Glouc. 1604 till the dissolution 9 Feb. 1611, and d.v.p. 22 Nov. 
i6ir, aged 37. 

Sir Richard Berkeley of Stoke GifFord and Rendcomb, son of 
Sir John B., had livery of the manor of Stoke GifTord 6 Edw. VL, was 
H.S. CO. Glouc. 1564, and m. Elizabeth dau. of William Read of Milton, 
(see 1554). He was Knighted at Bristol during the Royal Progress by 
the Queen 15 Aug. 1574, and was one of the overseers and witnesses of 
the will of Thomas Chester, (see 1573). Sir Richard was Lieut, of 
the Tower of London about 1595-1600, and elected for co, Glouc. 
in March 1604, but died 26 April following. He was ancestor 
of Lord Botetourt, (see 1741). His son Henry died in 1607. 

1604. May 30. John Throckmerton, »/« Sir Richard Berkeley 

1 6 14. March Sir William Cooke Knt. 
Richard Barkley. 

Sir William Cooke of Highnam, j.u., eldest son of Wm. C, (2nd 
son of Sir Anthony C. of Giddy Hall, Essex,) was (? adm. to Grays 
Inn 9 Feb. 1590 as Wm. Cocke of Gloucester,) Knighted at Theobalds 
7 May 1603, M.P. co. Glouc. March to June 1614, and m. Joyce (who 
brought him the manor of Highnam,) only dau. of Sir Thomas Lucy 
of Charlcote, co. Warwick, (whose father Sir Thomas was the 'Justice 
Shallow ' of Shakespeare,) by his first wife Dorothy dau. of Sir Nicholas 
Arnold, (see 1545), or only dau. and heir of Rowland Arnold of 
Highnam. Sir William had a grant from James I. in 1610 of the 
Hundreds of Dudston and Kingsbarton, near Gloucester, for 21 years. 
He was M.P. Helston 1597-8, Westminster 1601, Wigan 1604-11, and 
CO. Glouc. 16 14, and was buried 4 March 1619 at St. Martins in the Fields. 


Membkrs for Gloucestershirk. 

Richard Berkeley of Stoke and Rendcomb, only son and heir 
of Sir Henry B. who d. 1607, and grandson of Sir Richard B. 
(see 1604), was b. 1579, matric. Magd. Coll. Oxon. 4 Feb. 1592, aged 
12, and m. (i) Elinor widow of Robert Roe, and (2) Jane dau. of 
Sir Thomas Meriett or Mariet of Remnam, Berks. He sat for co. 
Glouc. March to June 1614, and d. 12 May 1661, aged 83. On 2 Feb. 
1647 he compounded, and was fined at ^i £37°, on 6 Feb. On 
iiApril i649he was assessed at ;^i5o. "i Aug. 1649, to be discharged 
on payment of ;^6o. 5 Dec. 1651, ordered to pay ;^8o additional fine 
on his old rent ; no debts allowed. 30 Jan. 1652, having paid it his 
assessment of ;^ioo discharged, and the sequestration of his estate 
taken off." 

1620. Dec. 20. Sir Robert Tracy, Knt. 
Maurice Berkeley. 

Sir Robert Tracy of Toddington, son and heir of the M.P. 
1597, whom he succ, as 2nd Viscount Tracey in or before 1648, matric. 
Queen's Coll. Oxon 30 March 1610, aged 17, entered Middle Temple 
1610, and was Knighted 2 Oct. 1616. He m. (i) Bridget dau. of 
John Lyttelton of Frankley Court, (see Williams'' Worcestershire 
Members,) and (2) Dorothy dau. of Thomas Cocks of Castleditch, co. 
Hereford. He sat for co Glouc. 1620-2, 1626, March to May 1640, 
and on 27 Feb. 1647, "Compounds for delinquency. Was a Commr. 
(of Array) for the King. Surrendered 2 years ago to Col. Massey 
(see Gloucester 1661,) and has since taken the Covenant and lived 
peaceably, i March, ordered to take the Covenant again before 
Mr. Barton ; also the Negative Oath, and then to proceed with his 
composition. 19 May 1648, Fine at J, ;^i50o." On 17 Nov. 1645 
he was assessed by the Committee for Advance ot Money at ;^'4ooo. 
" 2 Jan. 1646, again assessed at ^2000. 9 Feb., to be brought in 
custody to pay his assessment. 28 Nov. 1651, on account of his debts 
and allowance he is to pay ^^360. 2 April 1652, he produces a 
certificate of two J. P. s. for Middlesex, that on 19 Mar. 1650 he took 
the oath of fidelity to Government, and having never been sequestered 
he begs discharge on the act of Pardon. Granted." Viscount Tracy 
was buried at Toddington 2 May 1662. 

Maurice Berkeley of Stoke Gififord and Rendcombe, eldest son 
of the M.P. 1614, m. (i) Elizabeth dau. of Sir Edward Coke Knt. of 
Stoke, (a Privy Councillor to James I, and L.C.J, of the King's Bench,) 
and (2) Mary dau. of Sir George Tipping of Wheatfield, Oxon. He 
was Knighted ii Sept. r62i, M.P for co. Glouc. 1620-2, Oct. 1624-5, 
and Great Bedwin 1626, and on 26 Jan. 1647 " begs to compound for 
delinquency, on the declaration of Parliament. Was enforced by the 
nearness of Bristol to adhere to the King's Party, and to sign several 
warrants for raising money. 6 Feb. 1647, Fine at i, ;^io3o." "On 
25 May 1646 he was assessed at ^700. 13 June 1649, order for his 

Members for Gloucestershire. 51 

discharge on payment of ;^32o. i Aug. 1649, similar order on 
payment of £60. 5 Dec. 165 1, order for his discharge from 
sequestration on payment of ^160 additional fine 30 Jan. 1652, 
order for his discharge on payment of ;£i25." He was buried at 
Stoke 3 Jan. 1654, 

1624. Feb. Sir Thomas Estcourt Knt. — 
John Dutton. — 

Robert Poyntz. — 

There was a contest at this date, the earliest mention of 
a poll for the county, and Mr. Poyntz petitioned, but on 9 April 
1624 the House resolved " that Sir Thomas Estcourt havinjj a 
majority of votes on the poll, is well elected, and returned, 
although he had declared at the election that he desired not to be 
chosen, and that there shall be no further hearing of this cause ; and no 
costs to be paid by Mr. Poynes, if he trouble the House no 
further ; and that the Under Sheriff hath committed no misdemeanour 
about this election." {Commons /ournal.) 

The former was of Shipton Moyne, Wilts, son of Thomas 
Estcourt of Grays Inn, by Hannah Ascough, and matric. Magd. Coll. 
Oxon, 29 April 1586, aged 16. He was adm. to Grays Inn 19 Oct. 
1586, called to the bar 30 Jan. 1593, and became an Ancient thereof 
II Feb. 1604. He was H.S. co. Glouc. 1607, and m. Mary dau. of 
Wm. Savage of Elmley Castle, co. Worcester. He was M.P. 
Malmesbury, 1597-8, was knighted 6 Nov. 1607, presented to 
Duntsbourne Abbots 1620, was chosen for co. Glouc. Feb. 1624, but 
d. 4 July following. 

John Dutton of Sherborne, eldest son of William D. (High 
Sheriff 1590, 1601), was baptized 5 Oct. 1594, malric. Exeter Coll., 
Oxon., 3 Nov. 1609, aged 14, B.A. 26 Oct. 1612, created D.C.L. i or 
2 Nov. 1642. He entered Inner Temple Nov. 1613, and m. (i) 
Elizabeth dau. of Sir Henry Baynton, Wilts, (2) Anne dau. of John 
King, Bishop of London 1611-21. He was imprisoned for refusing to 
contribute to the loan imposed as Ship Money, and was Dep. Lieut. 
CO. Glouc. in 1624, M.P. 1024-5, May to Aug. 1625, and Oct. 
1640 till disabled i Jan. 1644. He sat in the King's Parliament at 
Oxford, and signed the loyal letter to the Earl of Essex for peace 
27 Jan. 1644, and d. 14 Jan. 1657, being buried in Sherborne 
Church. " He was a learned and prudent man, and as one of the richest 
so one of the meekest men in England. He was active in making the 
defence and drawing up the articles of Oxford when the garrison was 
to be surrendered to the Parliament ; for which and his steady loyalty, 
he was afterwards forced to pay a round sum in Goldsmith's Hall." 
(A. Wood.) He was assessed at ;^3ooo on 28 July 1644, and at 
_;^'40oo on 3 Dec. 1645, but on 12 May 1648, "being within the 
Articles of Oxford, was respited till further and special order of the 

52 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Committee for Advance of Money." He compounded s May, 1646. 
" His house at Sherborne being but 18 miles from Oxford was forced 
to comply with the Oxford parly, for preservation of his house and 
estate. Sat in the Assembly there. 30 Jan. 1647, Fine at 10, ^"3434 4s. 
8 March 1648, Paid, and estate discharged. 

1624. Oct. 20. Sir Maurice Berkeley Knt., vice Estcourt 

1625. May 4. Sir Maurice Berkeley. 

John Button. 

1626. Jan. Sir Robert Tracy Knt. 

Sir Robert Pointz Knt. 

The latter was of Iron Acton, son of the M.P. 1593, matric. 
from Bras. Coll., Oxon, 15 March 1605, aged 15, made a Knight of 
the Bath 2 Feb. 1626, at the coronation of Charles I., and m. (i) the 
dau. and 'co-heir of a gentleman of Kent, and (2) Cicely dau. of 
— Smith, of Acton. Sir Robert unsuccessfully contested and petitioned 
for CO. Glouc. Feb. 1624, but rep. it Jan. to June 1626, March 1628 to 
March 1629, and was H.S. 1637. On 15 March 1649 "^^ "begs to 
compound on the Articles of Bristol for delinquency in going there 
when it was a garrison for the King. Never bore arms, nor contributed 
to the maintenance of the war against Parliament. 26 April, F'ine 
at I, ;^ 748, reduced to ;^ 7 23 on discovery of a mistake in casting it 
up." On I Sept. 165 1 he was assessed at ;^2oo, but on 10 April 1652 
a request was made on his behalf for discharge from assessment on the 
Act of Parliament, which was granted 13 April. Sir Robert, who wrote 
a Vindicaiion of Monarchy, 1661, was buried at Iron Acton 10 Nov. 

1628. March 5. Sir Robert Poyntz Knt. 
Nathaniel Stephens. 

Much difficulty has been experienced in identifying the various 
members of the Stephens family who sat in Parliament, as the 
different branches used the same names. Edward Stephens a 
member of an old Gloucestershire family, which supplied several 
Sheriffs, purchased the manor of Eastington from Henry Lord 
Stafford in 1573, and died 22 Oct. 1587, leaving three sons 
Richard of Eastington, James of Eastington, and Thomas. The third 
son Thomas Stephens of Over Lipiate, Attorney General to Prince 
Henry and Prince Charles, sometime reader of the Middle Temple, m. 
Elizabeth dau. and heir of John Stone of Over Lipiate, and d. 26 April 
1613, aged 55, leaving three sons, Edward of Little Sodbury, who d. 
about 1670, Thomas of Over Lipiate, bencher of the Middle Temple, 
who d. 1679, ^'^^ Nathaniel of Horton and Cherington. Nathaniel 
Stephens of Easington, who was M.P. for co. Glouc. 1628-9 and Oct. 
1640-8, was the only surviving son of Richard S. and was b. 1589. He 

Members for Gloucestershire. S3 

m. Catherine dau. of Robert Beale of Prior's Marston, co. Warwick, 
Clerk to the Council in the North to Q. Eliz., presented to Eastington 

1616, 1633, and was buried at Eastington 30 May 1660, aged 71. He 
was a great supporter of Parliament, and "the fatal sickness with which he 
was seized a few months after his acquiescence in the King's death, gave 
rise to the legend of Chavenage." (Cripps). In 1644 the Committee 
of both Kingdoms resolved to report to the House of Commons '' that 
Nathaniel Stephens and Hodges (see Bristol 1646), be sent down to 
Gloucester for security of that place so that Col. Massie may repair 
speedily to his charge in the West." In 1645 ^ Commission was granted 
to Nath. Stephens and others to enquire touching the spoils of Dean 

1640. March 14. Sir Robert Tracy Knt. 
Sir Robert Cooke Knt. 

There was a Petition at this date, and on 17 April 1640 Mr. 
Jones reported from the Committee of Privileges touching the election 
of Sir Robert Tracy, " That they found many rrisderaeanours in the 
said election, and were therefore of opinion that Sir Humphrey Tracey, 
Sheriff, should be sent for as a delinquent by the Sergeant at Arms : 
which order was afterwards respited on the undertaking of Mr. George, 
(see Cirencester 1626,) for the appearing of Sir Humphrey. 

Sir Robert Cooke of Highnam, son of the M.P. 1614, graduated 
B.A. from Magd. Coll., Oxon, 20 Jan. 1615, ent. Grays Inn 21 May 

1617, was knighted 21 July 1621, and m. Dorothy dau. of Sir Miles 
Fleetwood of Aldwincle, Northants, (see Williams' Oxfordshire 
Members). He was Lord of the Manor of Highnam, app. one of the 
seven Commrs. to survey Dean Forest 1639, sat for co. Glouc. March 
to May 1640, Tewkesbury Oct. 1640 till voided Aug. 1641, and Oct. 
1 641 till his death at Gloucester about the time of the siege, in June 
1643, aged 45. Sir Robert m. Jane dau. and co-heir of Charles Danvers 
of Baynton, Wilts, and relict of George Herbert the Divine and Poet, 
(who d. 1633, see Williams^ Pari. Hist, of Wales) He was Governor 
of Cirencester for Parliament, (and having newly raised a regt. of foot 
by commission from Sir Wm. Walker, he was made Colonel thereof), 
and Governor of Tewkesbury April 1643, but soon left the town 
ungarrisoned. (Quaere if he was the Robert Cooke who presented to 
Shipton Solers 1641). 

1640. Oct. 28. John Dutton. 

Nathaniel Stephens. 

1646. Nov. 18. Sir John Seymoure Knt. of Frarripton Cotterell 
and Bitton,7W(! Dutton disabled to sit. Hewas son of Sir Thomas Seymour 
Knt. of Frampton Cotterell, whom he succeeded in the estates 23 April 
1627, being then "40 years old and more." He was knighted at 
Greenwich 9 April 1605, (as of Somerset,) and m. the dau. of John 
Syms of Poundesford, Somerset. He sat for co. Glouc. Nov. 1646 till 

54 Members for Gloucestershire. 

secluded Dec. 1648, and died 16 Nov. 1663, being buried at 
Bitton. (M.I). On 4 Feb. 1647 the House of Commons ordered ttiat 
Sir John Seymour be added to all the Committees concerning co. 
Gloucester, and on 23 Dec. 1647 that he and Thomas Pury jun. (see 
Gloucester 1656,) be forthwith sent into co. Glouc. for bringing in the 

1653. June. John Crofts. 

William Neast. 
Robert Holmes. 

(Three Members.) An Assembly, nominated by Oliver Cromwell 
and a Council of Officers, and not elected in the usual manner, was 
summoned to meet at Westminster 4 July 1653, by Letters under the 
hand of the Lord General Cromwell. This Assembly declared itself a 
Parliament 6 July, and resigned its powers to the Lord General 12 Dec. 
1653. {Commons Journal.) This was 'Barebone's Parliament,' so 
nick-named from one of its most active fanatics. No Members were 
appointed for Boroughs. 

Captain John Crofts of Nether Swell, (? m. Anne, widow of 
— Waterworth, and dau. of Sir Wm. Leigh Knt. of Longborow,) sat for 
CO. Glouc. June to Dec. 1653, and Aug. 1656 to Jan. 1658, and was an 
active Parliamentary officer, but like many of his class, who emerged 
from obscurity in the stirring times of the great Civil War, only to 
disappear from public view at the Restoration, little is known of him 
except some stray references during the period of the Commonwealth. 
He was probably brother or kinsman to James Crofts who was Sheriff 
of Bristol 1650. Captain John Crofts no doubt wielded his sword 
vigorously for Parliament till the actual fighting was over, and then was 
used in the civil administration of the county. On 22 July 1653 the 
Council of State ordered that " the Lodgings late belonging to 
Commissioners Whitelock and Lisle, be assigned to Mr. Neast and Mr. 
Crofts. The Committee for Whitehall to take care that Mr. Nest and 
Mr. Crofts be fitted with Lodgings in the Prebends' Houses, West- 
minster. This fell through, for the Council on 3 Aug. ordered " the 
Committee for Whitehall to assign Mr. Rouse's lodgings there to Nest 
and Crofts." This order again was " vacated " 4 August, and the 
Council had to pass a third order on 6 August to " the Whitehall 
Committee to take care to accommodate Nest and Capt. Crofts with 
the first disposeable lodgings." On 24 Nov. 1653 the House resolved 
" that Robert Holmes, W. Neastr and John Crofts be added to the 
Commrs. for the monthly assessment of co. Gloucester." On 27 March 
165 s the President of the Council of State wrote to Nathaniel Stephens 
(see 1628), Thomas Pury sen. (see Gloucester 1640), Christopher Guise 
(see 1654), Wm. Nest, and Capt. John Crofts aS J.P.s for co. Glouc, 
concerning the tobacco crop at Winchcorabe. On 8 Jan. 1656 the 
Council ordered General Desborough (see Gloucester 1656,) to give his 

Members for Gloucestershire. 55 

draft of instructions to Capt. Crofts and two others for co. Glouc. On 
19 Aug. 1658 the Council referred to Capt. W. Neast, John Crofts, 
and another, the task of adjusting " the dispute between John 
Wells, minister in Tewkesbury, and a malignant lecturer." Crofts 
was on 23 May 1659 Captain of the Militia troop in co. 
Gloucester, and as such the President of the Council wrote him 
a letter concerning the royalist designs, and wrote him further letters 
on 28 and 31 May (when he was thanked for his services,) and 6 June 
(when his troop was discharged " from service for the present.") On 9 
July however he was written another letter ordering him to assemble his 
troop, and on 15 Aug. 1659 a further letter referred to Col. Massey (see 
Gloucester 1661,) who had escaped from Capt, Crofts' custody. On 22 
July 1659 the Council gave a warrant for payment to Capt. John Crofts 
of the balance of pay due to him '' with ;^2oo paid for 25 days' service 
for the CO. Gloucester militia troop of 7 ofificers and 76 soldiers." The 
Mercurius Publicus of 19-26 April 1660 said "There have been several 
meetings of sundry disaffected persons at Capt. John Crofts' of Nether- 
swell ; whereupon the said Captain and several other suspected people 
are apprehended." Wm. Neast and John Crofts were both removed 
from the Common Council of Tewkesbury in Aug. 1662 by warrant of 
the Commrs. app. under the Great Seal, (one of the Commrs. app. to 
inquire into their conduct, and on whose report they were removed from 
office, being Richard Dowdeswell, see Tewkesbury 1660.) It is doubtful 
if he was the same as John Crofts who was called to the bar at Lincoln's 
Inn 24 Oct. 1616. 

Capt. William Neast of Twining, M.P. co. Glouc. June to Dec. 
1653, and 1656-8, eldest son of Wm. Nest of the family of Nest of 
Chaceley, co. Worcester, matric. Magd. Coll. Oxon. 27 April 1638, 
aged 15, m. Eliz. dau. of — Atwood of Old Sodbury, entered the Middle 
Temple 1640, and d. about 1670, aged about 50 "Certificate by 
William Neast, Justice of Tewkesbury, to the lunacy of Dan. Kemble 
miner of Tewkesbury 6 Jan. 1654." William Neast was removed from 
the Tewkesbury Common Council in Aug. 1662. He received a 
commission as Captain of Horse 8 Feb. 165 1. 

Robert Holmes M.P. co. Glouc. June to Dec. 1653, did not 
take so active a share in public matters as his two colleagues, and little 
is known of him. He was added to the Commrs. for the monthly 
assessment of co. Glouc. 24 Nov. 1653. On 30 Aug. 1651 the Council 
of State ordered " the Committee for Examinations to send for Mr. 
Holmes of Cashalton (? Castleton), and examine him concerning his 
report of the taking of Gloucester by the enemy." The following 
reference in Cal. State Papers seems to apply to him : — 22 Jan. 1670. 
Sir John Frederick to Williamson. I ask your assistance on behalf of 
Rob. Holmes, who formerly lived with me for some years. He left two 
years since, and the Farmers observing his abilities took him into their 
service. As he was always an honest and sober person, I hope he is 

56 Members for Gloucestershire. 

not guilty of what is laid to his charge. Enclosing, Rob. Holmes to 
Sir John Frederick, — " I have been informed about to the Farmers of 
Customs, for speaking against the King and Government, and am to 
be called before Lord Arlington for examination. As it is merely a 
design of some malicious person to cast me into prison and to deprive 
me of my employment, I request a letter to his Lordship to be allowed to 
put in bail to answer my accusers. ^ — Theving Lane, Westminster, 22 
Jan." — Feb. 1670, Petition of Ann Holmes to Lord Arlington for an 
order to Lady Broughton, keeper of the Gatehouse, to give her access 
to her husband, a prisoner there, and weak and sickly. — Another one 
to Lord Arlington to obtain leave to release her husband from prison 
on bail as he has important suits to plead at Dover in Easter week, on 
seizures made in the Customs. 

1654. July. Hon. George Berkeley. 
Matthew Hale. 
John Howe. 
Christopher Guise. 
Silvanus Wood. 

(Five Members.) Hon. George Berkeley, of Berkeley Castle, 
was younger but only surviving son of Sir George Berkeley K.B. (only son 
of Hon. Sir Thomas B., see 1604), who succ. his grandfather Henry as 
8th or 13th Lord Berkeley. He m. Elizabeth elder dau. and co-heir 
of John Massingberd of London, and was assessed at ;^3oo by the 
Committee for Advance of Money 20 April 1646, but no further 
proceedings were taken. He was patron of Seagrave rectory, co. 
Leicester, in 1658, M.P. co. Glouc. July 1654 to Jan. 1655, and Aug. 
1656 to Feb. 1658, added to the Committee for Trade 30 Jan. 1656, 
and succ. his father as 9th or 14th Lord Berkeley 10 Aug. 1658. His 
lordship was created Earl of Berkeley 11 Sept. 1679, sworn a Privy 
Councillor 17 July 1678, and again 31 July 1685, app. a Commr. of the 
Board of Trade 16 April 1679, and d. 10 Oct. 1698, aged 71. 

Matthew Hale, a most pious upright and learned Judge, was the 
only son of Robert Hale of Alderley, where he was born i Nov. 1609. 
He matric. Magd. Hall Oxon, 20 Oct. 1626, entered Lincoln's Inn, 
8 Sept. 1628, and was called to the bar 17 May, 1636. He was 
invited to become a Bencher 6 Feb. 1649, "to be called next Moate," 
and took his seat as such two days afterwards. He was made 
Serjeant-at-law 23 Jan. 1654, M.P., co. Glouc. 1654-5, and April to 
Nov. 1660, Oxford Univ. Jan. to April 1659, and was made a Justice 
of the Common Bench 25 Jan. 1654, but threw up his post about Sept, 
1658. After the Restoration (in which he took an active part) he was 
made a Serjeant at law 22 June 1660, placed in the Commission to try 
the Regicides 7 Nov. 1660, knighted 30 Jan. 1661, Lord Chief Baron 
of the Exchequer 7 Nov. 1660-71, and Lord Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench 18 May 1671 till he resigned Feb. 1676, and died 25 Dec. 1676, 

Members for Gloucestershire. 57 

being buried in Alderlay churchyard. (M.I.) Sir Matthew was a great 
benefactor to Gloucester Abbey Library. He distinguished himself 
as one of the Counsel for Archbishop Laud Nov. 1643, was placed on 
the Committee of Law reform 20 Jan. 1652, and on the Committee for 
Trade i Nov. 1655. He m. (i) Anne dau. of Sir Henry Moore, 
ist Bart, of Fawley, Berks, and (2) after 1664 Anne dau. of Joseph 
Bishop of Fawley. Sir Matthew presented to Alderley, 1665. 

John ^ Howe, eldest son of John H. of Bishop's Lydiard, 
Somerset, acquired the manor of Compton Abdate, co. Gloucester, 
with Wishford and other estates in Wilts, by gift of his uncle 
Sir Richard Grubham Knt. He was H.S., co. Glouc. 1650, M.P. 
1654-5, 1656-8, m. Bridget dau. of Thomas Rich of North Cerney, a 
Master in Chancery, and was created a Baronet 22 Sept. 1660. 

Christopher Guise, eldest son of William G. of Elmore, 
(H.S. 1647,) by Cecilia dau. of John Dennis of Pucklechurch, 
(see 1558,) m. (i) Elizabeth dau. of Sir Lawrence Washington Knt. of 
Garsden, Wilts, and (2) Rachel Corsellis, of a noble Italian family. 
He sat for co. Glouc. 1654-5, was created a Baronet 10 July 1661, 
presented to Brockworth 1665, and d. 1670. (M.I. Brockworth.) 
He greatly promoted the recovery of the Hundred of Dudston and 
Kingsbarton from the city of Gloucester to the county at large. 

Silvanus Wood of Brookthorp, aged 18 years in 1623, was eldest 
son of Richard Wood, Lord of the Manor of Brockthorpe in 1608, 
(which he held by lease from the Bishop), by Anne dau. of Walter 
Vaughan of Hergest, co. Hereford, and grandson of Ridiard Wood who 
m. as 3rd wife Cicely aunt of Sir Anthony Maney, (see Cirencester 1610), 
son of John Maney of Biddenham, Kent. The Woods held Brockrupp 
till it was purchased just before 1712 by John Cox of Dumbleton. 
Silvanus Wood became a student of Lincoln's Inn, where he was called 
to the bar 7 Feb. 1632, "to be published next moot." He was app. 
10 March 1642 a Commr. for the city of Gloucester for publishing 
Scandalous Ministers, &c. He d. Nov. 1675, aged 71, having m. 
Bridget dau, and co-heir of Richard Cresheld of Evesham, (see 
Williams' Worcestershire Members'). 

1656. Aug. Hon. George Berkeley. 
John Howe. 
John Crofts. 

Baynham Throckmorton. 
William Neast. 

(Five Members.) Baynham Throckmorton of Clowerwall and 
Tortworth, was eldest son of the M.P. 1661, whom he succeeded as 
3rd Bart. 28 May 1664. He was born 11 Dec. 1629, knighted 28 May 
1660, and m. (i) 11 Dec. 1652, Mary dau. and sole heir of Giles 
Garton of Billinghurst, Sussex, (2) n Dec. 1669 Katherine dau. of 

58 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Piers Edgcumbe of Mount Edgecunibe, Devon. He sat for co. Glouc. 
1656-8, Wootton Bassett June to Dec. 1660, and co. Glouc. again Dec. 
1664 to Jan. 1679, and d. about 1680. Tine title expired on the death 
of his cousin Sir William the 4th Bart. 1682. Sir Baynham is said to 
have had a grant of Kingswood Forest, and £"2.00 per annum, for 
supporting the Court. {A Seasonable Argument for a New Parliament, 
1677.^ In 1660 he was app. Deputy Constable of St. Briavel's, Dep. 
Warden of the Forest of Dean, Keeper or Gaveller of the Gawle in 
Dean Forest, and Riding Forester and Aleconner in Dean Forest. He 
was very popular with the miners, and being elected a "Free Miner'' of 
the Forest of Dean 1668, sat as Judge of the Courts of Mine Law held 
at Clearvvell 1668, 1676, and 1680. In 1670, however, the Cal. State 
Papers contains several references to a violent dispute which occurred 
between Sir Baynham and his neighbours. On 14 Sept. 1670 James 
Baskerville wrote to Williamson, " The tumult of the coal miners and 
cottagers in Kingswood is over, they having driven out Sir Baynham 
Throckmorton, the chief ranger, and his officers, and the sheriff's bailiffs. 
No person was killed but many narrowly escaped." 

1659. Jan. Joha Grubham Howe. 
John Stephens. 

The former was 2nd son of Sir John Howe ist Bart, (see 1654,) 
and m. Lady Annabella Scrope 2nd dau. and co-heir of Emanuel, Earl 
of Sunderland, whereby he acquired the estate of Langar, Notts, where 
he went to reside. He was M.P. co. Glouc. Jan. to April 1659, and 

John Stephens of Upper Lypiatt, 2nd son of the next-named 
Edward S. of Little Sodbury, (cousin to the M.P. 1628,) was b. 1622, 
matric. Lincoln Coll. Oxon. 24 Nov. 1637, aged 15, ent. Middle Temple 
1640, where he was called to the bar, and practised in Elm Court. He 
was M.P. Tewkesbury Oct. 1645-8, co. Glouc. Jan. to April 1659, 
Bristol April to Dec. 1660, Counsel to the Commrs. for Compounding 
1652, and Recorder of Bristol {vice Doddridge) 29 March 1659-63. 
He was of course a staunch Parliament man, and was app. a Militia 
Commr. for Bristol 9 Aug. 1659 He died 4 Aug. 1679, aged 76, 
having married four wives, Eliz. Ram of Essex, Grace dau. of John 
Brown of Frampton, Dorset, Anne dau. of John and sister and co-heir 
of Thomas Moulson of Hargrave, Cheshire, and Hester dau. and 
co-heir of — Barnes of Alborough Hatch in Barking, Essex. In the 
Mystery of the Good Old Cause, briefly unfolded, 1660, John Stephens 
is said to have "had ^1000 given him out of the Lord Astley's 
composition," and this was probably correct, for by Order of Parliament 28 
Dec. 1647, John Stephens of Over Lypiate, in recompense for losses 
received by Sir Jacob Astley, late of Melton Constable, Norfolk, 
(a royalist general,) by burning his house etc , was to enjoy all Sir Jacob's 
lands in Maidstone. He was perhaps the same as John Stephens who 
was one of the Committee at Goldsmiths' Hall in 1645 and 1646. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 

1660. April. Matthew Hale. 

Edward Stephens. 


Edward Stephens of Little Sodbury, was the same as the M.P. 
for Tewkesbury Oct. 1640 till voided, and Oct. 1641 till secluded and 
imprisoned Dec, 1648, and was the eldest son and heir of John Stephens 
of Over Lipiate, (the Prince's Attorney General, who d. 161 3,) and 
cousin to the M.P. 1628. He was b. 1590, became a student of the 
Middle Temple 1612, (his father being a Bencher and late Treasurer 
thereof,) and subscribed Oxon. Univ. 15 Oct. 16 13. He m. Anne dau. 
of Sir Thomas Crewe Knt. of Stene, Northants, was Isnighted 1 1 July 
1660, and is said to have died in or about 1670. He was the father of 
the M.P. 1659, and both of them were Sequestration Commrs., and 
Commrs. to punish Scandalous Ministers etc. in co. Glouc. 1654. 

1 66 1. April 17. John Grubham Howe. 

Sir Baynham Throckmorton Bart. 

A petition was presented against this return, but on 19 April 
1662 Mr. Milward reported from the committee, that Throckmorton 
and Howe were duly elected, to which the House agreed. This Pari, 
was called the Long, or Pensionary Parliament. 

This Sir Baynham was father of the M.P. 1656 and 1664. He 
was the eldest son (by his first wife, Cicely dau. and co-heir of Thomas 
Baynham of Clowerwall,) of Sir William Throckmorton, ist Bart, of 
Tortworth, (whose third wife was Sarah Hale,) and grandson of the 
M.P. 1588. He was born in June 1607, succeeded his father in the 
title, was knighted, and m. Margaret dau. of Robert Hopton, and 
sister and co-heir to Ralph Lord Hopton. Sir Baynham was a royalist 
Colonel during the Civil War, and on " 22 March 1646, having taken 
the National Covenant, and been at Gloucester and elsewhere in the 
Parliament quarters since Dec. last, begs a certificate from the County 
Committee of his estate. 2 Jan. 1647, F'n^ at J, ^^1515. 4 Feb., 
Fine reduced to 1^0, ;^iooo." He made his residence at Clowerwall, 
(afterwards called Clearwell,) was knighted, H.S. co. Glouc. 1642, 
and M.P. 1661 till his death at Westminster 28 May 1664, 
aged 57. In 1661 he applied for a renewal of the patent, granted to 
his father in 1618, of wood and iron work in the Forest of Dean, but 
he did not gain his request, the patent being awarded to Sir John 
Wynter, (son of the M.P. 1588.) 

1664. Dec. 21. Sir Baynham Throckmorton Knt. and Bart, 
again (see 1656), vice his father deceased. 

1679. Feb. 26. Sir John Guyse Bart. 
Sir Ralph Dutton Bart. 

Sir John Guise of Elmore, only son of the M.P. 1654, whom he 
succ. as 2nd Bart. 1670, was b. 1654, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon, 3 Dec. 

6o Members for Gloucestershire. 

1669, aged 15, {? presented to Brimpsfield 1671), and m. Elizabeth 2nd 
dau. of John Grabham Howe of Langar, Notts, (see 1659). Sir ]ohn 
raised a regt. of foot to support William of Orange on his landing in 
England and was made Colonel thereof (and Captain of a company 
therein) 12 Nov. 1688, and was left to guard Exeter when the Prince of 
Orange marched out with his army. He however resigned the command 
of his regt. in Sept. 1689 on account of a difference with his Lieut. Col. 
(John Foulkes), whose part the King took. Sir John was Mayor of 
Gloucester 1690, and sat for the county 1679-81, and 1689 till his 
death from the small pox 19 Nov. 1695, aged 4!. He is said to have 
slain a gentleman in a duel on College Green, Gloucester, about 1678, 
(who was probably Edward Selwyii, 2nd son of Wm. S. of Matson, 
killed 3 April 1678, aged 23.) 

Sir Ralph Button of Sherborne, younger son of Sir Ralph D. 
(H.S, 1630,) succ. his brother William in the Sherborne estates after 
1664, and was made a Baronet 22 June 1678. He married (i) Grizel 
dau. of Sir Edward Poole of Kemble, Wilts, and (2) at Westminster 
Abbey 14 Jan. 1679 Mary only surviving dau. of Peter Berwick (or 
Barwick), M.D., Physician in Ordinary to Charles 11. Sir Ralph was 
Col. of the Green regt. of Gloucestershire Foot Militia in 1697, sat for 
CO. Glouc. 1679-81, and 1689-98, defeated 1705, and d. about 1721. 

1679. Aug. 13. The same, reelected Feb. 1681, 

The latter Pari, was dissolved 28 March 1681, and no further 
one called till 

1685. March 18. Marquis of Worcester. 

Sir Robert Atkyns jun. Knt. 

This was the only Parliament summoned by James II., and after 
its dissolution in 1687, no other was held till the Convention Pari, 1689. 

Charles (Somerset) Marquis of Worcester, 2nd but eldest 
surviving son of Henry ist Duke of Beaufort, (see !Vii/iams' Pari. Hist, 
of Wales,') was b. in London Dec. 1660, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 26 Nov. 
1677, aged 16, created M.A. 18 Feb. 1682, became (by courtesy) Lord 
Herbert of Raglan 3 April 1667, and Marquis of Worcester 2 Dec. 1682, 
and m. 1682 Rebecca dau. of the merchant prince Sir Josiah Child 
Knt. M.P. of Wanstead, Essex, and sister to Richard Earl Tylney. He 
was steward of the King's manor or lordship of Cantref Moelynaidd, 
CO. Radnor 9 Oct. 1681 to i Sept. 1682, M.P. Monmouth March 
1677 to Jan. 1679, and Sept. 1679 till unseated Nov. i680, 
CO. Monmouth Feb. to July 1679, and 1689-95, Gloucester city 
February to March 168 r, and in 1685 was returned for no 
less than 5 constituencies, the counties of Gloucester, Brecknock, 
and Monmouth, and the boroughs of Brecknock and Monmouth, 
when he made hi.s election to represent either co. Gloucester 

Members for Gloucestershire. 6i 

or CO. Monmouth, probably the former, till 1687. His Lordship 
exerted himself in suppressing the Duke of Monmouth's rising 
in 1685, and was Col. of the nth Foot 26 Oct. 1685 to 8 May 
1687, and was so attached to the Stuart dynasty that he tried to hold 
Bristol for James II, against William of Orange in 1688, and afterwards 
refused to take the oath of allegiance to William III, and lived in 
retirement until his death, which took place v.p. 13 July, 1698, aged 
37, from the effects of a fall when leaping out of his coach, to avoid 
the danger he was in, from the unruliness of his horses running down 
a steep hill, whereby he broke his thigh-bone, of which he died three 
days after. His son became the 2nd Duke of Beaufort. His dau. m. 
the Duke of Grafton. 

Sir Robert Atkynsjun. of Saperton, only son of Sir Robert 
Atkyns K.B. (see Williams' Worcestershin Members), was b. 1647, 
raatric. St. Edmund Hall, Oxford, 14 March 1663, aged 15, called to 
the Bar at Lincolns Inn 14 April 1668, and was licensed 5 July 1669 
to marry Louise dau. of Sir George du Carterett Knt. He was 
knighted by Charles II on his visit to Bristol 5 Sept. 1663, sat for 
Cirencester 1679-81, (having failed and pet. Jan. 1671,) and for co. 
Glouc. 1685-7, was author of The Ancient and Present State of 
Gloucestershire, 171 2, and d. of dysentery at his house in Westminster 
29 Nov. 1 71 1, aged 65 (M.I. Saperton.) 

1689. Jan. 16-18. Sir John Guyse. W. 

Sir Ralph Dutton. W. 

1690. March 12. The same, re-elected 13 Nov. 1695. 

1695, Dec. II. Thomas Stephens. T. 
Sir John Guise. W. 

vice Sir John Guise 2nd Bart, deceased. His son the 3rd Bart. pet. 8 Jan. 
1696. Thomas Stephens of Over (or Upper) Lypiatt, eldest son of 
John S. (see 1659,) by Anne Moulson, sat for co. Glouc. Dec, 1695-8, 
and was H.S. 1693. He m. Anne dau of Thomas Child of Northwick, 
CO. Worcester, was aged 43 in 1682, and d. 1708, aged 69. 

1698. Ang. 3. John Grubham Howe. T. 

Sir Richard Cocks Bart. W. 

The former was 2nd son of John Grubham Howe of Compton, 
(see 1659,) b. 1657, and m. Mary dau. of Hugh Baskerville of Pontrilas, 
CO. Hereford, and widow of Sir Edward Morgan Bart, of Llantarnam, 
CO. Monmouth, (see Williams' Pari. Hist, of Wales.) He was M.P. 
Cirencester 1689-90, defeated March but seated on petition Nov. i6qo, 
and sat till 1698, and co. Glouc. 1698 to Nov. 1701, and 1702-5, defeated 
there Dec. 1701 and 1705. He was elected for no less than four 
constituencies, Gloucester county and city, Bodmin, and Newton 
(Lancashire,) in 1702, bnt preferred the county of Gloucester. 'Jack' 

62 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Howe, as he was called, was Vice Chamberlain to the Queen Feb. 1689 
to March 1692, Keeper of the Mall 1689 to March 1692, was a Whig 
in 1689, but became a Tory after 1692, was made a Commr. of Public 
Accounts June lyor, a Privy Councillor 21 April 1702, Vice Admiral 
of CO. Glouc. 7 June 1702, Joint Paymaster General (of Guards and 
Garrisons at home) 4 Jan. 1703 to Oct. 17 14, and was Joint Clerk of 
the Privy Council 15 May 1708-14, when he was left out of the new 
Privy Council by George I. He was noted for his great opposition to 
a standing army. He d. 11 June 1722. 

Sir Richard Cocks, eldest son of Richard C, by Mary dau. of 
Sir Robert Cooke of Highnam, (see 1640,) succeeded his grandfather 
Sir Richard C. of Dumbleton as 2nd Bart. Sept. 1684, and m. (i) 
Frances dau. of Richard Nevill of Billingbear, Berks, and (2) Mary dau. 
of Wm. Bethell of Swindon, Yorks. He was H.S. co. Glouc. 1692, 
unsucc. cont. Tewkesbury 1695, but sat for co. Glouc. 1698-1702, 
presented to Dumbleton 1687, and d. Oct. 1726. The title expired in 
1765 on the death of his nephew the 4th Bart. 

1 70 1. Jan. 16. The same. 

1701. Dec. 3. Maynard Colchester. W. 2529. 

Sir Richard Cocks W. 2418. 
John Howe. T. 1475. 

Col. Maynard Colchester of Westbury on Severn, eldest son of 
Sir Duncomb C. Knt., (see Gloucester 1689,) matric. Exeter Coll. 
Oxon. 15 July 1681, aged 16, adm. to Middle Temple 8 Nov. 1682, 
and was called to the bar 19 April 1689. He was Col. of the Red 
regt, of Gloucestershire Foot Militia in 1697, sat for co. Glouc. Dec. 
1701-8, m. Jane only dau. of Sir Edward Clarke Knt., Lord Mayor of 
London 1697, and d. 25 June 1715, aged 50 (M.I. Westbury.) 
Col. Colchester was one of the five gentlemen who inaugurated the 
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge on 8 March 1699. 

1702. Aug. 6. Col. M. Colchester. W. 2536. 

Rt. Hon. John Howe T. 2370. 
Sir John Guise W. 2364. 

Sir J. Guise petitioned against Howe 24 Oct. 1702. 

1705. May 16. Sir John Guise. W. 2450. 

Col. M. Colchester W. 2443. 

Rt. Hon. John Howe T. 2385. 

Sir Ralph Dutton T. 1912. 

Sir John Guise of Elmore, only son of the M.P. 1679, whom he 
succ. as 3rd Bart. 19 Nov. 1695, m. (i) Elizabeth dau. of Sir Nathaniel 
Napier Bart, of Critchell, Dorset, and (2) Anne dau. and co-heir of 
Sir Francis Russell Bart, of Strensham, (see Tewkesbury 1673,) ^"d 

Members for Gloucestershire. 63 

relict of Sir Henry Every Bart, of Egginton, co. Derby, and of Richard 
Lygon of Beauchamp's Court, co. Worcester. Sir John was defeated 
and pet. for co. Glouc. Dec. 1695 and 1702, but rep. it 1705-10, and 
Great Marlow 1722-7. In 1697 he was Col. of the White regt. of 
Gloucestershire Foot Militia. He d. 16 Nov. 1732. 

1708. May 12. Matthew Ducie Morton. W. 
Sir John Guise W. 

Mr. Morton was only son of Edward M. of Moreton, and 
Engleton, co. Stafford, by Elizabeth dau. and sole heir of Robert 
Ducie of Little Ashton, co. Stafford, and also heir of her uncle Sir Wm. 
Ducie Bart, of Tortworth, who was created Viscount Downe of 
Ireland. He was born about 1669, became Cornet of Henry Lord 
de Grey's Independent Troop of horse 20 June 1685, (incorporated 
into the Earl of Plymouth's regt. of horse.) Cornet of Sir John 
Fenwick's regt. of Horse (now 3rd Dragoon Guards) Nov. 1687, was 
Captain of a troop in Lord Colchester's regt. of Horse (now 3rd 
Dragoon Guards) in Scotland on 26 Sept. 1689, (? app. so 31 Dec. 
1688,) Major thereof 31 May 1690, Lt-Col. i Jan. 1690, (? 1696), 
but was out of the regt. by i July 1702. He served under William III 
in Flanders until the Peace of Ryswick 1697, and m. Arabella dau. and 
CO heir of Sir Thomas Prestwick Bart, of Holme, Lancashire. He was 
made D.L. co. Stafford 31 May 1703, and of co. Glouc. 30 May 171 2, 
H.S. 1706, M.r. 1708-13, and 1715 till created Lord Ducie, of Moreton, 
9 June 1720. His Lordship was made a Privy Councillor in Ireland 
Aug. 17 1 7, held office as joint Vice Treasurer and Paymaster of Ireland 
April 1 7 17 to June 1720, presented to Tortworth 1707, and d. 2 May 


1710. Oct. 25. John Berkeley. 
M. D. Morton. 

John Symes Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, son of Richard B., and 
grandson of Sir Maurice B. (see 1620), presented to Frampton Cotterell 
1704, and sat for CO. Glouc. 1710-15. (Quare if he was the John Berkeley 
app. Ensign ist Foot Guards 13 June 1683, renewed Feb 1685, but 
out of the regt. in Nov. 1687). He m. Anne, relict of Leicester Martin 
of Christ Church, Ipswich, and younger dau. of Leicester 6th Viscount 
Hereford, seems to have been a Commr. for Victualling the Navy 28 
Oct. 1728 to 22 April 1734, and died at Bath 11 Dec. 1736. His 
dau. Elizabeth m. Charles Noel 4th Duke of Beaufort, (see Williams' 
Pari. Hist, of Wales). 

1 7 13. Sept. 23. John Berkeley. 

Thomas Stephens. T. 

Thomas Stephens of Upper Lypiatt, son and heir of the M.P. 
1695, was lord of the manor of Upper Lypiat, "and has a large ancient 
seat and a great estate here arid in other places." (Atkyns.) He sat 

64 Members for Gloucestershire. 

for CO. Glouc. 1713 till his death 24 Feb. 1720, Thomas Stephens 
Dought Bisley manor from Sir Robert Atkyns (who had bought it from 
Mr. Master). Thomas Stephens and his son Edward were app. Principal 
Registrar of the diocese of Glouc. 21 March, 17 12, and confirmed as 
such 25 March 1713. After his father's death Edward held it alone 
till his own death Oct. 1736. It is doubtful however whether it was the 
M.P. who was Registrar, or his kinsman, Thomas Stephens, who was 
son of Sir Thomas S. Knt. of Little Sodbury (son of Edward S., see 
1660,) and m. Ann dau. of John Neale of Dean. They had a son 

1715. Feb. 9. Thomas Stephens. T. 
M. D. Morton. W. 

1717. May 29. M. D. Morton. W. 2767. 

Henry Colchester. 1342. 

vice M. D. Morton who accepted office, but was re-elected. Henry 
Somerset Colchester was 2nd son of Sir Duncombe, and brother to the 
M.P. 1701. 

1720. March 30. Hon. Henry Berkeley. W. 2245. 
Thomas Gage. W, 1721. 

vice Stephens deceased. Mr. Gage was created Viscount Gage 14 Sept. 
1720, (see Tewkesbury 1721). Hon. Henry Berkeley was 3rd son 
of Charles 2nd Earl of Berkeley, (see Gloucester 1679,) and was b. 
168 — , and m. Mary only dau. of Henry Cornewall M.P. of Bredwardine 
Castle, (see Williams' Herefordshire Members). He entered the army, 
and was Capt. and Lt. Col. 2nd Troop of Grenadier Guards in 1733, 
made Brigadier General 30 Nov. 1735, a Page of Honour to the Duke of 
Gloucester July 1698 to July 1700, and to Queen Anne April 1702 to 
Aug. 1 7 14, an Equerry in Waiting to the King Nov. 1714-36, First 
Coramr. to executt the office of Master of the Horse 14 to 17 June 
1 717, and May 1734 to Jan. 1735, Gentleman of the Horse March 
1717-36, and M.P. for co. Glouc. March 1720 till his death at Bath 23 
May 1736. 

1720. June 22. Edmund Reginald Bray of Barrington, vice 
Rt. Hon. M. D. Morton made a Peer. Fourth but eldest surviving son 
of Reginald Bray of Barrington, who d. 1688, and brother to William 
Bray, M.P. of Llantarnam, co. Monmouth, (see Williams^ Pari. Hist, 
of Wales.) He m. Frances dau. and co-heir of Sir Edmund Morgan 
last Bart, of Llantarnam, unsucc. cout. Cirencester 1713, was M.P. 
Tewkesbury 1701-8, co. Glouc. June 1720-2, and High Sheriff 1717. 
He d. 6 Sept. 1725. His eldest son Reginald Morgan Bray sold the 
manor of Barrington to Lord Talbot about 1734. 

Members for Gloucestershike. 65 

1722. March 28. Hon. Henry Berkeley. W. 
Kinard de la Bere. T. 

The latter was of Southam, son of John de la Bere, (H.S. 1690, 
of an ancient family,) m. Hester dau. and co-heir of John Neal of 
Dean, co. Beds., sat for co. Wore. 1722-7, and d. 13 Feb. 1735. 

1727. Sept. 6. Hon. Henry Berkeley. W. 
Sir John Button Bart. T. 

Elder son of the M.P. 1679, whom he succ. as 2nd Bart, about 
1 72 1, he m. (i) Mary dau. of Sir Rushout Cullen Bart, of Upton, co. 
Warwick, (see Wiliiams' Worcestershire Members,) and (2) Mary dau. of 
Francis Keck of Great Tew, Oxon. Sir John was Col, of the Green 
regt. of Gloucestershire Foot Militia in 1715, sat for co. Glouc. 1727- 
41, and d.s.p. i Feb. -1743, when the title expired, and the estates 
passed by his will to his nephew James Lennox Naper of Loughcrew, 
who assumed the name and arms of Dutton, and was father of Lord 

1734. May 8. Thomas Chester. T. 3606. 

Hon. Benj. Bathurst. T. 3266. 
John Stephens. 2610. 

Hon. Benjamin Bathurst, eldest son of Allen ist Earl Bathurst, 
(see Cirencester 1705,) was b. 12 Aug. 1711, matric. Ball. Coll. Oxon. 
I July 1725, aged 13, created M. A. 28 May 1728, D.C.L 11 July 1733, 
and m. 26 Nov. 1732 Elizabeth eldest dau. of Charles, Earl of Ailesbury. 
He voted against the Convention 1739, sat for co. Glouc. 1734-41, 
Cirencester 1754-61, and d.v.p. and s.p. 17 Jan. 1767. 

Thomas Chester of Almondsbury and Knole Park, son of 
Thomas Chester (H.S. 1691, who was great great grandson of the M.P. 
1573, and d. 1703 or 1705,) was born 2 May 1696, and matric. Oriel 
Coll. Oxon, 10 July 1713, aged 17. He m. (i) 25 Sept. 1721 Lady 
Sarah Henrietta Howard (who was buried 6 April 1722) only dau. of 
Henry 6th Earl of Sussex and Bindon, and (2) 28 Feb. 1736 (Mrs. 
Gurnnet a rich widow with ;^3o,ooo,) Mary widow of George Guinnet of 
Shurdington, co. Glouc. (lord of the manor of Badgworth in 1712,) and 
dau. and heir of Jeremy Gough of London. Mr. Chester sat for 
Gloucester city Jan. 1727 to Feb. 1728, when unseated, and for co. 
Glouc. 1734 till his death s.p. at Knole i Oct. 1763. He was chosen a 
nominee and visitor of the Colston Charity 1730, and President of the 
Colston Society 13 Nov. 1753. He bequeathed his estate to his brother 
Richard Howe Chester's dau. and only child, who married William 
Bromley of co. Warwick, (see 1776). Rudder pronounced a warm 
eulogy upon Mr. Chester. 

66 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1 741. May 12. Thomas Chester. T. 
Norborne Berkeley. T. 

Of Stoke Gifford, only son of John Symes Berkeley (see 1710), 
was born 171 — , (quaere served in the army,) created D.C.L. Oxford 
12 April 1749, and sat for co. Glouc. 1741 till he res. April 1763. 
After a five days' hearing before the House of Lords he was confirmed 
by descent and summons in the Barony of Botetourt 13 April 1764. 
He was chosen President of the Colston Society 13 Nov. 1754, Col. 
South Gloucestershire Militia 25 July 1759-68, and also of the North 
Battahon 4 April 1 761-8, Lord Lieut, and Cus. Rot. of co. Glouc. May 
1762-6, Constable of St. Briavel's Castle and Warden of the Forest of 
Dean, and Keeper of the deer there May 1762-6. Lord Botetourt who 
was a great founder of the Gloucester Infirmary, was a Groom of the 
Bedchamber to the King Nov. i;6o to Feb. 1765, a Lord of the 
Bedchamber Nov. 1767-8, and Governor of Virginia Aug. 1768 till his 
death 15 Oct. 1770, when the title expired. He was Second to Lord 
Talbot in his duel with Wilkes. AccorArngto Junius he ruined himself 
by gambling and extravagance. 

1747. July 15. The same, re-elected 24 April 1754, 15 April 

1763. April 27. Thomas Tracy of Sandywell, vice Col. 
Berkeley resigned. Fourth and yst. son of John T. of Stanway, by 
Anne dau. of Sir Robert Atkyns, Lord Chief Baron, (see Williams' 
Worcestershire Members)^ and m. the dau. of Sir Wm. Dodwell. He sat 
for CO. Glouc. April 1763 till his death 24 June 1770. He was brother 
to the M.P. for Tewkesbury 1734. 

1763. Nov. 23. EdwardSouthwellof King's Weston, wc^ Chester 
deceased. Son of Rt, Hon. Edward Southwell, (see Bristol 1739,) born 
6 June 1732, and m. 29 Aug. 1763 Sophia dau. of Samuel Campbell 01 
Mount Campbell, Leitrim. (She was Governess to Princess Charlotte 
of Wales.) Mr. Southwell sat for co. Glouc. Nov. 1763 till he was 
summoned to the House of Lords as 17th Lord Clifford on 17 April 
and took his seat 24 April 1776. He was elected a Nominee and Visitor 
of the Colston Charity 1763. He voted against Wilkes 1769, and d. i 
Nov. 1777, aged 45. 

1768. March 23. Thomas Tracy. 

Edward Southwell. T. 

1770. Aug. 6. Sir William Guise Bart, of Rendcomb, vice 
Tracy deceased. Son of Col. Sir John Guise M.P. whom he succ. as 
Sth Bart, in 1769, and grandson of the M.P. 1705, he matric. Queen's 
Coll. Oxon. 5 July 1754, aged 16, and was created M.A., 29 Oct. 1759. 
He was lord of the manor and patron of the living of Brockworth, and 
sat for CO. Glouc. Aug. 1770 till his death s.p. 6 April 1783, when the 
title expired. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 67 

1774. Oct. 12. Edward Southwell. T. 
Sir W. Guise. W. 

1776. May 6. W. Bromley Chester. T. 2919. 
Hon. G. C. Berkeley. W. 2873. 

vice Southwell called to the Upper House. This was the great 
contest between the Duke of Beaufort who supported Mr. Bromley 
Chester, and the Earl of Berkeley. The poll was kept open 11 days, 
and ;£ioo,ooo is said to have been spent on the election. Mr. Berkeley 
and some freeholders pet. June 1776, but having lasted three months, 
the petition failed, and Mr. Chester was declared duly elected. 

William Bromley Chester of Cleve Hill, only son of Rev. 
Francis Bromley, rector of Wickham, Hants, but of a Warwickshire 
family, was baptized at Wickham 20 July 1738, educ. at Westminster, 
(and was a Steward of the School Festival Dec. 1779,) and niatric. Ch. 
Ch. Oxon. 27 Jan. 1757. Mr. Bromley m. 20 April 1765 Elizabeth 
Lucy only child of Richard Howe Chester, and heir of her uncle 
Thomas Chester of Knole and Barton Regis, (see 1734), and, by virtue 
of the King's mandate to the Earl Marshal, took the additional name 
and arms of Chester. He became a Nominee (Trustee) and Visitor of 
the Colston Charity 1777, and sat for co. Glouc. May 1776 till his death 
12 Dec. 1780, aged 42. His widow d. 9 Jan. 1799, when she left the 
manors of Almondsbury, Barton Regis, Brimsham, &c., to her cousin 
Thomas Master (see 1784). 

1780. Sept. 16. Sir W. Guise. 

W. Bromley Chester. 

1781. Jan. 24. James Dutton of Sherborne Park, wV« W.Bromley 
Chester deceased. Eldest son of James Lennox Napier of Loughcrew, 
Meath, (who assumed the name and arms of Dutton in compliance 
with the \n\\ of his uncle Sir John Dutton Bart, [see 1727,] and died 
I Sept. 1776.) He was baptized 20 May 1748, and m. 7 July 1774 
Elizabeth dau. of Wenman (Roberts) Coke M.P. of Holkham, Norfolk. 
He became Ensign R. North Gloucester Militia 4 April 1761, and sat 
for CO. Glouc. Jan. 1781 till created Lord Sherborne 20 May 1784. His 
JjOrdship had the name and arms of Dutton only confirmed to him 
by royal license 19 April 1784. He was H.S. co. Glouc. 1779, lord of 
the manors of Aldsworth and Cheltenham, and d. 22 May 1820. 

1783. April 28. Hon. George Cranfield Berkeley vice Guise 
deceased. This gallant sailor was 3rd son of Augustus 4th Earl of 
Berkeley, and was born 10 Aug. 1753, educ. at Eton, was sometime 
one of the Pages to the Queen, and entered the Royal Navy 1765 or 
1766. He became Lieut. Sept. 1772 or 5 Jan. 1774, Master and 
Commander 3 Sept. 1778, and Capt. 15 Sept. 1780, saw much active 
service under Palliser and Keppel, and greatly distinguished himself 
at the- relief of Gibraltar 1781. Having unsucc. cont. co. Glouc. May 

68 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1776, he rep it April 1783 to May 1810, when he res. his seat, and held 
office as Surveyor General of the Ordnance April 1789 to June 1795. 
As Captain of the Marlborough, 74 guns, he shared in Lord Howe's 
famous victory of i June 1794, and received the thanks of both Houses 
of Parliament. Capt. Berkeley was made Col. of Marines June 1795, 
Rear Adm. of the Blue 19 Feb 1799, R. A. White Jan. 1801, R.A. 
Red April 1804, Vice Adm. of the Blue 5 Nov. 1805, Admiral of the 
Blue 31 July 1810, K.B. i Feb. 1813, and G.C.B. 2 Jan. 1815. He 
was app. Admiral on the Halifax Station 1806, and his action with an 
American frigate in 1807 led to the war with the United States. 
Admiral Berkeley m. 23 Aug. 1784 Lady Emily Charlotte Lennox 
(who was granted a patent of precedence 8 May 1807) dau. of Lord 
George Lennox. He held the chief command on the coast of Portugal 
and in the Tagus Dec. 1808 to May 181 2, and was Lord High 
Admiral of Portugal and a member of the Regency there 1810-12, 
when he retired into private life. He d. in London 25 Feb. 1818, 
(being then Admiral of the White.) 

1784. April 12. Thomas Masters. T. 443. 

Hon. G. C. Berkeley. T. 357. 
W. H. Hartley. 20. 

The defeated candidate Col. Winchcombe Henry Hartley of 
Sodbury, was son of David Hartley of Bath, by the sister of Henry 
Packer of Bucklebury, Berks, to which estate he succeeded on his 
uncle's death 27 Oct. 1746. He matric. from Corpus Christi Coll. 
Oxon. II Nov. 1757, aged 17, entered Lincoln's Inn 1756, and m. at 
Bath 24 Aug. 1787 Anne eldest dau. of Col. Samuel Blackwell of 
Williamstripp, (see Cirencester 1774,) and niece to Lord Sherborne 
(see 1781.) He sat for Berks Feb. 1776-84, when defeated, and 1790-4. 
He was made Captain R. North Gloucester Militia 25 July 1759, 
Major 21 April 1763, Lt.-Col. Cdt. 1785, and Col. thereof 20 March 
1793 to 17 Feb. 1794. He d. in London 11 Aug. 1794. 

Thomas Master of the Abbey, Cirencester, elder son of Thomas 
M. of Brislington, Somerset, (see Cirencester 1747), was b. 1744, 
matric. Oriel Coll. Oxon 22 May 1761, aged 17, and m. at Sherborne 
25 May 1769 Mary (who died 12 July 1819) dau. of James Lennox 
Dutton, and sister to ist Lord Sherborne, (see 1781). Mr. Master was 
H.S. CO. Glouc. 1 77 1, 1784, M.P. 1784-96, inherited the Cann estates in 
1782, and the Chester estates in 1799, and d. 12 May 1823, being 
buried at Cirencester. His will was proved 22 Oct. 1823. He was 
succ. by his nephew Lt.-Col. William Chester Master of Knole Park, 
elder son of Major Richard Master, (see Cirencester 1785). 

1789. April 8. Hon. G. C. Berkeley, re-elected on taking 

1790. June 23. Hon. G. C. Berkeley. W. 

Thomas Master. T. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 69 

1796. June 2. Hon. G. C. Berkeley, W. 
Marquis of Worcester. T. 

Henry Charles (Somerset) Marquis of Worcester, of Badminton 
Park, eldest son of Henry 5th Duke of Beaufort K.G., was b. 22 Dec. 
1766, raatric. Trin. Coll. Oxon 4 Feb. 1784, created- M, A. 28 June 
1776, and m. 16 May 1791 Lady Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower dau. 
of Granville ist Marquis of Stafford. Lord Worcester was M.P. 
Monmouth April 1788-90, Monmouth and Bristol 1790, but preferred 
Bristol till 1796, and co. Glouc. 1796 till he succ. his father as 6th 
Duke of Beaufort 11 Oct. 1803. He was a Vice Pres. of the Welsh 
Charity, app. Dep. Lieut, co. Brecon 31 Jan. 1793, Major Commandant 
and Captain of the Brecknock Militia 31 Jan. 1793, Major Monmouth 
Militia 5 April 1793, being major of the amalgamated regiments, as the 
Monmouth and Brecknock Militia 1793-1801, Col. of the same 1813-20, 
Col. Royal Monmouth Militia 1820-35, Lord Lieut, and Cus. Rot. cos. 
Monmouth and Brecon 26 Oct. 1803-35, K.G. 7 Jan. 1805, Lord Lieut, 
and Cus. Rot. co. Glouc. 22 Aug. 1810-35, Vice Admiral co. Glou. 
1810, Constable of St. Briavel's Castle and Warden of the Forest of 
Dean 2 May 1812-35, and Receiver of His Majesty's Rents for co. 
Monmouth. His Grace was chosen President of the Colston Society 
14 Nov. 1803. He presented to the Breconshire hvings of Cwmdu 
1813, 1826, Llangattock 1814, and Llanbedr 1832, and was owner of 
great estates in cos. Gloucester, Monmouth, Glamorgan, and Brecknock. 
(Two colliery districts in Breconshire are called Beaufort and Dukes- 
town). His Grace was Bearer of the Queen's Crown at the Coronation 
of William IV. on 8 September 1831. He died 23 Nov. 1835. 

1802. July 12. The same. 

1803. Nov. 14. Lord Robert Edward Henry Somerset 
of Troy House, co. Monmouth, vice his brother Lord Worcester, 
called to the Upper House. This dashing cavalry officer was 
the 3rd son of the 5th Duke of Beaufort, and was b. 19 
Dec. 1776, and m. 17 Oct. 1805 Hon. Louisa Augusta Courtenay 
yst. dau. of William 2nd Viscount Courtenay. He ent. the army, 
and was a Capt. of Dragoons in 1799, became 2nd Lt-Col. 4th 
Dragoons 25 Dec. 1800, ist Lt-Col. thereof 1809, (so in 1813,) 
A.D.C. to the King (with rank of Col.) 25 July 18 10, (so in 
1813,) received the medal 9 Sept. 1810, Roleia, for Corunna, 
Vimeira, and Talavera, became Major Gen. 4 June 1813, Lt-Gen. 
27 May 1825, and General 23 Nov. 1841. Lord Edward 
Somerset (as he was commonly called) fought at Orthes 18 14, 
and commanded the Heavy Cavalry Brigade, (ist and 2nd Life 
Guards, the Blues, and ist Dragoon Guards), at the Battle of Waterloo, 
1 8 June 18 15, where he led some brilliant charges. He was made 
K.C.B. 2 Jan. 1815, G.C.B. 17 Oct. 1834, Knight of the Tower and 
Sword of Portugal 18 13, and of Maria Theresa and Waldimir of 

70 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Austria 1815, and received the Waterloo Medal. Lord Edward was 
M.P. Monmouth March 1799-1802, co. Glouc. Nov. 1803-31, 
Cirencester Aug. 1834-7, and unsucc. cent. West Gloucestershire 1832. 
He held office as one of the two Joint Deputy Paymasters General 
(£5°° a- ye^'') 1809 to Nov. 18 13, was Governor of the Isle of France 
in 1812, Lieut-General of the Ordnance June 1829 to Nov. 1830, and 
Surveyor General of the Ordnance Dec. 1834 to April 1835. He was 
a Commr. of the Royal Military College, Woolwich, and Col. of the 
1st Royal Dragoons 23 Nov. 1829-36, and of the 4th Light Dragoons 
from 31 March 1836 till his death i Sept. 1842. 

1806. Nov. 6. Hon. G. C. Berkeley. W. 

Lord R. E. H. Somerset. T. 

1807, May II. The same. 

18 10. May 18. William Fitzhardinge Berkeley, commonly 
called Viscount Dursley, of Berkeley Castle, (W.) vice his uncle 
Admiral Hon. G. C. Berkeley resigned. Eldest son of Frederick 
5th Earl of Berkeley, b. 26 Dec. 1786, and sat for co. Glouc. May 
till 8 Aug. 1810 when he vacated his seat on the death of his father, 
but his claim to be 6th Earl of Berkeley was not sustained before a 
Committee of the House of Lords. He was however created Lord 
Segrave 10 Sept. 1831, and Earl Fitzhardinge 17 Aug. 1841, but these 
titles expired on his death unmarried 10 Oct. 1857. He was made 
Lieut. South Gloucester Mihtia 2 April 1803, Captain 28 June 1804, 
and was Col. thereof 22 Aug. 1810 to 1857, and Lord Lieut, and 
Cus. Rot. of CO. Glouc. 3 Feb. 1836-57. He was patron of two 

1811. Feb. II, Sir B. W. Guise. W. 3114. 

I/on. John Dutton. W. 2633. 

vice Lord Dursley called up to the House of Lords as Earl of 
Berkeley. The Poll was open 10 days. The Hon. John Dutton was 
only son of the M.P. 1781, whom he succ. as 2nd Lord Sherborne 
22 May 1820. He was b. 24 June 1779 ^i^d d. 19 Oct. 1862, aged 83, 
having m. 11 Aug. 1803 Hon. Mary Stawell Bilson-Legge, eldest dau. 
and heir of Henry last Lord Stawell. 

Sir Berkeley William Guise of Highnam, eldest son of Lt-Col. 
Sir John Guise, whom he succ. as 2nd Bart. 2 May 1794, was b. 14 July 
1775, elected to Eton 1791, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon., 24 Jan. 1794, 
created M. A., 29 Oct. 1796, and D.C.L, 12 June 1823. He was a 
Verdurer and Dep. Warder of the Forest of Dean 1801-34, app. a 
Commr. for re-planting the Forest 1808, was an Alderman of 
Gloucester in 1803 and 1819, Sheriff of the City 1807, and Mayor 1810, 
and sat for co. Glouc. Feb. 181 1-32, and for E. Gloucestershire 1832 

Members for Gloucestershire. 71 

till his death unmarried 23 July 1834. He was app. Capt. R. North 
Gloucester Militia 8 June 1798 (so in 1804,) and became Lieut-Col. 
Commdt. ist Eastern Batt. Gloucestershire Local Militia 14 April 1809. 

1812. Oct. 10. Lord R. E. H. Somerset. T. 
Sir B. W. Guise. W. 

1818. June 22. The same, re-elected 13 March 1820, 16 June 
1826, 5 Aug. 1830. 

1 83 1. May 10. Sir B. W. Guise. W. 

Hon. H. G. F. Moreton. W. 

Hon. Henry George Francis Reynolds-Moreton of Spring Park, 
Stroud, eldest son of Thomas ist Earl of Ducie, was b. 8 May 1802, 
and m. 28 June 1826 Hon. Elizabeth Button, elder dau. of John 2nd 
Lord Sherborne, (see 181 1). He sat for co. Glouc. 1831-2, and East 
Gloucestershire 1832-4, became Lord Moreton by courtesy 28 Jan. 
1837, and succ. his father as 2nd Earl of Ducie 23 June 1840. His 
lordship was a Lord in waiting to the Queen July 1846 till he res. Dec. 
1847. He was patron of 3 livings, and d. 2 June 1853. 

The Reform Act 1832 divided the County into two Parlia- 
mentary divisions, the Eastern and Western, each returning two 


1832. Dec. 21. Sir B. W. Guise. W. 3311. 

Hon. H. F. Moreton. W. 3184. 
C. W. Codrington. T. 2672. 

5753 voted out of 6437 o" '^e register. The Plumpers were — 
for Guise 80, Moreton 80, Codrington 2178. Split votes — Guise and 
Moreton 2921, Guise and Codrington 311, Moreton and Codrington 

1834. Aug. 7-14. C. W. Codrington. T. 2779. 
C. H. T. Leigh. W. 2709. 

vice Guise deceased. The poll commenced on the 7th and was 
continued by adjournments till the 14th August. The defeated 
candidate Thomas Charles Hanbury Leigh sat for Wallingford Sept. 
1831-2. He was eldest son of the ist Lord Sudeley, (see Tewkesbury 
1807), whom he succ. in the title 10 Feb. 1858, assumed the surname 
and arms of Leigh only by royal license 11 April 1806, and resumed 
his patronymic by another royal license 30 March 1839. He was b. 
1801, m. 1831 Emma 2nd dau. of George Hay Dawkins Pennant of 
Penrhyn Castle, and was Lord Lieut, of co. Montgomery 6 April 1858 
till his death 19 Feb. 1863. 

72 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Christopher William Codrington of Dodington Park, eldest son 
of Christopher Bethell Codrington (see Tewkesbury 1797,) wash, 12 
March 1805, and matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 11 Dec. 1823. Hem. 29 Dec. 
1836 Lady Georgiana Charlotte Anne Somerset dau. of Henry 7th 
Duke of Beaufort K.G,, (see W. Gloucestershire 1835,) and half-sister 
to the M.P. 1846, and was patron of three livings, and a West India 
proprietor. He was J. P. for co. Glouc, made Dep. Lieut. 1852, was 
Capt. R. Gloucester Hussars (Yeomanry) in 1858, and having unsucc. 
cont. E. Gloucestershire 1832, rep. it from Aug. 1834 till his death 24 
June 1864. His eldest son Gerald was made a Baronet 1876. 

1835. Jan. 10. C. W. Codrington. T. 

Hon. A. H. Moreton. W. 

The Tory colour was Sky Blue ; the Whig — Orange and Green. 
Hon. Augustus Henry Moreton of Largie, co. Argyll, was 2nd 
son of the first Earl of Ducie, and brother to the M.P. for the County 
1831. He was b. 24 June 1804, matric. Merton Coll. Oxon. 4 Feb. 
1823, B. A. 1826, and m. 15 Aug. 1837 Mary Jane Lockhart Macdonald 
eldest dau. of Sir Charles Macdonald-Lockhart Bart, of Lee and 
Carnwath, a Count of the Austrian Empire, when he assumed the 
prefix surname of Macdonald. He was Major K. North Gloucester 
Militia in 1831, M.P. for West Gloucestershire 1832-4, and for the 
Eastern division 1835-41, and d. 14 Feb. 1862. 


July 29. 

The same. 


July 5- 

C. W. Codrington. 
Hon. Francis Charteris. 


The latter was b. 4 Aug. 1818, eldest son of Francis 8th Earl of 
Wemyss, and was educ. at Eton, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 13 Dec. 1837, 
B.A. 1841, LL.D. Edinburgh, and m. 29 Aug. 1843 Lady Anne 
Frederica Anson 2nd dau. of Thomas ist Earl of Lichfield. He was 
made Dep. Lieut, co. Haddington 1846, became Lord Elcho by 
courtesy 28 June 1853, held office as a Lord of the Treasury Dec. 1852 
to Feb. 1855, sat for E. Gloucestershire 1841 till he res. Feb. 1846, 
having supported Sir Robert Peel's change of policy on the great 
Corn Law question. He afterwards sat for Haddington 1847 till he 
succ. his father as 9th Earl of Wemyss and March i Jan. 1883. His 
Lordship was a great promoter of the Volunteer movement, and was 
Major London Scottish Volunteers Dec. 1859-60, Lt.-Col. Commdg. 
Feb. 1860-78, and Hon. Col. thereof from Nov. 1878. He is a 
Volunteer A.D.C. to the Queen, and Ensign General of the " Royal 
Company of Archers," Queen's Bodyguard in Scotland, and was 
sometime Chairman of the National Rifle Association. 

1846. Feb. 27. Henry Charles Fitzroy (Somerset) Marquis of 
Worcester, of Badminton, and Stoke Gifford, vice Charteris resigned. 
His lordship was only son of Henry 7th Duke of Beaufort K.G. (see W. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 73 

Gloucestershire 1835,) and was born at Paris i Feb. 1824, educ. at 
Eton, and m. 3 July 1845 Lady Georgiana Charlotte Curzon eldest dau. 
of Richard ist Earl Howe G.C.H. He became Cornet and Sub-Lieut, 
ist Life Guards 17 Aug. 1841, Lieut. 7 July 1843, Capt. 7th Hussars 
13 Aug. 1847, Major unattached 21 April 1854, Lt.-Col. 26 Oct. 1858, 
and retired 1861, and was Aide de Camp to the Duke of Wellington 
1842-52, and to Viscount Hardinge 1852-6, (when Commanders in 
Chief,) and M.P. East Gloucestershire Feb. 1846 till he succ. his father 
as 8th Duke of Beaufort 17 Nov. 1853. He was chosen a Nominee 
(Trustee) and Visitor of the Colston Charity 1846. His Grace was 
sworn a Privy Councillor 26 Feb. 1858, and held office as Master of 
the Horse Feb. 1858 to June 1859, and July 1866 to Dec, 1868. He 
was made Dep. Lieut, co. Glouc. 15 June 1852, Lt.-Col. Commdt. R. 
Gloucestershire Hussars (Yeomanry) 2 May 1854, Hon. Col. thereof 
29 April 1874 to Aug. 1887, Hon. Col. ist Gloucestershire Engineer 
Volunteers 20 Nov. 1867 to July 1888, D.L. co. Monmouth 16 Sept. 
1863, Lord Lieut, and Cust. Rot. co. Monmouth 17 May 1867, K.G. 
19 March 1867, is patron of 26 livings, and a County Councillor for 
CO. Monmouth since 1889. His Grace is joint editor of the Badminton 
Library of Sports and Pastimes. He was President of the Dolphin 
Society at the Colston Commemoration Dinner at Clifton 13 Nov. 


Aug. 4. C. W. Codrington. 

Marquis ot Worcester. 



July 13. The same. 


Jan. 9. Sir M. H. Hicks-Beach. 
Edward Holland. 



vice Lord Worcester become a Peer. Mr. Holland was M.P. 
for E. Worcestershire 1835-7, and Evesham 1855-68, (see Williams' 
Worcestershire Members). Sir Michael Hicks Hicks-Beach of Williams- 
tripp Park, and Netheravon, Wilts, eldest son of Michael Hicks Beach 
of Netheravon, was b. 25 Oct. 1809, malric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 8 Dec. 1827, 
and m. 14 Aug. 1832 Harriet Vittoria dau. of John Stratton of 
Farthinghoe, Northants. He succ. his great-uncle Sir William Hicks 
as 8th Bart. 23 Oct. 1834, was patron of one living, D.L. co. Glouc, 
Capt. North Gloucester Militia in 1831, Lt.-Col. thereof 10 Feb. 
1844-54, and M.P. East Gloucestershire Jan. till his death of gastric 
fever, at Williamstripp, 22 Nov, 1854, aged 45. 

1854. Dec. 19. Robert Stayner Holford of Westonbirt, vice 
Sir M. H. Hicks-Beach, deceased. Only son of George Peter Holford, 
M.P. (who was Sec. to the Board of Control May 1804 to Feb. 1806, 
and April 1807 to Jan 1810). He was b. 16 March 1808, educ. at 
Harrow, matric. Oriel Coll. Oxon 24 Feb. 1825, B.A. 1829, entered 
Lincolns Inn 1828, and m. 5 Aug. 1854 Mary younger doughter of 

74 Members for Gloucestershire. 

Lt.-Gen. James Lindsay M.P., of Balcarres, co. Fife, and sister to Lord 
Wantage V.C. He was J.P. and D.L. co. Glouc, H.S. 1843, M.P. E. 
Gloucestershire Dec. 1854 till he res. Feb. 1872, J.P. Wilts, Capt. 
R. Gloucester Hussars (Yeomanry) 1857, F.R.G.S., patron of 2 livings, 
and d. 22 Feb. 1892. 

1857. March 30. C. W. Codrington. C. 
R. S. Holford. C. 

1859. May 6. The same. 

1864. July 12. Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach Bart, of 
Williamstripp Park, vice Codrington deceased. Eldest son of the M.P. 
Jan. 1854, whom he succ. as 9th Bart. 22 Nov, 1854. He was born in 
London 23 Oct. 1837, educ. at Eton, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon, 17 Oct. 
1855, B.A. 1858, M.A. 1861, created D.C.L. 1878. He m. (i) 6 Jan. 
1864 Caroline Susan (who d. 14 Aug. 1865) eldest dau. of John Henry 
Elwes of Colesbourne Park, and (2) 3 Sept 1874 Lady Lucy Catherine 
3rd dau. of Hugh 3rd Earl Fortescue. Sir Michael is patron of 2 
livings, and J.P. Wilts, and was made J.P. co. Glouc, D.L. 
1861, was Capt. R. North Gloucester Militia 16 April 1862-76, 
and has been a County Councillor for co. Glouc. since 1889. 
He was M.P. East Gloucestershire July 1864-85, and has sat 
for West Bristol from 1885, He held office as Sec. to the Poor 
Law Board Feb. to Nov. 1868, Under Sec. of State for the 
Home Dept, for a few weeks in Nov. and Dec. 1868, Chief Sec, 
for Ireland Feb. 1874-8, and July 1886 to March 1887, when he resigned 
from ill-health. Secretary of State for the Colonies Feb. 1878 to April 
1880, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House June 1885 
to Feb. 1886, a member of the Cabinet without office March 1887 to 
Jan. 1888, President of the Board of Trade Feb. 1888 to Aug. 1892, 
and has been Chancellor of the Exchequer since June 1895. He was 
sworn a Privy Councillor 2 March 1874, and was a Church Estates 
Commissioner 1892-5. 

1865. July 18. R. S. Holford, C. 

Sir M, H. Hicks -Beach. C. 

1868, Nov. 19. The same. 

1872. March 11. John Reginald Yorke of Forthampton 
Court, vice Holford resigned. Only son of Joseph Yorke, M.P. (whose 
father the Hon. James Yorke, yst. son of PhiUp tst Earl of Hardwicke, 
Lord High Chancellor 1737-54, was Bishop of Gloucester 1779, and of 
Ely 1781-1808). He was born in London 25 Jan. 1836, educ. at Eton, 
matric. Ball. Coll. Oxon 21 June 1854, and m. (i) 4 March 1862 
Augusta Emmeline (who d. 19 Feb. 1863) yst. dau. of General Sir 
Thomas Monteith Douglas K.C.B. of Douglas Support, co, Lanark, and 
(2) II Jan. 1868 Sophia Matilda 2nd dau. of Baron Vincent de Tuyll 
de Serooskerken, Mr. Yorke was Capt. Tewkesbury R, Volunteers in 

Members for Gloucestershire. 75 

1868, and is J.P. and D.L. co. Wore, J.P. co. Glouc, H.S. 1892, 
F.R.G.S., and was M.P. Tewkesbury Feb. 1864-8, E. Gloucestershire 
March 1872-85, and for the Tewkesbury division 1885-6. 

1874. Feb. II. Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach. C. 
J. R. Yorke. C. 

1874. March 17. Right Hon. Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach, re-el. 
on taking office. 

1880. April I. Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach C. 
J. R. Yorke C. 

1885. July I. Rt. Hon. Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach, re-el. on 
taking office. At the dissolution of Parliament 18 Nov. 1885, the 
County became divided into 5 Parliamentary divisions, the Eastern or 
Cirencester, Forest ot Dean, Mid. or Stroud, Northern or Tewkesbury, 
and Southern or Thornbury divisions, each returning one Member. 
The High Sheriff of Gloucestershire is the Returning Officer. East 
Gloucestershire had 6569 registered electors in 1835, 7971 in 1841, 
7891 m 1858, 8852 in 1868, 9083 in 1874, and 8798 in 1884. 


1832. Dec. 24. Hon. G. C. G. F. Berkeley. W. 3151. 
Hon. A. H. Moreton. W. 2996. 

Lord R. E. H. Somerset. T. 2962. 

At this closely contested election 5943 voted out of 6521 on the 
register. The plumpers were, for Berkeley 73, Moreton 49, Somerset 
2653. Split votes, Berkeley and Moreton 285, Berkeley and Somerset 
221, Moreton and Somerset 88. As to Mr. Moreton see East 
Gloucestershire 1835, and as to Lord Edward Somerset see the 
County 1803, 

Hon. George Charles Grantley FitzHardinge Berkeley, a well- 
known figure in the sporting and literary world, was 6th son of 
Frederick sth Earl of Berkeley, and was b. 10 Feb. 1800, entered 
Corpus Christi Coll. Oxon. for a few months 1816, then passed 
into the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He entered the 
army as Ensign and Lieut. Coldstream Guards 7 Nov. 1816, 
and was placed on half pay as Ensign 82nd foot 28 Aug. 
1823. He ra. 16 Aug. 1824 Caroline Martha, yst. dau. of Paul 
Benfield M.P. of London. Mr. Berkeley sat for W. Gloucestershire 
1832 52, when he lost his seat. He was the author of Berkehy 
Castle; a novel, and on 5 Aug. 1836 fought a duel with Dr. 
William Maginn, the &^\\at oi Eraser' s Magazine, in which had appeared 
a review of the book. Mr. Berkeley d. at Longfleet, Poole, 20 or 23 
Feb. 1881, aged 81. He was the last person who wore the flat cocked 
hat known as the chapeau bras. 

76 Members for Gloucestershire. 

1835. Jan. 12. Hon. G. C. G. F. Berkeley. W. 

Marquis of Worcester. T. 

Henry (Somerset) Marquis of Worcester, was eldest son of 
Henry Charles 6th Duke of Beaufort, K.G., (see County 1796,) and 
was b. 5 Feb. 1792, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 21 Oct. 1809, became 
Cornet loth Hussars 18 June 181 1, Lieut. 14th Dragoons 21 Aug. 
1 8 II, and Lieut. loth Hussars 6 Sept. 181 1, but while holding that 
rank, the Prince Regent on 9 Nov. 1814 ordered him, together with 
most of the other officers of his regiment, to hold themselves in 
readiness to be exchanged into other cavalry regiments, for having 
signed a letter making charges against their commanding officer of 
neglect of duty while the regiment was on foreign service. He was 
A.D.C. to the Duke of Wellington in Portugal and Spain 1812-14, 
Lieut. 7th Hussars 26 Oct. 1815, Capt. 37th Foot 2 Dec. 1819, 
Major in the Army 30 Dec. 1819, and was placed on half-pay as 
Captain of the 37th Foot 25 Oct. 1821. He became Lt-Col. 
Commdt. Gloucestershire Hussars (Yeomanry) 21 April 1834. 
Lord Worcester m. (i) 25 July 1814 Georgina Frederica (who d. 
II May 182 1) dau. of Hon. Henry Fitzroy, and (2) 29 June 1822 
Emily Frances dau. of Culling Charles Smith, a Commr. of Excise. 
He held office as a Lord of the Admiralty May 1816 to March i8ig, 
was M.P. Monmouth (at the age of 21) Dec. 1813-31, when defeated, 
gained the seat on petition July 1831, but was again ousted 1832, and 
sat tor W. Gloucestershire Jan. till 23 Nov. 1835, when he succ. his 
father as 7th Duke of Beaufort. He became a Nominee and Visitor 
of the Colston Charity 1816. His Grace was made K.G. 11 April 
1842, chosen High Steward of Bristol 1836, presented to the 
Breconshire livings of Llangynidyr 182 1, Cwmdu 1848, Crickhowell 
1851, and Llangattock'1851, and d. 17 Nov. 1853. He was the most 
Popular sportsman in England, and a pre-eminent whip, and was the 
founder of the Four-in-Hand Club, and the inventor of claret-cup. 
He received the Peninsular silver war medal with four clasps in 

1836. Jan. 2. Robert Blagden Hale of Alderley Park, 
vice Lord Worcester become a Peer, Eldest son of Robert Hale 
Blagden Hale, a descendant of the celebrated Sir Matthew Hale, 
(see County 1654,) and grandson of the 3rd Earl of Mayo, he was b. 
1807, matric. Corpus Christi Coll. Oxon. i Feb. 1826, aged 18, B.A. 
1829, became a student of Lincolns Inn 1830, and m. in 1832 Anne 
Jane eldest dau. of George Peter Holford M.P. of Westonbirt, 
(see E. Gloucestershire 1854). Mr. Hale sat for W. Gloucestershire 
Jan. 1836-57, was J.P. co. Glouc, H.S. 1870, patron of one living, 
and d. 22 July 1883. 

1837. Aug. I. Hon. G. C. G. F. Berkeley. W. 

R. B. Hale. T. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 77 

1841. July 7. The same. 

1847. Aug. 3. R. B. Hale. P. 4240. 

Hon. G. C. G. F. Berkeley. P. 2744. 
G. C. L. Berkeley. L. 2123. 

1852 July 14. R. N. F. Kingscote. L. 3528. 

R. B. Hale C 2946. 

Hon. G. C. G. F. Berkeley. P. 2166. 

Robert Nigel Fitzhardinge Kingscote of Kingscote Park, eldest 
son of Col. Thomas Henry K. by his ist wife Lady Isabella Frances Anne 
Somerset 6th dau. of the 6th Duke of Beaufort (see County 1796) was 
b. at Kingscote 28 Feb. 1830, and m. (i) 13 March 1851 Caroline 
Sophia Wyndham (who d. 19 March 1852) 4th dau. of George 1st 
Lord Leconfield, and (2) 5 Feb. 1856 Lady Emily Marie Howe 3rd 
dau. of Richard ist Earl Howe. (She is aLady of the Bedchamber to 
the Princess of Wales.) He became Ensign and Lieut, ist Battalion 
Scots Fusilier Guards 27 Oct. 1846, Lieut, and Capt. 28 June 1850, 
A.D.C. to Lord Raglan in the Crimea 1854, Lt.-Col. in the army 17 
July 1855, retired at the close of the war Jan. 1856, having fought at 
Alma, Balaclava, and Inkerman,and the siege of Sebastopol, for which 
he received the medal with four clasps and the Turkish medal He 
was made D.L. cos. Gloucester and Bristol 1856, J. P. cos. Glouc. and 
Wilts, and has been a County Alderman of co. Glouc. from March 1889. 
He was created C.B. 1855, and K.C.B. 1889, was a Groom in Waiting 
to the Queen June 1859 to Aug. 1866, and was M.P. for W. Gloucester- 
shire 1852 to Jan. 1885, when he was made a Commissioner of Woods 
and Forests, but resigned that post in 1895. Sir Nigel was app. an 
Equerry to the Prince of Wales 1862, and Extra Equerry to H.R.H. 
1885, and a Member of his Council 1886. He was made Hon. LL.D. 
Cambridge 1894, and has been Hon. Col. R. North Gloucester Militia 
since 22 Jan. 1862, Receiver General of the Duchy of Cornwall since 
Oct. 1888, and a Director of the Great Western Railway since 1895. 

1857. March 31. R. N. F. Kingscote. L. 
John Rolt, Q.C. C. 

John Rolt of Ozleworth Park, znd son of James Rolt a 
Calcutta merchant, was b. at Calcutta 5 Oct. 1804, and m. (i) Sarah 
(who d. 1850) dau. and co-heir of Thomas Bosworth of Bosworth, co. 
Leicester, and (2) 1857 Elizabeth dau. of Stephen Godson of Croydon. 
Being left an orphan in poor circumstances he was apprenticed to a 
firm of woollen drapers in London about Christmas 1818, with whom 
he remained till his articles expired in 1822 or 1823. Having in the 
meanwhile perseveringly self-educated himself, he was then employed 
in a Manchester warehouse in Newgate Street till 1827, when he 
became a clerk in the office of Messrs. Pritchard and Son, Proctors, in 
Doctors Commons. He also became Secretary to a school for 

78 Members for Gloucestershire. 

orphans, and to the Protestant Dissenters School at Mill Hill. 
Having ent. the Inner Temple 1833, he was called to the bar 9 June 
1837, and became a Queen's Connsel 1846. He was made J. P. and 
D.L. CO. Glouc, unsucc. cont. Stamford 1847 and Bridport 1852, but 
sat for W. Gloucestershire 1857-67, was Attorney General Oct. 
1866-7, Knighted Nov. 1866, P.C. 3 July 1867, and a Lord Justice of 
Appeal July 1867 till he res., owing to incipient paralysis, Feb. 1868. 
He d. at Ozleworth Park 6 June 1871, aged 66. 

1859. May 2. Col. R. Kingscote. L. 

John Rolt Q.C. C. 

1859. July 7. Col. R. Kingscote, re-el. on taking office. 

1865. July 14. Col. R. Kingscote. L. 

John Rolt Q.C. C. 

1866. Nov. 16. John Rolt, re-el. on accepting office. 

1867. July 25. Col. E. A. Somerset. C. 3649. 

Hon. C. P. F. Berkeley. L. 3553. 

vice Sir John Rolt made a Judge. Col. Edward Arthur Somerset, 
eldest son of Lord R. E. H. Somerset, (see County 1803) 
wash. 21 Feb. 1817, and m. 13 Sept. 1849 Agatha 2nd dau. of Sir Wm. 
Miles ist Bart, (see Bristol 1835). Adopting the profession of arms, 
like so many of his family, he became Second Lieut. Rifle Brigade 
29 Jan. 1836, Lieut. 9 July 1840, Capt. 31 Jan. 1845, Major 12 Nov. 
1854, Lt.-Col. 23 March 1855, Col. 29 May 1858, and served in the 
Kaffir war 1852-3 (medal), Crimean war 1854-5, at Alma, Balaclava, 
Inkerman, and the siege of Sebastopol, (medal with four clasps, and 
Turkish medal, and was made C.B. 1857, and a Knt. of the Legion of 
Honour, and of the Medjidie, (5th class). He was afterwards Dep. 
Q.M.G. in Ireland, and at Portsmouth, and in 1868 was Asst. Q.M.G. 
in the South Wales district. Col. Somerset was an Equerry to the 
Queen Dowager Jan. 1846 till her death 1849, and became J. P. co. 
Monmouth, unsucc. cont. that county 1847, ^'ut rep. it March 1848 
to June 1859 when he res. his seat, and sat for W. Gloucestershire 
July 1867-8 when he was defeated. He became Major-Gen. 6 March 
1868, Lt.-Gen. i Oct. 1877, and General on the retired list i Aug. 
1883, commanded a Brigade at Gibraltar 1873-8, Acting Governor 
there 1875-6, and 1878, Col. ist Battalion of the Worcestershire 
regt. 19 Dec. 1881, and Col. Commdt. ist Batt. King's Royal Rifle 
Corps 14 Sept. 1884, till his death 12 March 1886. 

1868. Nov. 23. Col. R. Kingscote. L. 4985. 

S. S. Marling. L. 4862. 

Col. E. A. Somerset. C. 4394. 

Samuel Stephens Marling of Stanley Park, Stroud, 6th son ot 
William M., was born at Woodchester 10 April 1810, educ. at 

Members for Gloucestershire. 79 

Gloucester, and was a wc^llen cloth manufacturer. He m. 23 Sept. 
1834 Margaret Williams dau. of Wm. Bentley Cartwright of Devizes. 
He was J. P. and D.L. co. Glouc, patron of one living, M.P. West 
Gloucestershire 1868-74, Stroud Feb. 1875-80, was created a Baronet 
22 May 1882, and d. in his counting-house at Ebley Mills, Stroud, 
22 Oct. 1883. 

1874. Feb. II. Hon. R. E. S. Plunkett. C. 4553. 
Col. R. Kingscote. L. 4344. 

Hon. C. F. F. Berkeley. L. 4317. 

Hon. Randal Edward Sherborn Plunkett, eldest son 01 
Edward 16th Lord Dunsany, of Ireland, by Hon. Anne Constance 
Button 3rd dau. of the 2nd Lord Sherborne, (see County 1811), was 
b. at Sherborne 15 Nov. 1848, educ. at Eton, and matric. Ch. Ch. 
Oxon, 12 June 1867, B.A. 1872. He sat for W. Gloucestershire 
1874-80, when defeated, and was Captain 12th (Forest of Dean) 
company ist Gloucestershire Volunteers 8 July 1874 till his death 
abroad v.p. and unm. 25 Dec. 1883, aged 35. 

1880. April 12. Col. R. Kingscote. L. 5316. 

Lord Moreton. L. 5164. 

Hon. R. E. 'S. Flunkett. C. 4640. 

Henry Haughton Reynolds (Moreton) Lord Moreton, ot 
Tortworth Court, only son of Henry 3rd Earl of Ducie, (see Stroud 
1852), wash, in London 4 March 1857 and m. 18 Dec. 1888 Ada 
Margarette dau. of Dudley Robert Smith. Lord Moreton sat for 
W. Gloucestershire 1880-5, and is J. P. Oxon, and J.P. and D.L. for 
CO. Gloucester. 

1885. March 12. B. St. John Ackers. C. 4837. 
Sir. Wm. Marling. L. 4426. 

vice Kingscote app. Commr. of Woods and Forests. Benjamin St. 
John Ackers of Prinknash Park, second but only surviving son of 
James Ackers M.P., was b. 6 Nov. 1839, educ. at Rugby, matric. St. 
John's Coll. Oxon 2 June 1858, ent. Lincolns Inn 22 July 1861, 
called to the bar i May 1865, and m. 24 Oct. 186 1 Louisa Maria 
Jane dau. of Charles Brooke Hunt of Bowden Hall. He was made 
J.P. CO. Gloucester, unsucc. cont. Gloucester 1880, sat for W. 
Gloucestershire March to Nov. 1885, and unsucc. cont. and petitioned 
in the Thornbury division Dec. 1885. 

West Gloucestershire had 6780 reg. electors in 1835, 7743 in 
1841, 9250 in 1858, 1 1463 in 1868, 11810 in 1894, and 12802 in 








Chester Master 
the votes being 

80 Members for Gloucestershire. 


1885. Dec. 2. A. B. Winterbotham. L. 4782. 

J. E. Dorington. C. 4035. 

Arthur Brend Winterbotham of Norman Hill, Dursley, son 
of Lindsey W. of Stroud, banker, and brother to the M.P. for Stroud 
1867, was b. at Tewkesbury 19 April 1838, educ. at Amershall Hall, 
Reading, and m. 1863 Elizabeth dau. of J. G. Strachan J.P. of 
Farmhill Park, Stroud. He was a partner in Hunt and Winterbotham, 
woollen-cloth manufacturers, Dursley, a J. P. co. Glouc, and M.P. 
Cirencester division 1885 till his death 8 Sept. 1892. 

1886. July 5. A. B. Winterbotham. L.U. 

1892. July A. B. Winterbotham. 
Col. T. W. C. Master. 

1892. Oct. 13. Col. T. W. C. Master 

H. L. W. Law son. 

vice Winterbotham deceased. On a scrutiny 
(see Cirencester 1878) was unseated Feb. i 
declared equal, and the election consequently void. 

1893. Feb. 23. H. L. W. Lawson. G.L. 4687. 

Col. T. W. C. Master. C. 4445. 

vice Master, whose election was declared void. Harry Lawson 
Webster Lawson of Taplow, Bucks, eldest son of Edward Levy 
Lawson of Hall Barn, Bucks, one of the proprietors of the Daily 
Telegraph, was b. in London 18 Dec. 1862, educ. at Eton, matric. Ball. 
Coll. Oxon. 29 Jan. 1881, B.A. 1884, M.A., ent. Inner Temple 1881, 
and was called to the bar 22 April 1891. He m. 1884, Olive 2nd 
dau. of General Sir Henry Percival de Bathe 4th Bart., and was made 
J.P. Bucks, Lieut. R. Bucks Yeomanry 31 May 1883, Capt. 4 May, 
1887, M.P. West St. Pancras 1885-92, when defeated, and Cirencester 
division Feb. 1893-5, being defeated there Oct. 1892 and 1895. Mr. 
Lawson was a member of the London County Council for West St. 
Pancras division 1889-92, and again for the Whitechapel division from 
16 March 1897. 

1895. July 19. Hon. A. B. Bathurst. C. 4509. 
H. L. W. Lawson. L. 4294. 

Hon. Allen Benjamin Bathurst of Cirencester, third and 
youngest son of Allen 6th Earl Bathurst (see Cirencester 1857,) was 
born 25 June 1872, and educated at Eton, and the Royal Agricultural 
College, Cirencester. He became Second Lieut. 4th Battalion 
Gloucestershire Regiment (Militia) 24 Oct. 1891, Capt. 23 Jan. 1895, 
and has sat for the Cirencester division since 1895. 

The Cirencester division had 10095 registered electors in 1892, 
and 9825 in 1895. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 8i 


1885. Dec. 4. Thomas Blake. L. 5143. 

Hon. J. W. Plunkett. C. 2421. 

Thomas Blake of Lebanon, Ross, co. Hereford, was the yst. son 
of William Blake of Ross, where he was born 11 Nov. 1825. He 
was twice married. He was for some years a public accountant and 
estate agent, but retired in 1870, was elected the first Chairman of the 
Ross School Board 1873, '^"^ has held that post ever since. Mr. Blake 
unsucc. cont. co. Hereford 1868, but sat for Leominster Feb. 1875-80, 
when he lost his seat, and for the Forest of Dean division of co. 
Gloucester 1885 to Feb. 1887, when he accepted the Chiltern 
Hundreds. He was chosen a County Alderman for co. Hereford 
1889, and 1895, ^'^^ made J. P. for that county 26 June 1893. 

1886. July 17. Thomas Blake. G.L. 3822. 

Fred. Louis Lucas L.U. 2415. 

1887. July 30. G. B. Samuelson. G.L. 4286. 

George Wyndham. C. 2736. 

vice Blake resigned. Mr. Wyndham has been M.P. for Dover 
since 1889. Godfrey Blundell Samuelson, 3rd son of Sir Bernhard 
Samuelson ist Bart. M.P. of Banbury, Oxon, was born there 3 June 
1863, educated at Rugby, and matric. Ball. Coll. Oxon. 17 Oct. 1882. 
He married 22 Sept. 1887 Anne Jane 3rd dau. of Rev. Weston 
Brocklesby Davis of Apsley House, Torquay. He was Private 
Secretary to Mr. Mundella, President to the Board of Trade, Feb. to 
July 1886, and again July 1892-4, and unsuccessfully contested the 
Tewkesbury division 1885 and 1892, and the Frome division of 
Somerset 1886, but sat for"the Forest of Dean division July 1887-92. 

1892. July 15. Sir C. W. Dilke. G.L. 5360. 
M. W. C. Wemyss. C. 2942. 

The defeated candidate Maynard Willoughby Colchester- 
VVemyss, of Westbury Court, Newnham, eldest son of Capt. F. 
Wemyss, was b. 14 Aug. 1846, and m. 14 June 187 1 Mary C. dau. of 
Rev. E. N. Dickenson. He became Lieutenant Royal Artillery 17 
July 1866, but was placed on half-pay 15 Oct. 1869. He assumed 
the additional name of Colchester 1877, and that of Colchester- 
Wemyss by deed 11 July 1881, and is J. P. for co. Gloucester, and 
lord of the manors of Mitcheldean, Littledean, Westbury, The Lea, 
and Baisham. 

Sir Charles Wentworth Dilke, eldest son of Sir Charles 
Wentworth Dilke M.P., whom he succ. as 2nd Bart. 11 May 1869, 
was b. 4 Sept. 1843, L.L.B. Trin. Hall Camb. 1866, L.L.M. 1869, and 
m (i) 30 Jan. 1872 Katherine Mary Eliza (who died 20 Sept. 1874) 

82 Members for Gloucestershire. 

only dau. of Capt. Arthur Gore Shell, and (2) 3 Oct. 1885 Emilia 
Frances dau. of Major Strong, H.E.I.C.S., and widow of Rev. Mark 
Pattison, Rector of Lincoln Coll, Oxford. He ent. Middle Temple 
19 Dec. 1862, was called to the Bar 30 April 1866, and was Under 
Sec. for Foreign Affairs April 1880-2, P.C. 28 Dec. 1882, President of 
the Local Government Board Dec. 1882 to June 1885, M.P. Chelsea 
1868-86, when defeated, and Forest of Dean div. from 1892. He is 
proprietor of The Athenceum, and Notes and Queries. 

1895. July 17. Sir C. W. Dilke. R. 

The Forest of Dean division had 10782 registered electors in 
1892, and 11002 in 1895. 


1885. Dec. 3. Hon. H. R. Brand. L. 4646. 

George Holloway. C. 4333. 

Hon. Henry Robert Brand of Temple Dinsley, Hitchin, Herts, 
eldest son of Henry ist Viscount Hampden, Speaker of the House of 
Commons ] 872-84, was b. at Devonport 2 May 1841, educ. at Rugby, 
ent. the army as Ensign and Lieut. Coldstream Guards 10 Dec. 1858, 
Lieut, and Capt. May 1863, but retired Oct. 1865. He m. (i) 21 Jan. 
1864 Victoria Alexandrina Leopoldine (who d. 20 July 1865) dau. of 
His Excellency Sylvain Van de Weyer, Belgian Ambassador in London, 
and (2) 14 April 1868 Susan Henrietta yst. dau. of Lord George Henry 
Cavendish M.P. Mr. Brand was made J. P. Herts, J.P. and D.L. 
Sussex, M.P. Herts 1868-74, when defeated, unsuccessfully contested 
Stroud May 1874, but represented it July to Dec. 1874, when unseated, 
and 1880-5, and the Stroud division 1885-6, unsuccessfully contested 
Cardiff 1886, and was Surveyor General of the Ordnance Jan. 1883 to 
June 1885. He became Honourable by courtesy 4 March 1884, 
succeeded his father as 2nd Viscount Hampden and 24th Baron Dacre 
14 March 1892, and has been Governor of New South Wales since 
June 1895. 

1886. July JO. George Holloway. C. 4620. 

Walter John Stanton. L. 39 11 

George Holloway of Farm Hill House, Stroud, eldest son of 
Adam H. of Stratfield Turgiss, Hants, was b. 4 June 1825, educ. at 
Sherfield Grammar School, and m. in 1850 Anne yst. dau. of Charles 
Standwick of Reading. He was head of the firm of Holloway Brothers, 
cape manufacturers, at Stroud, author of The Philosophy of Civilization, 
and J.P. CO. Glouc. Mr. Holloway unsucc. cont. Stroud Feb. and May 
1874, and 1880, and the Stroud div. 1885, and 1892, but rep. the 
division 1886-92. He died in 1892. 

Members for Gloucestershire. 83 

1892. July 9. D. Brynmor Jones. G.L. 4612. 
George Holloway. C. 4409. 

David Brynmor Jones of The Lawn, Woodchester, eldest son of 
Rev. Thomas Jones of Swansea, was b. at Pentrepoeth, Swansea, 
15 May 1852, educ. at Univ. Coll. School, and Univ. Coll. London, 
L.L.B. 1874, Hume scholar 1876, ent. Middle Temple, 28 Oct. 1873, 
won the studentship of the Council of Legal Education in Hilary term 
1875, and was called to the bar 28 June 1876, and went the South 
Wales and Chester circuit. He was County Court Judge of circuit 
No, 28 (Mid Wales) June 1885-6, and of circuit No. 53 (co. Gloucester,) 
Jan. 1886-92, when he retired from the Bench to enter Parliament, and 
was M.P. Stroud div. 1892-5, and Swansea District from 1895. Mr. 
Brynmor Jones m. 3 Aug. 1892 Florence Justina widow of 
A. de Mattos Mocatta, and only child of Major Lionel B. Cohen. He 
was made a Royal Commr. on Land in Wales 27 March 1893, became 
a Queen's Counsel 1893, J. P. .for co. Gloucester, was a Gov. of the 
Univ. Coll. of S. Wales, and is Senior Standing Counsel to, and a 
member of the Court of the Univ. of Wales. 

1895. July 18. Charles Alfred Cripps. C. 5175. 
Charles Peter Allen. L. 4514. 

Charles Alfred Cripps of Parraoor, Bucks, 3rd son of Henry 
William Cripps Q.C. of West Ilsley, Bucks, and grandson of the M.P. 
for Cirencester 1806, was b. 3 Oct. 1852, scholar of Winchester, matric. 
New Coll. Oxon. 14 Oct. 1 871, Scholar 1871, B.A. 1874, Fellow St. 
John's Coll, 1875-81, B.C.L. and M.A. 1879. He ent. the Middle 
Temple 19 Nov. 1874, won the senior studentship of the Inns of Court 
Jan. 1876, was called to the bar 13 June 1877, and went the Midland 
circuit, became Q.C. Jan. 1890, and Bencher 1893. He m. 
20 Oct. 1 88 1 Theresa (who d. May 1893) 6th dau. of Richard Potter 
of Rusland Hall, Lancashire, and Standish House, Stonehouse. Mr. 
Cripps was made J. P. Bucks, Attorney General to the Prince of Wales 
July 1895, and elected M.P. for Stroud div. 1895. He is author of 
The Law of Compensation, and The Law of Church and Clergy. 

The Stroud division had 11069 registered electors in 1892, and 
11588 in 1895. 


1885. Dec. 5. John R. Yorke. C. 4666. 

G. B. Samiiehon. L. 4484. 

As to Mr. Yorke see East Gloucestershire 1872. 

1886. July 2. Sir J. E. Dorington, Bart. C. 

Sir John Edward Dorington, Bart., of Lypiatt Park, Stroud, 
eldest son of John Edward Dorington, who died 1874, was born 

84 Members for Gloucestershire. 

24 July 1832, educ. at Eton, B.A. Trin. Coll. Camb. 1855, 
M.A. 1858, and married 29 July 1859 Georgina eldest dau. of William 
Speke of Jordans, Ilminster. He was made J.P. co. Glouc. 1859, D.L. 
I Dec. 1886, Chairman of its Quarter Sessions Oct. 1878 till he resigned 
Feb. 1889, County Councillor (for Bisley division) from Jan. 1889, and 
Chairman of the County Council since 2 Feb. 1889. He became 
supernumerary Cornet Gloucestershire Hussars (Yeomanry) in the spring 
of 1859, (and on the establishment of that regiment) Cornet 14 Nov. 
1859, Lieut. 29 April 1865, Captain 24 Aug. 1865, Major i July 1881, 
but retired in 1887. He was Chairman of the Stroud Rural Sanitary 
Authority 1878-86, and was created a Baronet 15 Feb. 1886. Sir John 
unsuccessfully contested Stroud Aug. 1867, 1868, Feb. 1874, 1880, and 
the Cirencester division 1885, but sat for Stroud 8 to 26 Jan. 1874, and 
May to July 1874, when unseated, and has represented the Tewkesbury 
division since 1886. He has been an Honorary Commissioner in Lunacy 
since 1892. 

1892. July 12. Sir J. E. Dorington. C. 5028. 
G. B. Samuehon. G.L. 4125. 

1895. July 15. Sir J. E. Dorington. C. 

The Tewkesbury division had 11519 registered electors in 1892, 
and 11796 in 1895. 


1885. Dec. 4. Edward Stafford Howard, L. 4834. 

B. St. John Ackers. C. 4689. 

Mr. Ackers (see West Gloucestershire 1885) unsuccessfully 
petitioned. Mr. Howard of Thornbury Castle, 2nd son of Henry Howard 
M.P. of Greystoke Castle, Cumberland, and Thornbury Castle, (nephew 
of the i2th Duke of Norfolk), was born 28 Nov. 1851, B.A. Trin. Coll. 
Camb 187 — , and married 2/ Sept. 1876 Lady Rachel Anne Georgiana 
Campbell, youngest dau. of John 2nd Earl Cawdor, (see Williams^ 
Pari. Hiit. of Wales). He entered the Inner Temple 30 Oct. 1871, 
was called to the bar 30 April 1875, and was made J.P. and D.L. co. 
Gloucester. He was M.P. for East Cumberland April 1876-85, and 
for the Thornbury division 1885-6, where he was defeated 1886 and 
E892. Mr. Howard held office as Under Secretary of State for India 
April to July 1886, and has been a Commr. of Woods and Forests 
since Oct. 1893. 

1886. July 14. Hon. J. W. Plunkett. C. 4935. 

E. S. Howard. G.L. 4054. 

Hon. John William Plunkett of Dunsany Castle, Meath, eldest 
surviving son of the i6th Lord Dunsany, an Irish Representative Peer, 

Members for Gloucestershire. 85 

and brother to the M.P. for W. Gloucestershire 1874. He was b. 31 
Aug. 1853, B.A. Trin. College, Camb. 1877, M.A. 188 1, and m. 3 
April 1877 Ernie Elizabeth Louisa Maria Grosvenor, only child of 
Col. Francis Augustus Plunkett Burton, Coldstream Guards. He 
unsucc. cont. the Forest of Dean div. 1885, but sat for the Thornbury 
div. 1886-92, was Sub. -Lieut. R. Naval Artillery Vclunteers (Bristol 
Brigade) in 189 1, made J. P. co. Meath, succeeded his father as 17th 
Lord Dunsany 22 Feb. 1889, and was elected an Irish Representative 
Peer in 1893. 

1892. July 13. C. E. H. A. Colston. C. 5202. 
E. S. Harvard. G.L. 4978. 

Charles Edward Hungerford Athole Colston of Roundway Park, 
Devizes, only surviving son of Edward Colston, of Strathire, Glasgow, a 
collateral descendant of the famous merchant of Bristol, (see that City 
1710,) was b. 16 May 1854, educ. at Eton, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 24 
Jan. 1873, B.A. 1876, ent. the Inner Temple 1874, and m. 13 Feb. 1879 
Rosalind Emma eldest dau. of Col. Charles Edward Gostling-Murray of 
VVhitton Park, Hounslow. He was made J. P. and D.L. Wilts, H.S. 1885, 
Capt. 5th (Devizes) Company 2nd Wilts R. Vol. 6 Sept. 1873, Major 2nd 
Vol. Batt. Wiltshire Regt. 28 June 1882, (hon. rank of Lt.-Col.), 
unsucc. cont. N. Bristol 1885, but has rep. the Thornbury div. since 

1895. July 23. C. E. H. A. Colston. C. 5727. 
Arthur Acland Allen. L. 4638. 

The Thornbury division had 11687 registered electors in 1892, 
and 1219s in 1895. 



"FHE Parliamentary History of Bristol claims a special attention, not 
only because of its important position among the seaports of the 
country, and its immense commercial enterprises, but also, though 
perhaps chiefly for that reason, because in a certain manner it may be 
said to stand in an isolated position, apart from the shires of Gloucester 
and Somerset alike, and to form a distinct County of itself. 
Occasionally it is found in the Parliamentary Returns under the county 
of Somerset, though generally under Gloucestershire. For the first four 
centuries its Members were almost entirely taken from among its own 
leading merchants, men who served as Baihffs, Sheriffs, and Mayors of 
the City, with the addition sometimes of the Recorder. Several of 
them founded Chantries or Almshouses. The name of Edmund Blanket 
the Member in 1362 may truly be said to be a household word, while 
William Canynges (1365) the pious founder of Redcliff Church will 
long be remembered. In such a maritime city it is interesting to find 
stray references to shipping enterprises in the accounts of Robert 
Strange (1484) and Robert Thorn (1523). David Brooke the Lord 
Chief Baron, was an early Law Reporter, John Walsh was a Justice of 
the Common Pleas, Sir John Popham and Sir Nicholas Hyde were Lord 
Chief Justices of England, the former being also Speaker of the House. 
Sir George Snigge, a native of the city, was a Baron of the Exchequer, 
Sir John Churchill was Master of the Rolls, and John Scrope was a 
Commissioner of the Great Seal, so that Bristol has often shewn a decided 
preference for the gentlemen of the long robe. John Guy the Member 
in 1620, was famous as one of the early colonisers of Newfoundland. 

The Bristol Members in the Long Parliament, Hooke and 
Longe, were expelled as monopolists in 1642, and their successors 
Granville and Tailor were disabled to sit as Royalists, their places 
being taken by such staunch supporters of Parliament as Aldworth 
and Hodges ; but in 1654 Col. John Haggett and Captain George 
Bishop, both active Roundheads, were defeated at the poll. In 1660 
the Corporation refused to support Admiral Penn, who lost the election, 
and it is a remarable fact that, unlike other seaports such as Portsmouth 
and Plymouth, Bristol has hardly ever elected a sailor. It is true that 
the gallant Earl of Ossory was returned in 1661, but he was both soldier 
and sailor. Edward Colston the philanthropist, who sat for Bristol in 
1 7 10, has left an imperishable name. Edward Southwell who was 
Secretary of State in Ireland, Earl Nugent who was long Vice Treasurer 
of Ireland, and Bragge Bathurst the Secretary at War and Treasurer 
of the Navy, were all active politicians, while Edmund Burke — the 
orator par excellence — held the office of Paymaster General. Sir 
Michael Hicks-Beach is the present Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Of the defeated Candidates the most eminent were Sir Robert Atkyns 
the Recorder, afterwards Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Sir John 
Philipps, Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, and his son Lord Broughton, 
and that profound lawyer Sir Samuel Romilly. 


1295. (One Member.) John le Taverner. 

John le Taverner of Bristol, sat for the city 1295, 1298, and 
1306, and was probably son of Roger le T. who was Maycjr 1278. He 
was one of the leading citizens for many years, and served as Mayor of 
Bristol 1308, 1309, and 1313. On 15 May 1311, Request to John de 
Kerdyf, John le Taverner, Richard Colpek, (see 1311,) all of Bristol, 
and others, to mainpern to those from whom they shall be bought, for 
100 tuns of wine, which are required for the Scotch expedition, to be 
provided in Bristol by Walter Waldeshef the King's butler, or Peter 
Fraunceys his attorney. {Close Rolls.) 17 Oct. 13 12, Notification of 
the acceptance of the oath of John le Taverner, a burgess of Bristol, 
whom his fellow burgesses have elected Mayor and have presented to 
the King, as in their petition they have set forth that the Constable of 
the Castle of Bristol, to whom by virtue of their charter from the late 
King they ought to have presented the Mayor, does not stay in the 
Castle. {Patent Rolls.) 31 April 1313, Order to the Sheriff of 
Gloucester to attach John le Taverner, Mayor of Bristol, Robert Martyn 
(see 1309,) Wm. de Clif, (see 1322,) Gilbert Pokerel, (see 131S,) Rd. 
Colpek, Thomas de Salop, (see 13 19,) Wm. de Axe, John Hasard, (see 
1305), John de Kerdif, Robert de Hulhurst, (see 1306,; John Fraunceis 
the elder (see i3ii,)Rd. de Wodhull, (see 1318), Robert Wyldemerssh, 
(see 1 315,) Gilbert de Derby and Rd. de Cheddre, burgesses of Bristol, 
and to cause them to be brought to Westminster to answer their 
contempt. The King subsequently ordered the Mayor, Bailiffs, and whole 
community of Bristol to be intendent to Bartholomew de Badelesmere 
appointed, by the King, Constable of the Castle and Town of Bristol, 
and to restore to the liberty of the Town, Wm. de Kerdif, Thomas le 
Spicer, (see 1315,) Adam de WiUeshote, John du Celer, and Robert 
Otery, burgesses of the same, abjudged by them from the liberty of the 
town for certain colourable reasons, and to restore to them their goods 
and merchandise ; — which they had refused to do before. 10 Sept. 
1318, Order to Master Rd. de Clare, escheator beyond Trent to take 
into the King's hands the lands and rents of Robert Martyn le Clerck, 
(see 1309,) and John le Taverner, in the town and suburbs of Bristol, 
which came to the King's lands as escheats, and to attach any persons 
resisting as they had done previously. 22 Feb. 1322, Whereas John 
le Taverner, burgess of Bristol, who was indicted before the King's 
Justices appointed to hear and determine the felony of the death of 
Alexander de Villers slain in co. G., for the death of the said Alexander 
was put in exigent to be outlawed because he did not appear before 
the said Justices to stand to right, and was afterwards outlawed on this 
account, and the King pardoned him the outlawry and the abjuration of 
the realm that he made by reason of the said death, and restored him 
his lands ; — Now the King orders the Mayor and Bailiffs of Bristol to 

88 Members for Bristol. 

deliver to John le Taverner his goods and chattels, though some lands 
had been given by the King to John le Weston in 13 18, and some of 
his goods were in the hands of John Fraunceys the elder (see 13 11,) by 
delivery from Richard de la Ryver (see the County I3i4>) late Sheriff 
of CO. G. (Close Rolls.) 

1298. John le Taverner. 
John de Cheddre. 

John de Cheddre was one of the two Seneschals or Stewards of 
Bristol 1288, 1291, 1306, M.P. 1298, and Chamberlain of the city 

1301. (One Member.). John de Malmesbury. 

John de Malmesbury of Bristol may have been father or kinsman 
to the following person : — i Dec. 1293, John de Malmesbury sub-prior 
of the House of St. Augustine, Bristol, and John de Cogan, his fellow 
monk, bringing news of the death of Hugh their late Abbot, have 
letters of licence to elect. (Patent Rolls.) 

1305. Thomas Welishote. 
John Hasard. 

On 16 Dec. 131 1, Order to the Sheriff of G. to cause a coroner 
for that county to be elected in place of John Hasard, who does not 
dwell continuously in the county. (Close Rolls.) John Hasard sat for 
Bristol 1305 and 131 1. 

1306. John le Taverner. 
Robert de Holhurst. 

The latter was Seneschal of Bristol as Robert Hornhurst, 1304. 
He was granted Protection for one year 21 July 1312, as R. Holliurst. 

1307. Jan. Geoffrey Comper. 

Nicholas Coker. 

Perhaps son of Thomas Coker who was Mayor of Bristol, 1282. 

1309. Stephen de Bello Monte. 
Robert Martyn. 

Martyn had Protection for one year 21 July 13 12. (Patent 


131 1. Aug. Richard Colpeck. 
John Fraunceys. 

The enrolment of the Writ de Expensis, however, gives John 
Franceys senior and Adam Welysshote as the Members. Colpek was 
Seneschal of Bristol (as Rd. de Colepitt) 1300, and Bailiff (as Rd. 
Colepeck) 13 16. Rd. Colpek who was lately (before 26 Jan. 1321) 

Members for Bristol. 89 

outlawed for divers trespasses, was afterwards pardoned by the King for 
his outlawry and had his goods restored to him. (Close Rolls J. 

There are many references in the Close Rolls to Master 
John Fraunceys in his capacity as money-lender or banker, 
engaged in monetary transactions throughout England, from which 
it may be gathered that he belonged to a rather numerous family 
of foreign extraction as exemplified in their surname le Francais, 
corrupted to le Fraunceys, Fraunceys, or Francis. There were three 
brothers Manent, Mannus, and John, often mentioned as money- 
lenders, at this time, and the Member for Bristol may have been one 
of them. 28 Feb. 1320, Thomas Abbott of Pypwelle, acknowledges 
for himself and convent that he owes to Manent Francisci and John 
his brother, merchants of Florence, p^ioo ; to be levied, in default of 
payment, of his lands in co. Gloucester. John Fraunceys senior settled 
at Bristol, of which he was M. P. 1311, 1313,1330, 1332, 1336, Bailiff 
1325, and Mayor 1328, Many of the family filled the local oflSces at 
Bristol, Walter Francis (perhaps the Member's father,) being Mayor 
1293, while Thomas Fraunces was Bailiff 1317. 

Adam Wellishot, perhaps brother of the M.P.s. 1305 and 131 3, 
was Seneschal of Bristol (as Adam Welshot) 1297 and 1309. On 4 
Oct. 13 1 1 Adam Welyshote of Bristol, staying in England, had letters 
patent granted him nominating Wm. Duce and Robert Burnel his 
attorneys in Ireland for two years. As Adam Welishoten he was granted 
Protection during pleasure 17 Jan. 13 13. (Patent Rolls.) 

1311. Nov. John Haszard. 
John le Lun. 

The Return is torn, so the surname of the latter may be 
iricomplete. It may appear too far-fetched to identify him with John 
de Lund, a merchant of Beverley, who is mentioned in the Close Rolls 

1313. March. John de Wellescoten. 
John Methelan. 

John Wellishotte was one of the two Bailiffs of Bristol 1315, 
and sat for the city 1313 and 1320. 

1313. Sept. John Fraunceys. 
John Tropyn. 

Probably of kin to Walter Trapin who was Seneschal 1310. 

1 3 15. Robert Wyldemersh. 
Thomas le Especer. 

Thomas le Spicer was one of the two Seneschals or Stewards of 
Bristol 1312, M.P. 1315, and Bailiff 1322. He was probably of kin to 

90 Members for Bristol. 

the Members for Gloucester 1302 and 131 1. On 17 Jan. 1313 
Protection during the King's pleasure was granted to Robert de Otery, 
Thomas le Spicer, Wm. de Kerdif, and Adam Welishoten, all burgesses 
of Bristol. They were adherents of Bartholomew de Badelesmere, and 
the Mayor and others had charged them with, that they and Bartholomew 
had imprisoned John Hasard (see 1305), John le Fraunceys the younger 
(see 1322), and others in the Castle. (Patent Rolls). 

1 3 16. January 16. Nicholas de Roubergwe. 
John Veys. 

13 1 8. Gilbert Pokerel. 
Richard de Wodhull. 

The former was Seneschal of Bristol (as Pickering) 1308, M.P. 
1318, and Bailiif (as Pickeril) 1321, 1324. Richard son of Roger de 
la Wodehalle and Thomas de Cresacre acknowledge that they owe John 
de Britannia, Earl of Richmond, 20 marks ; to be levied, in default of 
payment, of their lands and chattels in co. York. (Close Rolls). 

1319. Thomas de Salop. 
Robert de Lyncoln. 

On II May 1319 Thomas de Salop, burgess of Bristol, acknow- 
ledges that he owes Alan de Cherleton, ^'20 ; to be levied, &c., of his 
lands in co. Glouc. (Close Rolls.) 

1320. John le Hunte. 
John Welishote. 

John le Hunte was Bailiff of Bristol 1314, and M.P. 1320. 

1321. John de Romeneye 
William de Hanyngfeld. 

John de Romney was MP. for Bristol 1321, 1327, and (as 
Romeseye) 1332, Mayor of the City 1324, 1325, and Bailiff 1327. 

1322. May. William de Clyf.' 

John Fraunceys junr. 

Whether the former should be written William de Clifton is 
uncertain, and it is difficult to say whether the following paragraphs from 
the Close Rolls relate to the Bristol Member or not. 24 Jan. 1309, 
Order to Walter de Gloucester, escheator this side Trent, to deliver to 
Wm. de Clyff the custody of the lands that Robert de Heselarton held 
by knight service of the heirs of Robert de Tateshale, to have until 
Robert's heir comes of age. 26 May 1312, Robert de Babethorp 
acknowledges that he owes Wm. de Clif, clerk, 60 shillings ; to be levied, 
&c., in CO. York. 

Members for Bristol. 91 

John Fraunceys the younger, was evidently son of the M.P. 
1311, and sat for Bristol 1322, 1324, 1325, 1336. On 21 July 1312 
Protection for one year was granted to John le Fraunceys the younger, a 
burgess of the King's town of Bristole, as also for John Hasard (see 
1305,) Rd. WodehuUe (see 1318,) Philip le Spicer, John de Keydyf, 
Thomas de Salop, (see 1319,) Wm. de Clyf, (see 1322,) John le 
Taverner (see 1295,) Wm. de Axe, and Rd. Colpek (see 131 1). 
{Patent Rolls.) 

1322. Nov. John le Taverner. 

John Fraunceys junr. 

1324. Jan. John de Axebrugg. 

John Fraunceys junr. 

John de Axbridge was Mayor of Bristol 1329, and M.P. 1324, 
1325. 1327, 1332. 

1325, The same. 

1327. John de Axebrugg. 
John de Romeneye. 

1328. Feb. Richard de Panes. 

Hugh le Hunte. 

Rd. de Panes was perhaps son or brother of Raynald de Paines 
who was Mayor of Bristol 1314. He was Bailiff of the city 1318, and 
M.P. 1328, 1330, Hugh le Hunte was again M.P. 1330, and was 
probably son or brother to the M.P. 1320. 

1328. April. WiUiam de Troubrugg. 
Hugh de Langebrugg. 

Hugh de Langbridge was Seneschal of Bristol 1299, (unless that 
official was his father,) and was Bailiff of the city 1317, Mayor 1327, 
1334, and M.P. 1328, 1332, 1335, 1336. His colleague was seemingly 
a remote ancester of the gallant Admiral Sir Thomas Troubridge. 

1330. March. John Fraunceys. 
Hugh le Hunte. 

1330. Nov. Hugh le Hunte. 

Richard de Panes. 

1332. March. John de Romeseye. 
John de Axebrugg. 

1332. Sept. Hugh de Langebrugge. 
John de Axebrugg. 

92 Members for Bristol. 

1332. Dec. Richard de Chelreye. 
John Fraunceys senior. 

1334. Feb. John Otery. 

John de Strete. 

John Otery was probably son of Robert de Ottery who was 
Seneschal of Bristol 1294, 1296, 1302, 1305, 1309. 

John de Strete sat for Bristol 1334, 1335, 1337, i339. i348. 

1334. Sept. (One Member.) Robert Gyene. 

He sat for Bristol 1334, 1336, i337. i34i. was Bailiff of the 
city (as Guyen) 1326, and Mayor (as Gwyen) 1345, 1346, 1349. 

1335. Hugh de Langebrigge. 
John de Strete. 

1336. March. Robert de Gyn, or de Gyeyn. 

John Franceys. 

1336. Sept. John Fraunceys junior. 
Thomas Tropin. 

The latter was again Member 1340, and was kinsman to the 
M.R 1313. Probably the same person as Thomas Terpm who was 
Bailiff of Bristol 1331, 1334, and (as Turpine) 1339, 1341. 

1336. Dec. Hugh de Langebrugg. 

John le Spycer. 
William le Haukare. 

The Mayors and Bailiffs of certain towns were directed to send 
three or four men to this Parliament, which was summoned to meet at 
London 3 Jan. 1337, by the Archbishop of Canterbury and four other 
Commissioners in the absence of the King. It evidently only lasted a 
few days, as the next Parliament was summoned to meet 13 Jan. 1337. 
John le Spicer was probably son of the M.P. 1315. He sat for Bristol 
1336, 1340, was Bailiff 1337, and Mayor thereof 1348, 1351. 

1337. Jan. Robert de Gyene. 

John de Strete. 

1338. Jan. Everard le Fraunceys. 

Philip de Torynton. 

Both these Members were merchants of Bristol. Everard le 
Fraunceys was of the same family as the M.Ps. 1311 and 1322, 
probably a brother of the latter. He sat for Bristol 1338, 1339, 1348, 

Members for Bristol. 93 

and was Bailiff 1323, and Mayor 1331, 1336, 1339. He founded 4 
Chantries in St. Nicholas' Church. Philip de Taynton was again 
Member 1341. 

1338- July. The same. 

1339' Jan. Everard le Fraunceys. 
John de Strete. 

1339- Oct. The same. 

1340. Jan. Thomas Tropyn. 
John le Spicer. 

1340. March. James Tilly. 

Thomas Tropyn. 

Richard de Tilly was Mayor of Bristol 1317, 1320, 1321, and 
was probably father of Thomas Tilly who was Bailiff 1336, and of 
James Tilly who was M.P. 1340, and Bailiff of the city 1340, 1345. 

1341. Robert Guyene. 
Philip de Toryton. 

1344. Roger Turtle. 

John de Horncastle. 

It is presumed the latter was a Lincolnshire man. Roger Turtle 
was probably son of Clement Turtle who was Bailiff of Bristol 1321, 
and was himself Mayor 1326, 1330, 1332, 1333, 1335, 1340, 1341. 

1346. Sept. 4. John de Wycoumbe. 
John Neel. 

1348. Jan. Everard Fraunceys, or le Freynshe. 

John de Strete. 

1348. March. Everard le Fraunceys. 
Thomas de Lodelawe. 

1351. John de Colyngton. 

John Seymor. 

The former was undoubtedly the same person as John 
Cobbington who was Bailiff of Bristol 1339, 1348, 1355, and 
Mayor 1352- 

John Seymour may have been the son of Thomas de Seymor 
M.P. for the County 1337. 

94 Members for Bristol. 

1353. Thomas Babbecary. 
William Coumbe. 

Thomas Babbecary was Mayor of Bristol 1355, 1359, and 
Member 1353, 1360. He was probably son of Henry Babcari who 
was Bailiff of the city 1329, 1330, 1332. 

Wm. Coumbe was perhaps son of Walter de Coumb M.P. for 
the County 1336. 

1354. Richard le Spicer. 
Reginald le Frenssh. 

The former was probably son or brother of the M.P. 1336. He 
was Mayor of Bristol 1353, 1354, 1571. By will dated 1377 Richard 
Spicer gave 17 tenements for the use of the city, and so gave the name 
to Spicer's Hall. 

Reginald le Frenssh, perhaps son of the M.P. 1338, but 
undoubtedly of the same family, sat for Bristol 1354, 1358, 1361, and 
(as Reynald le French) was its Bailiff 1349, and Mayor 1356, 1358. 

1358. Reginald Frenssh. 
Richard Brompton. 

The latter was Bailiff (as Bromdon) 1357, M.P. 1358, and 
Mayor (as Brandon) 1361. 

1360. Thomas Babbecari. 
Galfridus Beauflour. 

John Beauflower who was BailifT 131 2, was probably father of 
this Jeffrey B. who was Bailiff 1357. 

1 36 1. Reginald le Frenssh. 
William Yonge. 

Wm. Yonge was the first of three generations of his family to 
represent Bristol. 

1362. Walter Frompton. 
Edmund Blanket. 

It is impossible to say whether Walter Frompton was in any way 
related to Rd. Brompton M.P. 1358. Walter Frampton was a rich 
Bristol merchant, who was Mayor 1357, 1365, 1374, and Member 1362, 
1378. He founded a Chantry in St. John the Baptist's Church, Bristol, 
1389, and left charities to the poor of the city. On 12 Feb. 1379, 
Pardon of outlawry to Wm. Taillour of Frome for not appearing before 
the Justices of the Bench to answer Walter Frampton of Bristol, 
touching a debt of 50s.; he having now surrendered to Flete prison. 
On 13 May a similar pardon to Walter Walters who owed 11 marks to 

Members for Bristol. 95 

W. F. ; and on 12 Oct. 1379 another pardon to Edward Smoger of 
Welles for _£i^ 6s. 8d.— owing to W. F. His wife was named Isabel 
or Joan. He made his Will 3 Dec. 1388, wherein he left certain 
tenements towards marrying poor maidens, and other good uses. On 
4 March 1379 Walter Fronipton of Bristol staying in England has 
letters patent nominating Wm. Benet of Bristol, and Rd. Lewelyn his 
attorneys in Ireland for one year. (Patent Rolls.) 

Edmund Blanket was Bailiff 1349, and M.P. 1362, 1369. 
Edward, Edmund, and Thomas Blanket, were enterprising Bristol 
manufacturers, who are said to have been the first to manufacture 
*/««Ae^j, hence named after them. Thomas Blanket was Bailiff 1340, 

1363. John Serjaunt. 
John Stoke. 

As to Serjaunt see the County 135 r. John Stoke or Stokes was 
Bailiff of Bristol 1353, i3S4, i3S9. Mayor 1363, 1379, and Member 
1363, 1372, 1381. He made his will 5 Oct. 1381. On 15 March 1383 
he founded and endowed a Chauntry in St. Thomas' Church, where he 
was afterwards buried. His wife's name was Joan. 

1365. William Haye. 
William Cannings. 

William Canynges was a merchant of great fortune, weight, and 
respect, at Bristol, of which city he was Bailiff 1361, 1369, Mayor 1372, 
•373. 1375. 1381, 1385. 1389. and Member 1365, 1383, 1384, 1386. 
In 1376 he built the body of Redcliff Church, from the cross aisle 
downwards. He was the son of Robert Canynges, and m. Agnes Stoke, 
probably the daughter or sister of the M.P. 1363. He died in 1386. 

1366. William Somerwell. 
Thomas Denbaud. 

W. Somerwell was Bailiff of Bristol 1366, sole Sheriff 1376, 
1380, Mayor 1387, and Member 1366, 1384. His wife was named 
Cassandra. His will was made 6 Dec. r392, and proved 16 March 
1393. His kinsman Henry Somerwell was Bailiff 1360. 

In 1378 Thomas Denebaud, clerk, and Walter Derby, Mayor of 
Bristol, (see 1372,) were deputed to receive recognisances of debts at 
Bristol. (Patent Rolls). 

1 368. Richard Chaimburleyn. 
Richard Sydenham. 

Rd. de Sydenham was made a Commissioner of the Peace for 
Somerset 2 July 1377, 22 March 1378, and 26 May 1380, and was also 
placed in several other commissions at this period. 

g6 Members for Bristol. 

1369. Robert Cheddre. 

Edmund Blanket. 

Cheddre was BailiflF of Bristol 1351, Mayor 1360, 1362, and 
Member 1369. On 12 July 1377 Commission de walliis, fossatis, etc. 
issued to John de la Mare Knt., Richard Sydenham (see 1368,) Robert 
Cheddre, and John Panes of Purrygge, along the sea-coast and else- 
where at Bristol, &c. (Patent Rolls). A similar commission issued 23 
May 1378 to Sydenham and Cheddre, on the coasts of the sea and the 
Severn between Bristol and Dunster. 

T371. June. (One Member.) John Bathe. 

John Bathe was Mayor of Bristol 1368, 1370, and Member 1371, 
and on 18 Dec, 1379 received the King's pardon for the death of John 

1372. Walter Derby. 
John Stoke. 

Walter Derby was Bailiff of Bristol 1350, 1351, 1356, 1359, 
1361, Mayor 1363, 1367, 1376, 1380, 1384, and M.P. 1372, 1373, 1382. 
In 137 1 the King demised the Town of Bristol to Walter de Derby and 
Henry Derneford for one year, they rendering and paying the sums of 
money reserved in the demise. On S Nov. 1377 a writ de intendendo 
issued for Walter Derby, deputy in Bristol of Thomas Tyle, King's 
sergeant, the chief butler. His wife was named Joan. By his will 
dated 1385 Walter Derby gave ^£'40 towards building the Tower of St. 
Werburga's Church, Bristol, and left 1 7 tenements to be sold for the 
benefit ot the poor, and ^205 to religious house!). 

Derby and Stoke were the last Members for Bristol directly 
returned by the Sheriff of Gloucestershire. 

1373. Walter Derby. 
Thomas Beaupyne. 

The latter was Bailiff of the city (as Beaupenny) 1370, Mayor 

1377, 1383, and M.P. 1373, 1377, 1378, 1382, 1388, 1393. On 30 
Oct. 1377 Thomas Beaupyne was app, collector in counties Bristol, 
Gloucester, Somerset, Dorset, Devon, and Cornwall, of the subsidy on 
cloth, with power to retain a third part of all forfeited cloth ; and he 
was re-app. such 6 May 1379. On 15 Nov. 1380, for ;^io paid to the 
King by T. Beaupyne, license was given to Cicely Turbevill to grant 
to him the said T. B. and Margaret his wife and his heirs, her manor of 
Hacche Beauchamp, co. Somerset, held in chief (Patent Rolls.) 

1377- Jan. Ehas Spelly. 

Thomas Beaupyne. 

Elias Spelly was Bailiff of Bristol 1360, 1362, Mayor 1369, 

1378, 1382, 1390, and represented the city 1377, 1381, 1384, 1385, 

Members for Brisiol, 97 

1386. On 8 Feb. 1380 he was granted Exemption for life from being 
put on assizes &c., or being made Mayor, &c., Justice of the Peace, or 
of labourers, arrayer, leader of men, or hobelers, or other officer or 
minister of the King, against his will. On 14 Nov. 1384 Elias Spelly, 
merchant of Bristol, staying in England, had letters nominating John 
Skyddy and John Knap of Corkehis attorneys in Ireland for three years. 
His Will was made 13 Jan. and proved 2 Feb. 1390. 


Thomas Beaupyne. 

Walter de Frompton (see 1362), 


EHas Spelly. 

John Stokys (see 1363). 


May. Thomas Beaupyne. 
John Viell. 

The latter was Bailiff 1358, 1368, 1369, sole Sheriff of Bristol 
1372, 1373 (as Vyell,) Mayor 1388, and M.P. 1382, 1390. On 17 
Nov. 1379, Pardon of outlawry was granted to John Stowe for not 
appearing to answer John Vyel of Bristol, touching a debt of £6. 
(^Patent Rolls.) By Will dated 25 May 1398 and proved 14 kal. May 
1399, John Viel gave 40s. to the " Fraternity of Canynges." The name 
of his wife was Ehzabeth. 

1382. Oct. Walter Derby. 

John Fullbroke. 

The latter was again Member 1388. 

1383. Feb. William Canynges. 

John Candavere. 

John Candaver was sole Sheriff of Bristtol 1381, 1383. 

1383. Oct. John Canynges. 

William Frome. 

John Canynges was the son of the M.P. 1365, and m. Joan or 
Joanna dau. of John Wotton. He was Bailiff of Bristol 1380, Sheriff 

1382, M.P. 1383, and Mayor 1392, 1398. He died in 1405, possessed 
of very large estates in Bristol, and left two sons, Thomas who was 
Lord Mayor of London 1456, and William, (see 1450). 

W. Froome was Bailiff of the city 1386, Sheriff 1387, M.P. 

1383. 1390. 1391. 1397, and Mayor 1394, 1400. 

1384. April. William Canynges. 

William Somerwelle. 

98 Members for Bristol. 

1384. Nov. Elias Spelly. 

Walter Tedistill. 

Whether the latter was the same as Walter Tyddeley who was 
Bailiff 1377, is impossible to say for certain, but as the names of 
persons were in those days spelt in so many different ways, it appears 
probable that the same person is meant. 

1385. Elias Spelly. 
Thomas Knap. 

Thomas Knap was Bailiff 1376, Sheriff 1379, Mayor 1386, 1391 
(as Knappe,) 1396, 1399, 1403, and M.P. 1385, 1388. He was an 
eminent Bristol merchant. He founded two Chantries in St. Nicholas, 
Bristol, and by his will dated 1403 left ;£^2o towards re-building the 
church of St. Nicholas, and gave ;^'i33 6s. 8d. to the common profit of 
the city. He was kinsman (probably brother) to Wm. Knap, merchant 
of Bristol and Wells, who was granted Protection and a safe conduct 
for one year, 14 Dec. 1377. 

1386. Elias Spelly. 
William Canynges. 

1388. Feb. Thomas Beaupyne. 
Thomas Knapp. 

1388. Sept. Robert Gardyner. 
John Fulbrok. 

1390. Jan. John Viell. 

William Frome. 

1 39 1. William Frome. 
John Stephenys. 

John Stephens was Bailiff 1388, M.P. 1391, 1393, Sheriff 1394, 
and Mayor 1402. 

J 393- Thomas Beaupyne. 

John Stephenys. 

1 39 7- J^"- William Frome. 
John Bannebury. 

The latter was Bailiff of Bristol (as J. de Banbury) 1389, Sheriff 
1391, M.P. and Mayor 1397. He was also M.P. for Gloucester 1390, 
and Bailiff of that city 1391. 

1399. Thomas Norton. 

Richard Pavys or Pannys. 

Norton was Bailiff 1392, Sheriff 1401, Mayor 1413, and M.P. 
for Bristol 1399, 1402, 1411, 1413, 1417, 1420, 1421, 1436. St. Peter's 

Members for Bristol. 99 

Hospital was erected at the great house in St. Peter's Churchyard 
formerly inhabited by this Thomas Norton. Perhaps father of Thomas 
Norton the alchemist who died 1477. Richard Pannys may have been 
a descendant of the M.P. 1328. 

1402. Thomas Norton. 

John Droys. 

John Droyse was Bailiff 1403, Sheriff 1404, Mayor 1406, 1409, 
1414, and M.P. 1402, 1407. 

1406. Henry Bokerell. 
Gilbert Joce. 

Gilbert Joyce was Bailiff of Bristol 1404, and M.P. 1406, and 
was evidently of the same family as Sir Philip Joce, (see County 1340.) 

1407. Oct. 3. John Droys, merchant. 

John Newton, merchant. 

Newton was Bailiff 1405, M.P. 1407, Sheriff 1413, and Mayor 
1418, 1427. 

141 1. Oct. 26. Thomas Norton, merchant. 
David Dudbroke, merchant. 

The latter was Bailiff 1406, M.P. 1411, and Sheriff of Bristol 
1 416, and was probably son of Robert Dudbrook who was Bailiff 1390, 
Sheriff 1400, and Mayor 1404. 

141 3. April 10. Thomas Norton. 

John Leycestre. 

The latter was, like most of the Bristol Members of the period, 
a merchant of the city, of which he served as Bailiff 1408, M.P. 1413, 
Sheriff 1417, and Mayor 1424, 1430. 

1414. Jan. Thomas Yong. 

John Spyne. 

Thomas Young or Yonge was Bailiff 1402, Sheriff 1407, Mayor 
1411, 1420, and M.P. for Bristol 1414. He was son of the M.P, 1361, 
a merchant, and was a great Bristol merchant. In 1408 he married 
Joan dau. of John Wotton, and widow of John Canynges, (see 1383.) 
In his will dated 14 March 1426 he styled himself Burgess of Bristol. 
He died in 1426, having had two sons, Thomas (see 1435,) and John. 

John Spyne was Bailiff 1407, Sheriff 1411, Mayor i42r, and 
M.P. 14 1 4, 1420. Probably father of John Spine D.D. a Carmelite, 
and author, who was born at Bristol, and buried at Oxford 1484. 

loo Members for Bristol. 

1414. Oct. 22. Thomas Blount, merchant. 
John Clyve, merchant. 

All the succeeding Members for Bristol down till 1453, were 
described as merchants. Blount was Bailiff 1393, Sheriff 1399, and 
Mayor 1416 ; while Clyve or Cleve was Bailiff 1405, Mayor 141 2, 1425. 

1416. Feb. 10. Robert Russell. 

Robert Colville. 

Russell sat for Bristol 1416, 1419, 1433, and served as Bailiff 
1404, Sheriff 1414, and Mayor 1417, 1426. He may have been of kin 
to Sir Maurice Russell, (see County 1402,) and son of John Russell 
of Bristol, whose will vvas made 29 Oct. and proved 2 Dec. 1396, by 
Agnes his wife. 

Robert Clovelde who was Bailiff 1410, and Sheriff of Bristol 

1425, was probably the same person as Robert Colville the Member. 

1417. Oct. 18. Thomas Norton. 

John Bourton. 

John Burton was a merchant of Bristol, Bailiff (as Burtone) 141 6, 
Sheriff 1418, Mayor 1423, 1429, 1448, 1450, and M.P. 1417, 1422, 
1423, 1427, 1432. His wife was named Isabel. By his will dated 
I March 1455 he founded a Chauntry in St. Thomas' Church, where he 
was buried. 

1419. Sept. 18. Robert Russell. 

Marcus William. 

Mark Williams was Bailiff 1400, Sheriff 1405, Mayor 1422, and 
M.P. 1419, 1421. By will dated 1434 he gave ;^66 13s. 4d. to buy 
corn to serve the poor of Bristol at an easy rate. 

1420. Nov. II. Thomas Norton. 

John Spyne. 

1 42 1. March 31. Thomas Norton senior. 

Henry Gildeney. 

The latter was Bailiff 1419, Sheriff 1428, and M.P. 1421, 

1426, 1427. 

1421. Nov. 10. Marcus William. 
Richard Trenode. 

Rd. Trenolde's name appears as BaiHff of the city 1420, Sheriff 
1422, and Mayor (as Tranode) 1431. He- sat for Bristol 1421, 
1425, 1429. 

Members for Bristol. ioi 

1422. Oct, 12, John Bourton. 

Roger Lyveden. 

The latter was again M.P. 1423, and his name appears as Sheriff 
of Bristol (as Lavindon) 1420, and as Bailiff (as Leveden) 1417, and 
Mayor 1428. 

1423. Oct. II. John Burton. 

Roger Leveden. 

1425. March 26. Richard Trenode. 

Walter Power. 

The latter was again M.P. 1430, 1433, and was evidently the 
same person as Walter Powell whose name is found as Bailiff 1424, 
1425, and Sheriff 1436. 

1426. Feb. 4. Henry Gildeney. 

John Langley. 

As to Langley, see the County 1432. 

1427. Sept. 8. John Burton. 

Henry Gildeney. 

1429. Sept. 5. Richard Trenode. 

John Sherp. 

John Sharpe sat for Bristol 1429, 1432, 1442, and was Sheriff 
1412, 1427, and Mayor 1415, 1432, 1439. 

1430. Dec. 25. Thomas Fysshe. 

Walter Power. 


Fish was BaiHff 1419, Sheriff (as Fisher) 1434, and M.P. 1430, 

1432. April 14. John Burton. 

John Sherp. 

1433. June 8. Robert Russell. 

Walter Power. 

1435, Sept. 26. Thomas Fisshe. 

Thomas Yonge. 

As to this Thomas Yonge who was son of the M P. 1414, see 
the County 1460. 

1436. Dec. 17. Thomas Yong. 

Thomas Norton. 

1442. Jan. 8. Thomas Yong. 

John Sherp. 

I02 Members for Bristol. 

1447. Jan. 31. Thomas Yonge. 

John Sharpe, junior. 

Both styled merchants of Bristol. Sharpe was the son of the 
M.P. 1429, and was Baihff of the city 1450. 

1449. Jan. 27. Thomas Yonge. 

John Sherp, junior. 

1449. Nov. 3. Thomas Vonge. 

John Sherp, junior. 

Both described as of Bristol, gentltman. 

1450. Oct. 5. Thomas Yong, merchant. 

William Cannynges, merchant. 

Half brothers. William Canynges was the second son of the 
M.P. 1383, and was five years old at his father's death in 1405. Three 
years later his mother re-married to Thomas Yonge (see 1414),) who 
made an excellent step-father to the two boys Thomas and William. 
Thomas the elder son became a merchant in a large way of business in 
London, of vchich city he was Lord Mayor in 1456. William Canynges 
lived at Bristol all his life and was brought up in business there by his 
step-father, after whose death he amassed a large fortune, and took a 
prominent part in the affairs of the city. He served as Bailiff 1432. 
Sheriff 1438, M.P. 1450, 1455, and was five times Mayor, 1441, 1449, 

1456, 1460, 1466. He m. Joanna , and was a pious and charitable 

man, and about 1445 greatly restored Redcllff Church, on which he 
expended large sums. In 1466 he gave by deed ^340 for divine 
offices, and ;^i6o in plate, for the same Church; and in 1474 he 
erected Almshouses in the city. He was a great supporter of the 
Lancastrian dynasty, but wisely bought his peace with Edward 4, for 
3000 marks. He took acolyte's orders 19 Sept. 1467, and became a 
subdeacon 12 March 1468, Deacon 2 April 1468 and Priest 16 April 
1468, being collated to a Canonry in the College of Westbury, and was 
made Dean of that College 3 June 1469. " Master William Canynges, 
the richest merchant of Bristol, chosen five times Mayor, was in Orders 
of Priesthood 7 years, and afterwards Dean of Westbury, and dyed the 
7 Nov. 1474. The said William built a College within the said Town 
of Westbury, (with his Canons,) and did maintain by the space of 8 
years 800 handycraft men besides carpenters and masons, ev'ry day 100 
men. Besides, the said William gave King Edward the 4th, 3000 
marks for his peace to be had in 2470 tons of shipping." His will was 
dated 12 Nov. and he died 17 Nov. 1474. (M.I. RedclifF Church). 

1453. Feb. 13. John Shipwarde, merchant. 
William Pa ... . 

The Return is torn, but the second Member was probably 
William Pavy who was Bailiff of Bristol 1439, and Sheriff 1448. 

Members for Bristol. 103 

John Shipward was the wealthy merchant who about 1470 
erected the Tower to St. Stephen's Church, "with great charge and 
most curious worlcmanship." His wife was named Catherine. John 
Shipward senior was buried at St. Stephen's 14 Dec. 1573. He left 
large estates to the poor. He sat for Bristol 1453, 1459, 1460, and was 
Bailiff 1439, Sheriff 1441, Mayor 1463, 1469. He was seemingly son 
of John Shipward who was Bailiff of the City 1408, 1415, and Sheriff 
1429, but it is uncertain which of them was IVTayor 1444 and 1455. 
The Member's son John was Mayor 1477. On 8 Feb. 1463 Commission 
of oyer and terminer issued to John Shipward, (Mayor of Bristol,) 
Thomas Yong, Wm. Canyngez, Philip Mede, John Bagot, Wm. Spencer, 
and others, within the town and liberty of Bristol. 

1455- July 7- Thomas Yonge. 

WiUiam Canynges. 

1459. Nov. 14. John Shippward. 

Phihp Meede. 

Both described as homo generosus de nativitate. Aid. Philip 
Meade, whose wife was named Isabel, was "a man of honourable family and 
great spirit, possessing an estate at Fayland, and living probably in Redcliif 
parish." During his mayorality which began Sept. 1458, "having 
apprehended one Thomas Talbot esquire, he would have imprisoned 
him for beating John Witch, [alias Welch or Wiche, the searcher of 
Bristow, alias the King's searcher,) but he stoutly fought and resisted 
the Maior and escaped out at Temple gate." Meade was Bailiff of the 
city 1444, Sheriff 1454, Mayor 1458, 1461, 1468, and M.P. 1459, 
1460. He was buried in Redcliff Church, (to which he was a 
benefactor,) his will being dated 11 Jan. 1472. His daughter Isabel 
married Hon. Maurice Berkeley, (by right 8th Baron Berkeley 14 Feb. 
1492, who d. 1506,) whose brother William Marquis of Berkeley was 
so angered by this marriage with the daughter of a Bristol Alderman, 
" a person of mean blood," that he disinherited him. His brother 
Thomas Mede was Sheriff of Bristol 1452. 

1460. Sept. 22. John Shipward. 

Philip Meede. 

1461. June. Return lost. 

Quaere if the Members were John Russell and John Sharp, 
junior, (see 1447). 

1463. Jan. Return lost. 

1467. April 27. William Spencer. 
John Bagod. 

Spencer was Bailiff 1449, Sheriff 146 1, M.P. 1467, and Mayor 
1465, 1473, 1478. He was executor to Wm. Canynges (see 1450,) and 

I04 Members for Bristol. 

founded about 1493 an Almshouse in Lewin's mead for 13 persons, in 
accordance with the will of Canynges. In 1493 he gave £^20 to be lent 
to the Mayor of Bristol during his year of office, and the next year, by 
his will, he gave ;£\ a year for sermons to be preached in Redcliff 
Church. He founded a Chantry in St, Nicholas' Church. 

John Bagot was M.P. 1467, 1474, Bailiff 1455, Sheriff 1458, 
and Mayor 1476. "The King appointed John Baggod to be Sheriff 
of Bristol for one year," in 1458. John Bagod gave certain tenements 
(? in 1494) for the use of the City, the Corporation to pay 3s. 4d. yearly 
to the prisoners in Newgate. His father Clement Baggod was Baihff 
1426, Sheriff 1431, and Mayor of Bristol 1437. 

1472. Aug. 31. John Twynho. 
John Bagot. 

John Twynhoe was Recorder of Bristol 1483-1500, and Member 
1472, 1484. 

1478. Jan. 12. John Hawkes. 

Edmund Westcote. 

Hawkes was Bailiff 1458, Sheriff (as Hawkins) 1463, Mayor 1471, 
and M.P. 1478. Westcott was Bailiff 1465, Sheriff 1473, M.P. 1478, 
1483, and Mayor of Bristol 1479, 1485- 

1483. Jan. Edmund Westcot. 

William Wykam. 

The Official Returns are unfortunately lost from 1483 to 1523, 
but a list of the Parliament of 1491 has been discovered through the 
careful and laborious research of Mr. W. Duncombe Pink. The other 
missing names are supplied from the list in Barrett's History of Bristol, 
which is based upon original documents in the city archives. 

WiUiam Wickham was Baihff of Bristol 1467, Sheriff 1476, 
Mayor 1484, i486. Son of John Wickham who was Mayor 1462. 

1484. Jan. John Twynhoe. 

Robert Strange. 

Robert Strange was Bailiff 1461, Sheriff 1468, Mayor 1474, 1482, 
1489, and M.P. 1484, 1485. "In 1459 Robert Strange a great merchant 
of Bristol, had a goodly ship, (with a cargo of spices, worth 9,000 marks,) 
spoiled by the Genoese in Mediterranean." In 1489 he gave by deed 
lands to found St. John's almshouse. Robert Strange of Bristol was 
3rd son of — S. " maior of Cirencester," and m. Eliz. dau. of Thomas 
Norton of Bristol, (see 1399.) His son Walter S. was of Monescourte, 
and had a son Robert S. of Syston who m. Jane dau. of Gyles Bassett of 

Members for Bristol. 105 

1485. Oct. John Esterfield. 
Robert Strange. 

John Easterfield's name appears as BaiHff 147 1, Sheriff 1482, 
Mayor 1487, 1494, and M.P. 1485, 1487. In 1504 he gave to the 
master and brethren of St. Mark's, Bristol, the right to nominate 8 poor 
men and 5 poor women to the almshouse on St. Michael's-hill-steps, and 
to appoint a priest to sing and pray there. He was the same person as 
John Eldersfield, who was three times married, (the names of his wives 
being Alice, Scholastica, and Maud,) and who in 1504 gave funds for a 
yearly obiit to be solemnized in St. Peter's Church for ever on the 18 
February. On 10 Dec. 1485 he and John Stephenys witnessed the will 
of Ahce widow of Harry Chester. He d. 18 Feb. 1508, and was 
buried at St. Peter's, (with his three wives). 

1487. Oct. John Esterfield. 
Henry Vaughan. 

Vaughan was Bailiff 1469, Sheriff 1477, Mayor 1483, 1493, and 
M.P. 1487, 1496. He was one of the many Welshmen settled at Bristol. 

1490. Jan. WiUiam Toker. 

John Foster. 

This Parliament is not even mentioned in the Official Returns, 
but Barrett states that it was summoned to meet at Westminster on 
13 Jan. 1490. Toker was Mayor of Bristol 1491, and may have been 
the same as Wm. Rokye who was Bailiff 1464, Wm. Dokett the BaiUff 
1470, and Wm. Duket who was Sheriff 1480. 

Foster was Bailiff 1462, Sheriff. 1474, Mayor 1481, and M.P. 
1490. His wife's name was Elizabeth. It is gratifying to find that so 
many of the Members for Bristol left charities to the poor, for in 1503 
this John Foster gave by his will certain lands for building and endowing 
an almshouse on the top of Queen Street for 8 poor men and 5 poor 
women, and after his death, his executor John Eldersfield (see 1485,) 
augmented this charity. 

1491. Oct. John Syram™ or Seymour. 

John Pynke. 

This Parliament was dissolved 5 March 1492. Mr. Buncombe 
Pink, who discovered the names, states that the writing in the MS. is 
hard to decipher, and that the first name may read Seymour. Perhaps 
a descendant of the M.P. 1351. John Pynke was Sheriff of Bristol 
1481, Mayor 1488, and M.P. 1491. It is perhaps too far-fetched to 
connect him with John Powke who was Bailiff 1469, 147 1. The Pincks 
were a Hampshire family. 

io6 Members for Bristol. 

1495. Oct, Henry Vaughan. 
Philip Kingston. 

Kingston was Mayor of Bristol 1506, and was undoubtedly the 
same as Philip Kingston whose name appears as Bailiff 1485, and 
Sheriff 1493. 

1497. Jan. Keturn lost. 

1505. Henry Dale. 

Thomas Snygg. 

This Parhament summoned 2 1 Hen. VII. according to Barrett, 
is not mentioned in the Official Returns, which are manifestly 

Thomas Snigg was one of the two Sheriffs of Bristol under the 
new Charter 1501. Perhaps son of John Snigg the Sheriff i486. 
Several of the family held municipal office. 

Henry Dale was Bailiff 1482, Sheriff 1491, Mayor 1497, 1503, 
M.P. 1505, 1510. He was app. Chamberlain of the City 1469, at eight 
marks wages. 

1 5 10. Jan. Richard Vaughan. 
Henry Dale. 

This Parliament was summoned to meet 21 Jan. 1510, but was 
dissolved 23 Feb. following. Kichard Vaughan, who was presumably 
the son of the M.P. 1487, was Bailiff 1490, Sheriff 1497, and 
Mayor 1500. 

15 12. Jan. Thomas Smyth. 
Kichard Hob}'. 

The latter was Bailiff (as Hobby) 1499, Mayor 1508, 15 17, and 
M.P. 1512, 1523. Evidently of the same family as Sir Philip Hoby, 
Master of the Ordnance to Edw. 6, (see Williams' Pari. Hist, of Wales). 

1515. Jan. Keturn lost. 

1523. April, Kobert Thorn. 
Kichard Hoby. 

Kobert Thorn was Mayor of Bristol 1514, M.P. 1523, and 
Recorder of the city 1514-40. " He had all the rule of white soap" — 
that is had the monopoly. He was a great benefactor to Bristol, and in 
1523 gave a charity of ;^Soo to clothiers and others who set the poor 
at work, £^0 each for 10 years free of interest. In 1502 Kobert 
Thorn, merchant of Bristol, presented a memorial to the King for 
leave to find out the North West passage, and obtained his request, but 
the expedition which he fitted out made no important discovery. He 
was knighted in Seville, and was buried in the Temple Church, London. 

Members for Bristol. 107 

1529. Oct. Thomas Jubbes. 

Richard Abyngdon. 

Barrett says that Rd. Abingdon and John Shipman (who was 
one of the two Sheriffs 15 13, and Mayor 1521, 1529,) were chosen to a 
Parhament summoned 20 Hen. 8. It is however doubtful whether this 
statement is correct, unless these were the Members in 1539. 

Rd. Abingdon was Sheriff 1515, Mayor 1525, 1536, and M.P. 
for Bristol 1529 till the dissolution 4 April 1536. He died 17 July 

Thomas Jubbes M.P. 1529-36, was probably son of Matthew 
Jubbes who was Sheriff of Bristol 1494. 

1536. May. Nicholas Thorn. 
Roger Coke. 

These names are supplied by Barrett. Nicholas Thorn was the 
son of the VI. P. 1523, and was one of the two city Sheriffs 1528, M.P. 
May to 18 July 1S36, when Parliament was dissolved, and Mayor 1544. 
He d. 19 Aug. 1546, aged 50. (M.I. St. Ewen's Church). By his 
will dated 1546 he gave to the Corporation ^100 for repairing bridges, 
;^25 to repair the banks, and for a granary, jQii^i ^?fi- 4^- to maids on 
their marriage, ;!£^30o to the libiary at Bartholomew's, ;^36 13s. 4d. 
for repairing the schools, and ;£'4oo to lend to young clothiers ; and all 
his geographical and nautical instruments he left to the Grammar 
School of Bristol, founded by his father Robert, (see 1523). 


Roger Coke was Sheriff 1521, and Mayor (as Cook) 1534, 1539, 

1539. April. Return lost. 

Possibly Richard Abingdon and John Shipman may have been 
the Members at this date. 

1541. Dec. 10. David Broke. 
Robert Elyott. 

David Brooke was the son of John Brook, Serjeant-at-law, 
Judge of Assize in the Western parts, and Chief Steward or Principal 
Seneschal of Glastonbury Abbey, and perhaps brother to Thomas 
Broke who was Mayor of Bristol 1526. He was called to the bar at 
the Inner Temple, of which he served as Reader 1534, 154°, and 
Treasurer 1540, and m. (i) Hon. Catherine Brydges dau. of John Lord 
Chandos, (see County 1529), and (2) Margaret dau. of Richard Butler 
of London, and widow of Andrew Fraunces, and Aid. Robert Chartsey, 
He was Recorder of Bristol 1541-91 M.P. Dec. 1541-4, made 
a Serjeant-at-law 1547, and King's Serjeant 1551, Knighted 2 Oct. 

io8 Members for Bristol. 

1553, and was Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer Sept. 1553 to March 
1558. His "Reports of Cases in the King's Bench, 1515-58," are 

known as Brooke's New Cases. 

Robert Elliot was Sheriff of Bristol 152 1, Mayor 1541, and 
M.P. Dec. 1541-4. "The principal pilot of this nation, with Mr. 
Thome, he made in 1527 a voyage for discoveries, and first peopled 
Newfoundland, though he met not with public encouragement." 

1545. Jan. Return lost. 

1547. Oct. 24, Robert Kaleway. 
John Drewys. 

Robert Keilwey or Kelway was called to the bar at the Inner 
Temple, of which he was chosen a Bencher, (though the precise date 
is unknown,) and served as Autumn Reader 1547, and Treasurer 1557-8. 
He was Recorder of Bristol 1549-51, M.P. 1547-52, app. Serjeant-at- 
law 19 May 1552, and was for years Surveyor of the King's 
Wards and Liveries. (Perhaps son of Robert Keilwey, one of 
the earlier law reporters, whose "Reports of Cases in the King's 
Bench, 1496-1531," are still known as Keilwey's Reports.) Sergeant 
Keilwey, who was buried at Exton, Rutland, 21 Feb. 1580, 
aged 84, left a daughter Anne who married John ist Lord 
Harrington, of Exton. The following references to him occur in the 
Cal. State Papers : — 30 Sept. 1547, Commission to Robert Keyllewey 
and three others to examine and report upon the state of the Crown 
revenues. 13 Nov. 1552, the Earl of Pembroke writes from Wilton to 
Sir Wm. Cecill, and ' recommends the suit of Mr. Kayleway who desires 
to be released from the Commission of the Peace.' 26 Dec. 
1558, Rec. Kyngesmyll to Cecill, ' Solicits to be appointed an 
attorney or solicitor in the Court of Wards in the room of 
Mr. Bacon or Mr. Kalowaye.' 13 Sept. 1559, Mr. Kelleway and 
three others app. Commissioners to examine the certificates of the 
Bishop's lands. May 1563, Robert Kelway and others app. Commrs. 
for the sale of Crown lands, i Aug. 1564, the Council to Sir Henry 
Nevill and Robert Keyllwey, ' To exhort the clothiers of Reading and 
Newbury not to give over the exercise of their trade, and thereby 
throw many out of employment' On 10 Jan. 1567 Robert Keyllwey, 
Surveyor of the Court of Wards, wrote from the Temple, to Secretary 

John Drewes who was Sheriff of Bristol 1517, was perhaps the 
same as the M.P. 1547, and in that case probably the son of John 
Drewes who was Mayor 1496. 

1553. Feb. 13. John Walshe. 
David Harris. 

John Walsh or Welsh was the only son of John W. of 
Cathanger, Fivehead, Somerset, by Jane dau. of Sir Edward Broke. 

Members for Bristol. 109 

He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple, of which he served as 
Reader 1555, and was made a Serjeant at law 19 April 1559. He 
was Recorder of Bristol 1552-71, M.P. for that city Feb. to March 1553, 
Sept. to Dec. 1553, March to May 1554, (probably Oct. 1554 to Jan. 
iS5.=^i) Oct. to Dec. 1555, Jan. to May 1559, and Jan. to Feb. 1563, 
and for Somerset 1558. He was app. a Justice of the Common Pleas 
10 Feb. 1563, and presumably sat on the Bench until his death in 1572, 
(after February). He was buried at Fivehead. His only dau. m. 
Sir Edward Seymour, eldest son of the Duke of Somerset. 

David Harris was a grocer at Bristol, of which he served as 
Sheriff 1538, Mayor 1550, and Member 13 Feb. to 31 March 1553, 
Sept. to Dec. 1553, and (probably) Oct. 1554 to Jan. 1555. 

ISS3- Sept. II. John Walshe. 
Davyd Harris. 

1554. March John Welshe. 

Thomas Lanfeden. 

Browne Willis gives him as Lancedon, and as Thomas 
Landsdown occurs as Sheriff in 1543, there is no doubt that that was 
the Member's correct name. 

1554. Oct. John Walshe. 

David Harris. 

The Return is lost, but Browne Willis gives these as the 
Members, and he is probably correct. 

1555. Oct. John Welshe. 

William Chestar senior. 

The latter was son of John Chestre, merchant of Bristol, (Sheriff 
1487, who. d. 1489,) and grandson of Henry Chester, Sheriff of the 
city 1470, whose will was dated 22 Dec. 1488. This was a younger 
branch of the Chesters of Hunts. William Chester was some time 
Gentleman of the Horse to the Duke of Buckingham. He m. Jane 
dau. of John Wear, (or (i) Anne dau of Maurice Large of Waller's 
Court, or of John Ware, Mayor of Bristol 1523, and (2) Mawde widow 
of Wm. Pykes, Mayor 1548, who d. 1551,) and was a merchant and 
alderman of Bristol, Sheriff 1522, Mayor 1537, 1552, and Member Oct. 
to Dec. IS5S- He was granted the site ot the Black Friery 1539, 
purchased Rodford estate in Westerleigh, and during his lifetime 
founded an almshouse for 6 persons in St. James's Back. He made 
his will 2 Sept. 1558, and died 4 Sept. 1558. His son Thomas (see 
County 157 3i) is supposed to have purchased Amsbury, where he 
founded the Chesters of that place. Much interesting information 
concerning this family has been collected by Mr. R. E. Chester Waters 
in his Memoirs of the Families of Chester of Bristol. 

no Members for Bristol. 

1558. Jan. William Tyndall. 

Robert Butler. 

In the Crown Office List Tyndall's name is struck through, and 
the word moriuus written against it. Wm. Tyndale was the 2nd son of 
Sir Wm. Tyndale K.B. of Hockwold, Norfolk, and brother to Sir John 
Tyndale K.B. who was offered but declined the Crown of Bohemia. 
He was Sheriff of Bristol (as Tindall) 1547, and M.P. 1558, but died the 
same year, leaving a son and two daughters. 

William Butler who was Sheriff of Bristol 1556, was perhaps 
son or brother to the Member. 

1559. Jan. John Welshe. 

William Carre. 

William Carr was a merchant of Bristol, and served as Sheriff 
1545, Mayor 1560, and Member Jan. to May 1559, and 1563-7. He 
was the inventor of white soap. A monument to his memory was 
erected in St. Owen's Church. His son John Carr founded Queen 
Elizabeth's Hospital. 

1563. Jan. The same. 

1563. (About March). Thomas Chestre, (see County 1573,) 
vice Welsh made a Judge. The authority for stating that Chester 
succeeded Welsh is Barrett, who gives Wm. Carr and Thomas Chestre 
as the Members for Bristol 9 Eliz. 

157 1. April. John Popham. 
Philip Langley. 

John Popham was the younger son of Alexander P. of Huntworth, 
Somerset, where he was born about 1531- Having studied at Ball. Coll. 
Oxon., he was called to the bar at the Middle Temple 155 — , and was 
chosen Autumn Reader 1568, and Treasurer of that Society 25 Nov. 
1580. He was M.P. for Lyme Regis 1558, Bristol 1571, 1572-83, 
Recorder of Bristol 1571-85, when he resigned in favour of his son-in- 
law, (see 1584,) and was made a Privy Councillor 157 1, a Sergeant at 
law 28 Jan. 1579, Speaker of the House of Commons 1577-83, Solicitor 
General June 1579-81, Attorney General June 1581-92, Knighted in 
1592, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas June 1592-1603, and 
Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench April 1603 until his death 10 
June 1607. He was buried in Wellington Church, Somerset. In 1600 
he was sent with others to the Earl of Essex to inquire the cause of so 
many military men being in his house, but the soldiers therein detained 
the Chief Justice there for a time, which fact Sir John deposed to upon 
the Earl's trial for rebellion. Popham accumulated an ample fortune in 
the law, and purchased from the Darells the estate of Littlecote, Wilts. 
He also bought Tewkesbury Abbey. Having built a large mansion in 

Members for Bristol. hi 

the town of Wellington, he went to reside there, and furthermore 
purchased several valuable estates in Somerset and Devon. He 
m. Amy dau. and heir of Robert Games of Castleton, Glamorgan. 
Under the terms of his will, dated 21 Sept. 1604, a hospital was erected 
at Wellington for the maintenance of 12 aged people, and for the 
education of 2 poor children. 

Philip Langley was son of Wm. L., and m. Mary dau. of Wm. 
Pepwell of Bristol. He was Sheriff 1566, Mayor 1581, and M.P. for 
the city 1571, and 1572-83. He made his will 5 June 1587, and died 
before 1602, when his son and heir Philip (then aged 19) entered the 
Middle Temple. 

1584. Nov. Thomas Hanham, 
Richard Cole. 

Thomas Hanham of Dorset, was adm. to the Middle Temple (as 
Hannam) 12 Aug. 1563, called to the bar 2 July 1582, Autumn Reader 
1582, and m. Penelope eldest dau. of Sir John Popham (see 1571.) He 
was made a Serjeant of law (as Thomas Hamond) 1589, and succeeded 
his father in law as M.P. for Bristol 1584-5, 1586-7, 1588-9, and 1593, 
and as Recorder of the city 1585 till his death in 1593. He left a dau. 
Jane who m. Sir John Horton of Comidg, in Elson, co. Gloucester, and 
a son Sir John Hanham Knt. who was born 1574, H.S. Dorset 1614, 
M.P. East Looe 1601, and Weymouth 1604-11. 

Richard Cole was a Bristol merchant and Alderman, Sheriff, 
1569, Mayor 1585, and M.P. 1584-5, and Jan. to April 1593. His 
widow Alice Cole gave by her will in 1604 a charity of 6s. 8d. a month 
for ever to the inmates of the almshouse in Lewin's mead, on St. James' 
Back, to whom her husband by his will in 1599 had already given ;^4 
a year. Their son Richard Cole of co. Gloucester, matric. Magd. Coll. 
Oxon (under date) 20 Dec. 1577, aged 17, demy 1577-8. 

1586. Oct. 3. Thomas Hannam. 

Thomas Aldeworthe. 

Thomas Aldworth of Bristol, 3rd son of Robert A. of Wantage, 
Berks, tanner, was a merchant and Alderman of Bristol, Sheriff 1566, 
Mayor 1582, 1592, M.P. 1586-7, and 3 Feb. to 29 March 1589, and d. 
25 Feb. 1599, and was buried in St. Mark's Church, (M.I.) In 1598 
he gave £,\ to repair St. Werburga's Church. 

1588. Dec. Thomas Hannam. 
Wilham Saltern. 

Saltern was another Bristol merchant. He was Sheriff of the 
city 1574, elected M.P. Dec. 1588, but died the next month. His son 
and heir George Saltern was called to the bar at the Middle Temple 

112 Members for Bristol. 

1589. Feb. 3. Aid. Thomas Aldworth, z;?« Salterne deceased. 

1593. Jan. Thomas Hannam. 

Richard Cole. 

1597. Sept. George Snigge. 
Thomas James. 

George Snigge, son and heir of George Snigg who was Mayor of 
Bristol 1574-5, and d. 1582, and descended from the M.P. 1505, became 
a student of Ch. Ch. Oxon. 1564, B.A. 25 June 1566, and m. Alice dau. 
of Wm. Young of Ogbourne, Wilts. He was admitted a student of the 
Middle Temple 9 Aug. 1567, called to the bar 17 June 1575, Autumn 
Reader 1590, Double Lent Reader 1599, Treasurer of his Inn May 
i6o2, Recorder of Bristol 1593-1604, M.P. Cricklade 1588-9, Bristol 
Sept. 1597 to Feb. 1598, Sept. to Dec. 1601, and 1604-5. He was 
made a Serjeant at Law in Easter term 1604, (before 5 March,) Knighted 
about that time, and was a Baron of the Court of Exchequer 28 June 
1605 till his death. On 13 May 1608 he was, in addition, made Chief 
Justice of the Great Sessions for cos. Brecknock, Glamorgan, and Radnor, 
(salary ;^5o a year,) which post he occupied till Feb. 1617. He d. in 
London 11 Nov. 1617, aged 72, and lay in state for 6 weeks at 
Merchant Taylors Hall in Broad Street, and was buried 23 Dec. in St. 
Stephen's Church, Bristol. On 21 May 1586 he wrote from the Middle 
Temple to Treasurer Burghley recommending Wm. Lavington for the 
ComptroUership of Bristol in the place of Miles Jackson, (ancestor of the 
M.R 1654.) 

Thomas James, merchant of Bristol, was the son of William J. 
of Wollaston, and was married at Almesbury. He was Sheriff 1591, 
Mayor 1605, M.P. 1597-8, 1604-11, March to June 1614, and d. 1615, 
(M.I. St. Mary's Church, Bristol.) 

1601 Sept. 28. George Snigge. 
John Hopkins. 

Hopkins was a Bristol merchant and Alderman, who was Sheriff 
1586, Mayor 1600, and M.P, Sept. to Dec. 1601. 

1604. March 5. George Snigge. 
Thomas James. 

1605 Nov. II. John Whitson, merchant and alderman of 
Bristol, vice Sir George Snigge raised to the Bench. Whitson was 
Sheriff 1589, Mayor i5i5, and M.P. Nov. 1605-11, March to June 
1614, 1620-2, 1625, 1626, and was buried 9 March 1629, aged 71, 
(M.I. St. Nicholas' Church,) — "a worthy pattern to all who came after 
him. He was hurt by a fall from his horse, which was the supposed 
cause of his death, and being Captain of the trained bands of the city, 
they attended his corps to St. Nicholas' Church, and the musqueteers 

Members for Bristol. 113 

gave him three volleys over his grave." Aid. Whitson was three times 
married. In 1627 he gave a charity of ;!^5oo, being ;£^25o to 5 young 
men being ' meer merchants ' for 7 years, paying los. a year interest to 
the poor of St. Nicholas' parisli ; and ;^2 5o to handicraft tradesmen 
and freemen of Bristol, interest free, for 7 years. 

16 14. March. John Whitson. 
Thomas James. 

1620. Dec. Aid. John Whitson. 
Aid. John Guy. 

The latter was admitted to the Corporation of Bristol 1603, and 
was Sheriff 1605, Mayor 1618, M.P. 1620-2, and 1624-5. John Guy 
was a prominent member of the Society of Merchant Venturers of 
Bristol, and in 1609 returned from Newfoundland where as ' Governor ' 
he had been settling a colony, leaving his son there. In 1608 or on 
2 May 16 10 he procured a charter and license from the King for his 
intended plantation there, having some rich merchants of London as 
well as of Bristol joined with him in the enterprise. In 161 1 "Mr. 
John Guy with a preacher and several men and women returned to 
Newfoundland to his son." (Barrett). In 1622 Guy was sent for lo 
London to consult with the Council about the decay of trade and corn. 
He is said to have died in 1628, and to have been buried in St. 
Stephen's Church, Bristol. 

1624. Jan. John Barker. 

John Guye. 

Aid. John Barker, merchant of Bristol, was Sheriff 1612, Mayor 

1625, M.P. 1624-5, and 1628-9, and d. 1636, (M.I. St. Werburga's 
Church.) It is doubtful whether he was the same person as, or the 
father of, ' John Barker of Bristol, who matric. St. Mary Hall, Oxon., 
12 Oct. 1599, aged 14.' 

1625. May. Nicholas Hide, Recorder. 

John Whitson, Alderman. 

The Official Returns give Richard Hide, Recorder, as the senior 
Member, but this was in error for Nicholas Hyde, whose name Barrett 
gives, and who was the Recorder of Bristol 1615-27. 

Nicholas Hyde was the 4th and youngest son of Laurence Hyde 
of Westhatch, Wilts., and brother to Sir Laurence Hyde M.P. of 
Salisbury, who was Recorder of Bristol 1604-15. Their cousin Sir 
Edward Hyde became Lord Chancellor, and was created Earl of 
Clarendon. Nicholas Hyde matric. Exeter Coll. Oxon. 28 May 1590, 
aged 18, was adm. to the Middle Temple 14 July 1590, called to the 
bar 28 Nov. 1598, Lent Reader 1617, and Treasurer of his Inn 27 Jan. 

1626. He m. Margaret dau. of Sir Arthur Swayne of Sarson, Hants., 

114 Members for Bristol. 

and was M.P. Andover Oct. to Dec. 1601, Christchurch 1604-11, Bath 
March to June 1614, Bristol and Bath May 1625, but preferred Bristol 
till Aug. 1625, and was made a Sergeant at law 21 Jan. 1627, Knighted 
28 Jan. 1627, and T.ord Chief Justice of the King's Bench 5 Feb. 1627 
until his death from gaol fever 25 Aug. 1631. 

1626. Jan. John Whitson. 
John Doughty. 

Aid. John Doughty of Bristol, where he served as Sheriff 1606, 
Mayor 1620J and M.P. Jan. to June 1626, and March 1628 to March 
1629, gave in 1629 a charity of ;^ioo to 10 handicraftsmen, for five 
years, free of interest. His eldest son Richard matric. Magd. coll. 
Oxon. 31 Jan. 1629, aged 17. 

1628. March 17. John Doughtie. 
John Barker. 

1640. March John Glanville, Recorder. 

Humphrey Hooke. 

John Glanvill of Broad Hinton, Wilts, 2nd son of John 
Glanville, a Justice of the Common Pleas 1 598-1600, was b. 1586, and 
brought up an attorney, but having entered at Lincolns Inn, was 
called to the bar 6 Feb. 1609, elected Reader Jan, 1630, and was 
called to the Bench of that Society 5 and sat as such 14 June 1637. 
He was app. Recorder of Plymouth 16 14, Secretary to the Council of 
War at Cadiz 1625, Proctor for the Dean and Chapter of Windsor, 
Serjeant at Law 20 May 1637, King's Serjeant 6 July 1640, re-app. 
6 June 1660, and created D.C.L Oxford 31 Jan. 1644. Granville m. 
about 16 15 Winifred dau, of Wm. Bourchier of Barnsley, co. Glouc. 
He was M.P, Liskeard March to June 1614, Plymouth [620-2, 1624-5, 
1625, Feb. to June 1626, 1628-9, Bristol March to May 1640, and June 
1642 till disabled to sit Jan. or 25 Sept. 1644. He was Speaker of the 
House of Commons 15 April to 5 May 1640, and was knighted 7 Aug. 
1 641. Glanville was app. Recorder of Bristol 1640, (if not before,) 
but having sat in the King's Parliament at Oxford 1643, he was soon 
afterwards succeeded as Recorder by Edmund Prideaux, (who resigned 
the office 1645.) He suffered imprisonment in the Tower 1645 till 7 
July 1648 when he was released, and was fined ^^2320 for his loyalty. 
He was also assessed at _;^3ooo on 8 July 1644, "but he argued the 
matter." He was M.P. St. Germans 14 Jan. to 12 Feb. 1659, when he 
was declared " not qualified to sit in this House," and d. 2 Oct. 1661. 

Humphrey Hooke of Kingsweston, was born in Chichester in 
1580, and became an Alderman of Bristol, of which city he served as 
Sheriff 1614, and Mayor 1629, 1643. He was M.P. for Bristol March 
to May 1640, and Oct. 1640 till expelled as a monopolist 12 May 1642, 
and was a stalwart royalist. His will was proved in 1658. 

Members for Bristol. 115 

1640. Oct. 12. Aid. Humphrey Hooke. 
Aid. Richard Longe. 

Aid. Longe was Sheriff of Bristol 1621, Mayor 1636, and M.P. 
Oct. 1640 till expelled the House as a monopolist 12 May 1642. By 
Will dated 1656, (an error for 1650,) he gave lands in Sison for 
clothing poor men in the Merchants Almshouse, and ;^ioo to raise 
;^5 per annum for the poor of St. Stephen's in bread. {Barrett). 
" Rd. Longe, merchant, Bristol, 3 Nov. 1646, Note, that he entered 
his name as a petitioner to compound. 19 Nov., Begs to compound 
on Bristol Articles for delinquency in adhering to the King's forces. 
His estate is not yet sequestered. 10 Dec, Fine at /o, ;^8oo. 30 May 
1650, Fine paid and estate discharged He was dead by 29 June 1650." 

1642. June John Glanvill, and 
Aid. John Tailer 

vice Hooke and Longe expelled as monopolists. Tailor was Sheriff 
1625, Mayor 1640, and M.P. June 1642 till he was disabled to sit for 
his loyalty 5 Feb. 1644. He died before 26 Jan. 1646. 

1646. Jan. 26. Aid. Richard Aldworth, and 
Luke Hodges. 

vice Glanvill and Tayler disabled to sit, " Tayler being since deceased." 
Richard Aldworth was Sheriff of Bristol 1627, Mayor 1642, and M.P. 
Jan. 1646-53. He was a Parliament man, was app. one of the 
Committee to assess Bristol 1643, and a Militia Commr. for Bristol 
14 March 1655, and was restored to his place as Alderman of Bristol 
by the House of Commons i Nov. 1645. O" 3 April 1649 the 
Council of State gave instructions to Rd. Aldworth, Luke Hodges, 
Joseph Jackson (see 1659,) and Col. Robert Berry, for the preservation 
of the wood and timber in the Forest of Dean. 

Luke Hodges was Sheriff of Bristol 1638, and M.P. Jan, 1646-53. 
He was restored by the House of Commons to his place as a Common 
Councillor for Bristol, i Nov. 1645, and was made one of the 
Parliamentary Committee to assess Bristol 1643, and a Militia Commr. 
for the city 14 March 1655. "22 Dec, 1653, The Bill for continuing 
the Excise being read in part, the Council resolved that Luke Hodges 
be inserted into the Bill as a Commissioner." (Cat. State Papers.) 

1653. June. No Members «//(7/«/^^ for Cities or Boroughs. 

1654. July 12. Robert Aldworth. — 

Miles Jackson. — 

Col. John Haggott. — 

Captain George Bishop. ■ — 

Robert Aldworth of Bristol, was the son of the M.P. 1646, and 
matric. from Lincoln Coll. Oxen, 6 July 1638, aged 14. He was called 

ii6 Members for Bristol. 

to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1647, and was chosen l^reasurer thereof 
1674. He sat for Bristol 1654-5, 1656 to Feb. 1658, Jan. to April 
1659, and for Devizes April to Dec. 1660. 

Aid. Miles Jackson was Sheriff of Bristol 1631, Mayor 1649, 
and M.P. 1654 to Jan. 1655, and (about Sept.) 1656 to Feb. 1658. He 
was app. a Militia Commr. for Bristol 14 March 1655, and again 9 Aug. 
1659. He gave a garden for charitable uses, the rent thereof to be 
given in bread to the poor of St. James's parish, Bristol, for ever. 

In Aug. 1654 some of the Free Burgesses of Bristol petitioned 
against the return of Aldworth and Jackson, alleging that " Aid. Miles 
Jackson took the King's protestation against Parliament, and joined in 
levying money to carry on his designs. On 28 July 1643 he paid jQ'io, 
and ;^io on 4 Oct. 1643 The Sheriffs and others abused the 
Parhament nominees Col. John Haggott and Capt. George Bishop, 
calling them horse-stealers, etc." 

John Haggett was a successful lawyer as well as a Parliamentary 
soldier. He was probably son of " John Haggatt of Somerset, pleb. 
who matric. Magdalen Coll. Oxon, 24 Nov. 1581, aged 16." He was 
admitted a student of the Middle Temple 11 Dec. 1645, called to 
the bar 28 May 1647, and chosen a Bencher 5 Nov. 1658. On 2 July 
1653 the Council of State app. John Haggett to be Chief Justice of the 
Great Sessions of counties Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke. 
On 16 June 1659 it was ordered in Parliament that John Haggett and 
two others be Judges to go the circuit in Wales, but on 14 March 1660 
two new Judges were app. by Parhament for the Carmarthen circuit, 
and so Haggett ceased to be a Welsh Judge. Col. John Haggett was 
app. Col. of the Foot Militia for Bristol 3 Jan. 165 1. It was ordered 
that he be added to the Commrs. for Propagating the Gospel m Wales 
31 Aug. 1654. He was placed in the Commission of oyer and terminer 
for cos. Wilts, Dorset, Devon, and Somerset, to try the royalist prisoners 
in the West, 23 March 1655, and in 1656 was named a Commr. for 
securing the safety of Oliver Cromwell. In 1657 he was app. Recorder 
of Abergavenny under its new charter. The Cal. State Papers for 
8 Sept. 1662 states that John Hagget late Steward of the Tolzey Court, 
had been removed from that office by the Commrs. of the Great Seal. 

Capt. George Bishop is frequently mentioned in the Cal. State 
Papers for 1653 as Agent for intelligence. 

1656. Aug. 20. Robert Aldworth. 
John Doddridge. 

The latter was nephew to Sir John Dodderidge, Justice of the 
King's Bench 1612-28, and son of Pentecost D. of Barnstaple, who was 
brother and heir to the Judge. His grandfather was Richard D. of 
Barnstaple, Merchant. He ent. the Middle Temple 26 June 1629, 
was called to the bar 19 May 1637, and chosen a Bencher 5 Nov. 

Members for Bristol. 117 

1658. He was M.P. for Barnstaple Dec. 1646-53, 1654-5, and returned 
for Bristol and Devon 1656, when he preferred to represent Devon till 
Feb. 1658, but was not allowed by Cromwell to take his seat in the 
House. He published in 1658 " Opinions of sundry learned 
antiquaries touching the Antiquity, Power, &c. of the High Court of 
Parliament. In 1655 he was made Recorder of Bristol, which 
office he held till his death in 1658. 

Barrett says that Major General John Desborough petitioned 
Parliament against Dodderidge, whom Cromwell displaced, and that 
Desborough was returned in his room. As however he gives no 
authority for this statement, and moreover as Desborough was returned 
in 1656 for no less than 4 constituencies, Somerset, Bridgewater, 
Gloucester, and Lynn, BarreWs statement must be regarded as incorrect. 
PrestwicK s Respitblica gives the new Member as Miles Jackson. 

1656. {Circa Sept.) Aid. Miles Jackson, vice Dodderidge, 
who elected to serve for Devon. 

1659, Jan. Robert Aldworth. 

Joseph Jackson. 

Aid. Joseph Jackson, it is assumed, was a younger brother of the 
M.P. 1654. He was Sheriff of Bristol 1642, Mayor 1651, and M.P. 
Jan, to April 1659. He was added to the Trade Committee i Nov. 
1655, and app. one of the Trade and Navigation Committee the same 
day. He was made a Militia Commr. for the city 14 March 1655, and 
again 9 Aug. 1659. He gave two charities, ;^2oo in 1661, the interest 
of which was to promote divine worship in the Church of St. Werburgh, 
and Xi^° '" ^664 'o 'he poor of St. Michael's, Bristol. 

1660. April. John Stephens. — 

Aid. John Knight. — 
Sir William Penn. — 

" Admiral Pen was polled for Bristol, but the • Corporation 
favoured Stephens," their Recorder. This gallant tar was however 
returned for Weymouth April 1660, and sat till his death in 1670, aged 
49. As to John Stephens, see the County 1659. 

John Knight of Bristol was the third son of George K. (who 
was Mayor of Bristol 1639, and d. 1659, aged 89,) and m. Martha dau. 
of Thomas Cole of Bristol, (see 1584). He was Sheriff of Bristol 1663, 
Mayor 1670, and M.P. April to Dec. 1660, and 1661-81, when he was 
defeated. When Sheriff he was Knighted by Charles H. on his visit to 
the city in Sept. 1663. Hedied 16 Dec. 1683, aged 71. "While he was 
Mayor his Sunday recreation was hunting up or rather down, Quakers 
and other Nonconformists, whom, as well as the Papists, he heartily 
hated. He loved to dash amongst the broad brims and coal-skuttle 
bonnets like a hawk into a dove-cot, and set them flying on all sides. 

1 18 Members for Bristol. 

During his Mayoralty upwards of 920 persons were either fined or 
imprisoned for indulging in liberty of conscience." ' Item. — 3 July 1675, 
Paid for watching 4 Quakers' shops, when the windows was shut and 
nayled down, ^8 iis. 6d.' (Taylor's Bristol.) 

1661. April. Sir Humphrey Hooke. — 
John Knight. — 

Earl of Ossory. — 

There was a Double Return of the three candidates, and 
petitions being presented, it was said that Hooke by sealing Lord 
Ossory's return had renounced his own return, so the House decided 
that the Earl ought to sit till the merits of the case were heard. The 
matter thus remained until his lordship was created an English Peer as 
Baron Butler Sept. 1666. The merits of the election being then 
referred to a committee, it reported that Hooke was duly elected, and 
ordered the Sheriff into custody for making a false return. 

Thomas Butler, the " gallant Earl of Ossory," was the eldest son 
of James ist Duke of Ormonde, and was b. in Kilkenny Castle 9 July 
1634. In March 1655 Cromwell sent him to the Tower, where he 
remained for eight months. Lord Ossory m, 17 Nov. 1659 Emilia 
Nassau, eldest dau. of Louis Lord of Beverwaert, Governor of Sluys, 
in Holland. A devoted royalist, he was one of the noblemen selected 
to bear the King's mantle at the Coronation 23 April 1661. He was 
M.A. Trin. Coll. Dublin, made Colonel of Foot in Ireland 8 Feb. 1661, 
Colonel and Captain of a Troop of Horse 13 June t66i, Lieut. -Gen. 
of the Horse 19 June 1661, Lt.-Gen. of the army in Ireland 16 Aug. 
1665, and was M.P. in the Irish Parliament for Dublin Univ. 18 April 
1 66 1 until ordered to be called to the House of Peers in Ireland by the 
King 22 June 1662. Lord Ossory was app. a Gentleman of the King's 
Bedchamber 1665, sworn a Privy Councillor in England 13 June 1666, 
and again 16 April 1680, and was M.P. for Bristol 166 1 till created 
Lord Butler 14 Sept. 1666. He was Deputy Lieutenant of Ireland 
1664-5, ^''^d March 1668 to March 1669, made Rear Admiral 1670, 
K.G. 30 Sept. 1672, a Younger Brother of the Trinity House 26 March 
1673, Rear-Admiral of the Red 1674, (for he was a gallant sailor as well 
as soldier, and distinguished himself much in two sea fights off the coast 
of Holland 19 May and 11 August 1673,) Master of the Trinity House 
31 May 1675, and a Commr. of the Admiralty i Aug. 1675 to 14 Feb. 
1679. Lord Ossory was app. Lord Chamberlain to the Queen 18 Nov. 
1676, and was nominated Governor of Tangier June 1680, but d. v.p, 
30 July 1680, before proceeding there. 

Sir Humphrey Hooke was the son of Thomas H. (who died 
1659,) and grandson of the M.P. 1640. He married Florence dau. of 
Sir Hugh Smyth Bart, of Long Ashton, was nominated a Knight of the 
Koyal Oak 1660, (his estate being set down at ;^isoo a year,) H.S. co. 
Gloucester 1661, app. J.P. Aug. 1670, and was Knighted 21 Feb. i66r. 

Members for Bristol. 119 

He presented to Frampton Cotterell 1667, and sat for Bristol 1661 till 
his death 16 Oct. 1677. (M.I. St. Stephen's Church.) His brother 
Thomas was made a Baronet in 1662. 

1678. Feb. II. Sir Robert Cann Knt. and Bart, vice Sir H. 
Hooke deceased. Sir Robert was eldest son and heir of Wm. Cann, 
(Mayor of Bristol 1648,) and m. (i) Cecily dau. of Aid. Humphrey 
Hooke (see 1640,) and (2) Anne dau. of W. Popley. He was Knighted 
22 April 1662, created a Baronet 13 Sept. 1662, H.S. co. Glouc. 1670, 
Sheriff of Bristol 1651, Mayor 1662, 1675, and M.P. Feb. 1678 till 
28 Oct. 1680, when he was expelled the House and committed to the 
Tower, " for publicly declaring there was no Popish Plot, but a 
Presbyterian Plot." He d. Nov. 1685. In 1664 he had an addition 
to his arms from Sir Edward Walker, Garter King of Arms. The title 
expired with the 6th Bart. 20 July, 1765. 

1679. Feb. 10. Sir Robert Cann Knt. and Bart. 

Sir John Knight Knt. 

1679. Aug. 25. Sir Robert Cann. — 
Sir John Knight. — 
Robert Henley. — 

Henley petitioned against Cann 25 Oct. i68o, and three days 
later Sir Robert was expelled the House for being too outspoken. 
On his petition however he was discharged from prison 8 Nov. On 

20 Dec. 1680 the House resolved that Cann was not duly elected, but 
that it was a void election, and ordered a new writ to be issued. 
As however Parliament was dissolved 18 Jan. 1681, no fresh election 
took place. 

Robert Henley, son of Andrew H., had livery of the manors 
of Huntshill Morrice and Almondsworthy, Somerset, 27 Oct. 1630. 

1 68 1. March 7. Thomas Earle. i486. 

Sir Richard Hart Knt. 1481. 

Sir Robert Atkyns, K.B. 1342. 

Sir John Knight Knt. 1296. 

Atkyns and Knight petitioned 24 March, 1681, but Parliament 
was dissolved 4 days afterwards. Sir Robert Atkyns of Saperton 
Hall, was the eldest son of Sir Edward Atkyns, Knt. Baron of 
the Exchequer, (see Wilhams' Oxfordshire Members,) and was b. 
1621, matric. Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, m. (i) Mary 
dau. of Sir George Clerk of Watford, Northants, and was licenced 

21 April 1681 to marry (2) Anne dau. of Sir Thomas Dacres, Knt., of 
Cheshunt, Herts. He was adm. to Lincolns Inn 1638, and on 
20 Nov. 1645 the Benchers ordered that he be " called to the bar this 
or next Term." He was chosen an Associate of the Bench 18 Nov. 
1650, was called to be a Bencher 5 Jan., and sat as such 4 Feb. 1663, 

120 Members for Bristol. 

was elected Autumn Reader 1664, and Treasurer of Lincolns Inn 
6 Feb. to 28 Nov. 1664. He was made a Knight of the Bath at the 
Coronation of Charles II. on 23 April 166 1, created M.A. Oxford 
28 Sept. 1663, and Serjeant at law 24 April 1672, was Recorder of 
Evesham in 1659, (probably till 1663,) Recorder of Bristol 1663 
to April 1683, and Solicitor General to the Queen May 1662-72, 
("The King approves of the appointment of Sir Robert Atkyns K.B. as 
the Queen's Solicitor General," 10 June 1662.) He was M.P. co. 
Carmarthen Nov. 1656-8, Evesham Jan. to April 1659, East Looe 
1661-72, Middlesex Dec. 1680 to Jan. 1681, and unsucc. cont. and pet. 
at Bristol March 1681. Sir Robert was a Commr. for discharging 
settling and recovering the arrears of Excise due to the King 8 Feb. 
to 29 Nov. 1661, a Justice of the Common Pleas April 1672 to 
May 1679, or Feb. 1680, when he was removed from the Bench, and 
Master of St. Katherine's Hospital Aug. to Nov. 1681. He was a great 
promoter of the Revolution in 1688, and was Lord Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer April 1689 till he retired into private life June 1695. 
From Oct. 1689 to March 1693 he also acted as Speaker of the House 
of Lords. He d. at the great age of 88, on 18 Feb. 17 10. In 
Michaelmas term 34 Cal. 2. (1682,) Sir Robert Atkyns the Recorder, 
Sir John Knight (see 1660,) and others were indicted for a not at 
Bristol in assembling themselves and choosing Mr. Thomas Day 
(see 169s), in the place of Sir John Lloyd for an Alderman without 
the presence or privity of the Mayor, &c. Sir Robert (although lately 
a Judge himself) appeared in Court in person and argued the matter, 
with the result that the indictment was quashed. The proceedings in 
fact had only been taken to annoy the Recorder, who had given offence 
to some of the Corporation, and as Sir Robert shortly afterwards 
resigned the Recordership, the aim of his opponents was attained. 

Aid. Thomas Earle of Bristol, nnerchant, was Sheriff 1671, Mayor 

1681, and M.P. 7 to 28 March 1681. He m. Elizabeth Eleanor , 

was Knighted during his Mayoralty Dec. 1681, and d. 24 June 1696, 
aged 67. (Quaere son of Giles Earle who d. 1676.) His 4th son 
Thomas Earle was called to the bar at the Middle Temple 1685, and 
became a Serjeant-at-law 1715. 

Sir Richard Hart of Hanham, Somerset, was Sheriff of Bristol 
1668, Mayor 1680, M.P. 7 to 28 March r68i, Dec. 1685-7, and 1689-9S, 
and was defeated 1698. He was Knighted during his Mayoralty 27 
Oct 1680, and was an Alderman till removed by the King 13 June 
1686. He d. 16 Jan. 1701. (M.I. St. Nicholas). He was the eldest 
of the three sons of Aid. George Hart, (Mayor of Bristol,) and Margaret 

his wife. He married three times, (i) Margaret , (2) Ann relict of 

Thomas Hulbert of Corsham, Wilts, and dau. and co-heir of Robert 
Nicholas of Devizes, and (3) Elizabeth relict of Henry Pinnel of Nash 
House, Bremhill, Wilts, and dau. of Sir William Jones Knt. Attorney 
General 1674-9. His son (by his 2nd wife) Richard Hart m. about 

Members for Bristol. 121 

1724 Elizabeth Hellidge, and succeeded by purchase to his father's 
estate and mansion at Hanhara, Bitton, co. Glouc. He left a son and 
two daughters, Susan who d. unmarried, and Ann who m. 1757 Henry 
Davis of Bristol. The only son, the Rev. Richard Hart matric. Ch. 
Ch. Oxon 12 Oct. 1744, aged 17, B.A. 3 Feb. 1749, and was presented 
by the Corporation of Bristol to the living of St. George New Church, 
which he held for upwards of 50 years, dying in 1808, aged 80. His 
brother-in-law Henry Davis m. (2) Marianna dau. of Major Robert 
Hart, of Grantham, (doubtless a kinsman,) and vt^as father of the M.P. 
for Bristol in 1812. A branch of the family was founded in Ireland by 
Capt. Henry Hart who accompanied the Earl of Essex from England 
in the reign of Elizabeth. His son Col. George Hart was father to Col. 
Henry Hart, whose son Col. George Hart was father to the Rev. 
Edward Hart who m. Elizabeth Ramsey, and had a son General George 
Vaughan Hart. This gallant soldier m. 1802 Charlotte Ellerker oi 
Ellerker, (who d. 1827,) and was seated at Kilderry, co. Donegal, He 
became Major of the 7Sth Foot 12 Oct. 1787, was Lt.-Col. of the 2nd 
Battalion thereof in 1800, became Col. in the army 9 Jan. 1798, Major 
General i Jan. 1805, Lieut. Gen. 4 June 1811, and General 27 May 
1825. General Hart unsuccessfully contested co. Donegal Feb. 1808, 
but represented it in Parliament 18 12-31. He was Governor of 
Londonderryand Culmore Fort, (a favourite command, pay ;^3i8 8s. od. 
a year,) 29 Jan. 1820 till his death in 1832. He left several descendants. 
Henry Hart who was Lord Mayor of Dublin 1774-5, was probably of 
the same family. 

1685. March 30. Sir John Churchill Knt. 
Sir Richard Crumpe Knt. 

Sir John Churchill was the son of Jasper C. of Bradford, 
Somerset, and cousin to the great Duke of Marlborough. He was 
called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn 11 Feb. 1647, (" to be published next 
Moote,") called to the Bench ot that Society 12 and sat as such 19 
Nov. 1663, Autumn Reader 1670, Treasurer 28 Nov. 1670, and m. 
Susan dau. of Edmund Prideaux, Attorney General under the 
Commonweath, and Recorder of Bristol till 1645. He purchased the 
manor of Churchill, Somerset, 1653, was Knighted Aug. 1670, K.C. 
1673, Attorney-General to the Duke of York, M.P. Dorchester 1661-79, 
Newtown (Isle of Wight) Feb. to July 1679, Bristol March to Oct. 1685. 
Sir John was Recorder of Bristol April 1683-5, and Master of the Rolls 
Jan. 1685 till his death 11 Oct. following. In 1675 being one of the 
Counsel for the House of Lords to manage the case of Sir Nicholas 
Crispe against an M.P., he was committed to the Tower by order of the 
House of Commons for a breach of privilege. 

Aid. Sir Richard Crumpe was another merchant of Bristol, who 
served as Sheriff 1665, Mayor 1677, and Member 1685-7. He was 
Knighted in Oct. 1681, and d. 14 Jan. 1700, aged 72. (M.L St. 

122 Members for Bristol. 

1685. Dec. 10. Sir Richard Hart, vice Churchill deceased. 

1689. Jan. 15. Sir Richard Hart Knt. 

Sir John Knight Knt. 

They both voted against the Crown being offered to the Prince 
and Princess of Orange. Sir John Knight was only son of the M.P. 
1660, and m. Anne dau. of 'I'homas Smith of Long Ashton, Somerset, 
and sister of Sir Hugh Smith. He was Sheriff of Bristol 1681, Mayor 
i6go, M.P. 1689-95, defeated 1698, and was Knighted during his 
Shrievalty in March 1682. 

1690. Feb. 24. Sir Richard Hart. — 

Sir John Knight, — 
William Powlet. — 
Robert Yate. — 

The defeated Candidates petitioned 24 March 1690, but 
without success. William Powlet or Pawlett was Recorder of Bristol 
1685 till his death Oct. 1703, "aged near 80." He was buried at 
Lydney 5 Oct. He was son of Amyas P. of Thornbury, was aged 
4 in 1623, ent. the Middle Temple 15 Dec. 1652, where he was called to 
the bar 9 Feb. 1659, chosen a Bencher 14 April 1676, Autumn Reader 
1682, and Treasurer 28 Oct. 1687, and was made a Serjeant at law 
I May 1689. On 16 March [689 the Earl of Shrewsbury, Secretary of 
State, wrote to the Commrs. of the Great Seal, as follows, " The King 
desires William Powlett of the Middle Temple to be First or Chief 
Justice of Brecon, or Chief Justice of Pembroke," and he was 
accordingly app. Chief Justice of the Great Sessions for counties 
Brecknock, Glamorgan, and Radnor, and retained the position till his 
death. Serjeant Powlett was for many years Deputy Constable of 
St. Briavel's Forest, and Deputy Warden of the Forest of Dean. 

1695. Oct. 28. Sir Thomas Day, Knt. 
Robert Yate. 

Sir Thomas Day was Sheriff of Bristol 1670, Mayor 1687, and 
1694, M.P. 1 69s to Dec. 1700, and was Knighted when Mayor 
28 Nov. 1694. He was the senior Alderman at his death. On 
TO Dec. 1709 he gave by his Will ;^io in bread to the poor at his 
funeral, ^^30 of which the profit was to be expended in bread to the 
poor forever, and;^50 more towards re-building the almshouse in the 
Long Row. He was buried in St. Thomas's. His son Thomas Day 
became a bar. at law of the Middle Temple 1681, and two other sons 
Nathaniel and John were the two Sheriffs of Bristol 1697. 

Robert Yate, merchant of Bristol, was the son of Robert Yate, 
merchant, who d. 1682, (and perhaps brother to Walter Yate, H.S. co. 
Glouc. 1696 ) He was Sheriff of Bristol 1685, Mayor 1693, and M.P. 
1695-1710, having been defeated and petitioned 1690. He died senior 

Members for Bristol. 123 

Alderman of the city 27 Oct. 1737. Richard Yate (perhaps another 
brother) was Lt.-Col. of the White Regt. of foot Militia of co. of 
Glouc. in 1697. 

1698. Aug. 10. Robert Yate. 1136. 

Sir Thomas Day. 976. 

Sir John Knight. 785. 

Sir Richard Hart. 421. 

John Cary. 279. 

1 70 1. Jan. 22. Sir William Daines, Knt. 
Robert Yate. 

Sir William Daines was Sheriff of Bristol 1694, Mayor 1700, and 
M.P. 1701-10, and 1715-22, having been defeated and petitioned 1713. 
He was knighted 28 Nov, 1695. 

1701. Dec. 10. The same, re-elected 5 Aug. 1702, 6 June 
1705, 5 May 1708. 

1710. Oct. 25. Edward Colston, senior. T. 
Joseph Earle. 

Edward Colston the philanthropist, whose name should be a 
household word at Bristol, to which he was such a worthy benefactor, 
was the son of Aid. William Colston, Mayor of Bristol, and was born 
in the city 2 Nov. 1636, and educ. at Christ's Hospital, (of which 
he became a Governor 1680.) He was sent as a factor to Spain, and 
acquired great riches in the Spanish trade of oil and fruit. He 
received the Freedom of the city of Bristol 10 Dec. 1683, joined the 
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge 1709, and sat for Bristol 
1 7 10-13. He resided at Mortlake, where he died unmarried 11 Oct. 
1 72 1, aged 84 years and 11 months. (M.I. All Saints.) Mr. Colston 
gave ;£'6ooo to Queen Anne's Bounty to augment poor livings. In 
1 69 1 he built an Almshouse and Chapel on St. Michael's Hill at a cost 
of about _;^25oo, for 12 men and 12 women, and in 1696 endowed the 
same with lands in Northumberland. Barrett gives a list of his 
charities to Bristol and other places, estimated at ;^7o695. His nephew 
Edward Colston junior was M.P. for Wells 1708-13, and d.v.p. 5 April 

Col. Joseph Earle, who was son of the M.P. 1681, m. the 2nd 
dau. of Sir Robert Cann (see 1678,) sat for Bristol 1710-27, and d. 13 
March 1729. 

1713. Sept. 7. Joseph Earle. 656. 

Thomas Edwards jun. 474. 
Sir William Daines. 189. 

Sir W. Daines petitioned 4 March 17 14, but without success. 
Thomas Edwards jun. was the son of Thomas E. of Bristol, was b 

124 Members for Bristol. 

1673, matric. Ball. Coll. Oxon. 29 Oct. 1691, aged 18, B.C.L. from Hart 
Hall 1698, ent. the Middle Temple 8 Feb. 1692, and was called to the 
bar 3 June 1698, and chosen a Bencher 23 Oct. 1724. He m. the 
niece of Edward Colston, and sat for Bristol 1713-15, when he failed 
and petitioned, and for Wells Dec. 17 19 till he was unseated March 
173s, and died (as Thomas Edwards of the Devizes) 12 April 1735. 
His youngest dau (" worth ^20,000,") married Mr. Reddy of Fairford 
on 17 Feb. 1737. His father Thomas Edwards, who lived at Redland 
and was a Solicitor in Broad Street, was an intimate friend of Edward 
Colston (see 17 10,) and the agent of his bounties. 

1715. Feb 9. Joseph Ear le. — 

Sir W. Daines. — 

Philip Freke. — 

T. Edwards jun. — 

Freke and Edwards had a majority of about 40 or 50 on the 
poll, and, according to custom, were carried about the Cross. In the 
meantime Earle and Daines demanded a scrutiny and obtained a 
majority upon it, and were returned by the Sheriffs. Freke and 
Edwards then petitioned 31 March 1715, but without success. Philip 
Freke was one of the two Sheriffs of the city 1708. 

1722. March 28. Joseph Earle. 2 141. 

Sir A. Elton Bart. 1S69. 
William Hart sen. 1743. 

Mr. Hart petitioned in vain 11 Oct. 1722. Sir Richard Hart 
(see 1681,) had, by his third wife, one son William who died 

Sir Abraham Elton was Sheriff of Bristol 1702, Mayor 1710, 
and M.P. 1722-7. He m. Mary dau. of Robert Jefferies of Pile Green, 
CO. Glouc, was created a Baronet 3r Oct. 17 17, H.S. co. Glouc. Dec. 
1715, and d. 20 Feb. 1728. 

1727. Sept. 8. Abraham Elton. T. 
John Scrope. W. 

Abraham Elton was the elder son of the M.P. 1722, whom he 
succ. as 2nd Bart. 20 Feb. 1728. He m. Abigail dau. of Edmund 
Bayley of Frome Sehvood, Somerset. He was an Alderman of 
Bristol, Sheriff 1710, Mayor 1719, app. a Commr. for colonising 
Georgia in America Oct. 1732, and sat for Taunton Jan. 1724-7, and 
for Bristol 1727 till his death 14 Sept. 1742, "formerly a Commander 
in the Turkey Trade." He voted against the Convention 1739. 

John Scrope was the son of Thomas S. of Wormsley, Oxon., 
and was b. about 1667, ent. the Middle Temple 20 Nov. 1686, was 
called to the bar 10 Feb. 1693, and made a Bencher 23 Oct. 1718. 
He was a Baron of the Court of Exchequer in Scotland from its 

Members for Bristol. 125 

establishment in May 1708 to 1724, and also a Commr. of the Great 
Seal in England Sept. to Oct. 1710. Scrope was Recorder of Bristol 
1727 till he res. Aug. 1735, M.P. Ripon 1722-7, Bristol 1727-34, when 
defeated, and Lyme Regis 1734-52, and having been app. by Walpole 
Joint Secretary to the Treasury (^3000 a year) Jan. 1724, held 
that position for 28 years until his death at an advanced age 9 April 
1752. Foss described him as "the coolest, the most experienced, and 
most sagacious friend Walpole had." 

1734. May 24. Sir A. Elton. T. 2428 
Thomas Coster. T. 2071. 
John Scrope. W. 1866. 

The Mayor petitioned on Scrope's behalf 23 Jan. 1735, but 
afterwards withdrew it. The Tory Colour was Blue, while the Whig 
Colours were Pink and Blue. 

Thomas Coster, of Redbroke, " a sensible and worthy man 
resident in Bristol," was b. 20 Dec. 1684, and m. (i) Elizabeth eldest 
dau. of Thomas Rous of Wotton Underedge, and (2) Astrea eldest 
dau. of Sir John Smyth 2nd Bart, of Long Ashton, Somerset. He 
was elected a Nominee (Trustee) and Visitor of the Colston Charity 
1732. Mr. Coster was app. a Commr. for colonising Georgia Oct. 
1732, was a member of the "Country Party," voted against the 
Convention 1739, and sat for Bristol 1734 till his death at his house 
in College Green 30 Sept. 1739. The following epitaph appeared in 
the Gentleman' s Magazine : — 

" Coster ! adieu to native skies return'd, 
By ev'ry patriot bosom lov'd and raourn'd, 
E'en party frenzy now no more his foe, 
Weeps into sense, and swells the general woe. 
Friend to all virtue howsoe'er depres'd, 
Foe to all vice howe'er by courts caress'd, 
From commerce rich, yet rich without a stain, 
Tho' wealthy humble, and tho' wise not vain. 
A heart no passion once could discompose, 
Save that which bade bim mourn his country's woes. 
This consolation yet be mine, he cry'd, 
Not to survive dear liberty, and dy'd." 

1739. Dec, 12. Edward Southwell. W. ■ — 
Henry Combe. — 

vice Coster deceased. Henry Combe, who had the Corporation 
interest, was a Bristol merchant who " amassed wealth eno' to buy \ 
a nation." He was Sheriff 1726, and Mayor 1740. Hume the 
historian was at one time his clerk, but was dismissed for correcting 
his master's imperfect grammar when writing letters. 

Edward Southwell of King's Weston, who had the support of 
Mr. Coster's friends, was the son of Edward S. of Dubhn, and was b. 
6 June 1705, raatric. Queen's Coll. Oxon, 3 March 1721, aged 15, 

126 Members for Bristol. 

created D.C.L. ii July 1733, and m. 22 Aug. 1729 Hon. Catherine 
Watson dau. of the ist Earl of Rockingham. He was M.P. for 
Downpatrick in the Irish Parliament 1727-54, and also for Bristol 
Dec. 1739-54, was a Privy Councillor in Ireland, Clerk of the Crown 
and Prothonotary of the King's Bench there, Joint Secretary of State 
in Ireland (with his father) 1720-30, and sole Secretary of State there 
Dec. 1730 till his death 16 March 1755. He was chosen a Nominee 
and Visitor of the Colston Charity 1741, and President of the Colston 
Society 2 Nov. 1751. 

1 741. May 13. Sir Abraham Elton Bart. 

Right Hon. Edward Southwell. 

1742. Nov. 24. Robert Hobbyn of Nanswhyden, Cornwall, 
vice Elton deceased. This Member was the son of Francis H. of 
St. Columb, Cornwall, was baptized 5 May 171 1, went to Eton, 
matric. Corpus Christi Coll. Oxen, 18 Dec. 1727, aged 16, was a 
Gentleman Commoner there in 1733, and graduated B.C.L. 1734. 
He m. Jane only dau. of Thomas Coster (see 1739,) was M.P. for 
Bristol Nov. 1742-54, elected F.R.S. 13 June and adm. 24 Oct. 1745, 
chosen Speaker of the Stannators assembled in a Convocation or 
Parliament of Tinners for the county of Cornwall 28 Aug. 1750, 
and d. 17 Nov. 1756. (M.I. St. Columb.) He much increased his 
wealth by mining, and was a great collector of scarce books. His 
mother (Penelope dau. of Col. Sidney Godolphin of Salop,) d. 1744, 
having re-m. 5 Sept. 17 14 to Sir Wm. Pendarves, Knt. of Pendarves, 
who d. s.p. 12 March 1726, aged 37. 

1747. July I. Rt. Hon. E. Southwell. 
Robert Hoblyn. 

1754. May I. Robert Nugent. W. 2601. 
Richard Beckford. T. 2245. 
Sir John Philips. T. 2165. 

This election is said to have cost the Whigs about ^20000. 
As to the Right Hon. Sir John Philipps Bart, see Williams' Pari. 
Hist, of Wales. 

Robert Nugent of Gosfield Hall, Essex, son of Michael N. of 
Carlanstown, Westmeath, was b. 1702, and married three times, (1) 
20 July 1730 Lady Emily Plunkett (who d. Aug. 1730) dau. of the 
Earl of Fingall, (2) 1736 Anna (who d. 22 Nov. 1756) dau. of James 
Craggs sen. M.P, and widow of Mr. Newsham, and of Robert Knight 
of Gosfield Hall, and (3) 2 June 1757 Elizabeth dau. of Henry Drax, 
M.P. of Charborough, Dorset, and widow of Augustus 4th Earl of 
Berkeley. Mr. Nugent, who was a poet, started in life with 
about ;£'i5oo a year, but succeeded to the Gosfield Hall estate and 
;£'iooooo on his second marriage, and likewise received a considerable 
fortune with his third wife. He sat in Parliament for 43 years, and 

Members for Bristol. 127 

held many offices in successive ministries. He was M.P. for 
St. Mawes 1741-54, Bristol and St. Mawes 1754, when he preferred 
Bristol, till 1774, and again sat for St. Mawes 1774 till he accepted 
the Chiltern Hundreds June 1784. He was Comptroller of the 
Household to Frederick Prince of Wales Nov. 1747 till the Prince's 
death March 1751, a Lord of the Treasury April 1754 to Dec. 1759, 
a member of the Privy Council 15 Dec. 1759, Joint Vice Treasurer 
of Ireland Jan. 1760 to July 1765, and June 1768 to April 1782, and 
First Commr. of the Board of Trade and Foreign Plantations 
Dec. 1766 to Jan. 1768. He was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as 
Viscount Clare Jan. 1767, and as Earl Nugent 21 July 1776, and d. 
13 Oct. 1788, aged 86. His Lordship left his real estate of ;^i4ooo 
a year to his son in law the ist Marquis of Buckingham, (who had 
married his only dau. and heiress,) and his personal estate of near 
;^20o,ooo to the Hon. Col. Nugent and Capt. Nugent M.P. 

Richard Beckford was the 2nd son of Peter Beckford, Speaker 
of the House of Assembly in Jamaica, and was b. 1712, matric. Ball. 
Coll. Oxon. 15 Jan. 1728, aged 15, B.A. Univ. Coll. 1731, entered the 
Middle Temple 1730, and was called to the bar 6 Feb. 1736, 
Engaging instead in commerciali pursuits as a London merchant he 
was elected Alderman of the Ward of Farringdon Without Oct. 1754, 
and was M.P. for Bristol 1754 till his death unmarried, very rich, at 
Lyons 24 Jan. 1756. His elder brother Aid. Wm. Beckford M.P. 
of Fonthill Abbey, Wilts, was Lord Mayor of London 1763 and 1770, 
and father of Wm. Becklord M.P. the celebrated author of " Vathek." 
The Beckfords were at an early period settled in Gloucestershire. 

1756. March 18. Jarrit Smith. T. 2418. 
John Spencer. W. 2347. 

vice Beckford deceased. The poll was kept open from 2 to 17 March, 
and a petition was afterwards presented. Mr. Spencer stood in the 
'Court interest.' He was only son of Hon. John Spencer M.P., yst. 
brother to Charles 2nd Duke of Marlborough, (see Williams' 
Oxfordshire Members), was b. 6 Dec. 1734. and m. 26 Dec. 1755 
Margaret Georgiana eldest dau. of Stephen Poyniz of Midgham, 
Berks. He was seated at Althorp, Northants, sat for Warwick 
Dec. 1756-61, was created Viscount Spencer 3 April 1761, and 
Earl Spencer i Nov. 1765 was High Steward of St. Albans, and d. 
31 Oct. 1783 

Jarrit Smyth of Bristol, and Long Ashton, Somerset, a local 
Attorney, was the only son of John S. of Bristol, and m. 1732 
Florence 4th dau. of Sir John Smith 2nd Bart, of Long Ashton, and 
heir of her brother Sir John the last Bart, (who d. 174I1) and widow 
of John Pigott. He sat for Bristol March 1756-68, was created a 
Baronet 27 Jan. 1763. and d. in 1783. 

128 Members for Bristol. 

1759. Dec. 26. Robert Nugent, re-elected on taking office. 

1761. March 27. Right Hon. R. Nugent. 
Jarrit Smith. 

1766. Dec. 16. Robert Nugent, now Viscount Clare, 
re-elected on taking office. 

1768. March 16. Viscount Clare. W. 

Matthew Brickdale. T. 

Richard Combe (see 1780) was a candidate in 1768 but retired 
on the eve of the nomination day. Matthew Brickdale, a retired 
woollen draper in High Street, Bristol, was the son of John Brickdale, 
who d. 1765, and was b. 30 April 1735, and m. Elizabeth Smith. He 
was M.P. Bristol 1768-74, when he failed and petitioned, and again 
1780-90. He was seated at the Court House, Taunton, and was 
elected a Common Councilman for Bristol 15 Aug. 1767, but was 
discharged from the duties of that post 17 Jan. 1784. He died 8 
Sept. 1 83 1, having spent enormous sums of money in his electoral 
contests, which left him in reduced circumstances in his old age. 
His two sons John and Matthew matric. from Ch. Ch. Oxon on the 
same day 2 March 1778, aged iS and 16, and both proceeded B.A. 
1 781. John Brickdale was born 20 Feb. 1760, and died 28 June 1840, 
having m. 30 Feb. 1787 Anne younger dau. of Richard Inglett 
Fortescue of Auckland Filleigh, Devon, who died 7 Feb. 1790, aged 
59. (His portrait by Reynolds, together with several other fine 
portraits of the Fortescues, including two of the Master of the Rolls, 
is still preserved by the present representative of the family Mr. 
Charles Fortescue Brickdale, barrister-at-law of Lincoln's Inn). 
Richard was the son of Caleb Inglett and Rebecca Fortescue, who 
was a first cousin to Sir William Fortescue, Master of the Rolls 
1741-50. Sir William owned Buckland, and had an only dau. Mary 
who d.s.p. having married a Mr. Spooner. Buckland thus went to 
Mrs. Rebecca Inglett, and her son Richard took the name and arras 
of Fortescue, only to become again extinct in two generations. John 
and Anne Brickdale's son John then obtained the Royal license on 
9 Feb. 1 86 1 to take the arms and prefix surname of Fortescue, and 
his eldest son Matthew Inglett Fortescue Brickdale, one of the 
Conveyancing Counsel of the Chancery Division, was father of Mr. 
C. Fortescue Brickdale. 

1768. June 27. Viscount Clare, re-elected after accepting office. 

1774. Nov. 3. Henry Cruger jun. W. 3565. 

Edmund Burke. W. 2707. 

Matthew Brickdale. T. 2456. 

Viscount Clare. T. 283. 

Lord Clare retired on the second day when Burke was first 
proposed. Burke was at that time at Malton, Yorks, for which place 

Members for Bristol. 129 

he had been returned, when the deputation arrived to invite him to 
Bristol, where he arrived on the 6th day of the poll. Brickdale 
petitioned 20 March 1775, but without success. For the fullest 
information relating to this election the reader is referred to Mr. 
G. E. Weare's very interesting Book on "Edmund Burke, and his 
connection with Bristol," published in 1894. 

Henry Cruger jun. of Bristol, and Wesfonhouse, Bath, a 
Bristol merchant who amassed a large fortune, was a native of New 
York, and the son of Henry Cruger. He was elected a Common 
Councilman 23 July 1766, Sheriff 1768, Mayor 1781, Master of the 
Society of Merchant Venturers 1781, and President of the Anchor 
Society 1783. He was M.F. for Bristol 1774-80, and 1784-90, was 
defeated 1780, and failed and petitioned 1781. He was absent in 
America at the time of the election in 1784, "and was resident there 
since 1785." (Barretts History of Bristol, cjSg). " He left for New 
York before the Dissolution in 1790." {Weare). He was elected an 
Alderman 25 July 1782, and resigned his gown in 1792, but retained 
his seat in the Council notwithstanding his absence in America 
until his death 24 April 1827. He married the dau. of Samuel Peach 
(see 1780,) and his son Samuel Peach Cruger of Tockington took the 
name of Peach in lieu of Cruger by royal license 9 May 1788, and 
was H.S. CO. Glouc. 1796. 

The celebrated orator Ed mund Burke, of Gregories, Beaconsfield, 
Bucks, was the eldest son of Richard B. a Dublin attorney, and was 
b. 12 Jan. 1729. He entered Trin. Coll. Dublin 14 April 1743, B.A. 
1748, M.A. 1751, Hon. L.L.D. 1791, was adm. to the Middle Temple 
in 1750, but was never called to the bar. He declined an appointment 
in America 1755, and m. in 1757 Jane Mary dau. of Dr. Christopher 
Nugent of Bath. When Dodsley started the Annual Register in 
1758, Burke became its first Editor, for some years. He was Private 
Secretary to the Right Hon. William Gerard Hamilton — " Single 
Speech Hamilton" — Chief Secretary for Ireland, from 1761 to 1763, 
and afterwards July 1765 to Aug. 1766 to the Marquis of Rockingham, 
Prime Minister, under whose auspices he entered Parliament for 
Wendover in 1765. He was gra.ited a pension of ^^300 a year on the 
Irish List 1763. He voted in favour of Wilkes 1769, was M.P. for 
Wendover Dec. 1765-74, Malton and Bristol 1774, but preferred to 
represent Bristol till 1780, and Malton Dec. 1780 to July 1794, when he 
retired from Parliament. Burke, who was presented with the Freedom 
of the City of Bristol 12 Nov. 1774, and became a member of the Society 
of Merchant Venturers 13 March 1775 was Agent in England for 
the province of New York (a sinecure office) 1771-8, was sworn a 
Privy Councillor 30 March 1782, and held office as Paymaster 
General of the Land Forces March to July 1782, and again in the 
Coalition Ministry April to Dec 1783. He was Lord Rector of 
Glasgow Univ. 1784-7, and was granted a pension of ;^40oo a year 

130 Members for Bristol. 

in 1795. At the time of the French Revolution Burke separated 
himself from his political friend Fox, and generously and eloquently 
accorded his support to Pitt's Government. He d. at his seat 
Gregories, near Beaconsfield on 9 July 1797 in his 68th year, " after a 
long and painful illness, which he bore with a pious fortitude truly 
worthy of his character." {Gentleman' s Magazine.) 

1780. Sept. 20. 

Sir H. Lippincott. 



Matthew Brickdale. 



Henry Cruger. 



Samuel Peach. 



Edmund Burke. 


Mr. Burke declined the contest in a letter dated 9 Sept. 
Samuel Peach a wealthy linen draper of Bristol, and the father in 
law of Henry Cruger was elected for Cricklade in a Double Return 
Dec. 1774, which however was declared void. He was again 
returned 4 March 1775 but was unseated on petition. Richard 
Combe was also a candidate but died the day before the commence- 
ment of the poll. He was the son of Henry Combe (see 1739), 
matric. Queen's Coll. Oxon. 31 Oct. 1745, aged 17, and m. 14 July 
1759 Miss Chamberlain of Bristol, with ;^soooo. He sat for 
Milborne Port 7 April till unseated 22 May 1772, and for Aldeburgh 
(Suffolk,) 1774-80, was app. Treasurer and Paymaster of the 
Ordnance (;^5oo a year) 6 Sept. 1780, but died at Bristol two days 
afterwards aged 52, His sudden death drew from Mr. Burke one 
of his most fervid speeches containing the words so often afterwards 
used as a quotation, — "Shadows we are, and Shadows we pursue." 

Sir Henry Lippincott of Stoke Bishop, was the only son of 
Henry L. of Sydbury, Devon, who d. 1745, and m. Elizabeth only 
dau. and heir of Charles Jefferies, (by Catherine his wife, only dau. of 
Sir Wm. Cann 5th Bart, of Compton Green, and eventually heiress 
of her brother Sir Robert Cann the last Bart, who d. 20 July 1765). 
He was a merchant at Bristol, and Sheriff of the city 1768, 1770, and 
was created a Baronet 7 Sept. 1778. He was H S. co. Glouc. 1776, 
and purchased just before 1778 the manor of Littleton upon Severn. 
Sir Henry was patron of Compton Greenfield, and sat for Bristol 
1780 till his death in Feb. 1781. The title expired with his only son 
in 1829. 

1781. Feb. 26. George Daubeny. T. 3143. 
Henry Cruger W. 2771. 

vice Lippincott deceased. Cruger petitioned 31 Oct. 1781. George 
Daubeny, a sugar refiner, of Ower, Redland, eldest son of George D. 
of Bristol, was baptized 21 Sept. 1742, and m. Martha Baker. He 
was an Alderman of Bristol, Sheriff 1769, Mayor 1786, M.P. Feb. 
1781-4, when defeated, J.P. cos. Glouc, and Somerset, and d. 25 May 

Members for Bristol. 131 

1806, aged 62, and was buried at St. James's Bristol, 2 June. He 
was President of the Dolphin Society 1775. 

1784. May 10. Matthew Brickdale. T. 3458. 

Henry Cruger. W. 3052. 

George Daubeny. T. 2984. 

Samuel Peach. W. 373. 

6094 voted at this election, the poll being kept open at 
enormous expense for 31 days, the longest on record. This led the 
following year to an Act of Parliament being passed to limit the 
duration of polls to 21 days. Daubeny petitioned against Cruger 
18 May 1784, and several electors petitioned against Brickdale. 

1790. June 19. Marquis of Worcester. T. 544. 

Lord Sheffield. W. 537. 

— Lewis. 1 2 . 

William Cunningham. 5. 

As to Lord Worcester see the County 1796. John Lord 
Sheffield was the eldest surviving son of Isaac Holroyd, (by Dorothy 
yst. dau. of Daniel Baker of Penn, Bucks, and co-heir of her brothers,) 
and was b. in 1734, and m. (i) in April 1767 Abigail (who d. 3 April 
1793) only dau. of Lewis Way of Richmond, Surrey, and (2) 26 Dec. 
1794 Lady Lucy Pelham (who d. iS Jan. 1797) dau. of 'rhomas ist 
Earl of Chichester, and brother to Hon. George Pelham, Bishop of 
Bristol 1803-7, and (3) 20 Jan. 1798 Lady Anne North 2nd dau. 
of Frederick 2nd Earl of Guildford K.G. better known as Lord 
North, the Prime Minister 1770-82, (see Williams' Oxfordshire 
Members.) He took the prefix surname of Baker 1768 in compliance 
with the will of his uncle Rev. James Baker, vicar of Stamfordham, 
Northumberland, on succeeding to his estates in Yorks, Bucks, Sussex, 
&c., and was app. Major of the Sussex Militia 1778, raised the (Sussex 
or) 22nd Light Dragoons 1779, was F-R-S. and F.S.A., unsucc. cont. 
Coventry 1780, but was seated on petition Feb. 1781, and sat till 
1784. He was created a Peer of Ireland as Lord Sheffield 9 Jan. 
1 78 1, sat for Bristol 1 790-1802, was created Lord Sheffield of the 
United Kingdom 29 July 1802, and Earl of Sheffield in the Irish 
Peerage 22 Jan. 1816. His Lordship was app. President of the Board 
of Agriculture 1803, sworn a Privy Councillor 20 Dec. 1809, and 
app. a Member of the Board of Trade the same day, and d. 30 
May 1 82 1, aged 86. He was seated at Sheffield Park, Sussex, and was 
an able writer upon political economy. 

1796. May 28. Charles Bragge. T. 364. 

Lord Sheffield. W. 340. 

Benjamin Hothouse. W. 108. 

Benjamin Hobhouse of Chantry House, Wilts, and Westbury 
College, CO, Gloucester, was the younger son of John H. of Westbury 

132 Members for Bristol. 

College, and was born 29 March 1757, and called to the bar at the 
Middle Temple 25 May 1781. He m. (i) 12 Sept. 1785 Charlotte 
(who d. 25 Nov. 1791) dau. of Samuel Cann of Chantry House, and 
(2) 18 April 1793, Amelia aunt of Sir Edward Parry, and dau. of Rev. 
Joshua Parry of Cirencester. HewasM.P. Bletchingley Feb. 1 797-1 802, 
Grampound 1802-6, Hindon 1806-18, Sec. to the Board of Control 
Nov. 1803 to May 1804, and Chairman of Ways and Means 1806-7. 
He was made a Baronet 22 Dec. 1812, and d. 15 Aug. 1831, aged 74. 
His 2nd son Captain Benjamin Hobhouse, 69th Foot, was killed at 
Quatre Bras 16 June 1815. 

Charles Bragge of Cleve Dale, Bristol, and Lydney, was the 
elder son of Charles Bragge of Bath, who was made Major South 
Gloucester Militia 1759, by Anne eldest dau. of Benjamin Bathurst 
M.P. of Lydney, (see Gloucester 1727). He was b. 1754, educ. at 
Winchester, matric. New Coll. Oxon, 9 Nov. 1772, aged 18, B.C.L. 
1785, created D.C.L. 16 June 1814, was called to the bar at Lincoln's 
Inn 7 Feb. 1778, (when he gave the usual bond,) and chosen a Bencher 
9 May 1813. He was a leading counsel at the Gloucester Quarter 
Sessions, Secretary of the Commissions of the Peace to the Lord 
Chancellor 1779-91, a Commr. of Bankrupts from about 1779 till 

1800, and Clerk of the Presentations in Chancery. He m. i Aug. 
1788 Charlotte dau. of Dr. Anthony Addington of Reading, and sister 
to Henry ist Viscount Addington, Prime Minister 1801-4, to whose 
influence he mainly owed his political advancement. Mr. Bragge 
took the surname and arms of Bathurst by royal license 11 May 1804 
on succeeding to the very valuable Lydney estates of his maternal 
uncle Poole Bathurst, under the will of his widow who died at Bath 
5 May. He held office as Chairman of the Committee of Ways and 
Means Feb. 1799 to Nov. 1801, was sworn a Privy Councillor 18 Nov. 

1801, a Member of the Board of Trade 22 June 1803, Treasurer of the 
Navy Nov. 1801 to June 1803, Secretary at War Aug. 1803 to May 1804, 
Master of the Mini Oct. 1806 to March 1807, Chancellor of the Duchy 
of Lancaster with a seat in the Cabinet June 18:2 to Jan. 1823, and 
also President of the Board of Control for the affairs of India Jan. 
1821 to Feb. 1822. He sat for Monmouth 1790-6, Bristol 1796-1812, 
Bodmin 1812-18, and Harwich 1818 till he accepted the Chiltern 
Huudreds and retired into private life in Feb. 1823. Bragge Bathurst 
was " an able man of business, who spoke with considerable weight." 
He died 13 Aug. 1831, aged 77. 

1801. Nov. 23. Right Hon. Charles Bragge, re-elected on 
being made Treasurer of the Navy. 

1802. July 6. Right Hon. C. Bragge. T. 

Evan BaiUie. W. 

Sir Frederick Morton Eden 2nd Bart, of Truir, co. Durham 
was a candidate, but retired before the election, He d. Nov. 1809. 

Members for Bristol 133 

Evan Baillie was the 3rd son of Hugh Baillie of Dochfour, co. 
Inverness, and succ. his eldest brother Alexander in the Dochfour 
estates in 1798. He m. Mary dau. of Peter Gurley of St. Vincent'?, 
and was an eminent West India merchant of Bristol, of which city he 
served as Sheriff 1786, and was for many years an Alderman. He 
raised the Royal Bristol Volunteers (Infantry), of which he was made 
Colonel 9 July 1803, and in 1806 commanded two corps, one of 1000, 
and the other of 444 effective men. He sat for Bristol 1802-12, and 
d. 28 June 183s, at the great age of 93. Mr. Baillie was one of the 
most successful merchants of his time, and founded the well-known 
West India House, afterwards converted into the Old Bank, Briitol. 

1803. Aug. 16. Rt. Hon. C. Bragge, re-elected after being 
made Secretary at War. 

1806. Oct. 29. Rt. Hon. C. Bragge Bathurst. 

Aid. Evan Baillie. 

1807. May. 5. Rt. Hon. C. Bragge Bathurst. 

Aid. Evan Baillie. 

1812. July 15. R. Hart Davis. T. 1907. 
Henry Hunt. R. 235. 
William Cobbett. R. — 

vice Rt. Hon. C. Bragge Bathurst app. Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, and elected for Bodmin. The poll was kept open 13 days. 
The defeated candidates were well known as advanced Radical 
Reformers. Cobbett edited the Farliamentary Debates named after 
him, a work of much usefulness. Orator Hunt unsucc. cont. Preston 
1820, 1830, 1832, but rep. it Dec. 1830-2. He was found guilty of 
unlawful assembly at the disastrous Manchester Meeting, and 
sentenced in 1820 to be imprisoned in Ilchester gaol for two years 
and a half 

Richard Hart Davis of Mortimer House, Clifton, and Walton, 
was a Bristol banker, and was the only son of Henry Davis of Bristol, 
who d. 26 Feb. 1802, by his 2nd wife Marianna dau. of Major 
Robert Hart of Grantham, (see 1681.) His great grandfather 
Henry Davis resided at Frampton Cottrell in 1674. The Member 
for Bristol was b. 1766, and m. 27 Nov. 1789, Sarah dau. of William 
Whittingham of Earlsmead, and sister of General Sir Samuel Ford 
Whittingham G.C.B. who held a high command in the Spanish 
service in the Peninsular War, and was Commander in Chief at 
Madras Sept. 1839-41. He was M.P. for Colchester 1807 to June 
1 8 1 2, when he vacated his seat in order to stand for Bristol, which he 
represented July 18 12-31, when he retired into private life. He was 
four times re-elected at the head of the poll, and occasionally took 
part in the debates. He died in 1842. He was President of the 
Dolphin Society 1809. Mr. Hart Davis was a great patron of the 

134 Members for Bristol. 

Arts, and made a fine collection of paintings. His portrait by Sir 
Thomas Lawrence P.R.A., is one of the finest works of that master, 
and has been often exhibited. During the memorable Bristol Riots, 
Mortimer House was one of the buildings attacked by the mob. 
Of his two sons and two daughters, Louisa m. John Scandrett Harford 
M.P. of Blaise Castle, Henbury, {see Williams' Pari. Hist, of Wales,) 
but d. s.p., and Clementina d. unmarried. The elder son Hart Davis 
was b. 1 79 1, educ. at Eton, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 26 Jan. 1809, 
aged 17, ent. Lincolns Inn 1810, and m. Charlotte dau. of Major 
General Thomas Dundas I\LP. of Fingask N.B. and grand-dau. of 
Alexander 9th Earl of Home. He succ. his father as M.P. for 
Colchester June 181 2 to Feb. 18 18, when he accepted a position at 
the Mauritius, was a Commissioner of Excise July 1826 to June 1849, 
and Deputy Chairman of the Board Oct. 1838-49, and d. s.p. 17 June 
1854, aged 63. The younger son Richard Vaughan Davis was b. 
1797, and m. 5 Aug. 1842 Anne Charlotte dau. of Major Henry 
Bates R.A., by Catherine Mansel lineal descendant of the Mansels of 
Margam. He was a Commissioner of Audit for many years previous 
to the abolition of that Board 1866, and d. 23 Nov. 1872, leaving 
three sons and three daughters. Katherine Louisa Hart m. 
1866 to Samuel Hoare, M.P. for Norwich from 1886; Adelaide 
Clementina Hart m. 22 Jan. 1878 to Rev. Henry Dyke Acland, 
rector of Nymet, St. George, Devon, 1879; and Dorothea m. to 
Edward Walter Joynson of Ashfield, Sale, Cheshire. The eldest son, 
the Rev. Richard Hart Hart-Davies, vicar of Dunsden, Berks, from 
1876, matric. Univ. Coll. Oxon 11 June 1862, aged 19, B.A. 1865, 
M.A. 1870, and m. 30 Oct. 1872 Mary Lydia elder dau. of Sir 
Thomas Dyke Acland nth Bart., M.P. of Killerton, Devon. The 
third son Sidney Osborne is unmarried. The second son Major 
Henry Vaughan Hart Hart-Davis was b. 3 April 1849, and m. 10 
March 1873 Annie only child of Charles Whittinghara, Madras Civil 
Service. He became Lieut. R.E. 8 Jan. 1870, Adjutant 26 July 1879, 
Captain 8 Jan. 1882, and retired June 1883. He was made J. P. for 
Kent, served as Brigade Major Surrey Volunteer Infantry Brigade 
15 Sept. 1888-93, and was Major 3rd Vol. Batt. Queen's Royal West 
Surrey Regiment 1892-4. In 1874 he assumed by royal license the 
prefix surname of Hart. 

1812. Oct. 16. R. Hart Davis. T. 2910. 

Edward Protheroe. W. 2435. 

Sir Samuel Romilly. W. 1615. 

Henry Hunt. R. 455. 

The poll was kept open for 10 days, and 4389 voted. Hunt 
petitioned in 1812. Sir Samuel Romilly Knt., a profound lawyer 
and eloquent advocate, was Solicitor General Feb. 1806 to March 
1807, and M.P. Queenborough March 1806-7, Horsham 1807 till 
unseated Feb. 1808, Wareham April 1808-12, Arundel Dec. 

Members for Bristol. 135 

1812-18, and Westminster 4 July 1818 till his death 2 Nov. 
following. Distracted by the loss of his wife four days before, 
this brilliant statesman put an end to his own existence, at 
the age of 6r. His 2nd son Sir John Romilly, Master of the Rolls 
1851-73, was created Lord Romilly 1866. 

Edward Protheroe of Bristol, was the eldest son of Philip P. 
who was Sheriff 1777, and was born 1774, and was a West India 
merchant of Bristol, of which he was Sheriff 1797, and Mayor 1804. 
He was the President of the Anchor Society 1804, and died at Brighton 
24 Aug. 1856, aged 81. He sat for the city 1812-20, and was defeated 

1818. June 20. R. Hart Davis. T. 3377. 

Edward Protheroe. W. 2259. 
Hugh D. Baillie. W. 1684. 

The poll lasted 5 days, during which 41 21 voted. Col. Hugh 
Duncan Baillie of Redcastle, Ross-shire, was the 2nd son of the M.P. 
1802, and was President of the Anchor Society 1807. He sat for Rye 
as a Whig 1830-1, and for Honiton as a Tory 1835-47. He was Lord 
Lieut, of Ross-shire 1843 until his death 21 June 1866. 

1820. March 9. Henry Bright. W. 2975. 
R. Hart Davis. T. 2795. 
Hugh D. Baillie. W, 127. • 

Henry Bright was President of the Anchor Society 1825. He 
was called to the bar at Lincolns Inn 8 Feb, 1810, and admitted 
ad eundem to the Inner Temple i Feb. 181 1. He sat for Bristol 
1820-30, and d. at Malvern 26 March 1869, aged 83. Quaere if he 
was son of Richard B. merchant of Bristol, or of Henry B. a West 
India merchant of Bristol, who was Sheriff 1799, and Mayor 1807. 

1826. June 16. R. Hart Davis. T. 3887. 

Henry Bright. W. 2314. 

Edward Protheroe. W. 1874. 

1830. Aug. 5. R. Hart Davis. T. 5012. 

James Evan Baillie. W. 3378. 

Edward Protheroe jun. W. 2842. 

lames Acland. R. 8. 

Poll open 4 days, when 631 1 voted. James Evan Baillie was 
the 3rd son of the M.P. 1802, and was app. Lieut. R. Bristol 
Volunteers, 27 Aug. 1803. He was President of the Anchor Society 
1815. He sat for Tralee June 1813-18, and for Bristol 1830-4, being 
defeated Jan. 1835. He was for many years head of the West India 
House which his father had established, and died unmarried in 
London 14 June 1863, leaving upwards of half a million sterling. 

136 Members for Bristol. 

1831. April 30. James Evan Baillie. W. 

Edward Protheroe,jun. W. 

Edward Protheroe jun. of Great Gaddesden, Herts, and 
Newnham, only child of the M.P. 1812, was born in 1798, matric. 
Ch. Ch. Oxon. 3 Feb. 1817, aged 18, and was made J. P. and U.L. 
CO. Gloucester, and D.L. Bristol, was one of the Royal Commrs. on 
Public Records 1830-4, M.P. Evesham 1826-30, Bristol 1831-2 and 
Halifax 1837-47. He unsucc. cont. Bristol 1830, 1832, and Halifax 
1835. On 21 Jan. 184s he took the prefix surname of Davis in 
compliance with the Will of Dame Mary Hill of Turnwood, Dorset, 
(wife of Lieut. Gen. Sir Dudley St. Leger Hill K.C.B., and widow of 
Mark Davis of Turnwood,) from whom he derived considerable 
property. He d. v.p. in London 18 Aug. 1852, aged 54. 

1832, Dec. 14. Sir R. R. Vyvyan. T. 3967. 

James Evan Baillie. W. 3159. 
Edw. Protheroe jun. W. 3030. 
/ohn Williams. W. 2741. 

6631 voted out of 10,315. Vyvyan had 524 Plumpers, Baillie 
113, Protheroe 58, and Williams 18. The Spht Votes were, for 
Vyvyan and Baillie 2964, Vyvyan and Protheroe 242, Vyvyan and 
Williams 39, Baillie and Protheroe 64, Baillie and Williams 17, 
Protheroe and Williams 2665. 

Sir Richard Rawlinson Vyvyan of Trelowarren, Cornwall, 
b. there 6 June 1800, was eldest son of Sir Vyell V. whom he succ. as 
8th Bart. 27 Jan. 1820. He was educ, at Harrow, and matric. from 
Ch. Ch. Oxon 22 May 1818. He was M.P. Cornwall Jan. 1825-31, 
Okehampton July 1831-2, Bristol 1832-7, ar.d Helston 1841-57, 
was J.P and D.L. Cornwall, H.S. 1840, patron of 2 livings, and d. 
unmarried 15 Aug. 1879. 

1835. Jan. 9. Philip John Miles. T. 3709. 

Sir R. R. Vyvyan. T. 3313. 

James Evan Baillie. W. 2518. 

Sir J. C. Hobhouse. W. 1808. 

5879 voted out of 10112. The Plumpers were, for Miles no, 
Vyvyan 40, Baillie 234, Hobhouse 10. The Split Votes were, for 
Miles and Vyvyan 3173, Miles and Baillie 415, Miles and Hobhouse 
12, Vyvyan and Baillie 86, Vyvyan and Hobhouse 15, Baillie and 
Hobhouse 1771. 

The defeated candidate Sir John Cam Hobhouse F.R.S. was a 
distinguished poUtician, who held office as Secretary at War Feb. 
1832 to April 1833, Chief Secretary for Ireland April to May 1833, 
Chief Commr. of Woods and Forests with a seat in the Cabinet July 
to Nov. 1834, President of the Board of Control April 1835 to Sept. 

Members for Bristol. 137 

1841, and again July 1846 to Feb. 1852. He was the eldest son of 
Sir Benjamin H. (see 1796,) b. at Redland 27 June 1786, educ. at 
Westminster School, B.A. Trinity Coll. Camb. 1808, M.A. 181 1, 
published an account of his travels with Lord Byron in Greece, and 
m. 28 July 1828 Lady Julia Hay yst. dau. of George 7th Marquis of 
Tweeddale. He succ. his father as 2nd Bart. 15 Aug. 1831, was a 
partner in Whitbread & Co. the London brewers, sworn a Privy 
Councillor 6 Feb. 1832, unsucc. cont. Westminster March 1819, but 
rep. it 1820 to May 1833, when he lost his seat on seeking re-election 
after being made Irish Secretary. He sat for Nottingham July 
1834-47, when defeated, and for Harwich April 1849 till created 
Lord Broughton 26 Feb. 185 1. His Lordship was made G.C.B. 1852, 
and was D.L. Wilts, and Hon. Col. Wilts MiHtia from 8 Feb. 1840 
till his death 3 June 1869, when the Peerage became extinct. 

Philip John Miles of Leigh Court, Somerset, and Clifton, and 
King's Weston, was the son of William Miles, a Bristol merchant 
and banker of enormous wealth, who was Sheriff of the city 1766, 
and Mayor 1780. He was b. i March 1774, and m. (i) 12 June 1795 
Maria (who d. 20 July i8ri) dau. of Very Rev. Arthur Whetham, 
Dean of Lismore, and (2) 11 May 1813 Clarissa dau. of Samuel 
Peach-Peach of Tockington, (see 1774.) Mr. Miles was a Bristol 
merchant, and sat for Corfe Castle 1820-32, and Bristol 1835-7. He 
d. 24 March 1845. His eldest son Sir William Miles M.P. was 
created a Baronet 19 April 1859. 

1837. July 22. P. W. S. Miles. T. 3837. 

Francis H. F. Berkeley. W. 3312. 
William Fripp. T. 3156. 

6375 voted out of 9992. The Plumpers were, for Miles 85, 
Berkeley 2411, Fripp 52. The split votes were, for Miles and Berkeley 
725, Miles and Fripp 3028, Berkeley and Fripp 76. The Tory Colour 
was Blue, the Whig Colours were Pink and Blue. Mr. Fripp was son 
of Wm. Fripp, Sheriff of Bristol 1798. 

Philip William Skynner Miles of King's Weston, 2nd son of the 
M.P. 183s, was b. 15 May 1816, educ. at Eton, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 
15 May 1834, and m. 21 Dec. 1846 Pamela Adelaide dau. of Lt. Gen. 
Sir William Francis Patrick Napier K.C.B. He was President of the 
Dolphin Society 1843. Mr. Miles sat for Bristol 1837-52, was J. P. and 
D.L. CO. Glouc, H.S. 1863, and d. i Oct. 1881. 

Francis Henry Fitzhardinge Berkeley, "the champion of the 
Ballot," was b. 7 Dec. 1794, the 4th son of Frederick 5th Earl of 
Berkeley. He matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 11 June, 1813, was some time a 
subaltern in the South Gloucester Militia, and m. Elizabeth widow of 
John Austin. He was President of the Anchor Society 1843, and sat 
for Bristol 1837 till his death in London 10 March 1870, aged 75. He 
was a grand shot, and one of the best amateur boxers in the kingdom. 

138 Members for Bristol. 

1841. June 28. P. W. S. Miles. T. 4193. 

F. H, F. Berkeley. W. 3739. 
W. Fripp. T. 3684. 

1847. July 28. F. H. F. Berkeley. L. 4391. 

P. W. S. Miles. P. 2595. 

W. Fripp. L.C. 2476. 

Apsley Pellatt L. 171. 

Mr. Pellatt was a large glass manufacturer in Southwark, which 
he rep. 1852-7, but was defeated 1857, 1859. 

1852. July 10. F. H. F. Berkeley. L. 4681. 

W. H. Gore Langton. L. 4531. 
F. A. McGeachy. C. 3632. 

Foster Alleyne McGeachy of Shenley Hall, Herts, H.S. 1865, 
only son of Alexander M. of Clifton, was M.P. Honiton 1841-7, and d. 
20 March 1887. 

WilUam Henry Gore-Langton, of York Crescent, Clifton, only 
son (by his second wife) of Col. Wm. Gore Langton M.P. of Newton 
Park, Somerset, was b. 1802, educ. at Harrow, matric. Magd. Coll. 
Oxon I Nov. 1820, aged 18, and m. (i) in 1824 Maria (who d. 7 Jan. 
1864) dau. of John Lewis, and (2) 19 April 1865 Mary Ann only dau. 
of Wm. Williams of Pwll-y-Pant, Glamorgan, He was Mayor of Bristol 
1851-2, M.P. 1852-65, J.P. and D.L. Somerset, and d. 16 May 1875. 

1857. March 27. F. H. F. Berkeley. L. 

W. H. Gore Langton. L. 

1859. April 30. F. H. F. Berkeley. L. 4432. 

W. H. Gore Langton. L. 4285. 
F. W. Slade, Q.C. C. 4205. 

Sir Frederic Wm. Slade of Maunsel House, Somerset, who 
succ. his father as 2nd Bart. 13 Aug. 1859, was b. 22 Jan. 1801, 
and m. 23 Dec. 1833 Barbara sister of George 6th Lord Vaux. He 
was called to the bar at the Middle Temple 1830, and became a Q.C. 
1851, a Bencher 1852, and Lt. Col. West Somerset Yeomanry. He 
unsucc. cont. Salisbury 1852, Cambridge Aug. 1854, Bristol 1859, and 
d. 8 Aug. 1863. 

1865. July 15. F. H. F. Berkeley. L. 5296. 
Sir S. M. Peto. L. 5228. 

T. F. Fremanile. L. 4269. 

The defeated candidate Thomas Francis Fremantle was M.P. 
Bucks Sept. 1876-85, and succ. his father as 2nd Lord Cottesloe 1890. 

Members for Bristol. 139 

Sir Samuel Morton Peto of Chipstead Place, Kent, son of Wm. 
P. of Cookham, Berks, was born at Whitmoor House, Sutton, Woking, 
4 Aug. 1809, and apprenticed to his uncle Henry Peto, the builder, 
for whom he supervised the building, among others, of a house for 
Horace Twiss in Carlton Gardens, and Raymond's Buildings, in 
Gray's Inn. His articles expired in 1830, and in that year Mr. Peto 
died, and left the business to his two nephews, Mr. Thomas Grissell, 
afterwards of Norbury Park, and (Sir) Morton Peto. The firm of 
Grissell and Peto, during the partnership, executed many buildings of 
importance, their first, obtained in public competition, being the 
Hungerford Market, while afterwards they built the Reform, Con- 
servative, and Oxford and Cambridge Club-houses, the Lyceum, 
St. James's, and Olympic Theatres, the Nelson Column, all the Great 
Western Railway Works between Hanweli and Langley, including the 
Hanwell Viaduct, a large part of the South Eastern Railway, and the 
Woolwich Graving Dock. On severing partnership, Mr. Grissell 
retained the building contracts, including that for the Houses of 
Parliament, commenced by the firm, while Sir Morton took to the 
railway contracts, and either alone or with his subsequent partner, Mr. 
E. L. Betts, constructed many sections of the leading railways in 
England, and others abroad, together with the Victoria Docks, and the 
Thames Graving Docks. Sir Morton m. (i) 18 May 1831 his cousin 
Mary (who d. 20 May 1842) dau. of Thomas de la Garde Grissell of 
Stockwell, Surrey, and (2) 12 July 1843 Sarah eldest dau. of Henry 
Kelsall of Rochdale. He aided in starting the Great Exhibition of 
1851, by offering a guarantee of ;£5o,ooo in its support, and was made 
one of Her Majesty's Commissioners. Misfortunes, however, overtook 
his firm in connection with their contract for the extensions of the 
London, Chatham, and Dover Railway, and the failure of the firm of 
Overend, Gurney, and Co., in consequence of which Sir Morton retired 
from Parliament in 1868. He afterwards lived principally at Eastcote 
House, Pinner, and subsequendy at Blackhurst, Tunbridge Wells. He 
was elected an Associate of the Institution of Civil Engineers 26 Feb. 
1839, and was made a Baronet 22 Feb. 1855, for having contracted in 
Dec. 1854 to construct a railway from Balaclava to Sebastopol, and 
other work, during the Crimean War, without profit or remuneration 
for superintendence. He was a Director of several railways, patron of 3 
livings, J.P. Norfolk and Middlesex, J.P. and D.L. Suffolk, F.R.G.S., 
Dep. Chairman of the Metropolitan Commrs. of Sewers in 1855, M.P. 
Norwich 1847 to Dec. 1854, (when he was obliged to resign his seat for 
taking a contract under Government, though without profit), Finsbury 
1859-65, and Bristol 1865 till he vacated his seat April 1868. He died 
at Blackhurst 13 Nov. 1889, aged 80. 

1868. April 30. J. W. Miles. C. 5173. 

Samuel Morky. L. 4977. 

vice Peto who accepted the Chiltern Hundreds. On petition Mr. Miles 

140 Members for Bristol. 

was unseated in June, and no writ was issued till the Parliament was 
dissolved in Nov. 

John William Miles of Underdown, co. Hereford, and Kings- 
weston House, 3rd son of the M.P. 1835, was b. 21 June 1817, educ. at 
Eton, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 4 June 1835, B.A. 1839, and M.A. 1865. 
He was M.P. Bristol April to June 1868, when unseated, defeated Nov. 
1868, J.P. and D.L. co. Hereford, and d. unmarried 5 Nov. 1878. 

1868. Nov. 16. F. H. F. Berkeley. L. 8759. 
Samuel Morley. L. 8714. 

r. IV. Miles. C. 6694. 

Samuel Morley the philanthropist, of Wood Street, London, was 
b. at Hackney 15 Oct 1809, the youngest child of John Morley, and m. 
19 May 1 84 1 Rebekah Maria dau. of Samuel Hope of Liverpool. 
He was in business with his brother John as wholesale hosiers 
in Wood Street, Cheapside, 1842-55, and was sole partner 1855-60. 
He started a fresh business in i860 as a frame-work knitter at 
Nottingham, and built mills at Loughborough, Leicester, Heanor 
in Derbyshire, Daybrook, and Sutton in Ashfield, Notts, and 
founded the largest business in textile industries of its class, employing 
about 8000 people. By these means he realised a large fortune. Mr. 
Morley was J.P. and D.L. Middlesex, J.P. Kent, a Commr. of 
Lieutenancy for the city of London, a member (for the City) of the 
first two School Boards for London Nov. 1870 to Dec. 1876, M.P. 
Nottingham 1865 till unseated May 1866, unsucc. cont. Bristol May 
1868, but rep. it Nov. 1868-85. He declined a Peerage 24 June 1885, 
and d. at Hall Place, Tonbridge, 5 September 1886. 

1870. March 29. Elisha S. Robinson. L. 7832. 
Sholto Vere Hare. C. 7062. 

vice Berkeley deceased. On petition Mr. Robinson was unseated in 

Elisha Smith Robinson of Sneyd Park, Bristol, son of Edward 
R. of Overbury, co. Worcester, was b. 12 March 18 17, educ. at a private 
school at Oxford, and m. (i) Elizabeth Frank (who d. 187 1) dau. of 
Richard Frank Ring, and (2) Louisa (who d. 1875) eldest dau. of Rev. 
D. Thomas B.A., of Bristol. Mr. Robinson sat for Bristol March to 
June 1870, when he was unseated on petition, and again contested the 
city in 1880. He was head of the firm of Messrs. E. S. and H. 
Robinson, wholesale stationers, Bristol, and was Mayor of Bristol 1866, 
and for many years a member of the Common Council, J.P., Chairman 
of the Licensing Justices, and Governor of the Incorporation of the 
Poor. He d. 29 Aug. 1885, leaving a daughter and six sons, of whom 
the eldest is Mr. Frank Ring Robinson of Blagdon House, Sneyd 
Park, and the second is Mr. Edward Robinson of the Towers, Sneyd 

Members for Bristol. 141 

1870. June 27. K. D. Hodgson. L. 7816. 
Sholto Vere Hare. C. 7238. 

vice Robinson whose election was declared void. Kirkman Daniel 
Hodgson of London, merchant, was born 7 May 18 14, the eldest son of 
John H. of Hampstead, and was educ. at the Charterhouse. He married 
10 April 1843 Frances dau. of John Laforey Butler of Southgate. Mr. 
Hodgson was largely engaged in commerce as head of the firm of 
Finlay, Hodgson, and Co., and subsequently as partner in Baring 
Brothers Limited after the amalgamation of those two Houses in 1867. 
He became a Director of the Bank of England in 1840, (being the 
youngest Director ever elected,) and retained that office until his death, 
serving as Deputy Governor 1861, and 1862, and as Governor 1863, 
and 1864. He was made a Commissioner of Lieutenancy for the city 
of London, and J. P. for Kent, and served on Mr. Gladstone's first 
Universities Commission. Mr. Hodson unsuccessfully contested Penryn 
in i868, but sat for Bridport 1857-68, and for Bristol June 1870-8, when 
he accepted the Chiltern Hundreds. He died n Sept. 1879, aged 65. 

1874. Feb. 5. K. D. Hodgson. L. 

Samuel Morley. L. 8732. 

Sholto Vere Hare. C. 8552. 

George H. Chambers. C. 7626. 

George Henry Chambers of Langley Lodge, Beckenham, Kent, 
was b. 18 1 6, and was Chairman of the London and St. Katharine 
Docks Co. 1869-83, Treasurer from 18S6, and was Knighted 1880. 

1878, Dec. 16. Lewis Fry. L. 9342. 

Sir Ivor Guest. C. 7795. 

vice Hodgson resigned. Sir Ivor Guest 2nd Bart, of Caniord Manor, 
Wimborne, Dorset, unsucc, cont. Glamorgan Feb. 1874, Poole May 
1874, Bristol Dec. 1878, and 1880, and was created Lord Wimborne 
30 April 1880. (See Williams' Pari. Hist, of Wales). 

Lewis Fry of Goldney House, Clifton Hill, 4th son of Joseph 
F. of Bristol, was b. there 16 April 1832, adm. a Solicitor 1854, and 
was senior partner in Messrs, Fry, Abbot, Pope, and Brown, Solicitors, 
Bristol, until he retired from practice in 1876. He m. 1859 Elizabeth 
Peace (who d. 1870) dau. of Francis Gibson of Saffron Walden, 
Essex, and was the first Chairman of the Bristol School Board Jan. 
1871 to Jan. 1880, and a member of the Town Council for many years 
between 1866 and 1884. Mr. Fry sat for Bristol Dec. 1878-85, and for 
North Bristol 1885-92, when he was defeated, and again from 1895. 
He was Chairman of the Parliamentary Enquiry on Town Holdings 
1886-92, and author of two reports on that subject. His elder brother 
the Right Hon. Sir Edward Fry Knt. was a Lord Justice of Appeal 
1883-92. Their cousin Sir Theodore Fry M.P. for Darlington 1880-95, 
was made a Baronet in 1894. 

142 Members for Bristol. 

1880. April. Samuel Morley. L, 10704. 

Lewis Fry. L. 10070. 

Sir Ivor Guest. C. 9395- 

Elisha S. Robinson. Ind. L. 4100. 

Upon the Dissolution of Parliament 18 Nov. 1885, the 
provisions of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1B85 came into operation, 
by which Bristol was divided into four Parliamentary Divisions — East, 
North, South, and West (including Clifton,) — each returning one 
Member. Up till 1832 the right of election lay in the freeholders of 
40s. a year, and the Free Burgesses, and the Sheriffs were the Returning 
Officers. There were nearly 6000 voters in 18 16. The city had 
10309 registered electors in 1832, 12612 in 1858, 21158 in 1868, 
23977 in 1874, and 26502 in 1884. The High Sheriff of Bristol 
is now the Returning Officer. 


1885. Nov. 25. Handel Cossham. L. 4647. 

James Broad Bissell. C. 2383. 

Handel Cossham F.G.S. of Weston Park, Bath, and Little 
Marlow, Bucks, only son of Jesse C. of Thornbury, was b. there 1824, 
and m. 1848 Elizabeth dau. of Wm. Wethered. He was manager of 
the Yate Colleries 1845-60, and became chief proprietor of the 
Parkfield and Kingswood Collieries, was a Town Councillor for Bath, 
Mayor 1882-3 3-"d 1884-5, unsucc. cont. Nottingham May 1866, 
Dewsbury 1868, Chippenham 1874, and sat for Bristol 1885 till his 
death at the National Liberal Club, London, 23 April 1890. 

1886. July 2. Handel Cossham. G.L. 3762. 

James Inskip. I.C. 1936. 

1890. May 9. Sir J. D. Weston. G.L. 4775. 
James InsTcip C. 1900. 

J. Havelock Wilson. Lab. 602. 

vice Cossham deceased. Sir Joseph Dodge Weston of Dorset House, 
Clifton Down, yst. son of Thomas W. of Bristol, merchant, was b. 1 1 
Nov. 1822, educ. at Bishops College, Clifton, and m. 11 Oct. 1888 
Hannah Annie yst dau. of Wm, C. P. Beloe of Clifton. He joined 
his father in business, and for many years carried on extensive iron-works 
at West Brcmwich, and Cwmbran, co. Monmouth, was Chairman of 
the Patent Nut and Bolt Co., one of the founders and Chairman of the 
Bristol Waggon Co., Chairman of the G.W. Cotton Works, Bristol, J. P. 
Bristol, Mayor 1880-4, County Councillor for Bristol, (Westbury division,) 
1889-95, and a director of the Taff Vale Railway Co. Nov. 1886-95. 
He was Knighted at Windsor 26 Nov. 1886, and was M.P. South 
Bristol 1885-6, when defeated, and East Bristol May 1890 till his death 
at Clifton 5 March 1895, aged 72. 

Members for Bristol. 143 

1892. July s. Sir J. D. Weston. G.L. 

1895. March 21. Sir W. H. Wills. L. 3740. 

Hugh Holmes Gore. Lab. 3558. 

vice Weston deceased, Sir William Henry Wills of Coombe Lodge, 
Blagdon, Somerset, only surviving son of Wm. Day Wills of Bristol, was 
b. I Sept. 1830, educ. at Mill Hill School, and Univ. Coll. London, and 
m. II Jan. 1853, Eliz. yst. dau. of John Stancomb of The Prospect, 
Trowbridge, Wilts. He was Chairman of the Bristol Chamber of 
Commerce, is J. P. and D.L. Somerset, J. P. Kent and Bristol, (High 
Sheriff 1877-8,) a director of the Great Western Ry. Co., and Chairman 
of W. D. and H. O. Wills Ld. tobacco manufacturers, Bristol. He sat 
for Coventry 1880-5, unsucc. cont. S.E. Essex 1885, 1886, and South 
Bristol 1892, was created a Baronet 12 Aug. 1893, and has rep. East 
Bristol from March 1895. 

1895. July 15. Sir W. H. Wills. L. 4129. 

Sam. Geo. Hobson. I. Lab. 1874. 

The East Division of Bristol had 10902 voters in 1892, and 
11254 in 1895. 


1885. Nov. 25. Lewis Fry. L. 41 10 

C. E. H. A. Colston. C. 3046 

1886. July 2. Lewis Fry. L.U. 3587 

Alfred Carpenter M.D. G.L. 2737 

1892. July 5. Charles Townsend. G.L, 4409 

Lewis Fry. L.U. 4064. 

Charles Townsend of St. Mary's, Stoke Bishop, son of John 
Henry T. of Bristol was b. at Edgbaston 6 June 1832, educ. at Leeds 
and Bristol, and m. 1859 Anna Maria dau. of Adam Holden of Bristol. 
He is a wholesale and export druggist, and head of the firm of Ferris 
and Co. Bristol, J. P. for the city and county of Bristol, a member of the 
Common Council since 1872, and sat for North Bristol 1892-5, when 
he lost his seat. 

1895. July 15. Lewis Fry. C. 47°2. 

Charles Townsend. L. 4464. 

The North Division had 10862 voters in 1892, and 1 1490 in 1895. 


1885. Nov. 25. J. D. Weston. L. 4217. 
E. S. Hill. C. 41 2 1. 

As to Mr, Weston see East Bristol 1890. 

144 Members for Bristol. 

1886. July 2. E. S. Hill. C. 4447- 

/ D. Weston. L. 3423. 

Lt.-Col. Edward Stock Hill of Rookwood, LlandafiF, and Hazel 
Manor, Bristol, youngest son of Charles H. of Bristol, was born at 
Bedminster 14 Jan. 1834, educ. at Bishop's College, Bristol, and abroad, 
and married 26 April 1866 Fanny Ellen dau. of Lt. Gen. Richard 
Tickell C.B. of Cheltenham. He was made J. P. Cardiff, and Glamorgan 
1872, H.S. 1885, Lt.-Col. Commdt. Glamorgan Art. Vol. 22 July 1864, 
(hon. rank of Col.) C.B. (for Volunteer services) 1881, and K.C.B. 
1892. Sir Edward has been a member of the firm of Charles Hill and 
Sons, shipowners and shipbuilders of Bristol, since 1855, was President 
of the Chamber of Shipping of U.K. 188 1, and President of the 
Associated Chambers of Commerce 1888-91. He has been a member 
of ' Lloyds ' Committee since 1885, and was made a Knight of the 
Swedish Order ofWasain 1887. He unsuccessfully contested South 
Bristol 1885, but won the seat in 1886, and notwithstanding two 
contests, has since retained it. 

1892. July 5. E. S. Hill. C. 4990. 

W. H. Wills. G.L. 4442. 

1895. July 15. Sir E. S. Hill C. 5190. 

J. C Connor Power. L. 4431. 

The South Division had 11887 voters in 1892, and 12281 in 


1885. Nov. 25. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach. C. 3876. 

Brinsley de Courcy Nixon. L. 2463. 

As to the Right Hon. Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach, see 
East Gloucestershire 1864. 

1886. July 2. Sir M. Hicks-Beach. C. 3819. 

James Judd. G.L. 1801. 

1886. Aug. II. ) Sir M. Hicks-Beach, re-elected each time on 
1888. Feb. 21. I taking office. 

1892. July 5. Sir M. Hicks-Beach. C. 

1895. July I. Sir M. Hicks-Beach, re-elected on accepting 

1895. July 15. Sir M. Hicks-Beach. C. 3815. 

Henry Hamilton Lawless. L. 1842. 

The West Division of Bristol had 81 12 electors in 1892, and 
8144 '" 1895- 



The Borough of Cheltenham has returned one Member since 
the Reform Act of 1832. It had 919 registered electors in 1832, 2170 
in 1858, 3536 in 1868, 4307 in 1874, 5577 in 1884, and 7169 in 
1895. The Mayor is the Returning Ofificer. 

1832. Dec. 10. Hon. C. F. Berkeley. W. 

The Hon. Craven Fitzhardinge Berkeley, 7th and youngest son 
of Frederick 5th Earl of Berkeley, and brother to the Members for the 
County 1810, for Gloucester 1831, for Bristol 1837, and for West 
Gloucestershire 1852, was born in London 28 May 1805, and became 
Ensign 85th Foot 13 Feb. 1823, Cornet and Sub-Lieut. 2nd Life Guards 
29 Oct. 1825, Lieut. 29 Jan. 1B27, and Capt. 2nd Life Guards 22 
March 183 1, till placed on half-pay 25 Aug. 1837. He m. (i) lo Sept. 
1839 Augusta Jones (who d. 25 April 1841,) dau. of Sir Horace St. 
Paul Bart., (see Williams' Worcestershire Members), and widow of Hon. 
George H. Talbot, and (2) 27 Aug. 1845 Charlotte 4th dau. of General 
Denzil Onslow of Staughton House, Hunts, and widow of George 
Newton of Croxton Park, co. Camb. On 15 July 1842 Capt Craven 
Berkeley fought a duel in Osterly Park with Capt. Henry George 
Boldero M.P. for Chippenham. He was the first Member for 
Cheltenham 1832-47 when defeated, and June to Aug. 1848, when 
unseated, and again 1852 till his death at Frankfort-on-Maine i July 
i8.i;s, aged 50. 

1835. Jan. 6. Hon. C. F. Berkeley. W. 411. 
W. P. Gaskell. R. 25. 

William Penn Gaskell was of Great Marlow, Bucks, and held 
advanced opinions. 

1837. July 24. Hon. C. F. Berkeley. W. 632. 
Jonathan Peel. T. 298. 

1841. June 29, Hon. C. F. Berkeley. W. 764. 

J. Agg-Gardner. T. 655. 

Col. T. P. Thompson. R. 4. 

The colours were, Berkeley — Orange and Green. Gaskell — 
Scarlet. Peel and Agg-Gardner — Sky Blue. 

James Agg-Gardner of Hadley House, Cheltenham, m. Eulalie 
Emily Hopkyns, dau. of R. Northey of Oving House, Bucks, unsucc. 
cont. Cheltenham 1841 and June 1848, and died in 1858. 

146 Members for Cheltenham. 

Lt. Col. Thomas Perronet Thompson, F.R.S., of Blackheath, a 
Radical Reformer, became Second Lieut. 23 Jan. 1806, Lieut. 21 Jan. 
1808, Capt. 7 July 1814, Major 9 June 1825, Lt. Col. unattached 24 
Feb. 1829, Col. 9 Nov. 1846, Major General 20 June, 1854, Lt. Gen. 
27 Dec. i860, and sat for Hull June 1835-7, ^"d Bradford 1847-52, and 
1857-9. He unsucc. cont. Preston 1835, Maidstone 1837, Marylebone 
March 1838, Manchester Sept. 1839, Hull and Cheltenham 1841, 
Sunderland Aug. 1845, and Bradford 1852, a rather unique record of 
8 defeats. He was. b. 1783, eldest son of T. Thompson MP. of Hull, 
banker, educ. at Hull, B.A. 1802, Fellow, and M.A. 1806, Queen's Coll. 
Camb., and m. 181 1 Anne Elizabeth dau. of Rev. T. Barker. Having 
previously served several years in the Royal Navy, he ent. the Army 1806, 
served in the Rifle Brigade at the attack on Buenos Ayres 1807, and was 
among the captured under General Crauford in the Church of St. 
Domingo. He was Governor of Sierra Leone July 1808 to Feb. 
1810, served in the Peninsular war with the 14th Light Dragoons, 
and was present at the battles of Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, and 
Toulouse, for which he received the Peninsular Medal with four clasps. 
As Captain in the 1 7th Light Dragoons he served in the Pindarree and 
other campaigns in India from 181 5 to 1819. In 1819 he took part in 
Sir Wm. Grant Keir's expedition to the Persian Gulf, as Secretary and 
Arabic Interpreter, and being left there as Political Agent, he commanded 
a detachment of native troops ordered to act against the tribe of 
Beni-Boo-Ali, which detachment being defeated by the Arabs, 
necessitated Sir Lionel Smith's expedition the following year. He 
was editor of the Westminster Review 1830-5, and author of the 
Corn Law Catechism and other works. He d. 6 Sept. 1869. 

1847. July 29. Sir Willoughby Jones. C. 1015. 
Hon. C. F. Berkeley L. 907. 
Capt. E. C. Smith. C. 4. 

This election was declared void on petition. Capt. Edmund 
Carrington Smith never entered Parliament. He became Ensign in the 
army 28 Dec. 1819, Lieut. 10 Feb. 1825, and was placed on half pay as 
Captain 8 April 1826. 

Sir Willoughby Jones of Cranmer Hall, Norfolk, 2nd son of 
Major Gen. Sir John Thomas Jones Bart. K.C.B., A.D.C. to the Queen, 
was b. at Woolwich 24 Nov. 1820, scholar Trin. Coll. Camb. 1842, B.A, 
twentieth wrangler 1843, M.A, 1847, studied for the bar till 1845, succ. 
his brother Sir Lawrence, who was murdered in Turkey, as 3rd Bart. 7 
Nov. 1845, and m. 15 April 1856 his cousin Emily elder dau. of Henry 
Taylor Jones of Chatham, and niece of Lt. Gen. Sir Harry David Jones 
G.C.B., who commanded the Royal Engineers in the siege of Sebastopol. 
Sir Willoughby sat for Cheltenham 1847 till unseated June 1848, and 
was defeated 1852. He became J.P. Norfolk, D.L, 1847, H.S. 1851, 
Chairman of its Quarter Sessions 1856, Lieut, sth Norfolk R. Vol. 1859, 
Capt. loth ditto i860, was patron of one living, and d. 20 Aug. 1884. 

Members for Cheltenham. 147 

1848. June 28. Hon. C. F. Berkeley. L. 1024. 
/. Agg-Gardner C. 848. 

On petition this election was also declared void 24 Aug. 1848. 

1852. Sept. 2. G. C. L. Berkeley. L. 986. 
Bickham Escott. L.C. 835. 

The defeated candidate, Bickham Escott of Harstrow, Somerset, 
wash. 1800, called to the bar at Middle Temple 1825, unsucc. cont. 
West Somerset 1832, 1835, 1847, Westminster May 1833, Winchester 
1837, 1847, Cheltenham Sept. 1848, and Plymouth 1852, but sat for 
Winchester 1841-7. He d. 4 Nov. 1853, aged 53. 

Grenville Charles Lennox Berkeley, younger son of Admiral 
the Hon. Sir George Cranfield Berkeley G.C.B. (see County 1784,) 
was b. in London 30 March 1806, and m. 15 May 1827 Augusta 
Elizabeth yst. dau. of James Henry Leigh of Stoneleigh Abbey, co, 
Warwick, and sister to Chandos ist Lord Leigh. He became Lieut. 
28th foot 16 June 1825, Capt. 22 April 1826, and went on half pay 
3r May 1827. He unsucc. cont. West Gloucestershire 1847, but sat 
for Cheltenham Sept. 1848-52, and July 1855-6, and for Evesham 
1852-5, when he res. his seat to stand for Cheltenham, and was Secretary 
to the Poor Law Board Jan. 1853-6, and one of the Liberal " Whips " 
1852-6. Mr. Grenville Berkeley was a Commr. of the Customs May 
1856 till he res. Nov. 1886, and d. 25 Sept. 1896, aged 90. 

1852. July 8. Hon. C. F. Berkeley. L. 999. 
Sir Willoughby /ones. C 869. 

1855. July 14. G. C. L. Berkeley. L. 760. 

William Ridkr. C. 178. 

vice Hon. Craven F. Berkeley deceased. 

1856. May 8. F. W. F. Berkeley. L. 841. 

E. G. Hallewell. C. 655. 

vice Grenville C. L. Berkeley who accepted the Stewardship of the 
Chiltern Hundreds, on being made a Commr. of Customs. Edmund 
Gilling Hallewell was M.P. Newry May 185 1-2, when defeated, and d. 
at Beauchamps, near Gloucester, 5 Nov. 1881. 

Capt. Francis William Fitzhardinge Berkeley of Berkeley Castle, 
elder son of the ist Lord Fitzhardinge, (see Gloucester 1831,) was b. 
16 Nov. 1826, educ. at Rugby, and m. 24 Nov. 1857 Georgina only 
dau. of Col. Wm. Holme Sumner of Hatchlands, Surrey. He became 
Cornet Royal Horse Guards (Blue,) 27 Sept. 1844, Lieut. 7 Aug. 1846, 
Capt. Sept. 1853, but retired on his marriage, Dec. 1857. He sat for 
Cheltenham May 1856-65, when defeated, became J.P. co. Gloucester, 
"Honourable" by courtesy 5 Aug. t86i, and succ. his father as 
2nd Lord Fitzhardinge 17 Oct. 1867. His Lordship was a County 

148 Members for Cheltenham. 

Councillor (for Berkeley div.) 1889-96, Lieut. Col. Commandant South 
Gloucestershire Militia 8 Aug. 1860-8, and Hon. Col. of the regiment 
22 Dec. 1857-60 and 26 May 1868-96, also Lieut. Col. Royal 
Gloucestershire Hussars (Yeomanry) 5 May 1859-87, and Hon. Col. of 
the regiment 6 Aug. 1887 till his death 29 June 1896. 

1857. March 27. Francis W. F. Berkeley. 

1859. April 30. Col. Francis Berkeley. L 922. 

Charles Schreiber. C. 910. 

1865. July 12. Charles Schreiber. C. £i57- 

Hon. Col. Francis Berkeley. L. 1129. 

Charles Schreiber ot Langham House, Portland Place, London, 
son of Lt.-Col. James Alfred Schreiber, i ith Light Dragoons, and 6th 
Dragoon Guards, of Melton, Surrey, was b. 10 May 1826, educ. at 
Dedham School, Essex, and Cheltenham College, B.A. 1850, fellow 1852-5, 
M.A. 1-854, Trin. Coll. Camb. He m. 10 April 1855, Lady Charlotte 
Elizabeth only dau. of Albemarle 9th Earl of Lindsey, and widow of 
Sir Josiah John Guest Bart. M.P. of Dowlais, Glamorgan, (father of 
Lord Wimborne, see Williams^ Parliamentary History of Wales). Mr. 
Schreiber unsucc. cont. Cheltenham 1859, but sat for it 1865-8, and for 
Poole 1880 till his death 29 March 1884. 

1868. Nov. 17. H. B. Samuelson. L. 1640. 
/. T. Agg-Gardner. C. 1468. 

Henry Bernhard Samuelson of Chelston Cross, Cockington, 
Torquay, eldest son of Sir Bernhard Samuelson ist Bart. M.P., (see 
Williams' Oxfordshire Members,) was b. 30 Sept. 1845, educ. at Rugby, 
and matric. Trin. Coll. Oxon, 21 Feb. 1865. He m. 7 July 1874 
Emily Maria dau. of John Goodden of Over Compton, Dorset, and 
widow of Captain Paulet Butler, and was M.P. Cheltenham 1868-74, 
when defeated, and Frome Nov. 1876-85. He was made J. P. Somerset 
and Devon, and was app. Lieut. Royal South Gloucester Militia Sept. 
1868, and Captain 24 Aug. 1872-84. 

1874. Feb. 4. J. T. Agg-Gardner. C. 212 1. 
H. B. Samuelson. L. 1842. 

James Tynte Agg-Gardner of Avondale House, Cheltenham, 
eldest son of James Agg-Gardner, (see 1841,) was b. 25 Nov. 1846, 
educ. at Harrow, and Trin. Coll. Camb., and entered the Inner Temple 
18 April 1868, where he was called to the bar 30 April 1873, He was 
Lieut. R. North Gloucester Militia 9 July 1868-72. Mr. ' Agg-Gardner 
is lord of the manor of Cheltenham, and J. P. co. Gloucester, and sat 

Members for Cheltenham. 149 

for Cheltenham 1874-80 and 1885-95, being defeated 1868 and 1880. 
On 30 Oct. 1896 he was presented with the Freedom of the Borough, 
and with his portrait, which was placed in the Council Guildhall. 

1880. April. Baron de Ferriferes. L. 2318. 
f. T. Agg-Gardner . C. 2297. 

Charles Conrad Adolphus Du Bois, commonly called Baron 
de Ferrieres, of Bays Hill House, Cheltenham, only son of Baron de 
Ferriferes of the Netherlands, was b. 1823, and m. 185 1 Anne dau. of 
William Sheepshanks of Arlington Hall, Yorks. He was naturalised by 
Act of Parliament 1867, and became a Fellow of the Statistical Society, 
J. P. CO. Gloucester, an Alderman of Cheltenham 1876, and M.P. 

1885. Nov. 24. J. T. Agg-Gardner. C. 3504. 

R. C. Lehmann. L. 2700. 

Rudolph Chambers Lehmann, the well-known oarsman,_was b. 
1856, the eldest son of Frederick Lehmann M.P. (see Williams^ 
Worcestershire Members,) graduated B.A. and M.A. Trin. Coll. Camb., 
ent. Inner Temple 6 Nov. 1875, called to the bar 21 April 1880, and 
joined the South Eastern Circuit. He unsucc. cont. Cheltenham 1885, 
and (Central) Hull 1886. 

1886. July 2. J. T. Agg-Gardner. C. 3323. 

Russell Biggs. L. 2260. 

Russell Hugh Worthington Biggs, who also unsucc. cont. 
Tavistock 1874, was b. 1845, S^d son of VVm. B. of Liverpool, matric. 
London Univ. 186 r, adm. an Attorney, ent. Inner Temple 27 Jan. 
1882, aged 37, was called to the bar 6 June 1883, and went the 
Midland circuit. 

1892. July 4, J. T. Agg-Gardner. C. 3240. 
Frank Debenham. L. 2609. 

1895. July IS- Col. F. S. Russell. C. 3409. 
Wilfrid Blaydes. L. 2940. 
— Hillen. Ind. 23. 

Col. Francis Shirley Russell C.M.G. of Aden House, Mintlaw, 
Aberdeenshire, son of James Russell of that place, was born 13 Dec. 
1840, educ. at Radley Coll., matric. Balliol Coll. Oxon. 21 Jan. i860, 
B.A. 1862, and married i Sept. 1888 Philippa (Lady in Waiting to the 
Duchess of Albany), dau. of Rt. Hon. Henry James Baillie M.P. of 
Redcastle, co. Inverness, and grand-dau. of the 7th Viscount Strangi'ord. 

150 Members for Cheltenham. 

He became Second Lieut. 14th (King's) Hussars 6 Feb. 1863, Lieut. 
23 Aug. 1864, Captain 13 June 1868 (passed the Staff College), Brevet 
Major I April 1874, Lt.-Col. i July 1881, was transferred to the 
ist Royal Dragoons 10 June 1882, which he commanded 1885-7, 
became Col. in the army i July 1885 ; and went on half-pay 27 Oct. 
1891. Col. Russell served in the Ashantee war 1873, ^^'^ ^^.s present 
at the capture of Coomassie (medal with clasp,) and fought in the Zulu 
war 1879, (present at the battle of Ulundi,)and in the Boer war 1880-1. 
He was Instructor of Tactics at the R.M. Coll. Sandhurst, 18 Sept. 
1875-6, Military Attach^ at Berlin 1889-91, and became Brigadier 
General of the Aberdeen Defence Brigade 13 Feb. 1892. Col. 
Russell, who is author of Russian Wars with Turkey, and Memoirs 
of the Earl of Peterborough, was made C.M.G. 1891. He unsuccess- 
fully contested East Aberdeenshire July and Dec. 1892, but has sat for 
Cheltenham since 1895. He became Major-General 29 Jan. 1897, 
and is J.P. and D.L. for Aberdeenshire. 



The first mention of this constituency appears in 1337, when by 
Writ, dated at Westminster, 1 1 Edw. III., the Mayor and Bailiffs of 
certain towns were directed to send three or four men to attend the 
Parliament summoned to meet at Westminster 26 Sept. 1337, and the 
Town of Cirencester accordingly elected John de Eycote, Richard de 
Skarnyngge, and Richard le Dyere. They were not however Members 
of Parliament, but merely merchants or prominent burgesses summoned 
to advise with the King upon special matters in Parliament. It was not 
till 1571 that Cirencester was enfranchised by grant of Q. Elizabeth. 
In 18 1 6 Earl Bathurst the lord of the manor was the patron of the 
Borough, and his Steward and Bailiff were the Returning Officers. The 
Masters have supplied lo Members since 1586, while five generations 
of Bathursts have sat for Cirencester since 1705. 

1 57 1. April. Gabriel Blike. 

Thomas Pole or Powle. 

Gabriel Blike may have been the son or kinsman of Richard 
Blike, who was M.P. for Radnorshire 1547-52, (see Williams' Pari. 
Hist, of Wales.) 

Thomas Powle sat for Cirencester 1571 and 1572-83, but 
unfortunately he cannot be more particularly identified, 

1572. April. Thomas Powle. 

Thomas Straunge. 

The latter was of the same family as Anthony Strange " from 
Ciseter in co. Gloucester," who graduated B.A. Oxon. 1558, and entered 
the Inner Temple 1564, and Robert Straunge who was H.S. co. Glouc. 
1573. He was most Hkely Thomas Strange of Cirencester, son of 
William S. by Elizabeth dau. of Richard Fare, and married Ann dau. 
of Michael Lyson of Beauchamp Court, It is doubtful if the Thomas 
Strange of Chesterton, Cirencester, admitted to Grays Inn 20 Oct. 1596 
was this member, or his son. 

1584. Nov. 17. Thomas Powle jun. 
William Estcourte. 

Thomas Powle jun. was apparently son to the M.P. 157 1, and 
was probably one of the Pooles of Saperton. 

William Estcourte must have been a younger son ol the Estcourts 
of Gloucester, but his name is not found in the Visitation Pedigree. 


Members for Cirencester. 

1586. Oct. 10. Hon. William Bridges. 
George Master. 

In the Crown Office List the name of Hon. William Bridges (see 
Co. 1586) has been struck out, and that of Charles Dan vers substituted, 
because Bridges being chosen both for Cirencester and co. Gloucester, 
preferred to represent the County. 

George Master of London, son of Richard Master M.D. of 
Cirencester, (the descendant of an ancient Kentish family, Physician 
to Q. Elizabeth, who granted him Cirencester Abbey 6 Elizabeth,) 
matric. St. John's Coll. Oxon. under date 1575, aged 19, entered 
Lincoln's Inn 1575, m. Bridget dau. and heir of John Cornwall of 
Marlborough, Wilts, and sat for Cirencester 1586-7, and 1588-9. 

1586. Charles Danvers, vice Bridges who made his election to 
sit for the County. Eldest son of John Danvers of Dauntsey, Wilts, 
was created M.A. Oxon. 16 June 1589, Knighted in 1588, M.P. 
Cirencester 1586-7, 1588-9, and ent. Middle Temple 1598. He was a 
Colonel in Ireland in 1599 under the Earl of Essex, whose rising he 
joined, for which he was beheaded on Tower Hill 18 March 1601, and 
attainted. Sir John Danvers who died Lord of the Manor of Cirencester 
37 Eliz., was succ. by his son Henry created Earl of Danby. 

1588. Dec. 30. Charles Danvers. 
George Masters. 

1593. Jan. Oliver St. John. 

Henry Ferrys. 

The former was of Lydiard Tregoze, Wilts, son of Nicholas St. 
John of that place, and was b. 1559, matric. Trin. Coll. Oxon. 20 Dec. 
1577, aged 18, B.A. 26 June 1578, a student of Lincolns Inn 1580, 
formerly of New Inn, and m. Joan, dau. and heir of Henry Roydon of 
Battersea, and widow of Sir Wm. Holcroft. He was M.P. Cirencester 
Jan. to April 1593, Portsmouth 1604 to Jan. 1607, Knighted 28 Feb. 
1601, Master of the Ordnance in Ireland 1608, Lord Deputy of Ireland 
April 1616 to Sept. 1622, and Lord 'l>easurer of Ireland Aug. 1625 to 
May 1629. He was an eminent soldier, and obtained great renown in 
the wars of Elizabeth and James I., was created Viscount Grandison 
in Ireland 23 June 1623, and Baron Tregoze in England 21 May 1626, 
and d.s.p. 29 Dec. 1630, when the Barony of Tregoze expired, but the 
Viscountcy of Grandison passed under a special remainder to his nephew 
William Villiers, and is still held by his descendant the Earl of Jersey. 

The other Member was probably the same as Henry Ferris 
(Fferes) student "residing in the town (of Oxford) in July 1562.'' 
Perhaps of kin to the M.P. for Tewkesbury 1610. 

Members for Cirencester. 153 

1597. Oct. 8. James Wroughton. 
Henry Powle. 

The former may have been a younger brother or son of Sir 
Thomas Wroughton of Broad Hinton, Wilts. On 18 Feb. 1589 Caru 
Rauleigh, Henry Poole (see County 1593,) Ann Poole (his wife,) 
George Wroughton, and James Wroughton, wrote from Saperton to 
Walsyngham, denying " that Sir Henry Knyvet at his own table had 
spoken any words derogatory to his Honor, as reported by Mr. Moody." 
(Cal. State Papers). 

Henry Poole of Okesey, Wilts, was b. 1563, matric. Trin. Coll. 
Oxon. under date 29 Jan. 1580, aged 16, and was Knighted 10 June 
1603. He sat for Cirencester Oct. 1597 to Jan. 1598, Cricklade 
1604-11, Wilts 1614, Malmesbury 1620-2, Oxfordshire 1624-5, and Wilts 
1626. He died 3 Oct. 1632. He was a cousin to the Pooles of 
Saperton, and his father, Edward Poole of Cisseter, died in 1577. 

1 60 1. Oct. 19. Richard Browne. 
Richard George. 

Richard George of Bawnton, son and heir of Christopher George 
of Bawnton, sat for Cirencester Oct. to Dec. 1601, and died s.p. after 
Sept. 1607. 

1604. March. Richard Marten. 

Arnold Oldisworth. 

Richard Marton or Merton of Devon, son and heir of William 
M. of Exeter, was b. 1570, and matric. Broadgates Hall, Oxon. 10 
Dec. 1585, aged 15. He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple 
5 Feb. 1602, Lent Reader 1615, M.P. Barnstaple Oct. to Dec. 1601, 
Christchurch (as Marty n) and Cirencester 1604, but preferred 
Christchurch, till 161 1, and was Recorder of London Sept. till his 
death 31 Oct. 16 18, bur. in the Temple Church, (see A. Wood II., 
250.) Grant to Rich. Marten, Doctor of Law, of the Office of Master 
General of Ecclesiastical and Seafaring Causes 9 March i6og. Grant 
to Art. Ingram sen. of the office of Secretary and keeper of the Signet 
in the North of England for life, with reversion to Dr. Wm. Ingram, 
Chris. Brook, Rich. Martin, and Rich. Goldthorpe 26 March 1612. 
On 19 May 1614 Chamberlain wrote from London, to Carleton, 
" Dick Martin came to the House as a counsellor to plead for 
maintenance of the colony of Virginia, but so schooled the House, that 
he was called to the Bar to make submission." On 31 Oct. 16 18 John 
Pory wrote from London to Carleton, " Richard Martin, the new 
Recorder, dying." On 14 Nov. 1618 Chamberlain informs Carleton 
that " Mr. Heath is made Recorder at the King's recommendation. 
Sir Lionel Cranfield, who paid ;^/,Soo for Mr. Martin's appointment, 

154 Members for Cirencester. 

seeks satisfaclion," while Pory wrote him the same day, " Rich. 
Martin, the Recorder, had insured ^1,700, the sum paid for his place, 
in the House of Insurance on the Exchange, and has it returned to his 
executors." (Cal. State Papers.) 

Arnold Oldisworth of Bradley, co. Glouc. (probably son or 
brother to the M.P. for Gloucester 1597,) was b. 1561, matric. Magd. 
Hall, Oxon, under date 7 July 157S, aged 17, a student of Lincoln's 
Inn 1580, and chosen an Associate to the Bench of that Inn 16 June 
161 2- He lived in St. Martin's Lane, London, was M.P. Tregony 
Jan. to April 1593, Cirencester 1604-11. and was keeper of the Hanaper 
in Chancery, and Receiver of the Fines in the King's Bench. He m. 
Lucy dau. of Francis Barlry, a native of Antwerp. He and his wife 
had a grant of lands in Brenchley and elsewhere in Kent 29 March 
16 1 6. He was an antiquarian. His son Michael Oldisworth M.P. 
was an active politician. 31 May 1604, grant to Edw. Oldsworth, in 
reversion after Arnold Oldsworth, his father, of the clerkship of the 
Hanaper for life. 14 Nov. 1607, grant to Arnold Oldsworth of the 
receivership of fines on suits in the Court of King's Bench. 

1604. April 7. Edward Jones, of London, vice Marten, who 
elected to serve for Christchurch. He was admitted to Gray's Inn 
12 Jan. 1588, and was M.P. Grampound Jan. to April 1593, Penryn 
1597-8, Portsmouth Oct. to Dec. 1601, and Cirencester April 1604, 
till his death (about Dec.) 1609. On 4 July 1606 Edw. Jones wrote to 
Sir Wm. Lane, " Requests the Lords not to sit on the morrow 
concerning Sir Hen. Bruncard's patent, that time may be given to 
instruct his Counsel." 25 July 1607, grant to Edw. Jones of the ofiSce 
of receiving fines for Hcenses recorded, for 15 years. 31 March 1608, 
grant to Edw. Jones of an alms-room in Christchurch, Oxford. 

1 610. Jan. 10. Sir Anthony Manye Knt. vice Jones deceased. 
Son of John Maney of Biddenham, Kent, was Knighted 23 July 1609, 
and was M.P. Cirencester Jan. i6io-ir, and March to June 1614, and 
Midhurst 1624-5. He was grandfather of Sir John Mayney who was 
created a Baronet in 1641. On 27 Feb. 1621 Edward Wymark wrote 
to the Council as follows : — " Drew Drury was the person from whom 
he heard that Sir John Sames had written out of Germany to the 
discredit of Sir Richard Weston the King's Ambassador there ; repeated 
it to none but Sir Ant. Maney, who is Weston's Agent in his absence." 
{Cal. State Papers). 

1614. March. Sir Anthony Manie Knt. 
Robert Straunger. 

Robert Strange was son of the M.P. 1572, and sat for Cirencester 
March to June 16 14. It is very doubtful if he was the same as 
" Robert Straunge of Wilts, eldest son of — Straunge, matric. Bras. 
Coll. Oxon II May 1604, aged 17, entered Lincolns Inn 1607, and was 
called to the bar 24 May 1614.'' 

Members for Cirencester. 155 

1620. Dec. 29. Sir Thomas Roe Knt. 
Thomas Nicholas. 

Sir Thomas Roe of co. Glouc. and Cranford, Middlesex, was the 
son and heir of Robert Roe of London. His mother Elinor died 1629, 
having re-married to Richard Berkeley of Stoke and Rendcombe, (s.-e 
the County 1614.) He matric. Magd. Coll. Oxon 6 July 1593, aged 12, 
of Bulwick, Northants, a student of Middle Temple 1597, and m. 
Eleanor dau. of Sir Thomas Cave of Stanford, Northants. He was 
Knighted 23 July 1604, Ambassador to the Great Mogul Nov. 1614-17, 
at Constantinople 1621, a Privy Councillor, M.P. Tamworth March to 
June 1614, Cirencester 1620-2, Oxford Univ. 1640-4, and was Chancellor 
of the Order of the Garter 5 Dec. 1636 till his death 6 Nov. 1644, aged 
64. He gave a rent-charge of ;^25 a year out of lands at Mouswell to 
Cirencester in 1637, 40s. for a sermon or prayers on the 13th Sept. in 
every year for ever, and the rest to apprentice poor children. On 24 
Nov. 1614 Chamberlain wrote Carleton, " Sir Thomas Roe sent, at the 
East India Company's expense, Ambassador to the Great Mogul." 

Thomas Nicholas of Prestbury, eldest son of Reginald N. of that 
place, was J. P. co. Glouc, M.P. Cirencester 1620-2, and m. Jane dau. 
of John Audeley, and widow of Andrew Ketleby of co. Glouc. " An 
Act for confirmation of the King's Letters Patents, made to Sir John 
Danvers, Tho. Nicholas, and two others, gentlemen of the manor of 
Suddington, co. Gloucester." (Commons Journals, 31 May 16 14). 

1624. Jan. 20. Sir William Masters Knt. — 
Henry Poole. — 

Sir Maurice Berkeley. — 

This was a contested election followed by a Petition. On 21 
May 1624 Mr. Glanville reported from the Committee of Privileges 
against Sir W. Masters returned and Sir Maurice Berkeley (see County 
1620,) unduly omitted. The House resolved that Sir W. Master was 
duly elected. 

Sir William Master of The Abbey, Cirencester, elder son of the 
M.P. 1586, was b. 1600 or 1601, ent. Inner Temple Nov. 1612, was 
Knighted at Newmarket 3 Dec. 1622, and m. Alice dau. of (? Sir) 
Edward Estcourt of Salisbury, (and ? of Newnton, Wilts). He was 
H.S. CO. Glouc. 1627, M.P. Cirencester 1624-5, and was a person of 
great worth and a staunch and devoted loyalist. He made his will 
31 Oct. 1661, and d. 3 March 1662, aged 61, and was buried in 
Cirencester church. (M.L) On 24 March 1646 Sir Wm. Master " begs 
to compound being adjudged by the Committee for Sequestrations a 
delinquent. Till the King's party took Cirencester, where he has 
resided 16 years, maintained a horseman and arms for the Parliament's 
service; but immediately after was forced — Princes Rupert and Maurice 
quartering in his house — to sign warrants for contributions to the King's 

156 Members for Cirencester. 

garrisons, which he did rather for the ease and safety of the country 
than out of ill-affection for Parliament. 6 March 1647, Has taken the 
National Covenant and Negative Oath, and paid the County Committee 
of Gloucester 100 marks for his personal estate, and ;^2oo for his lands. 
Begs consideration thereof and of his family of 12 children. 16 Nov. 
1647, Fine at i, jC^^°°- 21 Nov. 1650, Begs to compound on the late 
resolves for under valuations and omissions. 2 1 Nov., Fine at 10, ;^282." 
In addition, he was taken in hand by the Committee for Advance of 
Money, who on i Sept. 165 1 assessed him at ;^8oo. "Order 5 Dec. 
that he be heard about his assessment. 30 Jan. 1652, Order on 
calculating his estate and hearing his counsel that his 20 amounts to 
^'498; but that on paying ;^ioo he be heard as to his debts and 
payments in the country." 

Henry Poole of Cirencester, son and heir of Sir Henry P. of 
Saperton, (see County 1593,) matric. Merton Coll. Oxon ro July 1607, 
aged 15, a student of the Middle Temple in 1609, and married Hon. 
Beatrix Brydges dau. of William 4th Lord Chandos, (see County 1586). 
He was D.L. co. Glouc. in 1624, M.P. Cirencester 1624-5, "625, and 
April to May 1640, bought the manor and hundred of Cirencester from 
the Earl of Danby (see 1586,) and was dead before Feb. 1652. On 
26 Dec. 1645 his son William Poole "compounds for dehnquency. 
Both he and his father were forced to comply with the King's party 
whilst they prevailed in their county ; never acted anything, nor was 
ever employed in any command against Parliament. Begs the benefit 
of the declaration of both Houses. it March 1647, Fine at i,, 
;^i494 6s. 8d." 

1625. April 23. Sir Miles Sandys Knt. 

Henry Poole. 

Sir Miles Sandys of Brymsfield, eldest son and heir of Sir 
William S., of Brimpsfield, and Flatbury, co, Worcester, matric. Hart 
Hall, Oxon, 26 April 1616, aged 15, ent. Middle Temple 1 618, and 
m. Mary dau. of Sir John Hanbury Knt. of Kelmarsh, Northants. 
He sat for Cirencester 1625, was Knighted 8 June 1619, H.S. co. 
Glouc. 1636, was lord of the manor of Brimpsfield in i6o8, and d. 
seized thereof in 1636, aged about 36. He must not be confused with 
his kinsman Sir Miles Sandys Knt. and Bart, of Wilberton, (3rd son of 
the Archbishop,) who was M.P. Shaftesbury and Camb. Univ. 1614, 
(sat for the latter,) and co. Cambridge 1628-9, and d. 1644. Another 
Miles Sandys was of Latimers, Bucks, younger brother to the 

1626. Jan. 21. Sir Nevill Poole Knt. 

John George. 

Sir Nevil Poole of Oaksey or Oxsey Wilts, son and heir of Sir 
Henry P., ent. Grays Inn 17 Feb. i6ii, was knighted at Newmarket 

Members for Cirencester. 157 

Jan. 1613, and was M.P. Malmesbury 1614, Cricklade 1624-5, 
Cirencester Jan. to June 1626, and Malmesbury March to May 1640, 
and Oct. 1640 till secluded Dec. 1648. He m. Frances dau of Sir 
Henry Poole of Saperton, and was lord of the Manor of South Cerney, 
CO. Glouc, but sold it to Sir Edward Atkyns, (grandfather of the M.P. 
for the County 1685.) He was a Dep. Lieut, for Wilts, raised a 
regiment for Parliament in 1642, and was added 6 Feb. 1643 to the 
Committee app. to consider the sequestration of the estates of persons 
in actual war against Parliament. His will, dated 24 Jan. 1653, was 
proved in P.C.C. 29 June 1661. 

John George of Cirencester, son of Robert G., was lord of the 
manor of Baunton, m. Eliz. Tirrell of Bucks, and having entered the 
Middle Temple i July 1615, was called to the bar 23 May 1623, 
Bencher 21 Nov. 1653, Treasurer 5 Nov. 1658. He was J. P. and D.L. 
CO. Glouc, M.P. Cirencester Jan. to June 1626, 1628-9, April to May 
1640, Oct. 1640 till disabled to sit Sept. 1645, and (having failed and 
pet. 1660,) again sat 1661 till his death, Dec. 1677, (?) aged 85, being 
buried at Baunton 6 Jan. 1678. Mr. George (and Sir Robert Cook, see 
County 1640,) formed a garrison for Pari, at Cirencester Aug. 1642, 
and was taken prisoner there (with Mr. Stephens, see County 1628,) 
by Prince Rupert 2 Feb. or 30 March 1643, and taken to Oxford. It 
was Mr. George whom the Earl of Forth threatened on 16 May 1643 to 
put to death if Robert Yeomans and other royalists of Bristol were 
executed by Col. Fiennes, the Parliamentary Governor of Bristol, (see 
Williams' Oxfordshire Members.) Col. Fiennes actually put his prisoners 
to death, but fortunately for Mr. George the Earl relented and spared 
his life. This circumstance greatly moderated Mr. George's views, for 
with other leading Presbyterian Members, he afterwards sided with the 
more moderate Members in favour of the King, and was accordingly 
expelled from Pari. He afterwards lived in reti eat at Baunton 
until the Restoration. Mr. George had an only dau. and heir 
Elizabeth who m. Richard Whitmore of Nether Slaughter, 26 
Feb. 1654. His surviving nephew WiUiam George sold Baunton to 
Thomas Master, (see 1660.) Another account says that Margaret dau. 
of Robert Strange of Cirencester, married John George, and had a son 
Robert, who m Margaret dau. of Edward Oldsworth, and was father of 
John George the Member. 

1628. March. Sir Giles Estcourt Knt. and Bart. 
John George. 

Sir Giles Estcourt of Newton, Wilts, son and heir of Sir Edward 
Estcourt Knt. of Salisbury, matric. Wadham Coll. Oxon 8 May 1618, 
aged 17, ent. Lincoln's Inn 1618, was Knighted 6 Dec. 1622, and 
created a Baronet jy March 1627. He sat for Cirencester 1628-9, and 
m. Anne dau. of Sir Robert Mordaunt Bart, of Little Massingham, 
Norfolk. His elder son Sir Giles was slain in Italy, and his younger 

158 Members for Cirencester. 

son Sir William the 3rd Bart, was killed at the Globe Tavern, London, 
by Henry St. John (afterwards the well-known Viscount Bolingbroke,) 
about 1684, when the title expired. 

1640. April 4. Henry Poole, (see 1624). 
John George. 

1640. Oct. 31. Theobald Gorges, 
John George. 

Sir Theobald Gorges of Astley, Wilts, 2nd son of Sir Thomas 
G. of Langford, Wilts, and brother to the ist Lord Dundalk, m. Anne 
dau. of Sir Henry Poole of Saperton, (see County 1593,) and sat for 
Cirencester Oct. 1640 till disabled to sit for his loyalty 22 Jan. 1644. 
He was Knighted before 12 March, 1 641, signed the loyal letter for 
peace to the Earl of Essex, at Oxford 27 Jan. 1644, and died 1667. On 
28 Sept. 1643 t^he House of Commons ordered that Sir Theobald 
Gorges and others do attend the loth of October the Committee for 
sequestring the estates of such Members as neglect the service of the 
House upon pain of sequestring their estates, and give an account to 
the Committee of their absence before they may be admitted to sit in 
the House. Sir Theobald and the other royalists of course did not obey 
this order, and on 22 Jan. 1644 he and Sir Edward Alfred (see Tewkesbury 
1640,) and William Glanville were discharged and disabled from sitting. 
On 6 Oct. 1645 (then imprisoned at Ely House) he was assessed at 
^500, but no further proceedings resulted. On 4 Dec. 1645 he "begs 
to compound for delinquency in going to Oxford, being compelled by 
the King's superiority in the County. Never took arms, executed 
commissions, contributed voluntarily, or concurred in any vote 
dishonourable to Parliament, in whose service he set forth his son at 
great expense. Came into their quarters before Oct. 1644, when he 
was requested to go to London, where he has been 14 months 
imprisoned, till released by order of the House. 15 Jan. 1646, fine at i,, 
^209, and at 3, ;^52o. i Oct. 1649, fine passed at ;^52o." 

New writs were ordered 3 Nov. 1646, which resulted as 
follows : — 

1646. Nov. Hon. Sir Thomas Farefax Knt. ) 
Col. Nathaniel Rich. / 

John Gifford. 
Isaac Bromwich. 


vice Gorges and George disabled to sit. The writ only, dated 4 Nov. 
IS preserved. This was, however, a Double Return, as the names of 
John Gifford and Isaac Bromwich are also given in the Crown Office 
list. The petition of the Inhabitants was read 14 Jan. 1647, and Mr. 
Pury (see (Gloucester 1640,) was ordered 3 Feb. 1649 to make a report 
thereon, and in consequence thereof the House resolvd 9 Feb., " that 

Members for Cirencester. 159 

it was a good return of Fairfax and Rich," and the Indentures returning 
Gifford and Bromwich were taken off the file in favour of that 
returning Fairfax and Rich. {Commons Journal 17 Feb. 1649.) 

Capt. John Gifford was perhaps son of John G. of Weston 
under Edge, by Ehz. 2nd dau. of Sir George Throgmorton, and brother 
to Sir George Gifford Knt. 

Col. Isaac Bromwich was son of Edward Bromwich of Frampton 
upon Severn, by Margaret dau. and heir of Francis Codrington, and 
married Anne dau. of Sir John Poyntz of Iron Acton. He laid 
Information against Major Ingoldsby 22 Jan 1645, ^f"^ '^^ same year 
made a complaint to Parliament of Col. Massey's conduct, to which 
repeated references are made ih the Calendar of State Papers for 
that year. " 19 Dec. 1649, Report by Col. J. Brownwich and Capt. 
George Bishop (see Bristol 1654,) of the spoils committed in Dean 
Forest. The chief destroyers are Col. Kerle and Captains Thomas Pury 
and Peter Gifford &c." 

The celebrated Parliamentary leader the Hon. Sir Thomas 
Fairfax was son and heir of Ferdinando 2nd Lord Fairfax, and was b. 
17 Jan. 1612, matric. St. John's Coll. Camb. 1626, ent. Grays Inn 
26 May 1628, and was created M.A. Oxon frcm St. Johns Coll. Camb. 
1647, LL.U. Camb. 1647, and D.C.L. Oxon 17 May 1649. He was 
sent to serve under Sir Horace Vere in the Low Countries, was Knighted 
at York 28 Jan. 1641, but taking the side of Parliament at the outbreak 
of the Civil War, he and his father shared in the victories at Selby 
ic April, and Marston Moor 2 July 1644, (where he was wounded.) 
He recaptured Leeds 23 Jan. 1644, and being app. Commander in Chief 
of the forces of Parlian.ent 21 Jan. 1645, he defeated the King at Naseby 
14 June 1645, and captured Bridgwater, Bristol, Exeter, and Oxford. 
He was Constable of the Tower of London 1646-60, Lord of the Isle of 
Man (granted him by Pari.) 1650-60, MP Cirencester Nov. 1646-53, Riding of Yorkshire 1654-5, and Yorkshire Jan. to April 1659, 
and April to Dec. 1660. He succeeded his father as 3rd Viscount 
Fairfax in the peerage of Scotland 14 March 1648, besieged Colchester 
from June till it surrendered in Aug. 1648, but resigned the command 
of the army 25 June 1650. Lord Fairfax who m. 20 June 1637 Anne 
4th dau, and co-heir of his old commander Horatio Lord Vere, was a 
member of the first two Councils of State Feb. 1649 to Feb. 1651, and 
was again app. so 30 Dec. 1658, and 19 May 1659, (but never acted), 
and also belonged to the last Council 3 March to May 1660, at which 
time he strongly favoured the Restoration, and was placed in March 
1660 at the head of the Commrs. sent by both Houses to Charles II. at 
the Hague. He d. 12 Nov. 1671, aged 59. 

Col. Nathaniel Rich of Stondon, Essex, eldest son of Robert R. 
of that, place, by Elizabeth dau. of Sir Thomas Dutton Knt., m. (i) 
Elizabeth dau of Sir Edmund Hampden Knt. of Hampden, and (2) in 

i6o Members for Cirencester. 

1663 Anne dau. of Robert ist Earl of Ancrum, He appears to be the 
same as Nathan Rich, (son and heir of Robert R. late of Felstead, 
Essex, deceased,) who was adm. to Grays Inn 13 Aug. 1639, and called 
to the bar there 20 June 1648. In 1636 Sir Nathanfel Rich, probably 
his uncle, left him the manor of Stondon. Col. Rich was an active 
Parliamentary officer. He formed one of the Earl of Essex's Life 
Guards in 1642, and bore the rank of Captain in the summer of 1643. 
He afterwards raised a troop of horse in Essex and joined the Earl of 
Manchester's army, and in Dec. 1644 he was a Lieut. Col., and was one of 
Cromwell's witnesses against Manchester. He became Col. of a regiment 
of Horse, {Commons Journal IV.., 64, 65, Peacock^ s Army List p. 107,) 
and fought at Naseby, and afterwards distinguished himself in the attack 
on the royalist quarters at St. Colurab, Cornwall. He helped Fairfax 
to reduce Bristol 10 Sept. 1645, ^"<^ 't^ ^'^^^ to him that Bath surrendered 
soon afterwards. He was one of Fairfax's Commissioners at the 
surrender of Oxford. In Jan. 1648 Col. Rich's regiment was quartered 
in London at the Mews to guard Parliament, and on i June he helped 
Fairfax to defeat the Kentish royalists at Maidstone. He was then 
detached to relieve Dover, and re-took Walmer Castle about 12 July, 
Deal on 25 August, and Sandown a few days later. In Dec. 1650 he 
was charged to suppress the royalist rising in Norfolk. Col. Rich openly 
opposed Cromwell's assumption of supreme power and vi^as accordingly 
deprived of his regiment in 1655, and in February of that year was 
committed by the Council to the custody of the Serjeant at Arms for 
stirnng up disaffection. He was afterwards released, but was again a 
prisoner Aug. to Oct. 1656. Quaere if he was the Major Rich who was 
one of the Protector's Council March to Dec. 1654, The Privy Council 
ordered on 14 Aug. 1656 "that Col. N. Rich be committed prisoner 
to Windsor Castle. 16 Sept., the Governor of Windsor Castle to 
allow Col. N. Rich to walk on the terrace walk for his 
health. 14 Oct., Col. N. Rich to be discharged from Windsor 
Castle, and confined to his house at Eltham." After Richard Cromwell's 
overthrow Rich was offered by Parliament but declined the post of 
English Resident in Holland. He was however appointed Col. of his 
old regiment. He received the thanks of Parliament 28 Dec. 1659, but 
was cashiered by Monk the following February, and arrested by the 
Council though he was liberated in a few days. After the Restoration he 
was again arrested 10 Jan. 1661, and the next month there was a 
" Petition of James Holbrooke, messenger of the Chamber, to Secretary 
Nicholas, for directions for further securing Col. N. Rich committed to 
his custody 10 Jan. last, also for relief as to his charges ; he will not pay 
any fee, is conveying away his estate, refuses the oath of allegiance, and 
has all sorts of people coming to see him." (Cal. State Papers.) He 
was transferred to the custody of the Governor of Portsmouth 18 Aug. 
1662, but his confinement was not very strict, and in 1663 he married 
his second wife Lady Anne Ker. He was ultimately released in 1665, 
and lived to a good old age, his death taking place in 1701, and his Will 
being proved in March 1702. (Dictionary of National Biography.) 

Members for Cirencester. i6i 

1653. June. No Member a//««/i;(/ for Cirencester. 

1654. July. (One Member). John Stone. 

John Stone of Friday Street, London, a member of an old 
Bedfordshire family, was M.P. for London July to Dec. 1653, and 
Cirencester 1654-5, 1656-8, Jan. to April 1659. He purchased the 
manor of Aston Bowant, Oxon. 1608, (? 1648.) In 1656 he is styled of 
Westminster. He was an active Commonwealth Member, added to 
the Trade Committee and to the Trade and Navigation Committee 
I Nov. 1655, and app. 9 Nov. 1655 an Auditor of all Treasurers 
and Receivers of State money since 1642. His appointment as 
one of the three Tellers of the Exchequer was mentioned 
18 Sept. 1654. As an Excise Commr. he and the other 
Commrs. were also app. Agents for Wine Licenses 28 Nov. 1655. He 
was in 1653 a Trustee for the Lord Mayor and commonalty of London, 
and was made a Commr. for securing the Peace in the City of London 
25 March 1656. On the petition of John Stone, merchant of London, 
the Committee for Advance of Money ordered 17 Sept. 1654 that he 
have a Public Faith Certificate for ;^279 is. 3d., paid by him as an 
assessment in 1643. He (or his son of the same hame) was app. First 
Commr. of Customs, Excise, and Wine licenses in Ireland April 167 1. 
His grandson John Stone sat for Wallingford 1679-81, and 1685-7. He 
must not be confused with the John Stone who was admitted to Gray's 
Inn I Aug. 1624, and made a Serjeant at law 1641, but died that year. 

1656. July 29. (One Member.) John Stone. 

1659. Jan. John Stone. 

Richard Southby. 

Richard Southby of Carswell, Bucks, son and heir of John 
Southby M.P. of Buckland, Berks, matric. Lincoln Coll. Oxon. 14 May 
1641, aged 17, andent. Gray's Inn 4 Nov. 1646. He sat for Cirencester 
Jan. to April 1659, Berkshire 1679-81, and 1685-7, H.S. 1696, and was 
buried at Buckland 7 Jan. 1703. 

1660. April. Thomas Master. — 

Henry Powle. — 
/ohn George. — 

Mr. George petitioned without success. Thomas Master of The 
Abbey, Cirencester, and of Lincolns Inn, eldest son of the M.P. 1624, 
was baptized 30 June 1624, and sat for Cirencester April to Dec. 1660. 
His marriage settlement was dated 27 Jan. 1661, his wife being 
Elizabeth sister to Sir Thomas Dyke Knt of Shoreham, Sussex, (by his 
wife Catherine dau. of Sir John Bramston Knt. of Skreens, Lord Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench). Mr. Master was one of the gentlemen of 
Gloucestershire selected by Charles II. for the intended Order of the 
Royal Oak in 1660, his estate being put down as ;^iooo a year. He 


1 62 Members for Cirencester. 

died 5 and was buried at Cirencester ii Nov. 1680, aged 56, having 
made his will the same year. His widow died 28 Jan. and was buried 
at Cirencester 2 Feb. 1704. 

Henry Powle of Williamstropp, a noted politician, was the 
younger son of Henry P. of Shottesbrooke, Berks, and was born there 
1630. He matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 16 Dec. 1646, aged 16, ent. Lincolns 
Inn II May 1647, was called to the bar 31 May 1654, and being chosen 
a Bencher thereof 13 May 1689, sat as such 13 Nov. 1691. Mr. Powle 
m. (i) 1659 Hon. Elizabeth Newport (who d. 28 July 1672) dau. of 
Richard Lord Newport, and (2) Frances dau. of Lionel ist Earl of 
Middlesex, and widow of Richard Earl of Dorset. He presented 
to Queenington 1668, 1673, was M.P. Cirencester April to Dec. 1660, 
Jan. 1671 to March 1681, and also elected for East Grinstead Feb. 
1679, 1681, but preferred Cirencester Feb. 1679, sat for Windsor 
1689-90, unsucc. cont. and pet. at Cirencester 1685, but again rep. it 
March till unseated Nov. 1690. He was lord of the manor of 
Williamstropp, F.R.S., sworn a Privy Councillor 21 April 1679, and 
14 Feb. 1689; and was Speaker of the House of Commons Jan. 1689 
to Feb. 1690, and Master of the Rolls 13 March 1689 till his death 
21 Nov. 1692, (M.L Quennington). 

1661. March 28. James Earl of Newburgh. 

John Georges, (George, see 1626). 

His lordship was eldest son of Sir John Livingston ist Bart, of 
Kinnaird, N.B., whom he succ. March 1628. He was sent by the 
direction of Charles I. ' to be bred m France,' and subsequently became 
a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to that Monarch, and a devoted 
adherent of the Stuarts. Having for his eminent services been created 
Viscount Newburgh in the Peerage of Scotland 13 Sept. 1647, he fled 
from England and joined Charles H. at the Hague 1650, accompanied 
him to England 165 1, escaped to France after the rout at Worcester, 
and was excepted from Cromwell's Act of Grace 1654. He was made 
Col. of the 4th regt. (Scots) organised by Charles II. for the King of 
Spain in Flanders 1657. He was Col. of the Scots (4th) Troop of Life 
Guards 2 April 1661-70. One of the finest gentlemen of the age, he 
was app. 1660 a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles II. and 
Captain of the King's Body Guard, and was created Earl of Newburgh 
in the Scottish Peerage 31 Dec. 1660. He received a grant of ;^i6oo 
on 13 July 1661, out of the tenths of the diocese of Lincoln. He m. 
(i) Lady Catherine Howard (who d. 1650) dau. of Theophilus 2nd Earl 
of Suffolk, and relict of George Lord D'Aubigny (slain at Edgehill,) and 
(2) Anne dau. of Sir Henry Poole Bart, of Saperton, (see 1624,) and 
became jure uxoris lord of the manor of Cirencester. He sat for 
Cirencester 1661 till his death 26 Dec. 1670, (or buried 6 Dec.) 
Will dated i Dec. 1670, inq. p.m. 25 Jan. 1684. In Jan. 1666 he and 
other noblemen received license to dig coal in Windsor Forest, and to 
sell it, reserving 6d. per chaldron to the Crown. 

Members for Cirencester. 163 

167 1. Jan. 3. Henry Powle. — 

Sir R. Atkyns jun. — 

Sir R. Atkyns jun. (see County 1685) petitioned lo Jan. 1671. 

1679. Feb. II. Sir Robert Atkyns jun. Knt. 
Henry Powle. 

1679. Aug. 19. Sir R. Atkins jun. Knt. 
Rt. Hon. Henry Powle. 

1 68 1. Feb. The same. 

1685. March 26. Thomas Master. T. — 

Charles Earl of Newburgh. — 

Rt. Hon. Henry Powle. W. — 

Mr. Powle petitioned 23 May 1685, but without success. Thomas 
Master of The Abbey, Cirencester, eldest son of the M.P. 1660, was 
born in May and baptized 4 June 1663, and matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 30 
April 1680, aged 16. He married Elizabeth (who died Dec. 1690, and 
was buried at Cirencester 3 Jan. 1691, aged 26,) dau. and heir of John 
Driver of Aston, co. Gloucester, their marriage settlement being dated 
June 1688. Mr. Master sat for Cirencester 1685-7, and 1689-90, and 
was buried at Cirencester 14 Sept. 1710, aged 47, his Will being made 
7 Nov. 1705, and proved 7 Feb. 171 1. A considerable estate belonged 
to the Master family in Aston for many generations. 

Lord Newburgh was the only son of the M.P. 1661, whom he 
succ. as 2nd Earl 26 Dec. 1670, and was licensed 12 Sept. 1692 to marry 
Hon. Frances dau. of Francis Lord Brudenell. He sat for Cirencester 
1685-7, made his Will 7 March 1694, and was buried at Cirencester 7 
April 1694. His widow sold the manor of Cirencester to Sir Benjamin 

1689. Jan. 8. Thomas Master. 

John How, (see County 1698.) 

1690. March 8. Rt. Hon. Henry Powle. W. 340. 

Richard How. T. 323. 

John How. W. 309. 

Mr. Powle and Richard Howe were originally returned, but John 
Howe pet. 24 March 1689 against Powle, and though the Committee 
decided in favour of Powle, the whole House on 8 Nov. voted John 
Howe to be duly elected, together with his cousin Richard. 

Richard Grubham Howe of Compton was only son of Sir 
Richard Howe, 2nd Bart., whom he succ. as 3rd Bart, in 1703, and 
cousin to his colleague John Howe. He sat for Hindon 1679-81, 
Tamworth 1685-7, Cirencester 1690-8, Wilts Jan. to Nov. 1701, and 

t64 Members for Cirencester. 

1702-27. He tn. Mary dau. of Sir Henry Frederick Thynne Bart, (see 
1701,) and died 3 July 1730. 

1695. Oct. 26. John Howe. T. — 
Richard Howe. T. — 
Henry Ireton. W. — 

Mr. Ireton unsuccessfully petitioned 5 Dec. 1695. 

1698. July 23. Henry Ireton. W. 
Charles Coxe. T. 

As to Mr. Coxe, see Gloucester 17 13. Henry Ireton ot 
Williamstropp, only son of the celebrated Lt.-Gen. Henry Ireton the 
Regicide, by Bridget eldest dau. of Oliver Cromwell, m. Katherine only 
dau. and heir of Rt. Hon. Henry Powie, (see 1660,) and acquired the 
manor of Williamstropp. He unsucc. cont. and pet. at Cirencester 1695, 
Dec. 1701, and 1702, but rep. it 1698-1700, and 1705-8, unsucc. cont. 
Cricklade 1702, and sat for Tewkesbury 1708 till his death s.p. Dec. 
17 1 1. He served as Capt. in Col. Godfrey's regt. of Horse, (? 4th 
Dragoon Guards 31 Dec. 1688,) became Major of Col. Geo. 
Cholmondeley's troop of Horse Grenadier Guards 4 Oct. 1693, 
Lieut, and T.ieut. Col. thereof 20 Jan. 1694, commission renewed 
in 1702. He was app. Gentleman of the Horse to William III. 
in June 1691, and was so in Sept. 1699. He was apiiarently 
not the same as Henry Ireton who was admitted to Grays 
Inn 12 Feb. 1670 as son and heir of Henry Ireton of Notts, 
gent., to whom the following references seem to apply. On 19 May 
1685 Robert Earl of Sunderland, Secretary of State, ordered a warrant 
to be issued to apprehend — Ireton, under which he was arrested, for 
on 31 Dec. 1685 the Earl gave his warrant to the Keeper of Newgate 
to allow " Henry Ireton to be bayled." " Pardon to Henry Ireton of 
Grays Inne of all treasons misprisions of treasons misdemeanors and 
crimes by him committed before the ist day of this instant Aprill and of 
all indictments convictions paynes and penalties mairsed by reason 
thereof, Whitehall the 19th day of Aprill 1686." {MS. Domestic 
Warrant Book., in Record OfHce.) On 2 Aug. 1689 the Earl of 
Shrewsbury, Secretary of State, wrote to the Commrs. of the Great 
Seal : — " The King has been much importuned about ' Welsh Judges 
and Attorney Generals,' the pretenders to which places are now reduced 
to a less number contained in enclosed list. You and the Lord Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleas to consider the fittest. For Carmarthen, 
Pembroke, and Cardigan, Mr. Slocum and Mr. Ireton, as Judges." 
(Cal. State Papers) Neither of these gendemen however received the 
appointment. On 24 Aug. 1697 Narcissus Luttrell in his Diary 
mentioned " Ireton of Graies Inn to succeed old Mr. Wallop as Cursitor 
Baron," but contradicted the report Aug. 26. 

Members for Cirencester. 165 

1701. Jan. 7. James Tthynn. T. 
Charles Coxe. T. 

James Thynne of Buckland, co. Gloucester, lord of that manor, 
2nd son of Sir Henry Frederick Thynne ist Bart, of Kemsford, co. 
Gloucester, and brother to Thomas ist Viscount Weymouth, was 
baptized at Upton Cresset, Salop, 3 Feb. 1644, created D.C.L. Oxon 
6 Aug. 1677, and presented to Buckland 1693. He sat for Cirencester 
Jan. to Nov. 1701, and d. unm. 15 March 1709, aged 66. (M.I. 
Buckland.) After some legacies to his relations he bequeathed his 
whole personal estate to pious uses, by which a free school was erected 
and endowed at Laverton, and another at Campden. He was " a great 
and worthy benefactor to charitable uses." (Atkyns.) 

1 70 1. Dec. 2. William Master. T. — 

Charles Coxe. T. — 
Henry Ireion. W. — 

Ireton pet. 5 Jan. 1702. William Master, who sat for 
Cirencester Dec. 170 1-5, was elder son of George M. of Lincolns Inn, 
(slain in 1679, aged 50, 3rd son of Sir Wm. Master, see 1624,) and 
nephew of the M.P. 1660. He was aged 16 at his father's death. 

1702. July 18. Charles Coxe. T. — 

William Master. T. — 
Henry Ireton. W. — 

Ireton again pet. without success. 

1705. May 10. Allen Bathurst. T. — 
Charles Coxe. T. — 

Henry Ireton. W. — 

A Double Return of all three candidates, but Mr. Coxe who 
pet. against Ireton 3 Nov., was himself unseated 15 Nov. 1705. 
" The votes of Coxe and Ireton were equal, but Coxe wav'd his 

Allen Bathurst of Battlesden, co. Bedford, was the eldest son 
of Sir Benjamin Bathurst Knt. M.P., Cofferer of the Household to 
Queen Anne 1702-4, by Frances dau. of Sir Allen Apsley Knt. of 
Apsley, Sussex. He was, b. 16 Nov. 1684, matric. Trin. Coll. Oxon. 
13 May 1700, aged 15, succeeded his father in the estates 27 April 
1704, and m. 6 July 1704 Catherine dau. and heir to Sir Peter Apsley 
Knt., and heir of Sir Allen Apsley his grandfather. He was returned 
for Cirencester, at the age of 20, in 1705, and rep, it till raised to the 
peerage as Lord Bathurst 31 Dec. 1711, being one of the twelve Tory 
Peers created at that date, of whom a witty opponent asked if they 
voted by their foreman. His Lordship was one of the principal 
Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Lords against Walpole, and 
it was to him that Pope dedicated his Ihird Epistle. He was sworn 

i66 Members for Cirencester. 

a Privy Councillor 13 July 1742, Captain of the Band of Gentlemen 
Pensioners to the King July 1742 to Dec. 1744, Treasurer of the 
Household to George Prince of Wales Nov. 1756 to Oct. 1760, created 
Earl Bathurst 12 Aug. 1772, and d. 16 Sept. 1775, at the great age of 
91. (M.I. Cirencester Church). In Jan. 1760 he was granted a 
pension of ,^£^2000 a year. 

1708. May 3. Allen Bathurst. T. — 

Charles Coxe. T. — 

Thomas Onslow. W. — 

The inhabitants pet. on behalf of Onslow 27 Nov. 1708, and 
the whole election was declared void 8 Dec. 1709. 

1709. Dec. 23. Allen Bathurst. 

Charles Coxe. 

Re-elected, their former election having been declared void. 

17 10. Oct. 6. The same. 

1712. Jan. 23. Thomas Master of The Abbey, vice Bathurst 
raised to the Peerage. Eldest son of the M.P. 1685, baptized 
12 July 1690, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 29 Oct. 1706, aged 16, and m. 
Joanna (who brought him the manor of Stratton), dau. and heir of 
Jasper Chapman of Stratton, co. Gloucester, their marriage settlement 
bearing date 13 April 1709. Mr. Master was returned for Cirencester 
at the age of 21, in Jan. 17 12, and rep. it for 35 years, till 1747, 
when his son took his place. He voted against Walpole, and died at 
Cowley, Hillingdon, Middlesex, in 1769, his Will being made 
18 July 1767, and proved at Doctors' Commons 14 Feb. 1770. His 
wife was buried at Cirencester 21 Feb, 1757. 

1 7 13. Sept. 5. Thomas Master. T. 393. 

Benjamin Bathurst. T. 353. 
— Foyle. W. 253. 

Edmund Bray. W. 81. 

As to Mr. Bray, see the County 1720, and as to Benjamin 
Bathurst, see Gloucester 1727. 

17 15. Jan. 29. Thomas Master. 

Benjamin Bathurst. 

1722. March 20. Thomas Master. T. 

Benjamin Bathurst. T. — 
Edward Young. W. — 

There was a petition after this election, but the sitting 
Members were declared duly elected 21 May 1724, and it was 
resolved, "That the right of election is in all the inhabitants, 
householders." Mr. Young was the author of Night Thoughts. 

Members for Cirencesiek, 167 

1727. Aug. 16. Thomas Master. T. 
Peter Bathurst. T. 

Peter Bathurst of Clarendon Park, Wilts, 2nd son of Sir 
Benjamin B., and brother to the M.P.s. 1705 and 17 13, was b. 
3 May 1687, matric. Trin. Coll. Oxon. 23 April 1703, aged 15, and m. 
(i) 1709 Leonora Maria (who d. Jan. 1720) dau. and heir of Charles 
Howe of Gritworthy, Northants, and (2) 24 Oct. 1720 Lady Selina 
Shirley eldest dau. of Robert ist Earl Ferrers. He unsucc. cont. 
Wilton 1710, but was seated on petition March 1711, and sat till 
1713, and rep. Cirencester 1727-34, and New Sarum (Salisbury) 
1734-41, voted against Walpole, and d. 6 May 1748. 

1734. April 27. William Wodehouse. T. 

Thomas Master. T. 

William Wodehouse, eldest son of Sir John Wodehouse 
4th Bart, of Kimberley, Norfolk, m. 5 Aug. 1731 Hon. Frances 
Bathurst eldest dau. of the ist Earl Bathurst (see 1705,) was 
returned both for Cirencester and Norfolk 1734, but d. 31 March 1735. 

1735. April 14. Hon. Henry Bathurst of Cirencester, vice 
his brother-in-law William Wodehouse deceased. Second but eldest 
surviving son of the M.P. 1705, b. 2 May 17 14, matric. Ball. Coll. 
Oxon, 14 May 1730, m. (i) 19 Sept. 1754 Anne (who d. 4 Feb. 1758) 
dau. of — James, and widow of Charles Phillips, and (2) 6 June 1759 
Tryphena dau. of Thomas Scawen of Maidwell, Northants. He was 
called to the bar at the Inner Temple 7 Feb. 1736, and invited to the 
Bench of that Society I Feb. 1746, K.C. Jan. 1746, Solicitor General to 
Frederick Prince of Wales Dec. 1745-8, Attorney General Jan. 1748 till 
the Prince's death March 1751, Attorney General to the Princess of 
Wales 1751-4, M.P. Cirencester April 1735-54. and a Justice of the 
Common Pleas April 1754-71. He was also a Commr. of the Great 
Seal Jan. 1770 to Jan. 1771, sworn a Privy Councillor 21 Jan. 1771, 
created Lord Apsley 24 Jan. 1771, and was Lord High Chancellor of 
England Jan. 1771 to June 1778. His lordship succ. his father as 
2nd Earl Bathurst 16 Sept. 1775, was app. Lord High Steward of 
England for the trial of Elizabeth Duchess of Kingston Feb. 1776, a 
Governor of the Charterhouse 30 Jan. 1772, and Recorder of 
Falmouth 10 Aug. 1782 till his death at his seat at Oakley Grove, 
near Cirencester, 6 Aug. 1794, aged 80. Lord Bathurst was lord of 
the manor and of the Seven Hundreds of Cirencester. He was an 
able judge, and declined accepting the usual pension on retiring from 
office. " He was in very early life so grave, so studious, and so 
temperate a character, that, according to a well known story, his 
father (a friend of Pope), at a very advanced age, used to say to his 
companions in their evening conviviality, speaking of his son, who 
always retired soon, ' Well, now we will enjoy ourselves since the old 
gentleman is gone to bed.' " (Gent. Mag.) 

1 68 Members for Cirencester. 

1741. May 4. Hon. Henry Bathurst. T. 
Thomas Masters. T. 

1746. Jan. 28. Hon. H. Bathurst, re-elected on being made 
a King's Counsel. 

1747. June 27. Hon. H. Bathurst. T. 

Thomas Master, jun. T. 

Eldest son of the M.P. 1712, was baptized 31 May 1717, matric. 
Ball. Coll. Oxon. 12 May i73.'5, aged 18, and m. at Almondsbury 26 
Dec. 1742 Elizabeth Chester dau. and heir of Sir William Cann Bart., 
(by Elizabeth his wife, dau. of Thomas Chester the elder of Knole 
Park). She inherited her father's estates at Brislington and Brean, 
afterwards alienated by her son Thomas. She was buried at Cirencester 
I Jan 1782. Mr. Master represented Cirencester 1747 till his death 
v.p. May 1749, aged 32, being buried at Cirencester i June. 

1749. June 6. John Coxe of Lypiatt (Tory,) z/ziris' T. Master 
jun. deceased. Eldest son of Charles Coxe, (see Gloucester 1713,) b. 
169S, matric. Magd. Coll. Oxon. 23 Jan. 1712, aged 16, and m. the 
dau. of — Eyre. He was called to the bar at Lincolns Inn 14 June 
1 7 18, called to the Bench of that Society 16 May and sat as such 
15 June 1743, and was Treasurer thereof 1757. He sat for Cirencester 
June 1749-54, and d. 27 Jan. 1783. 

1754. April 15. Hon. Benjamin Bathurst. T. 
John Dawney. W. 

As to Mr. Bathurst, see the County 1734. John Dawnay of 
Holton, Yorks, 2nd son of Hon. John Dawney, by Charlotte Louisa 
dau. of Robert Pleydell of Ampney Crucis., was b. 9 April 1728, 
matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 22 March 1745, aged 16, and m. 20 May 
1763 Laura only dau. and heir of Wm. Burton M.P. First Com- 
missioner of Excise, of Laffenham, Rutland. He succ. his brother 
Henry (who died from wounds received at the battle of Campen, in 
Germany,) as 4th Viscount Downe of Ireland, 9 Dec. 1760, sat for 
Cirencester 1754-68, and Malton 1768-74, and d.21 Dec. 1780. Lord 
Downe sold the manor of Amney Crucis about 1765, to Col. S. 
Blackwell, (see 1774). 

1 761. March 25. John Viscount Downe. W. 511. 
James Whitshed. W. 508. 

— Clutterbuck. T. 234. 

James Whitshed of Hampton Court, Middlesex, m. 5. Dec. 
1738 Hon. Frances widow of Wm, Wodehouse (see 1734,) and eldest 
dau. of the ist Earl Bathurst, (see 1705). He voted for Wilkes 1769, 
sat for St. Ives 1754-61, and Cirencester 1761-83, when he retired to 
provide a seat for Lord Apsley, who had just come of age. It is 

Members for Cirencester. 169 

uncertain whether he was of the same family as William Whitshed, 
Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in Ireland, who d. Aug. 
1727, or of Admiral Sir James Hawkins- Whitshed (son of the Bishop 
of Raphoe,) who was created a Baronet 1834. 

1768. March 30. Estcourt Cresswell: 447. 

James Whitshed. W. 437. 
Samuel Blackwell. T. 304. 

Col. Blackwell petitioned, but withdrew it 12 March 1770. 
Estcourt Cresswell, lord of the manor of Bibury, was the only son of 
Thomas Estcourt Cresswell of Pinkney Park, Wilts, and Sidbury, 
Salop, (who was M.P. Wootton Bassett, 1754-74), by Anne only child 
and heir of Edmond Warneford of Bibury. He sat for Cirencester 
1768-74, when defeated, m. (i) Mary (who d. 30 Sept. 1772), only 
dau. and heir of Samuel Wotton of Speechurch Park, Devon, and (2) 
Mary Gregory, of Sherston, Wilts, and d. 4 July, 1823. 

1774. Oct. 6. 

J. Whitshed. 



S. Blackwell. 



E. Cresswell. 


The poll was kept open two days. Samuel Blackwell of 
Williamstripp, and Ampney Park, married Anne eldest dau. of 
James Lennox Button of Sherborne, and was brother-in-law to 
the 1st Lord Sherborne, (see County 1781. He was Major of the 
Northern BattaHon of the Gloucestershire Militia from the date it 
was embodied 4 April 1761, till he became Lt. Col. Commdt. thereof 

20 April 1763, and held the command till his death 30 April 1785. 
He received the rank of Col. in the army 2 July 1779. About 1765 
he purchased from Viscount Downe (see 1754,) the manors of Amney 
Crucis, Amney St. Mary, and Amney St. Peter, and was patron of 
Amney St. Mary. Having unsucc. cont. and pet. at Cirencester 
1768, he rep. it 1774 till his death. In 1757 he was one of the Council 
of the British White Herring Fishery. Though a Tory he supported 
the Coalition 1782. 

1780. Sept. 6. J. Whitshed. 
S. Blackwell. 

1783. July 15. Henry (Bathurst) Lord Apsley, »/'« Whitshed 
resigned. Eldest son ot Henry 2nd Earl Bathurst, (see 1735), b. 
22 May 1762, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 22 April 1779, created D.C.L. 
16 June 1814, and m. i April 1789 Georgiana yst. dau. of Lord George 
Henry Lennox. His lordship was a distinguished statesman, and 
held many important offices. He was a Lord of the Admiralty Dec. 
1783-9, a Lord of the Treasury Aug. 1789-91, sworn a Privy Councillor 

21 June 1793, a Commr. of the Board of Control for the Affairs of 
India June 1793-1801, Master of the Mint July 1804 to Feb. 1806, and 
March 1807-12, also President of the Board of Trade March 1807-12, 

170 Membkrs for Cirencester. 

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Oct. to Dec. 1809, and for War 
and the Colonies June 1812 to April 1827, and Lord President of the 
Council Jan. 1828 to Nov. 1830. He was M.P. Cirencester July 1783 
till he succ. his father as 3rd Bathurst 6 Aug. 1794, moved the 
Address in the House of Lords 6 Oct. 1796, and held the lucrative 
sinecure of one of the four Tellers of the Exchequer May 1790-1834, 
was also Joint Clerk of the Crown in Chancery (with his only brother 
Apsley) Jan. 1804-16, and sole Clerk of the Crown 24 Jan. 1816-34, 
made K.G. 24 July 1817, F.S.A. and F.R.S., and elected an Elder 
Brother of the Trinity House 1823. Earl Bathurst, who was made 
Capt. Commdt. Cirencester Cavalry Volunteers 12 Aug. 1803, d. 26 
July 1834. 

1783. Dec. 31. Lord Apsley, re-el. on being made a Lord of 
the Admiralty. 

1784. March 31. S. Blackwell. W. 

Lord Apsley. T. 

1785. May 7. Richard Master, vice Blackwell deceased. 
Younger son of Thomas Master, (see 1747,) born 1746, and m. 18 
March 1784 (by special licence) Isabella Frances 3rd and yst. 
dau. and co-heir of Lt. Col. Wm. Egerton M.P. (of the Royal Horse 
Guards Blue, Master of the Jewel Office, 2nd son of Hon. and Right 
Rev. Henry Egerton, Bishop of Hereford, and grandson of John 3rd 
Earl of Bridgwater.) She died 2 Dec. 1847, and was buried at Paris. 
Her descendants have the right to quarter the Royal Arms. Richard 
Master entered the army and became Major 24th Foot 13 Feb. 1782, 
but retired before 1792. He sat for Cirencester May 1785 till unseated 
May 1792, and was Consul at Algiers 1797-9. He took the oaths on 
16 Dec. 1799 at St. James's on being app. Captain General and 
Governor in Chief of Tobago, and held that Government until his 
death at Fort Royal, Martinique, on 26 Oct. 1800, aged 54. 

1789. Aug. 7. Lord Apsley, re-el. on being made a Lord of 
the Treasury. 

1790. May 25. Lord Apsley, re-el. on being app. a Teller of 
the Receipt of the Exchequer. 

1790. June 18. Lord Apsley. T. 302. 

Richard Master. T. 261. 
Robert Preston. T. 253. 

The poll lasted 3 days, when 461 voted. The plumpers were, 
for Apsley 2, Master 2, Preston loi. Split votes, Apsley and Master 
203, Apsley and Preston 97, Master and Preston 55. On petition 
Mr. Preston was seated in the room of Major Master 10 May 1792. 

Robert Preston of Valleyfield, co. Perth, sth and yst. son of 
Sir George P. 4th Bart., was b. 21 April 1740, and m. 27 April 1790 

Members for Cirencester. 171 

Elizabeth dau. of George Prown of Stockton. He was some time a 
Naval Commander in the service of the East India Company, sat for 
Dover 1784-90, unsucc. cont. Cirencester 1790, but gained the seat on 
petition May 1792, and sat till 1806, suae, his brother Sir Charles 
Preston M.P. as 6th Bart. 23 March i8oo, and was engaged in 
commerce in 1806 as an "eminent ships husband." Sir Robert was 
app. a Director of Greenwich Hospital 1788, (so in 1816), elected an 
Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1781, was Deputy Master thereof 
1 795-1803, and was the senior Brother at his death at Valleyfield 
7 May 1834, aged 94, when the title became extinct. He died 
possessed of great wealth, " report states nearly one million sterling." 
(Gent. Mag.) His house in Downing Street afterwards became the 
Colonial OfiSce. He gave an annual whitebait dinner during the 
Pitt and Addington Ministries. 

1794. Sept. 20. Michael Hicks Beach of Beverstone Castle 
and Williamstripp Park, co. Glouc, and Netheravon, Wilts, vice Lord 
Apsley called to the Upper House. Younger son of Sir Howe Hicks 
6th Bart, of Beverstone, he was b. 11 April 1760, m. 7. Oct. 1779 
Henrietta Maria dau. and eventually heir of William Beach of 
Netheravon, and took the additional name and arms of Beach by R.L. 
23 June 1790. He purchased Williamstripp from Col. Blackwell, (see 
1774,) was H.S. CO. Glouc, 1791, app. Major of the Britwell's Barrow 
Hundred Volunteers 1803, sat for Cirencester Sept. 1794-1818, and d. 
5 Jan. 1830. 

1796. May 27. M. H. Beach. T. 394. 
Sir R. Preston. T. 347. 
T. B. Howell. — 231. 

Poll 3. days. Thomas Bayley Howell, F.R.S. and F.S.A., 
of Prinknash Park, who unsuccessfully petitioned, was born 1768, 
called to the bar at Lincolns Inn 1790, and edited the earlier portion 
of the State Trials. He d. 13 April 1815. 

1802. July 7. M. H. Beach. T. 365. 
Sir R. Preston. T. 274. 
T. B. Howell. — 226. 

Poll 3 days, when 468 voted. Plumpers, Beach 11, Preston 4, 
Howell 56. Split votes, Beach and Preston 227, Beach and Howell 
127, Preston and Howell 43. 

1806. Nov. I. M. H. Beach. T. 
Joseph Cripps. T. 

Joseph Cripps of Cirencester, eldest son of Joseph C. (who d. 
28 May 1782, aged 52,) was b, 1765 and m. (i) 27 April 1786 
Elizabeth (who d. 15 April 1799,) eldest dau. of Benjamin Harrison 
of Lee, Kent, Treasurer of Guy's Hospital, and (2) i Oct. 1801 her 
sister Dorothea (who d. 3 April 1817) another dau. of the said 

172 Members for Cirencester. 

Benjamin Harrison. Mr. Cripps was a banker at Cirencester, M.P. 
1806-12, when defeated, and again 1818-41, Lieut. Col. Cdt. of the 
Cirencester Volunteers 12 Aug. 1803, (so in 1808), an East India 
proprietor. Governor of the Van Dieman's Land Company in 1838, 
and Dep. Gov. of the same at the time of his death at Ashcroft, near 
Cirencester, 8 Jan. 1847 aged 81. In 1792 M. H. Beach, T. Master, 
T. Master junr., Richard Master, Joseph Cripps, and others were 
app, Commrs. of the Court of Request of the Seven Hundreds of 
Cirencester. — The Cripps family have been settled in Cirencester 
since the time of the Tudors, and the above Member was ninth in 
descent from Richard Cripps who was living there in 1560. He 
acquired the Banking business towards the end of the last century, 
together with a brewery and two cloth mills, in order to strengthen 
his political influence in Cirencester. The mills were closed a few 
years after the close of the great European war in 1815, and the 
Bank passed about 1850 to the Gloucestershire Banking Co., and 
through that Company eventually to the Capital and Counties 

1807. May 5. The same. 

1812. Oct. 12. Lord Apsley. T. 464. 
M. H. Beach. T. 324. 
/. Cripps. T. 318. 

Poll 6 days, when 573 voted. Plumpers, Apsley 11, Beach 7, 
Cripps 22. Split votes, Apsley and Beach 237, Apsley and Cripps 
216, Beach and Cripps 80. 

Henry George Lord Apsley was eldest son of the M.P. 1783, 
b. 24 Feb. 1790, educ. at Eton, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 21 Oct. 1808, 
B.A. 28 June, 1811, M.A. 30 June 1814, and created D.C.L. 
14 June 1820. He became Captain Commandant of the Cirencester 
troop of Yeomanry 12 Sept. 1810, Lt. Col. Cdt. Cotswold regt. of 
local Militia 10 April 18 13, Dep. Lieut, co. Glouc. 25 Feb. 18 13, was 
a Commr. of the Board of Control Sept. 1812 to June 1818, and 
M.P. Weobley Jan. to Sept. 1812, and Cirencester 1812 till he succ. 
his father as 4th Earl Bathurst 26 July 1834. His lordship was 
patron of 2 livings, and d. unm. 25 May 1866. 

i8i8. June 17. Lord Apsley. T 412. 

Joseph Cripps. T. 412. 
R. E. Cresswell. W. , 40. 

Poll open 2 days, when 452 voted. Richard Estcourt 
Cresswell was eldest son (by his 2nd wife,) of the M.P. 1768, and was 
an Ensign 52nd foot in 1803. He m. 24 May 1803 Eliz. 4th dau. of 
Rev. Charles Coxwell of Abington House, co. Glouc. He ent. the 
Inner Temple, unsucc. cont. Taunton 1826, and d. in France 
21 March 1841, aged 57, 

Members for Cirencester. 173 

1820. March 7. Lord Apsley. 
Joseph Cripps. 

1826. June 10. The same, re-el. 31 July 1830, 29 April 
1831, 8 Dec. 1832. 

1834. Aug. 6. Lord Robert Edward Henry Somerset, (see 
Gloucestershire 1803,) vice Lord Apsley called to the House of Lords. 

1835. Jan. 6. Joseph Cripps. T. 494. 

Lord R. E. H. Somerset. T. 405. 
T. D. Whatley. W. 91. 

408 voted out of 615. The Tory Colour was Sky Blue ; the 
Whig Colours Orange and Green. Thomas Denman Whatley, 2nd 
son of David W. of Cirencester, was b. 1809, M.A. Oxford 1832, and 
called to the bar at the Middle Temple 1833. 

1837. July 25. Joseph Cripps. T. 
T. W. C. Master. T. 

Thomas William Chester Master of Knole Park and The Abbey, 
1 2th in lineal descent from King Henry VII., was the eldest son of 
Lt. Col. William Chester Master, (see County 1784), and was b. 28 
May 1815, and matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 17 Oct. 1833, B.A. 1837. He 
m. 7 April 1840 Catherine Elizabeth eldest dau. of Sir George 
Cornewall 3rd Bart, of Moccas, co. Hereford. Mr. Chester Master 
was M.P. for Cirencester 1B37 till he accepted theChiltern Hundreds 
in July 1844. He was made J.P. and D.L. for co. Gloucester, and 
served as High Sheriff 1878. 

1841. June 28. T. W. C. Master. T. 
William Cripps. T. 

William Cripps was the 4th son of the M.P. 1806, being the 
eldest son by his second wife, and was b. i Jan. 1805, matric. Trin. 
Coll. Oxon. 25 May 1822, aged 17, B.A. 1826, M.A. 1829, Vinerian 
law fellow, was called to the bar at the Inner Temple 20 Nov. 1829, 
and went the Oxford circuit and Gloucester Sessions, till his entry 
into Parliament. Mr. Cripps who m. 29 Jan. 1839 his first cousin 
Elizabtth (who d. 26 Dec. 1 891) eldest dau. of Benjamin Harrison 
junior, F.R.S. and F.S.A,, of Clapham Common, Chairman of the 
Exchequer Loan Commission, (who succeeded his father Benjamin 
Harrison as Treasurer of Guy's Hospital). He was D.L. for co. 
Gloucester, app. a Commr. to inquire into the Turnpike system in 
Wales Sept. 1843, (in consequence of the " Rebecca Riots,") held 
office as a Lord of the Treasury Aug. 1845 to July 1846, and sat for 
Cirencester 1841 till his death, from brain fever, in London, 11 May 
1848, aged 43. He distinguished himself by his speech in the House 
13 April 1848 against Feargus O'Connor, for his conduct in connection 
with the monster Chartist petition. From Aug. 1845 until his 
death Mr. Cripps was one of the Peelite " Whips." Mr. Cripps left 

174 Members for Cirencester. 

4 children, of whom the eldest son Wilfrid Joseph Cripps, C.B., F.S.A., 
of Cirencester, was born 8 June 1841, matric. Trin. Coll. Oxon 28 
June 1859, B.A. 1863, and M.A. 1866, ent. the Middle Temple 25 Feb. 
1863, where he was called to the bar i May 1865. He m. (i) 31 May 
1870 Maria Harriet Arabella (who d. 5 Sept; 1881) dau. of John 
Robert Daniel-Tyssen of Hackney, and (2) 2 Dec. 1884 Helen Augusta 
Wilhelmine Countess Bismarck, youngest dau. of Count Frederick 
Bismarck of Schierstein, Prussia. He became Lieut. Royal North 
Gloucester Militia 26 March 1866, Captain 11 May 1872-85, and 
received the rank of Hon. Major 1884. He was elected F.S.A. 1880, 
and created a Companion of the Bath for his Militia services 1889. 
He is a J. P. and D.L, for Gloucestershire, and a J. P. for Kent, and is 
author of the History of the Royal North Gloucester Militia, and a 
Work on Old English Plate which appeared in 1878, and has run into 
five editions. His brother Edmund William Cripps of Ampney Park, 
who is a J. P. for Gloucestershire, was born in 1843, and m. 187 1 Ada 
2nd dau. of General Radcliffe R.A. He served in the Royal Artillery 
for some years. 

1844. Aug. 2. George Augustus Frederick Villiers, commonly 
called Viscount Villiers, vice Master resigned. Eldest son of George 
5th Earl of Jersey, b. in London 4 April 1808, educ. at Eton, and 
matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 19 Oct. 1826, B.A. 6 May 1830, M.A. 22 June 
1837. His lordship m. 12 July 1841 Julia dau. of Right Hon. Sir 
Robert Peel 2nd Bart. M.P., the Prime Minister 1834-5 and 1841-6, 
(see Williams' Oxfordshire Members,) Viscount Villiers became Lieut. 
Oxfordshire Yeomanry 16 June 1829, Capt. 4 Jan. 1831, Major 

5 May 1855, was M.P. Rochester 1830-1, Minehead 1831-2, Honiton 
1832-4, Weymouth 1837 till 4 Aug. 1842, when he was unseated 
on petition, and Cirencester August 1844-52, when he was defeated. 
He became Dep. Lieut, for co. Oxford 29 Dec. 1845, and for co. 
Warwick 4 Dec. 1852, succ. his father as 6th Earl of Jersey 3 Oct. 
1859, but d. 24 Oct. following, aged 51. 

1845. Aug. 14. W. Cripps, re-el. on taking office. 

1847. July 28. William Cripps. L.C. 

Viscount Villiers. L.C. 

1848. May 24. J. R. Mullings. P. 262. 

Hon. C. P. Ponsonby. L. 130. 
vice Cripps deceased. Hon. Charles Frederick Ashley Cooper Ponsonby 
was also defeated at Youghal 1847, but sat for Poole 1837-47, and 
Dungarvan March 1851-2. He succ. his father as 2nd Lord de 
Mauley 1855, and d. 24 Aug. 1896. 

Joseph Randolph Mullings of Eastcourt House, Malmesbury, 
Wilts, son of Richard M., was born at Devizes 1792, educ. there, 
admitted an Attorney at law 1820, and practised at Cirencester, but 
retired before entering Parliament. Hem. 1823 Margaret Anne only 

Members for Cirencester. 175 

dau. of Richard Gregory of Cirencester, was patron of one living, 
J. P. Wilts, J.P. CO. Glouc, D.L. June 1852, sat for Cirencester May 
1848-59, and d. suddenly at Montpellier, France, 18 Oct. 1859, aged 
67. His son Captain Arthur R. Mullings took the surname of 
Randolph 1877, and died 1885. His eldest son Joseph R. Randolph 
is the present owner of Eastcourt House. 

1852. July 7. J. R. MulHngs. C. 235. 

Hon. A. J. G. Ponsonby. L. 218. 
Viscount Villiers. L.C. 214. 

Hon. Ashley George John Ponsonby, younger son of William 
ist Lord de Mauley, was b. 25 June 1831, became Ensign and Lieut. 
Grenadier Guards 15 Aug. 1850, Lieut, and Capt. 17 Oct. 1854, 
served in the Crimea 1854, retired from the army 18 June 1855, and 
m. 21 July 1857 Louisa Frances Charlotte 2nd dau. of Lord Henry 
Gordon. He became D.L. Hants Dec. 1852, J.P. and D.L. cos. Glouc, 
Berks, Middlesex, Westminster, and London, M.P. Cirencester (at the 
age of 21) and 1852-7 and 1859-65, and was defeated there 1857, and 
March 1878, and at Stroud 1865. He was elected a member of the 
London County Council (for Central Finsbury) March 1895, and 
died 12 Jan. 1898. 

1857. March 28. A. A. Bathurst. C. 307. 

J. R. Mullings. C. 200. 

Hon. A. J. G. Ponsonby. L. 188. 

Allen Alexander Bathurst of Cirencester House, only son of 
Lieut.-Col. Hon. Seymour Thomas Bathurst, was b. 19 Oct. 1832, 
educ. at Eton, M.A. Trin. Coll. Camb. 1853, and m. (i) 30 Jan. 
1862 Hon. Meriel Leicester Warren (who d. 6. July 1872) 2nd dau. 
of Lord de Tabley, and (2) 6 June 1874 Evelyn Elizabeth only dau. 
of George James Barnard Hankey of Fetcham Park, Surrey. He 
became J. P. co. Glouc, Capt. (Cirencester Company) ist Gloucester- 
shire R. "Vol. 13 Feb. i860 Lieut. R. South Gloucester Militia 4 May 

1853, Lieut. R. North Gloucester Militia 27 Sept. 1853, Capt. 10 Nov. 

1854, Major thereof 22 March 1870 to March 1879, and sat for 
Cirencester 1857 till he succ. his uncle William Lennox sth Earl 
Bathurst (see Williams' Herefordshire Members), in the Peerage 24 Feb. 
1878. His Lordship d. i Aug. 1892, at Cirencester House, aged 59. 

1859. April 30. A. A. Bathurst. C. 273. 

Hon. A. J. G. Ponsonby. L. 190. 
Brent S. Follet. C. 182. 

Brent Spencer Follett Q.C. also unsucc. cont. Bridgewater 1857. 

1865. July 12. A. A. Bathurst. C. 296. 

Hon. R. H. Dutton. L.C. 222. 
Julian Goldsmid. L. 172. 

Sir Julian Goldsmid 2nd Bart, also unsucc. cont. Brighton 

176 Members for Cirencester. 

Feb. 1864, Mid Surrey 1868, Sandwich May 1880, but sat for 
Honiton July t866-8, Rochester July 1870-80, when defeated, and 
South St, Pancras 1885 till his death in 1896. 

Hon. Ralph Heneage Button of Timsbury Manor, Hants, 
3rd and yst. son of John 2nd Lord Sherborne, (see County 1811,) 
was b. 5 Aug. 1821, M.A. Trin. Coll. Cambs. 1842, and m. 3 Aug. 
1848 Isabella dau. of John Mansfield of Digswell House, Herts. He 
was made J. P. Hants 1850, D.L. 1852, H.S. 1872, M.P. South Hants, 
1857-65, Cirencester 1865-8, and was defeated at Salisbury 1880. 
He was a director of the London and South Western Railway in 
1868, and d. 8 Oct. 1892. 

The Reform Act 1867 deprived Cirencester of one of its 
Members, at the dissolution 11 Nov. 1868. 

i868. Nov. 17. A. A. Bathurst. C. 629. 
F .A. Inderwick. L. 284. 

The defeated candidate Frederick Andrew Inderwick Q.C. 
also unsucc. cont. Dover 1874, and East Sussex 1885, but was the last 
Member for Rye 1880-5. 

1874. Jan. 31. A. A. Bathurst. 

1878. March 13. T. W. C. Master. C. 698. 

Hon. A.J. G. Ponsonby. L. 347. 

vice Mr. Bathurst called to the House of Lords as Earl Bathurst. 
Thomas William Chester Master of The Abbey, eldest son of the 
M.P. 1837, was b. 15 May 1841 and matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 31 May 
i860. He m. II Oct. 1866 Georgina Emily 5th dau. of John 
Etherington Welch Rolls of The Hendre, co. Monmouth, and sister 
of Lord Llangattock, (see Williams' Pari. Hist, of Wales). He became 
Captain 9th (Cirencester) Company R. Vol. 4 Sept. 1872, Major 2nd 
Vol. Batt. the Gloucestershire Regt. 1882-4, Lieut. R. North Gloucester 
Militia 16 April 1862, Capt. 10 May 1870, Major thereof 8 March 
1879, Lt.-Col. (and Hon. Col.) 4th Batt. the Gloucestershire Regt. 
(Militia) 16 Oct. 1886, and was the lasl Member for Cirencester March 
1878-85. Col. Chester Master unsuccessfully contested the Cirencester 
division July 1892, but represented it Oct. 1892 till Feb. 1893, when 
his election was declared void, and he was again defeated at a fresh 
election that month. He is a J.P. for cos. Gloucester and Monmouth, 
and County Councillor for the South Cerney division of co. Glouc. 
since 1889. 

1880. March 31. T. W. C. Master. 

At the Dissolution 18 Nov. 1885, Cirencester ceased to return 
a Member, and became merged in the County. The Borough had 
604 legistered electors in 1832,423 in 1858, 1076 in 1168, 1106 in 
1874, and 1 138 in 1884. The High Steward and High Bailiff of 
Cirencester were the Returning Officers, 


1295. Henry le Chaunger. 
Roger le Heberer. 

Roger le Heberer was one of the two Bailiffs of the City of 
Gloucester 1298, 1299, and 1300. Perhaps grandfather of the M.P. 
136 1 

1298. Richard de Bryhthamton, 
Robert le Especer. 

Robert le Especer was again M.P. 1302, and one of the two 
Bailiffs of Gloucester 1300, 1301, and 1302, (as Robert Lespicer, 
or Apothecary.) 

1302. Robert le Especer. 
John le Bole. 

1305. William de Hertford. 
John de Combe. 

William de Hertford was again M.P. 1309, 1311, and Bailiff 
1304, 1305- John de Combe was Bailiff 1306, 1307. On 20 May 
13 1 2 William de Knoville received the King's licence to grant in fee to 
John de Combe and Isabella the Manor of Leswen, (Llyswen), co. 
Cardigan. (Patent Rolls). 

1306. Richard le Clerk. 
Richard le Blekstere. 

The former was of kin to Robert Clerk, one of the two Bailiffs of 
Gloucester, and Hugh le Clerk who was Bailiff 1291, 1293, 1296. 

1307. Jan. Andrew de Penedok. 

Thomas de Hauneley. 

As to the former, see the County 1327. 

1309. William de Hertford. 

John de Northwyco. 

John Northwycke appears as Bailiff 1306, 1307, 1314. 

178 Membkrs for Gloucester. 

131 1. Aug. Walter le Specer. 
John Lucas. 

The former may have been son of the M.P. 1302. He 
represented Gloucester in 9 Parliaments, Aug. 1311, 1313, 1318, 1322, 
",328, I330> 1332, 1335; 1336. and served as Bailiff 1308, 1311, 1321, 
so must have been a prominent citizen for many years. John Lucas 
was Bailiff 1295, 1305. 

131 1. Nov. Walter le Specer. 

John Kyng. 

The latter was again M.P. 1313. 

1313. March. William de Hertford 
John le Kyng. 

1 3 13. Sept. Walter Lespicer. 
John Kyng. 

1315. John le Bury. 

Thomas Coperych. 

1318. Walter le Spicer. 
Stephen de Maismore. 

1319. John de Hereford. 
Andrew de Penedok. 

The former was again M.P. 1322. 

1320. Andrew Pendok. 
John de Brugge. 

1321. Andrew de Pendok. 
William de Russel. 

On 27 April 1309 Walter Gascelyn (see County 1318) 
acknowledged that he owed ^^lo to William Russell, to be levied in 
default of payment on his goods and chattels in co. Gloucester. The 
Close Rolls for i Nov. 1309 also contain the following reference to 
him ;— John Aylward came before the King, on Saturday the feast of 
All Saints, and sought to replevy to William Russell of Bernardesworthy, 
the said William's lands in Bernardesworthy, taken into the King's 
hands for the default that he made before the Sheriff of Somerset in his 
county court against William Duram of Stok Curcy. From another 
entry on 5 July 13 11 it appears that William Russell tenant in chief 
died before that date, possessed of lands in Bucks and Berks, in Auste, 
CO. Gloucester, and a third of the manor of Goverland, Hants, leaving a 
widow Katharine, and a son and heir, then under of age. It was 
probably this son and heir who sat for Gloucester 1321. 

Members for Gloucester. 179 

1322. May. Andrew de Pendok. 
Walter le Especer. 

1322. Nov. John de Hereford. 
Richard Kyst. 

1324. Jan. Andrew de Pendok. 

Richard de Bradenestok. 

The latter was probably son of John de B. who was M.P. for the 
County 1306. 

1325. Andrew de Penedok. 
John de Coueleye. 

The latter again sat 1326, 1337, 1338. 


The same. 


John Brayton. 
John in the Felde. 



Elias de Aylberton. 
John de Coggeshale, 



Walter le Especer. 

John de Brocworth. 
Brother or kinsman to Henry de B. (see County 1324). 

1330. March. Walter le Especer. 
Richard le Fysshere. 

1330. Nov. Walter le Especer. 

Edmund de Baverton. 

The latter was one of the two Bailiffs of Gloucester 13 12. 

1332. March. Walter le Especer. 

William de Hereford. 

Probably son or brother of the M.P. 13 19. 

1332. Sept. William de Tyderynton. 
William de Hereford. 

As to the former see the County 1332. 

1332. Dec. Walter le Especer. 

William de Coubrugg. 

The latter again sat for Gloucester 1336. 

1334. Feb. Robert de Goldhull. 
Walter Wawepol. 

Robert de Goldhull was Bailiff of the city 1307, 1314, 1321. 


Members for Gloucester. 

Thomas de Gloucestr. 
Walter le Espycer. 

March. William de Tyderynton. 
John de Walssh. 

Sept. Walter le Spycer. 

William de Coubrugg. 

Jan. John de Couele. 
Robert Laurence. 

Sept. Return lost. 

By Writs dated 18 August, the Mayor and Bailiffs of Gloucester 
were directed to send three or four men to this Parliament, and they 
accordingly elected Ranulph de Beckeford, Walter de Boyfield, and 
William de Northfolk. These however were not regular Members, 
but were merely called in specially to advise the Parliament. 

1338, Feb. John de Coueleye. 

Hugh de Aylbrighton. 

The latter was again Member 1339 and 1346. (See 1328). 

1338. July. Andrew de Penedok. 

John de Gloucestr. 

Brother or kinsman to the M.P. 1335. 

1339. Jan. Hugh de 

John de 

The names are torn off the Return. Hugh de Aylbrighton was 
clearly one of the Members, but it is impossible to say whether the 
other one was John de Coueleye or John de Gloucester. 

1340. Jan. William de Knygeshagh. 

Roger de Kyngesloue. 
The former was again M.P. 1341, and one of the two Bailiffs of 
Gloucester 1342, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1356, 1358. The latter was Bailiff 
(as Kingsteone 1337,) 1344, 1345. 

1340. March. Wilham de Kyngeshawe. 

Roger de Kyngesloue. 

1 34 1. William de Kyngeshagh. 
Robert le Walour. 

The latter was again M.P. 1358, and Bailiff 1346, [357, 1377. 

1344. John de Wynston. 

Robert de Staverton. 

John de Wynston again sat for Gloucester 1 348. 

Members for Gloucester. i8i 

1346- Adam de Hope. 

Hugh de Aylbryghton. 

1348. Jan, Nicholas Buyrsy. 

John Wynston. 

1348. March. William Bruyn. 
John Wynston. 

William Bruyn may have been of the same family as John le 
Bruyn M.P. for Worcestershire 1336, (see Williams' Worcestershire 

1351. Feb. John Coles, 
John Hoorn. 

1353. Robert Broun. 

William de Norlhfolk. 

Broun was again M.P. 1358. As to his colleague see 1337. 

1355. Nicholas Crikkelade. 

Thomas Okynton. 

The former was M.P. for the County Jan. 1352. 

1358. Robert Waler. 

Robert Broun. 

1360. Thomas de Stoke. 
Thomas Steuward. 

The former was Bailiff 1359. Steuward was Bailiff 1368, (as 
Styward 1369, 1370,) 1372, 1373, and again M.P. 1368, 1369, 1372, 

1361. John de Haselton. 
William de Hyberare. 

John de Haselton again sat 1382, 1383. As to his colleague 
see the County 1380. 

1362. William Keyberare. 
Hugh le Parkere. 

Parker was one of the two Bailiffs of the City 1357, 1358, 1360. 

1365. William Heyberare. 
John de Monemouth. 

The latter was Bailiff 1377. 

i8z Members for Gloucester. 

1366. John Butte. 

John Elemore. 

The latter was BaiHff 1369, and seemingly son of Walter de 
Elmore who was Bailiff of Gloucester 1349. Perhaps of the Guise 

1368. Thomas Styward. 
William le Veltare. 

1869. William Crook. 
Thomas Stiward. 

Crook was afterwards M.P. 1385, 1386, 1395, and Bailiff (as 
Crocks 1361,) 1363, 1368, (as Crok 1379, 1385,) 1389, 1395, 1398- 
Kinsman to Peter Crook, (see the County 1355). 

1371. Feb. William Heyberare, 
John de Compton. 

Corapton was again returned 1384, and was one of the two 
Bailiffs 1378. 

1371. June. (One Member only returned.) WiUiam Heyberare. 

1372. William Heyberare. 
Thomas Styward. 

1373- The same. 

1376, Edward Taverner. 
Robert Pope. 

Robert Pope was again M.P. 1384, 1388, and Bailiff 1378, 1389, 
1390, 1391. Perhaps brother to John Pope who was Bailiff 1372, 1383. 

1377. Jan. John Anlep. 

Richard Baret. 

Baret was M.P. again 1378, and Bailiff ,1381, 1382. John de 
Aulep was Bailiff 1367, and (as Dulep) was M.P. again 1378. 

1377. Oct. WilUam Heyberare. 

John Dulep. 

1378. John Dulep. 
Richard Baret. 


This Parliament was summoned to meet at Gloucester 20 Oct. 

1380. Jan. William Heyberare. 
William Wyghtfelde. 

The latter was Bailiff of Gloucester 1382. 

Members for Gloucester. 183 

1382. Oct. John Haseltone. 

John Biseley. 

John Biseley was probably son of Thomas de Byseley, (who was 
Bailiff 1367, 1368, J371, 1374, 1377,) and was himself Bailiff (as John 
Byeley) 1401, (as John Biseley senior) 1416, 1425, and (as John Bisley) 
1423. He was M. P. Gloucester 1382, 1383, 1391, 1406, 1407, 1411, 
1417, 1419, 1421, and was Master of St. Margaret's Hospital, 
Gloucester, 1429, (and he or his son 1448). 

1383. Feb. John Haselton. 

John Byselye. 

1383- Oct. John Biseleye. 
William Baret. 

Kinsman of the M.P. 1377. On 10 April 1380 Pardon of 
outlawry was granted William Wadecote, burgess of Gloucester, for not 
appearing to answer William Baret, burgess of Gloucester, touching 
adebtof;^i7 los. od. {Fatent Rolls.) 

1384. April. John Hed. 

Robert Pope. 

John Hede was again M.P. 1388, and (as Hened) was Bailiff 
1387. He and W. Heyberer (see County 1380,) were app. 14 July 
1377 surveyors and controllers of the works which John Beauchamp 
Knt. Constable of Gloucester Castle had been app. to undertake 
for its repair. {Patent Rolls.) 

1384. Nov. John Compton. 

John Pope junior. 

John Pope jun. was probably either son or nephew of the M.P. 
1376. He himself sat for Gloucester 1384, 1386, 1397, and was 
Bailiff 1390, 1407. 

1385. William Crook. 
Robert Sweynesey. 

The latter was Bailiff 1398. 

1386. William Crook. 
John Pope. 

1388. Feb. John Hede. 
Robert Pope. 

1388. Sept. John Pope. 

Stephen Pope. 

Perhaps two brothers. The family evidently held an influential 
position in the city at this period. A fourth member of the family 
sat for Gloucester 1393. 

184 Members for Gloucester. 

1390. Jan. William Heyberare, 

John Bannebury. 

Bannebury was Bailiff of Gloucester 1 391, and seems identical 
with the Member for Bristol 1397, who was Bailiff of Bristol (as John 
Banbury) 1389, Sheriff 1391, and Mayor of that city 1397. 

1 39 1. Richard Asshewell. 
John Byseley. 

The former was Bailiff 1380, 1381 (as Ashwell,) and 1395. 

1393. Thomas Pope. 

Simon Brooke. 

Brooke was afterwards M.P. 1399, 1402, 1406, and Bailiff 1399, 
1404, 140S, 1407- 

1395. Roger Balle. 

William Crook. 

Balle was also M.P. 1407, and Bailiff 1397, 1398, 1400, 1401, 
1404, 141 1, 1412, 1416, 1422, 1429. He was Master of St. Margaret's 
Hospital, Gloucester 1403. 

1397- J^n- Thomas Pope. 
Richard Baret. 

Thomas Pope was Bailiff 1392. Baret was again M.P. 1399, 
and Bailiff of Gloucester 1400. It is doubtful if he was the same as 
the M.P. 1377, or his son. 

1397. Sept. John Pope. 

Richard Baret. 

1399. Richard Baret. 

Simon Brook. 

1402. Simon Brok. 

William Bridlep. 

Bridlep was again M.P. 141 1, 1417, and Bailiff 1403, 1409, 
1412. Perhaps son of Nicholas or Richard Bridlep who was Bailiff 

I4°6. John Byseley. 

Simon Brooke. 

1407. Sept. 26. John Biseley. 
Roger Balle. 

1411. Oct. 19. John Biseley. 

William Bridlip. 

Members for Gloucester. 185 

1413. May I. John Streynesham. 

John Clopton. 

The former was again M.P. 1423, and Bailiff of Gloucester 1418, 
1428, 1434. 

1414. Nov. 12. Thomas Bysley senior. 

Thomas More. 

The former may have been brother to the M.P. 1382. More 
again sat for Gloucester 1415, 1420. He was a mercer, and served as 
Bailiff 1413. 

1415. Oct. 7. Robert Gilbert. 

Thomas Moore. 

Gilbert was again M.P. 1419, 1421, 1422, 1425, 1427, 1432, and 
Bailiff 1417, 1424, 1430, 1432. 

1 41 7. Oct. William Bridleppe. 

John Byseley. 

1 419. Sept. John Bysley senior. 

Robert Gylbert. 

1420. Nov. II. Thomas More. 

Thomas Stevenes. 

Stevens was again Member 1422, 1423, 1427, 1430, 1432, 1442. 

1 42 1. April. John Biseley senior. 

Robert Gilbert. 

142 1. Nov. Robert Gilbert. 

Richard Dalby. 

Ualby was Bailiff 1423, 1425, 1428, and again M.P. 1425, 1435. 
He was Master of St. Margaret's Hospital, Gloucester, 1431. 

1422. Oct. Robert Gilbert. 

Thomas Stevenes. 

1423. Oct. 4. Jonn Streynsham. 

Thomas Stevenes. 

1425. April 16. Robert Gilbert. 

Richard Dalby. 

1426. Jan. 21. Thomas Hewes. 

John Bysley junior. 

The latter was evidently son of the M.P. 1382. Hewes was 
again M.P. 1435, and BaiUff 1419, 1427, and (as Hughes) 1434. 

1 86 Members for Gloucester. 

1427. Sept. Robert Gilbert. 

Thomas Stevenes. 

1430. Dec. 18. John Hamelyn. 

Thomas Stevenes. 

The former was Baihff of Gloucester 1424, 1433, and again 
M.P. 1433. John flamelyn who was Incumbent of St. Mary de Grace, 
Gloucester, in 1444, was probably his son. 

1432. April 7. Robert Gilbert. 

Thomas Stevenes. 

1433. June 29. John Hamelyn. 

Thomas Derehurst. 

As to Derehurst, see the County 1449. 

1435- J^'y 25. Thomas Hewes. 
Richard Dalby. 

1436. Dec. 10. Thomas Derhurst. 
John Andrewe. 

John Andrewe again represented Gloucester 1449, 1450, 1455. 
His kinsman Maurice Andrew was Bailiff 1456, 1458. 

1442. Jan. I. Thomas Stephenes. 
William Olyver. 

Oliver was Bailiff 1430, 1436, 1442, 1446. 

1447. Jan. 23. Thomas Derehurst. 
Walter Chaunterell. 

The latter was Bailiff 1441, 1445. 

1449. I'^st). 4. Thomas Derehurste. 
John Andreaux. 

1449. Oct. 28. William Notyngham. 

Henry Dode. 

Dode was Bailiff (as Dood 1446,) 1449. As to Notyngham, 
see the County 1453. 

1450. Oct. 28. John Andreaux. 

Thomas Bokeland. 

Bokeland was one of the two Bailiffs of the city in 1457. 

Members for Glouckster. 187 

1453. Feb. 20. Robert Bentham. 
William Eldesfeld. 

The latter was Bailiff (as Eldersfield 1453,) 1454. He and 
Thomas Bisley were two of the twelve electors who elected Nottingham 
and Dodd in 1449. 

I45S- July 6. John Andreaux. 
John Dodying. 

1460. Sept. 23. Nicholas Hert. 

William Brockwod. 

The former was perhaps father of Thomas Hart who was one of 
the two Sheriffs of Gloucester 1484, and Mayor 1490. William 
Brokewood was Bailiff 1463. 

1467. May 19. John Hylley. 
John Trye. 

John Hylley was probably son of Thomas Hilley one of the two 
Bailiffs 1448. He was himself Bailiff 1457, made an Alderman of 
Gloucester by Richard HI. in 1483, and was Mayor of the city 1487. 
John Hillery (evidently the Member) appears as Master of St. 
Margaret's Hospital, Gloucester, 1465. 

John Trye was son of William Trye of Alkington manor, and 
married Elizabeth dau. and heir of Almery Boteler of Hardwick Court, 
which estate he enjoyed jure uxoris. He was High Sheriff of 
Gloucestershire 1449, one of the two Bailiffs of Gloucester (as John Try) 
1477, and was chosen the first Mayor of the city in 1483. His 
descendant represented Gloucester 1690. 

1472. Sept. 18. John Trye. 

Alexander Cely. 

Cely again sat for the city 1478. 

1478. Jan. 12. John Farley. 

Alexander Cely. 

John Farley was Bailiff 1474, i476. William Farley who was 
Abbot of St. Peter's Gloucester, 1472, may have been his brother. 

1483, 1484, 1485, 1487. The Returns for all the Parliaments 
between 1483 and 1523 are unfortunately lost, but, thanks to the 
painstaking research of Mr. W. Duncombe Pink, the names of the 
Members of Parliament in 1491 have been discovered. 

1 88 Members for Gloucester. 

1 49 1. Oct. Walter Ronde or Rende. 

William Marmyan. 

Walter Rowden was one of the two Sheriffs of the city of 
Gloucester 1488, and Mayor 7491, 1496, 1502, Richard Rowden was 
Mayor 1505, 15 14. 

William Marmion was one of the city Sheriffs 1492, and Mayor 
1516. Henry Marmion who was Mayor 1533, 1541, and died 7 March 
1542, was probably his son. 

1495, 1497, 1510, 1512, 1515. IS23' Returns lost. 

1529. Oct. John Rawlyns. 

Adam Appwell. 

John Rawlins was one of the two Sheriffs of Gloucester 15 14, 
1519, Mayor (as Rawylyns) 1524, and M.P. 1529-36. Probably son of 
Robert Rawlins who was Mayor 1495. 

Adam Apowell (Ap Howell) who was evidently of Welsh 
descent, was one of the two Sheriffs of Gloucester 15 18, 1526, and 
M.P, 1529-36. Edmund Aphowel who was Sheriff of the City 1551, 
may have been his son. 

1536, 1539, and Dec. 1541. Returns lost. 

1545. Jan, 6. Richard Morgan. 

Thomas Bell, senior. 

Richard Morgan was admitted a student of Lincoln's Inn rS23, 
ordered to be called to the bar "on Thursday after i April" 1530, 
called to be a Bencher Autumn 1539, but does not appear to have sat, 
served as an Autumn Reader of his Inn 1542, Treasurer 1546, Double 
Autumn Reader 1546, (because Serjeant at law Elect,) was made a 
Serjeant at law 1547, Recorder of Gloucester 1546-53, M.P. 1545-7, 
1547-52, Jan. to March 1553, Knighted Sept. 1553, and was Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleas 5 Sept. 1553 to Oct. 1555. Being a 
strong Roman CathoHc, he was committed to the Fleet in March 1551 
for hearing Mass in the Princess Mary's Chapel, and on the death of 
Edw. VI., he was one of the first to join Mary at Kenninghall Castle 
in July 1553. It was Sir Richard Morgan who condemned Lady Jane 
Grey to death, 13 Nov. 1553, and this is said to have afterwards so 
preyed upon his mind, that he went mad before his death, and in his 
raving to have cried continually to have her taken away from him. 
{Foss.J When a Judge he also " uttered several opprobious words 
against good Bishop Hooper." He was buried 2 June 1556 at St. 
Magnus's, London Bridge. 

Thomas Bell, senior, of Black Friers, Gloucester, " clothmaker," 
m. Joan , and was three times Sheriff of Gloucester in 1523, 1527, 

Members for Gloucester. 189 

1530, three times Mayor in 1536, 1544, 1553, and four times M.P. 
1545-7. 1547-52, Jan- to March "1553, and Oct. 1554 to Jan. 1555. He 
was a Gentleman of the King's Bedchamber in 1544, Knighted 22 Feb. 
1547, and was granted 21 July 1539 for ;£24o 5s. 4d. the site of the 
Black Friers' Friery, (and other lands) and soon afterwards this house 
was improved into a handsome mansion, called Bell's Place, where the 
manufacture of cap making was carried on, He bought from the 
Crown on i Aug. 1542, St. Kyneburg's Chapel, Gloucester, and gave 5 
tenements which he built on part of the site of the old Chapel, with some 
land, for the maintenance of 6 poor people. He gave ;^6 los. od. per 
annum to the poor and prisons of Gloucester. He had a grant of lands 
in the parish of Leigh belonging to the White Friers 1544. On 17 
Aug. 1548 he and Richard Duke bought the lands of St. Katherine's 
Chantry, Gloucester, lying in Lydney, co. Glouc , and Ripple and 
Naunton, co. Worcester. Sir Thomas Bell d. s.p. 26 May 1566, aged 
80. (M.I. St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester). His brother (sic) Thomas 
Bell jun. was Sheriff 1535, Mayor 1543, 15.54, and Master of St. 
Margaret's Hospital, Gloucester, 1534, iS3S- 

1547. Oct. Sir Thomas Bell. 

Richard Morgan, serviens ad legem. 

1553. Jan. 24. The same. 

1553. Sept. Thomas Payne. 

Thomas Loveday. 

Thomas Payne of Rodborough, son of William P. (who sealed a 
deed 40 Edward IV,) m. Catherine dau. of John Moody of Garson, Wilts. 
He was one of the two Sheriffs of Gloucester 1529, 1534, Mayor 1540, 
1552, and M.P. Sept. to Dec. 1553, March to May 1554, and Jan. 
1558. On I March 1539 Thomas Bell (see iS4S,) Thomas Payne and 
other Aldermen and Justices were commissioned to take the musters 
within the Tower and liberty of Gloucester. Thomas Loveday was 
Sheriff 1537, 1542, Mayor 1546,1555. and M.P. Sept. to Dec, 1553, 
and March to May 1554. He was Master of St. Margaret's Hospital, 
Gloucester, 1543, 1544, as was Thomas Payne, 1535, 1536. 

1554. March 20. The same. 

1554. Oct. 30. Sir Thomas Bell. 

William Massynger. 

William Massenger (probably son of Thomas M. who was Sheriff 
1527, and Mayor 1531, 1562,) was Sheriff of Gloucester 1562, 1566, 
Mayor 1569, (and as senior) 1585, and M.P. Oct. 1554 to Jan. 1555, 
Oct. to Dec. rSS5, and 1571. Aid. John Cook by will dated 1528 
founded a Free Grammar School at Gloucester, but Massenger, to 
whom and several others, many feoffments had been made by 
Aid. Cook, endeavoured to get all the lands for his own use, but by a 

I go Members for Gloucester. 

decree in Chancery 12 Feb. 5 Edw. 6, he was obHged to deliver up to 
the Corporation, ail the evidences &c. belonging thereto. 

1555. Oct. I. Arthur Porter, (see County iSS4') 
William Massynger. 

1558. Jan. Richard Pate, Recorder. 

Thomas Payne. 

Richard Pate of Minsterworth, (? son of John Pate, and nephew 
of Richard Pate, Bishop of Worcester 1555 till deprived 1559,) was 
born 24 Sept. 1*516, became a student of Lincolns Inn, and was ordered 
(as Richard Pates) 10 Feb. 1558 "to be called to the bar next moot." 
He was recorder of Gloucester, (salary ^d 13s. 4d. a year,) 1556-86, 
(being confirmed as such by Q. li^lizabeth 21 Feb. 1561,) M.P. 1558, 
1559, 1563-7, 1586-7, H.S. CO. Glouc. (as Peate) 1580, app. one of the 
Council of the Marches of Wales (as Pates) June 1574, (quaere if he 
was also a Welsh Judge,) and d. 29 Oct. 1588, aged 73, bur. at 
Gloucester Cathedral. (M.I.) He was a Commr. to Hen. 8 and 
Edw. 6, for taking a survey of all religious foundations in Gloucester, 
Bristol, &c., then suppressed, and he and Thomas Chamberlayn 
purchased many of these lands from Edw. 6. Pate, was one of the 3 
Commrs. who certified about St. Mary Magdalen's Hospital 37 Hen. 8, 
and he was a good benefactor to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and to 
Gloucester, where he founded an almshouse. In 1574 he founded a 
school and hospital at Cheltenham, and endowed it with a house in 
Gore Lane which he gave to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, for its 
maintenance. His eldest sister Jane d. 1594, having m. Thomas Pury, 
Mayor of G. who d. 1580, (grandfather of the M.P. 1640). 

1559. Jan. Sir N. Arnold, (see County 1545). 

Richard Pate. 

1563. Jan. Sir N. Arnolde. 
Richard Pate. 

1571. April. William Massynger, 
Thomas Atkins. 

Son and heir of John Atkyns of Ozleworth, became B.A. from 
Bras. Coll. Oxon 16 July 1554, fellow of Merton Coll. 1554, was adm. 
to Middle Temple 1558, called to the bar, and was made Procurator 
General of Wales, one of the Council there of Q. Eliz., the Queen's 
Attorney in her Council in the Marches of Wales, and app. to hear and 
determine crimes, and a general Justice there. (It is doubtful if this 
means that he was made a Welsh Judge.) He was M.P. Gloucester 
15711 1572-83, 1584-5, 1586-7, and Jan. to April 1593, and Town 
Clerk of Gloucester 1563 till he res. July 1578, and again 17 Oct. 1597 
till he res. Jan. 1602, (45 Eliz.,) '' then very old and weak." 

Members for Gloucester. igi 

1572. April. Thomas Semys. 
Thomas Atkyns. 

John Semys who was Mayor of Gloucester 1535, and d. 1540, 
may have been father of this Alderman Thomas Semys, who was a 
clothier by trade, Master of St. Margaret's Hospital, Gloucester, 1560, 
1561, Sheriff of Gloucester 1558, 1563, Mayor 1565, 1578, 1599, and 
M.P. 1572-83. He left an almshouse for Gloucester, and in 1562 gave 
the yearly rent of a stable and garden in Oxbury Lane, Gloucester, part 
for a sermon yearly on the Sunday, and part for the use of the poor. 

1584. Nov. 17. Luke Garnons. 
Thomas Atkyns. 

Aid. Luke Garnons was 2nd son of John G. of co. Hereford, 
and m. Anne Woodward of Twining. He was a draper, and was Sheriff 
of Gloucester 1565, 1569, Mayor 1570, 1586, 1600, M.P. 1584-5, 1588-9, 
Sept. 1597 to Feb. 1598, and Sept. to Dec. 1601, and d. 12 Feb. 1615, 
(M.I. St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester), will dated 20 Jan. 1608, proved 
at Gloucester i Nov. 161 5. 

1586. Sept. 20. Richard Pate, Recorder. 
Thomas Atkyns, 

1588. Oct. 15. Thomas Atkyns. 

Aid. Luke Garnons. 

1593. Jan. Thomas Atkins. 

Richard Byrde. 

Richard Bird was Town Clerk of Gloucester 13 July 1578 (in 
succession to his colleague Thomas Atkins,) till he res. the office June 
1594, (37 Eliz.) and M.P. Jan. to April 1593. 

1597. Sept. 6. William Owldisworth. 
Luke Garnons. 

William Oldisworth of Pultens Court, was adm. a student of 
Li ncolns Inn, where it was ordered 4 Feb. 1573 that he was "to be 
called next Moot to the Utter Bar," and again " Mem. 24 June 1584 
that he be called to the Bench next whole Moote." He took his seat 
as a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn 2 July 1584, was Treasurer 1595, Autumn 
Reader 1586, and double Lent Reader 1596. He was Recorder of 
Gloucester 1586-1603, M.P. Sept. i597toFeb. i598,and Sept.toDec. 1601, 
and was in Nov. 1601 Puisne Justice of the Great Session for cos. 
Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke, and as such was app. J.P. co. 
Pembroke 13 April 1603. Judge Oldisworth died 1603, (?just before 
15 April). On 21 Nov. 1579 Sir Nicholas Arnold (see County 1545,) 
and W. Oldisworthe certify at Gloucester that John Higford and George 
Huntley had taken the oaths prescribed for J.P.s. (Cal. State Papers). 

igz Members for Gloucester. 

1 60 1. Sept. Luke Garnons. 
W. Oldisworth. 

1604. March. Nicholas Overbury, Recorder. 
John Jones, Alderman. 

Nicholas Overbury of Ashton sub Edge, and Bourton on the 
Hill, son of Thomas O., who m. 1550, and d. 1580, was born about 
155 1, called to the bar at the Middle Temple, and was chosen Autumn 
Reader 1600, elected a Bencher, and became Treasurer of that Society 
27 April 1610. He m. Mary dau. of Giles Palmer of Ilmington and 
Compton Sarpion, co. Warwick, was Knighted 22 Aug. 1621, Recorder 
of Gloucester 15 April 1603 till he res. 1626, M.P. 1604-11, app. 
Steward of Chipping Campden by its charter 13 June 1605, one of the 
Council of the Marches of Wales 9 Feb. 1621; and was Chief Justice of the 
Great Sessions for the counties of Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke 
8 Dec. 1610 till about 1637. He was lord of the manor of Bourton, 
(which he got from Lord Wentworth,) presented to Bourton on the Hill 

1 5 1 7, and was buried 3 1 May 1 643. " Presentation of Nicholas O verburie 
by Ant. Sambage of the parish of Quenington, before William 
Blackleech, vicar of John, Bishop of Gloucester, for the recovery of 
tithes unlawfully withheld in Withington parish." {Calendar of State 
Papers^ JS9S)- His eldest son was the unfortunate Sir Thomas 
Overbury, poisoned in the Tower 16J3. 

Aid. John Jones was the son of Hugh Joanes of Milton, co. 
Glouc, and was Sheriff of Gloucester 1587, 1592, Mayor (as gentleman) 
1597, 1618, 1625, J. P. for the City, and M.P. 1604-11. He m. (i) 
Joane (who d. 18 Jan. 1595) dau. of — Weale, and widow of — 
Huntley, and (2) Elizabeth dau. of J. Gilbert of Clare, Suffolk. Aid. 
Jones was Principal Registrar of the diocese of Gloucester to no less 
than 8 Bishops of Gloucester, (from Cheyney to Goodman,) from before 
1579 till liis death i June 1630, and was bur. in Gloucester Cathedral. 
(M.I,). He presented to Fairford 1585. 

1614. March. Aid. Thomas Machen. 
Aid. John Browne. 

Thomas Machen and his father Henry Machen were the two 
Sheriffs of Gloucester 1555, and Henry vi^as Mayor 1558. Thomas 
Machen, who was a mercer, was again Sheriff 1572, 1576, and Mayor 
1579, 1588, and 1601 He sat for Gloucester March to June 1614, 
was lord of the manor of Condicot in 1608, lived for 50 years with his 
wife Christian, the dau. and co-heir of — Baston of Swell, and d. 
18 Oct. 1614, (M.I. Gloucester Cathedral.) He gave a charity of 24/- 
a year to 1 2 poor persons of the parish of St. Katherine, Gloucester. 
The " Thomas Machen of Gloucester, who matric. Magd. Coll. Oxon. 

2 July 1585, aged 17, demy 1585-6, fellow 1586-94, B.A. 27 June 1587, 
M.A. 5 May 1592, entered Lincolns Inn 1589," was doubtless his son. 

Members for Gloucester. 193 

Aid. John Brown was a brewer at Gloucester, of which he was 
Sheriff 1603, Mayor 1610, 1621, 1634, and 30 Aug. 1635, M.P. March 
to June 16 14, 1620-2, 1625, 1626, 1628-9, lessee of the manor of 
Highnam, and d. 1639. (M.I. Highnam.) 

1620. Nov. 28. Aid, John Browne. 

Aid. Anthony Robinson. 

Son and heir of Robert Robinson of Gloucester, b. 1582, matric. 
St. Alban Hall, Oxford, 14 Oct. 1597, aged 15 and entered the Middle 
Temple 1601. He was Sheriff of Gloucester 1616, Mayor 1629, 
and M.P. 1620-2, 1624-5. 

1624. Jan. The same. 

1625. May II. Aid. Christopher Caple. 

Aid. John Browne. 

Aid. Caple was a mercer at Gloucester, of which he was Sheriff 
1594, Mayor 1598, 1619, and 9 Jan. 1621, and M.P. 1625, and Jan. to 
June 1626. He was born at How Caple, co. Hereford, and m. Grace 
dau. of Richard Hand, (or sister to Richard Handes.) His son 
Dr. Richard Caple, rector of Easington, refused in 1633 to read the 
Book of Sports on the Lords-day, and was obliged to resign his 
parsonage, and practised physic at Pitchcombe, near Stroud. 

1626. Jan. 17. The same. 

1628. Feb. 12. John Browne. 
John Hanbury. 

John Hanbury of Feckenham, co. Wore, and Preston, co. 
Glouc, was eldest son of Richard H. of Elmley Lovett, and m. (i) 
Anne dau. of Aid. C. Capell, (see 1625,) and (2) Anne widow of Toby 
Clements of Gloucester, and dau. of Aid. Thomas Rich of Gloucester, 
(by Anne dau. of Thomas Machyn, see 1614.) He sat for Gloucester 
1628-9, and being a royalist, on i May 1649 he "compounds for 
delinquency in arms in the first war," and on 29 May was fined 
at \, ;^ioo- Mr. Hanbury who was a citizen of London and 
Gloucester, and " a man prudent, eminent, munificent," was buried 
16 July 1658, aged 84. (M.I. St. Nicholas, Gloucester.) 

1640. March 24. William Siugleton. 
Henry Brett, 

William Singleton was Sheriff of Gloucester i6i8, Mayor 1637, 
1651, and M.P. March to May 1640. He m. at St, Nicholas, 
Gloucester, 21 June 1624 Martha only dau. by his 2nd wife of Wm. 
Lane of Gloucester, (who d. 1620,) and d. 1677. (M.I. St. Nicholas). 
He may have been son of Thomas S. merchant of London, and of 
Gloucester, and father of William Singleton who was called to the 

194 Membkrs for Gloucester. 

bar at Middle Temple 27 Nov. 1635. "Wm. Singleton, Woollen 
Draper, co. Gloucester, owed ^1^52 los. to Lord Herbert of Ragland. 
10 Jan. 1650, on information that W.S. owed Lord H. (now Earl of 
Worcester,) payable in 1642, for which he was summoned to appear, 
but is infirm and unable to travel, order that the County Committee 
take examinations about the debt." {^Committee for Advance of 
Money.) He was Captain in Col. Henry Stephens' regiment at the 
defence of Gloucester Aug. to Sept. 1643, when the siege was raised. 

Henry Brett of Hatherley, son of James B. of co. Leicester, 
and brother of Arthur Brett, (a Gent, of the Privy Chamber to James 
I., who d. 2 July 1642, bur. Gloucester Cathedral,) was an officer 
under the Lord Chancellor. He m. Margaret dau. of Aid. Thomas 
Seames of Gloucester, (see 1572,) and widow ol Anthony Rudd, son 
of the Bishop of St. David's. He sat for Gloucester March to May 
1640, and Nov. 1640 till expelled the House 6 Sept. 1645, signed the 
loyal letter to Lord Essex for peace, at Oxford 27 Jan. 1644, and Alderman by the new charter 18 May 1672. He d.31 March 
1674, aged 87. On 7 Aug. 1646 he "begs to compound on Oxford 
.Articles for delinquency. Sat in the Assembly there. 5 Dec, Fine 
at M, £'&n, 13s- 8d. 23 Nov. 1648, certificate that he has compounded 
and has long since paid the whole fine." He was assessed by the 
Committee for Advance of Money 28 July 1644 at ;^iooo, but on 
4 Dec. 1648 was "respited as it appears by certificate of General 
Fairfax 20 June 1646 that he compounded Oxford Articles and ought 
to have the benefit of the same." Grandfather of Lt. Col. Henry 
Brett of Sandywell Park, M.P. Bishop's Castle 1701-8. 

1640. Nov. 3. Aid. Thomas Pury. 
Henry Brett. 

On 2 Dec. 1640 Mr. Speaker (Wm. Lenthall, see 1654,) 
informed the House that at the election of burgesses for Gloucester 
he was nominated one, and the poll was demanded accordingly but 
refused, and it was referred to the Committee of Privileges, but no 
report appears. Aid. Thomas Pury, senior, only son of Walter P. of 
Gloucester, was Sheriff of Gloucester 1626, Mayor 1653, M.P. Nov. 
1640-53, 1654-S, and a Rumper May 1659. He m. Mary 3rd dau. of 
Edward Ayle of Tewkesbury, and d. 13 Aug. 1666, aged about 76. 
(M.I. St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester). He left a charity to the City. 
Aid. Pury was an active supporter of Parliament, and was app. a 
Commr. for Gloucester city for publishing scandalous ministers &c. 
10 March 1642. As Capt. Pury the elder he commanded a company 
of Col. Henry Stephens' regt., and (with his son Capt. T. Pury jun., 
see 1656,) actively assisted the Earl of Stamford and Lt.-Col. Edward 
Massey, the Governor, (see 1660), in defending Gloucester Aug. 1643. 
He was Chairman of the Committee for Gloucester in Oct. 1643. He 
and 3 others received commissions to raise 4 troops in Gloucester 25 

Members for Gloucester, 195 

July 1659. The Mystery of the Good Old Cause, i66o,said of him, "Thomas 
Pury, sen., first a weaver in Gloucester, then an ignorant country 
solicitor, had ;^3ooo given him, and Mr. Garrard's place in the Petty 
Bag, worth ;^40o a year." 

1645. Nov. 25. John Lenthall of Wilcot and Burford, Oxon, 
vice Brett disabled to sit for his loyalty. He was the only son of the 
celebrated Speaker of the Long Parliament, William Lenthall, (see 
1654,) was born 1625, matric. Corpus Christi Coll. Oxon. 12 Sept. 
1640, aged 15, became a student of Lincolns Inn 1640, and married 
three wives, (i) Rebecca dau. of Aid. T. Bennet of London, (2) Mary 
Blewet relict of Sir John Stonehouse Bart., and (3) Catherine dau. of 
Eusebius Andrew of Edmonton, Middlesex. According to A. Wood 
he was " the great braggadocio and Iyer of the age." He 
was M.P. Gloucester Nov. 1645-53, Abingdon Jan. to April 
1659 (?), and April 1660 in a Double Return till voided 23 May 
1660, and was a Rumper May 1659. .John Tjcnthall was app. 
a Commr. for the trial of the King Jan. 1649, but did not 
sit. He was Marshal and Keeper of the Upper Bench Prison, 
a Colonel under Oliver Cromwell who created him a " Baronet" 
1658, and Knighted him 9 March 1658, app. one of the 
Six Clerks in Chancery (worth ^^1500 a year) 9 March 1657, 
sometime Gov. of Windsor Castle, and was made Col. of a regt. of 
foot and Gov. of Windsor 18 Jan. 1660, and a Commr. of the 
Admiralty and Navy 28 Jan. 1660. On 4 Feb. 1662 a Warrant issued 
to Viscount Falkland (see Williams' Oxfordshire Members^ to deliver 
John Lenthall to Captain Stuart Walker. [Cal. State Papers.) He 
afterwards made his peace at Court, and was H.S. co. Oxford 1672, 
and Knighted by Charles II on 13 March 1677. He d. at Besselsleigh 
9 Nov. 1 68 1, being buried in the Chancel of that Church. He is said 
to have made so famous a speech at the Restoration in defence of the 
Regicides that he was committed to the Tower, but was soon 

1653. June No Members a//^^/^^ for Gloucester. 

1654. July. 12. William Lenthall. 

Thomas Pury, senior. 

William Lenthall was the son of William L. of Wilcot, Oxon, 
and was b. at Henley on Thames June 1591, matric. St. Alban Hall, 
Oxon, 23 Jan. 1607, aged 15, was called to the bar at Lincolns Inn 
24 Oct. 1616, called to the Bench of that Society 14 and sat as such 
23 May 1633, Lent Reader 1638, and m. Elizabeth dau. of Ambrose 
Evans of Loddington, Northants. He was M.P, Woodstock 1624-5, 
March to May 1640, Oct. 1640-53 and was a candidate for Gloucester 
Nov. 1640, but being refused a poll, complained to the House 2 Dec. 
1640. He was elected for Gloucester and co, Oxford 1654, but 
preferred to represent the latter 1654-5 and 1656 till created one of 

196 Members for Gloucester. 

Cromwell's House of Lords as Lord Lenthall 10 Dec. 1657, was a 
Rumper May 1659, and unsucc. cont. Oxford Univ. 1660. He is 
best known as Speaker of the House of Commons during the Long 
Parliament 3 Nov. 1640 to 30 July 1647, and 6 Aug. 1647 to 20 April 
1653, and again July 1654 to Jan. 1655, and 7 May to 13 Oct. 1659, 
and was also Master of the Rolls 22 Nov. 1643-60, one of the two 
Commrs. of the Great Seal Oct. 1646 to March 1648, and sole 
Commr. thereof 14 May to June 1659, and 13 to 17 Jan. 1660, Joint 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Feb. 1644 to Aug. 1649, 
and app. one of the 6 Masters of the Chancery May 1655. Lenthall 
was Recorder of Woodstock in 1624 and 1637, Recorder of Gloucester 
23 Jan. 1637 till " amoved." Nov. 1660, Chamberlain of Chester 
1647-54, restored as such by Pari. 14 March 1660, app. one of 
the Committee on Ship Money 21 April 1640, a Commr. for 
Gloucester city for publishing scandalous ministers &c. 10 March 
1642, and died at his seat, The Priory, Burford, 3 Sept. 1662. 
The Mystery of the Good Old Cause, briefly unfolded, 1660, said 
of him, " William Lenthall of Lincolns Inn had ;^6ooo one time 
given him by the House, and the Rectory and Demesne of Burford, 
with a stately house belonging to the Lord Falkland, with ;^Soo per 
annum. Oliver once made a spunge of him, and squeezed him out of 
;^i5ooo, who turning him and his tribe out of doors, he veered about 
to save himself and his great offices; and he that had been so long 
bell-weather in the commons house was thought, for his compliance 
and his money, to deserve to be one of the herd of Lords in the other 

1654. Dec. 13. Aid. Luke Nourse, »/« William Lenthall who 
elected to serve for co. Oxford. He was one of the two Sheriffs of 
Gloucester 1630, Mayor 1644, 1656, M.P. Dec. 1654 to Jan. 1655, 
and as a Captain in Col. Henry Stephens' regt. took part in the 
defence of Gloucester Aug. and Sept. 1643, when the city was 
relieved. He may have been son of Edward Nourse of Gloucester, 
and brother to Anthony Nourse (M.D. Oxford 165 1, aged 34). 
Timothy Nourse founded a Charity School and Workhouse at 
Gloucester, to which he left ;£^ioo a year. 

1656. July. General John Desbrow. 
Thomas Fury, junior. 

The celebrated Parliamentary soldier, John Desborough, was 
the 2nd son of James Disbrcwe, of Eltisley, co. Camb., and was 
baptized 13 Nov. 1608, and bred an Attorney. He m. (i) 23 June 
1636 Jane (who was living Dec. 1656,) 6th dau. of Robert Cromwell 
of Huntingdon, and sister to the Protector, and (2) April 1658 Anne 
(" Bolton's wife's sister — with ;^2ooo,") dau. of Sir Richard Everard 
Bart, of Much Waltham, Essex, was lord of the manor of 
Eltisley, and d. at Hackney in 1680, his will being proved 
20 Sept. 1680, by his 3rd but eldest surviving son Valentine, (see 

Members for Gloucester. 197 

Tewkesbury 1656). In 1643 he had become Captain in his brother- 
in-law Oliver Cromwell's regt. of horse, and speedily distinguished 
himself as a daring soldier by his bravery in action. As Major he 
fought at Langport 10 July 1 645, and commanded the Horse at the 
storming of Bristol ro Sept. 1645, and on 8 Dec. 1645 was sent to 
assist Col. Whalley in ' straitning ' Oxford. He had become Colonel 
by 15 Sept. 1648 when he was given the command of the forces at 
Great Yarmouth. Desborough, who took no part in the trial of the 
King in Jan. 1649, fought as a Major General at the battle of Worcester 
Sept. 1651, and afterwards played a prominent part in politics. The 
Council ordered the Committee for the . House to assign him a 
coach-house at the Mews 3 Aug. 1653. He was appointed a member 
of the Committee for law reform 17 Jan. 1652, a Commr. of the 
Treasury 1653, and 1659-60, one of the four Generals of the 
Fleet and a Commr, of the Admiralty and Navy Dec. 1653, 
was styled Rear Admiral and one of the Generals at sea 1653, and 
app. Constable of St. Briavell's Castle 24 April 1654, and Constable 
of Dover Castle. He was chosen M.P. for co. Cambridge, 
Somerset, and Totnes, 1654, but preferred co. Camb. 1654-5, and for 
Gloucester, Bridgewater, King's Lynn, and Somerset 1656, but made 
his election to represent Somerset 1656 till made one of Cromwell's 
House of Lords as Lord Desborough 10 Dec. 1657. He was app. 
Major General of cos. Gloucester, Somerset, Wilts, Dorset, Devon, 
and Cornwall 28 May 1655, and in the exercise of almost despotic 
power, proved himself an able administrator. On 2 Aug. 1655 the 
Council ordered him to command the r2 militia troops in those six 
counties, and to go down to execute his instructions. Desborough 
was a member of all the Councils of State 1649-59, being app. one of 
the 7th Council of State Nov. 1653, of the Protector's Council 16 Dec. 
1653 to Feb. 1654, March to Dec. 1654, Jan. to Oct. 1655, and Nov. 
1655 to May 1657, and of Oliver's Privy Council July 1656, and 
May to Aug. 1658, but opposed his taking the title of King. 
He was made a Militia Commr. for co. Cambridge and the Isle of 
Ely 14 March 1655, a Commr. of the Admiralty and Navy 8 Nov. 
1655, one of the Council of State 13 May 1659, one of the Committee 
of Safety and for nominating officers June to Sept. 1659, Gov. of 
Plymouth and Col. of a regt. July 1659, and Pari, ordered that he be 
added to the Commrs. of Militia for cos. Gloucester, Bristol, Worcester, 
Hereford, Monmouth, South Wales, Cornwall, Devon, Somerset, 
Wilts, and Dorset 6 August, but having on 5 Oct. presented to the 
House the Humble Representation and Petition of the Officers of the 
Army, was cashiered with other officers by Pari. 12 Oct. He was 
however made one of the Committee of ten by the Army 17 Oct., 
and of the Committee for nominating Officers of the Army, and app. 
Commisssary General of the Horse Oct. 1659, but on Pari, again 
getting the upper hand it ordered Col. Desborough and other Colonels 
to repair to their houses in the country 9 Jan. 1660, and on 14 Jan. 
the Council of State gave orders to secure them for disobedience. 

198 Members for Gloucester. 

He was arrested by the Sheriff of Essex when trying to leave England 
in May 1660, and was sent to the Council. At the Restoration 
the House of Commons resolved that he be excepted from the Act 
of Pardon, but that his life be spared, 13 June 1660. He was 
committed prisoner to Dover Castle 13 July 1666, and a few days 
later removed to the Tower, where he remained till 23 Feb. 1667, 
after which he perhaps lived abroad for years. The statement that on 
21 April 1686 James II. summoned him by proclamation to return 
again to this Kingdom by 22 July on pain of being declared a 
traitor, is manifestly incorrect, as Desborough died at Hackney in 
1680. His 6th son Valentine D. of Bocking, Essex, was ancestor of 
Edward Bright, " the Great Bright," the fattest man known, who was 
a grocer at Maiden, and d. 10 Nov. 1750. 

Thomas Pury jun. of Taynton and Gloucester was the only son 
and heir of the M.P. 1640, and in " the first year of the (Long) 
Parliament was servant to Mr. Towneshend an attorney of Staples 
Inn. He was made Receiver of the King's Rents in cos. Glouc. 
and Wilts, Clerk of the Peace of co. Glouc, worth ;^2oo a year, and 
Capt. of Foot and Horse. {The Mystery of the Good Old Cause, 1660.) 
He was b. 1619, matric. Magd. Hall, Oxon. 18 Nov. 1635, aged 16, 
became a student of Grays Inn 29 Jan. 1641 and m. Barbara dau. of 
James Kyrle of Walford, co. Hereford. He was a Captain in Col. 
Henry Stephens' regt. in the defence of Gloucester Aug. and Sept. 
1643, M.P. Monmouth Dec. 1646-53, Gloucester 1656-8, was the 
founder and a great benefactor of the Gloucester Cathedral Library 
1648, and d. seized of the manor of Tainton 1693, aged 74. He was 
the chief means of the Church of Tainton being re-built. The House 
ordered that he and another " be forthwith sent into co. Glouc. for 
bringing in the assessments," 23 Dec. 1647, and the next day ordered 
that he be app. to repair into co. Monmouth. On 29 June 1670 
Thomas Milward gave his certificate " that the attendance of Thomas 
Pury, Attorney of the Common Pleas, is required in that Court, by 
reason of the many causes that he is engaged in." He was one of the 
three Clerks of the Petty Bag 18 Dec. 1643 to 11 March 1661. 

1656. Nov. 12. Aid. James Stephens of Gloucester, wVe General 
Desbrow, who elected to serve for Somerset. (The Writ was ordered 
25 Sept.) He was 2nd or 3rd son of Richard S. of Estington, and 
therefore brother to the M.P. for the County 1628. He was Sheriff 
of Gloucester 1639, 1643, Mayor 1649, 1651, senior Alderman in 1671, 
M.P. Nov. 1656 to Feb. 1658, Jan. to April 1659, April to Dec. 1660, 
was one of the Grand Inquest or Jury of the City that presented the 
statement of houses damaged by the siege, 28 July 1646, and was app. 
by the Council of State Captain of the Militia regt. of foot 
in the city of Gloucester 5 April 1660. " Item. — paid to Mr. James 
Stephens, Esq., Maior, towards the hospitality during that yeare as in 
precedent yeare — p^6o." He was buried in St. Nicholas' Church, 
Gloucester, 9 Nov, 1684. 

Members for Gloucester. 199 

1659. Jan. II. Aid. James Stephens. 

Aid. Laurence Singleton. 

The latter (who was perhaps brother to the M.P. 1640,) was 
Sheriff of Gloucester 1634, Mayor 1645, 1657, M.P. Jan. to April 
1659, and m. Joan eldest dau. of Aid. Anthony Robinson, (see 1620). 
He was app. a Militia Commr. for Gloucester city 9 Aug. 1659. His 
son Rev. Thomas Singleton became rector of Wootton, Northants, 
1681. The Mayor, and Aid. L. Singleton, and Col. Blount, were 
app. Governor of Gloucester 3 June, but Sir Thomas Morgan held 
the post in Aug. 1645. 

1660. April. Edward Massey. 

James Stephens. 

The gallant soldier, Col. Edward Massey, 5th son of John M. 
of Coddington, Cheshire, was b. about 16 19. It is somewhat doubtful 
whether he was a soldier of fortune in the Low Countries, before he 
served as Captain of Pioneers in Col. Wm. Legge's regt. in the first 
Scottish war 1639. In 1642 he joined the King at York, but 
dissatisfied with his preferment, soon took the side of Parliament, and 
was Lt. Col. in the foot regt. under Henry Grey, Earl of Stamford at 
Worcester 23 Sept. 1642, served under the Earl of Essex at Worcester 
12 Sept., fought at Edgehill 22 Oct., made Deputy Governor of 
Gloucester Dec. 1642, Governor thereof 1643-5, defeated Lord 
Herbert's forces 30 March 1643, defended Gloucester from August till 
the city was relieved by Essex 5 Sept. 1643, and rendered eminent 
services to Pari, in the West till 1645. On 26 April 1645 Pari, 
ordered him to have ;^iooo per annum during his life, and ;!^2oo 
for his gallantry in defeating Prince Rupert at Ledbury, and the 
next month made him Major General of the West. He defeated Col. 
Vavasor from Tewkesbury 6 Dec. 1643, defeated Sir John Winter 
from Newnham, and dismantled the garrison of Wotton 4 Dec. 1643, 
defeated scattered forces from Gloucester 20 March 1644, defeated 
Sir John Winter and took the town of Little Dean 7 May, stormed 
Beverstone Castle 27 May, took Malmesbury 30 May, and subsequently 
Chippenham, defeated and killed General Mynne near Kidmally 12 
Aug., took Monmouth Castle 26 Sept., gained a victory at Betsly 
Sconce in Dean Forest 30 Sept., defeated Sir John Winter near 
Beechly shortly afterwards, secured the frontier garrisons in the 
district under his command, and captured Tewkesbury 1644, again 
defeated Sir John Winter 26 Feb. 1645, routed Prince Maurice coming 
from Bristol 24 March, stormed Evesham 27 May 1645, "and subse- 
quently ' led brave Fairfax the way into the West,' witness the daily 
skirmishes he was in for 5 or 6 weeks together, beating the enemy to 
retreats at least 120 miles, taking and killing many, notwithstanding 
the enemy was four to one." On 2 April 1647 Pari. app. Massey 
Lieut.-Gen. of Horse under Skippon, in the army for Ireland, but the 
army impeached him 16 June 1647, and he fled to Holland. Whether 

200 Members for Gloucester. 


he was alarmed at the violent views of Cromwell, and the 
most advanced Roundheads, whose ideas he actively opposed, 
or whether he was influenced by his former feehng of pique 
that Pari, had not sufficiently rewarded his eminent services, at all 
events his opinions underwent a great change. He was returned for 
Wootton Basset i8 June 1646, but was one of the Presbyterian 
Members secluded by Col. Pride's famous " Purge " 6 Dec. 1648, and 
imprisoned at St. James's 12 Dec. He however escaped 18 Jan. 1649, 
and joined Prince Charles in Holland, who app. him to the command 
of a regt. of horse under the Duke of Buckingham. Massey led the 
march of the King's army to Worcester Sept. 165 1, but was 
dangerously wounded in a skirmish shortly before that disastrous 
battle, and threw himself on the mercy of the Countess of Stamford, 
and was received as a prisoner at Broadgate manor. He was sent to the 
Tower in Nov. 1651, from which he escaped in Aug. 1652 to Holland. 
He afterwards in 1959 unsuccessfully attempted to siege Gloucester 
for the King, but was taken prisoner by a troop of horse, from whom 
however he escaped by means of his great strength and agility, and 
once more fled abroad. At the Restoration he was app. Col. of a 
regiment (late George Twisleton's, see Williams^ Fatl. Hist. Wales,) 
which was however ordered to be disbanded at Gloucester and 
Bristol 9 Oct. 1660. He was app. Governor of Jamaica Sept. 1660, 
but did not go there, Knighted in 1660, app. a Commr. of Prizes 
1665, and sat for Gloucester April to Dec. 1660, and 1661 till his 
death unmarried in Ireland, the end of 1674 or the beginning of 1675, 
and was bur. at Abbey Leix. A fine portrait of him is preserved at 
Pool Hall, Cheshire. 

1661. April 2. Sir Edward Massey Knt. 
Evan Seys, Recorder. 

Evan Seys of Boverton, Glamorgan, 2nd son of Richard Seys 
of Swansea, was b. 1604 and succ. to his father's property 1639, his 
eldest brother Rev. Roger Seys having been disinherited. His 
grandfather Roger Seys of Boverton was a Bencher of Lincolns Inn, 
and Attorney General for Wales to Queen Elizabeth. Evan Seys 
matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 7 Dec. 1621, aged 17, bar. at law Lincolns Inn 
3 Feb. 1631, called to the Bench of that Society 16 Nov. 1648, and 
sat as such 28 Nov. 1652. He m. (settlement dated July 1638) 
Margaret dau. of Robert Bridges of Woodchester, co. Glouc. He 
was placed in a commission regarding the Thames 1636, made 
Serjeant at law 1649, (Serjeant at law elect 18 Nov. 1656,) re-app. 
21 June 1660, Attorney General for cos. Glamorgan, Brecknock, and 
Radnor temp. Charles I and the Commonwealth, and walked in the 
procession as a Judge of North Wales at Oliver Cromwell's funeral 
23 Nov. 1658. Serjeant Seys was app. one of the County Committee 
for Glamorgan 1645, ^nd a Commr. to carry out the Act for providing 
for the safety of the person of the Lord Protector 4 May 165C. 

Members for Gloucester. 201 

He was Puisne Justice of the Great Sessions for cos. Carnarvon, 
Anglesea, and Merioneth in Nov. 1658, (? 1656 to June 
1659,) and Chief Justice 14 March to June 1660, M.P. 
Glamorgan Dec. 1658 to April 1659, and Gloucester 1661-81, 
and Recorder of Gloucester (^6 13s. 4d. a year) 23 Nov. 1660 till he 
resigned March 1662. He received a pardon under the Great Seal 
18 May 14 Charles II, was J.P. for co. Glouc. until " left out" 28 Jan. 
1680, and for Glamorgan until left out 5 Feb. 1680, made his Will 
7 July 1682 then aged 78, and probably died soon after. His grand- 
dau. Anne m. Peter Lord King, Lord Chancellor. The family of Seys 
was of great antiquity in Glamorganshire. 

1675. April 20. Aid. Henry Norwood of Leckhampton, vice Sir 
E. Massey deceased. A petition was presented against his return in 
Dec. 1675, but he was declared duly elected 7 March 1677. Aid. 
Norwood was elected a Common Councillor of Gloucester 25 Sept. 

1671, (see Call. State Papers,) and became Mayor of Gloucester 1672, 
M.P. April 1675-9 and app. an Alderman by the new charter 18 April 

1672, (so in 1683.) He became J.P, for co. Gloucester in 
Aug. 1670. He was probably the son of " Henry Norwood, (2nd 
son of William N. of Leckhampton, H.S. 1606,) who matric. 
Oriel Coll. Oxon. 20 Feb. 1596, aged 16, bar. at law Middle 
Temple 1606," as Rudder states he was "the son of a younger son of 
Wm. N., and purchased Leckhampton from his uncle Francis," (who d. 
1682). He was a gallant royalist soldier in the Civil Wars, and 
underwent great variety of fortune. He was an Esquire of the Body to 
Charles IL, promoted from Major to be Lt. Col. of Lord Rutherford's 
regt. at Dunkirk 7 Sept. 1661, Dep. Gov. of Dunkirk 19 March 1662, 
Lieut. Col. of the Earl of Teviot's (the Tangier) regt. of Foot at Tangier 
9 April 1663, Col. of 2nd Tangier or Queen's Royal regt. 10 June 1664 
to May 1668, and succeeded to the command of the Tangier garrison as 
Lieut. Governor 21 Feb. 1666. Though he is said by Dalton to have 
died there asLt. Gen. (? Lt. Gov.) in 1668 (his successor app. 15 May,) 
yet Rudder states he died in 1689, (M.I. Leckhampton,) which latter 
statement is probably correct. It is doubtful if he was the Henry 
Norwood called to the bar at the Inner Temple 30 May 1660. 

1679. Feb. 18. Evan Seys. 

William Cooke. 

William Cooke of Highnam, Gloucester, of which city he was 
Mayor 1673, Nov. 1688, app. an Alderman by the new charter 18 
April 1672, Aid. and J.P. in 1683, and M.P. Feb. to Aug. 1679, and 
1689-95. He probably died soon afterwards. He was eldest son of 
Sir Robert Cooke (see County 1640,) was aged 73 in 1694, m. Anne 
dau. and heir of Dennis Rolle of Bicton, Devon, and was lord of the 
manor of Highnam. During the Civil War he served first in the King's 
army, but afterwards sided with Parliament. He re-built Highnam 
from a design by Inigo Jones, the former mansion having been 

202 Members for Gloucester. 

demolished by the royalists. He was H.S. co. Gloucester 1663, app. 
J.P. Aug. 1670, and he and his 2nd son Edward were Verderers of the 
Forest of Dean in 1668, and for many years afterwards, and were both 
placed on the Royal Commission to inquire mto its state in 1692. 

1679. Sept. 2. Hon, Sir Charles Berkeley K.B. 
Evan Seys. 

There was a petition after this election. Sir Charles was the 
elder son of George ist Earl of Berkeley, (see County 1654,) and was b. 
8 April 1649, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon 3 May 1662, aged 13, created 
M.A. 28 Sept. 1663, K.B. 25 April 1661, and was licensed 
16 Aug. 1677 to marry Hon. Elizabeth Noel dau. of Baptist 
3rd Viscount Campden. He was elected F.R.S. 21 Nov. 1667, 
became Viscount Dursley by courtesy 11 Sept. 1679, Captain in Henry 
Marquis of Worcester's regt. of foot 24 Jan. 1673, Guidon and Major 
of the King's own Troop of Guards 1679, Cornet and Major of the 
King's own Troop of Horse Guards i Dec. 1679, and Lieut, and 
Lieut. -Col. thereof 27 Oct. 1681. Lord Dursley, who was "a short 
fat man," sat for Gloucester 1679-81, was summoned to the House of 
Lords v.p. as Baron Berkeley 11 July 1689, and succ. his father as 2nd 
Earl of IBerkeley 10 or 14 Oct. 1698. His Lordship was Envoy to 
Spain May to Aug. 1689, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary 
to the States General of the United Provinces Aug. 1689 to May 1695, 
sworn a Privy Councillor 3 May 1694, and 1702, High Steward of 
Gloucester 11 Feb. 1695-1710, a Governor of the Charterhouse 1695, a 
Lord Justice of Ireland Aug. 1699 to Dec. 1700, was Col. of the 
Gloucestershire Horse Militia in 1697, app. Constable of St. Briavel's 
Castle and Warden of Dean Forest 18 June 1697, and 7 June 1702, 
Cus. Rot. of CO. Glouc. 22 June 1689, and 7 June 1702, Cus. Rot. of 
Surrey 18 Feb. 1699, and 7 June 1702, Lord Lieut, of co. Glouc. 
25 May 1694. and of Surrey 1702, and in 1705 obtained a patent 
as Lord High Steward of Her Majesty's Court of Pleas, Courts Leet,- 
and of the mine-law Court within the Forest of Dean, which he enjoyed 
till his death 24 Sept. 1710. 

1681. Feb. 15. Charles Viscount Durseley. 

Charles Lord Herbert, (see County 1685.) 

1685. May Aid. John WagstafF. 

John Powell. 

John Wagstaff who was Mayor of Gloucester 1669, 1678, M.P. 
168.15-7, and app. one of its Aldermen by the new charter 18 April 1672, 
was probably son of Edward W. who was Sheriff of the city 1636, 1642, 
and father of Henry W. who was High Sheriff co. Glouc. 1708. 

John Powell was born at Gloucester in 1645, the son of John P. 
(Mayor in 1663,) and ent. Inner Temple 1664, bar. at law 9 July 1671, 
Bencher 28 April 1689, was made Under Steward of Chipping Sodbury 

Members for Gloucester. 203 

by charter, (and was so in Aug. 1683,) one of the Common Council of 
Gloucester by the new charter 18 April 1672, Town Clerk (annual salary 
;£i2 13s. 4d.,and perquisites,) 8 March 1674 till 'amoved'Sept. 1685, and 
again 15 July 1687 till heres. the ofiSce to his brother Thomas i Sept. 1692. 
He was M.P. Gloucester 1685-7, became Serjeant at Law 21 April 1686, 
was Knighted 4 Nov. 169 1, a Baron of the Exchequer Nov. 1691-5, a 
Justice of the Common Pleas Oct. 1695-1702, and a Justice of the 
Queen's Bench June 1702 till his death, unmarried, at Gloucester 
14 June 1713, aged 68. (M.I. Gloucester Cathedral). He was called 
Sir John Powell "of Gloucester," to distinguish him from another Judge 
of the same name. .Sze/j/v? called him "an old fellow, with grey hair, the 
merriest old gent. I ever saw, spoke pleasant things, and chuckled till he 
cried again." He once tried a woman for witchcraft who herself 
confessed that she could fly. He asked her, "Can you fly?" "Yes, 
my Lord," she answered. "Very well then," he said, "you may, there 
is no law against flying." Judge Powell left ;^2o per annum for the 
Gloucester Charity School. 

1689. Jan. 9. Sir Duncomb Colchester Knt. W. 

William Cooke. T. 

Sir Duncomb Colchester of Abbenhall, sou of Richard C. lord 
of the manor of Westbury-on-Severn, and one of the Curitors in Chancery, 
was b. 1629, ent, one of the Inns of Court, but was not called to the 
bar, and m. not later than 1663 Elizabeth dau. of Serjeant Sir John 
Maynard, a Commr. of the Great Seal 1689-90. He was made Captain 
in Lord Worcester's new regiment 13 June 1667, Knighted at 
Whitehall 9 Nov. 1674, Mayor of Gloucester 1674, app. an Alderman 
by the new charter 18 April 1672, and M.P. 1689-90. He was app. one 
of the Verderers of Dean Forest 1668, put on the Commission of 
Inquiry touching the Forest 1692, and d. 10 May 1696. 

1690. Feb. 18. William Cooke. T. — 

William Try. T. — 

John Delabere. — 

On 3 April 1690 the Mayor, Alderman, and Freemen petitioned 
against Mr. Trye's return, on the ground of his not being a Freeman of 
the town, accordmg to their ancient rights and customs. No report 
however appears. John Delabere of Southam, m. Anne, dau. of John 
Stephens of Lypiat, (see County 1659). 

William Trye of Hardwick, son of Thomas T., was b. 1660, 
matric, St. Edmund Hall, Oxon, i Nov. 1677, aged 17, and m. Mary 
dau. and co-heir of Thomas Home of Horncastle, Yorks. He sat for 
Gloucester 1690-8, 1702-5, failed and pet. 1709, was lord of the manors 
of Hardwick and Haresfield, presented to Hardwick 1679, was hving in 
France in Aug. 1683, and was buried 3 July 1717, aged 57. 

204 Members for Gloucester. 

1695. Oct. 29. Aid. Robert Payne. T. 
William Trye. T. 

Aid. Payne of Gloucester, mercer, was eldest son of Robert 
Payne, (who was Mayor of G. and d. 1671,) and was b. 1630, and m. 
Anna dau. of Wm. Capel of Gloucester. He was Mayor of Gloucester 
1692, 1703, senior Alderman in 1708, M.P. 1695-8, and d. 20 Feb. 
1 7 13, aged 82. (M.I. St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester). He gave a 
charity of ;£i 3s. a year for bread for the poor of the parish of St. Mary 
de Crypt and St. Owen's, and 6s. 8d. for reading prayers on Candlemas- 

1698. Aug. 2. Sir William Rich Bart. W. 
William Selwyn. 

The former was the only son of Sir Thomas Rich of Sunning, 
Berks, (a native of Gloucester, and a wealthy Turkey merchant,) whom 
he succ. as 2nd Bart. 15 Oct. 1667. He m. Lady Anne Bruce dau. of 
Robert Earl of Aylesbury, sat for Reading 1689-98, and Nov. 1705-8, 
and for Gloucester 1698-1700, and d. 171 1. The title expired on the 
death of Vice Adm. Sir Thomas Rich, the 5th Bart. 1803. 

William Selwyn of Stonehouse, son of Aid. William S. (who was 
Mayor of G. 1675, Lt. Col. Gloucester city Militia 5 April 1660, and d. 
8 May 1679,) matric. Oriel Coll. Oxon 11 April 1674, aged 16, was 
" aged 29 on 20 June 1679," when his father's will was proved, (DaUon), 
M.P, Gloucester 1698 to Nov. 1701, and m. 26 May 1681 Albinia sister 
and co-heir of Sir Edward Betenson Bart., of Scadbury Park, Kent. 
He served in the army of the United Provinces of the Netherlands in 
the time of Charles II., and afterwards held a commission under the 
British Crown, being made Captain of a company in "Our own regt. of 
Guards" i Sept. 1681, Capt. ist regt. of Foot Guards 9 Feb. 1685, 
"to rank as youngest Lt. Col. of Foot" 8 June 1687, commanded a 
battahon thereof during the Revolution 1688, but exchanged as Capt. 
and Lt. Col. and ist Major into the 2nd Foot Guards 22 Dec. 1688. 
He was made Col. of Foot, "and to take his rank from 31 Dec. 
last" I March 1689, Gov. of Tilbury Fort 1690, and Col. of the Queen 
Dowager's (now 2nd Queen's) regt. of Foot 10 Dec. 1691. He fought 
at the head of his regt. at Landen 29 July 1693, and distinguished himself 
under the eyes of his sovereign ; and served at the siege of Namur in 
the summer of 1695, and was made Brigadier-General during the siege. 
He afterwards commanded a brigade of infantry in the Netherlands, and 
shortly after the Peace of Ryswick 1697 was made Gov. of Gravesend 
and Tilbury. He became Major General 9 March 1702, and was Col. 
22nd Cheshire regt. 29 June 1701 till his death in Jamaica 6 April 1702. 
He was app. Gov. of Jamaica March 1701, and sailed for that island 
Aug. following, but after having been forced by stress of weather to put 
into Lisbon, he eventually reached the West Indies only to die. His 
body was brought to England, and buried at Matson. 

Members for Gloucester. 205 

1 70 1. Jan. 21. William Selwin. 
John Bridgman. 

The latter was son of John Bridgman, of Prinknash, matric. 
Wadham Coll. Oxon. 26 July 1672, aged 17, ent. Inner Temple 1673, 
M.P. Gloucester Jan. to Nov. 1701, presented to Arlingham next after 
1681, (when James B. presented,) and was living in 17 12. 

1 701 Dec. 2. James Viscount Dursley. W. 
John Hanbury. T. 

Lord Dursley was a distinguished Admiral, who has been 
described as " an upright, honourable man, but proud and tyrannical.' 
He was b. Feb. 1681, 2nd but eldest surviving son of the M.P. 1679, 
andm. 1711 Lady Louisa Lennox dau. of Charles ist Duke of Richmond. 
His Lordship served with distinction under Rooke and Shovel, and 
commanded the Channel Fleet from 9 Aug. 1714, (so in 1719). He 
became Captain R.N. (at the age of 20) 2 April 1701, Rear Admiral of 
the Blue 1707, and of the Red Squadron Jan. 1708, Vice Adm. of the 
Blue 26 Jan. 1708, of the White 1709, and of the Red 14 Nov. 1709, 
Admiral 1719, sat for Gloucester Dec. 1701 to June 1702, was summoned 
by writ to the House of Lords v.p. as Baron Dursley 5 March 1705, and 
succ. his father as 3rd Earl of Berkeley 24 Sept. 1710. He was a Lord 
of the Bedchamber to George I, Sept. 1714 to June 1727, Privy 
Councillor 16 April 1717, First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of 
the Cabinet April 1717 to Aug. 1727, K.G, 31 March 1718, Vice 
Admiral of England March 1718-36, a Lord Justice of England May to 
Nov. 1719, June to Oct. r720, July to Dec. 1723, June to Dec. 1725, 
and May to June 1727. Lord Berkeley who was a great favourite of 
George I, was chosen an Elder Brother of the Trinity House Feb. 1715, 
Lord Lieut, and Cus. Rot. of Surrey 21 Nov. 1710, Cus. Rot. of Surrey 
Jan. 1715, Lord Lieut, and Cus. Rot. of co. Glouc. 30 Nov. 1710 to 
March 17 11, and Sept. 1714-36, and also of cos. Lincoln and Surrey 
1727-36, Constable of St. JBriavel's Castle and Warden of the Forest of 
Dean, and Keeper of the Woods and deer there 27 Nov. 171 1-36, High 
Steward of Gloucester 28 Sept. 1710-36, Gov. of Gloucester Castle, 
Vice Admiral of co. Glouc. 9 April 1715, a Coram, of Claims for the 
Coronation of George II, 12 Aug. 1727, and d. near Rochelle in France 
2 Sept. 1736. 

John Hanbury of Pontypool, co. Monmouth, son of Capel H. of 
Gloucester, (who, having leased a forge at Pontypool, established the 
iron and tin-works there), was b. 1664, matric. Pembroke Coll. Oxon. 
26 March 1681, aged 16, ent. Middle Temple 1683, and m. (i) 
1 701 Albinia dau. of John Selwyn of Matson, and (2) July 1703 
Bridget eldest dau. and co-heir of Sir Edward Ayscough Knt. 
of Stallingborough, co. Lincoln, (who brought him a portion of 
_;^ 10,000, and was a great friend of the Duchess of Marlborough.) He 
became a Major in the army, was Mayor of Gloucester 1727, 1733, 

2o6 Members for Gloucester. 

elected one of the new Directors of the famous South Sea Company 
172 1, and was one of the executors of the great Duke of Marlborough's 
Will. He voted against Walpole on the matters of the Hessian Troops 
1730, and the Excise Bill 1733, sat for Gloucester Dec. 1701 to June 
1702, and Dec. 1702-8, defeated there 1715, and rep. co. Monmouth 
March 1720 till his death 14 June 1734. (M.I. Trevithin). In 1720 he 
obtained a considerable acquisition of property, (which enabled him to 
purchase Coldbrook Park, co. Mon.) by the death of his friend Charles 
Williams of Caerleon, who had fled from his native country for killing 
Mr. Morgan of Penrhos in a duel, and having amassed a large fortune 
in Russia, returned to England, and left the bulk of it to his friend 
Major Hanbury, with remainder to his 2nd son, Sir Charles Hanbury- 
Williams, (see Williams' Pari. Hist, of Wales.) 

1702. July 22. Rt. Hon. John Howe. T. 
William Trye. T. 

1702. Dec. 29. John Hanbury, vice Howe, (see County 1698), 
who elected to serve for co. Gloucester. 

1705. May 25. John Hanbury. W. 

William Cooke. T. " 

This William Cooke was aged 11 in 1694, and was the son and 
heir of Edward Cooke, (living in 1712, who was the second but eldest 
surviving son of the M. P. 1679.) He sat for Gloucester 1705 till his 
death in 1709, aged 26. 

1708. May II. William Cooke. T. 

Thomas Webbe. T. 

Thomas Webb, (? 2nd son of John Webbe of Beech Ash Green, 
Painswick), was a mercer at Gloucester, of which he was Alderman in 
1708, Mayor 1711, and M.P. 1708-13. He must not be confused 
with Thomas Webb, Serjeant at law, who was M.P. Cricklade 1702-5, 
when defeated, and Devizes 1710-13. 

1709. Dec. 14. Francis Wyndham. W. — 

William Trye. T. — 

vice Cooke deceased. Trye unsucc. pet. 11 Jan. 17 10. Francis 
Wyndham of Clearwell, son of John W. of Setterdown, Glamorgan, 
matric. Wadham Coll. Oxon. 17 July 1686, aged 16, scholar 1687. He 
sat for Gloucester Dec. 1709-10, but was defeated and pet. 1715, and 
was H.S. CO. Glouc. 1707. Mr. Wyndham was a Verderer of the Forest 
of Dean in 1703, and it was to his care that the Court of Mine Law 
under its Tenth Order of July 1707 agreed to consign all documents 
thereto belongmg. He was elected a member of the Society for 
Promoting Christian Knowledge 5 Jan. 1702, it being ordered by that 
Society on that date, " that Mr. Francis Windham of Clouerwall, near 

Members for Gloucester. 207 

Covert, be an additional lay correspondent for co. Gloucester, being 
recommended by Coll. Colchester," (see County 1701,) and he often 
presided as Chairman at the meetings of the Society. He d. 23 Sept. 
17 16, aged 46. 

1 7 10. Oct. 24. Thomas Webb. 
John Blanch. 

John Blanch sat for Gloucester 17 10-13, when he lost his seat. 
" Mr. Blanch has a good house and estate at Wotton, Barton." ( Atkyns' 
Gloucestershire.) Perhaps grandson of William B. of Eastington. 

1713. Sept. 7. John Snell. T. 873. 
Charles Coxe. T. 788. 
John Blanch. 217, 

John Snell of Upton Hall, co. Warwick, (probably son of Thomas 
Snell, Mayor of Gloucester 1699,) was b. 1682, and called to the bar at 
the Inner Temple 2 July 1704, He m. Anna Maria dau. and sole heir 
of Robert Huntingdon, Bishop of Raphoe, (by Mary sister to Sir John 
Powell, see 1685,) was lord of the manor of Uffeton, co. Warwick, (now 
settled on Ball, Coll. Oxon.,) and sat for Gloucester 1713 till his death 
9 Sept. 1726, aged 44 years and three months. (M.I. St. Mary de Crypt, 
Gloucester.) His dau. and heir Dorothy m. Wm. Guise of Winterborne, 
whose grandson Sir John G. was made a Baronet 10 Dec. 1783, (see 
County 181 1.) Another John Snell of Salisbury Hall, Herts, eldest 
son of George S. of Shenley, Herts, m. Eliz. dau. of Very Rev. Thomas 
Vyner, Dean of Gloucester. Another John Saell was Aid. of Exeter, 
and M.P. for that City 1705-8. 

Charles Coxe of Over Lypiatt, son of John C. of Tarleton, 
b. 1661, matric. St. Edmund Hall, Oxon. 10 July 1674, aged 13, bar. at 
law Lincoln's Inn 3 June 1684, was invited to the Bench of that Society 
22 Feb. and took his seat 14 May 1707, and was elected Treasurer thereof 
28 Nov. 1710 Hem.(i)Catherinedau.of JohnChaniberIain,and (2)one 
of the heiresses of the Freams of Lower Lypiat, was made a Serjeant at law 
30 Oct. 1700, and one of the King's Serjeants Feb. 1701, Puisne Justice 
of the Great Sessions for cos. Brecknock, Glamorgan, and Radnor June 
1702-4, and Chief Justice thereof 1704-14, when his patent was not 
renewed. Serjeant Coxe was M.P. Cirencester 1698 to Nov. 1705, 
when unseated, and 1708-13, Helston and Gloucester 1713, when he 
preferred Gloucester till 1722, and d. 17 Oct. 1728, "aged 72." He left 
J^io in charity to the poor of Bisley. 

1 7 15. Feb. 8. John Snell. T. — 

Charles Coxe. T. — 

Francis Wyndham. W. — 

John Hanbury. W. — 

Wyndham pet. against Snell 30 March 1715, and the Citizens 
and Freemen pet. against Snell and Coxe, 

2o8 Members for Gloucester. 

1722. March 22. Charles Hyett. 750. 
John Snell. 730. 

Sir E. Fust. 720. 

Sir Edward Fust 4th Bart., of Hill, co. G. who was H.S. co. G. 
17 18, petitioned against Snell 18 Oct. 1722. 

Charles Hyett of St. Nicholas, Gloucester, was the eldest son of 
Benjamin Hyett, who was Clerk of the Peace for Gloucestershire in the 
reign of Charles II. He was born 10 April 1677, and married 11 March 
1707 Anna dau. of Nicholas Webb of Gloucester. Mr. Hyett built 
Painswick House about 1725. He sat for Gloucester 1722-7, and dying 
17 Feb. 1738, aged 60, was buried in a vault in Gloucester Cathedral. 

1727. Feb. 6. John How of Stowell, (Tory,) vice Snell 
deceased. Son and heir of Rt. Hon. John Howe, (see County 1698,) 
succ. his cousin Sir Richard Howe 3rd Bart, (see Cirencester 1690) in 
his estates at Compton 3 July 1730, and m. Dorothy eldest dau. of 
Henry Frederick Thynne of Sunbury, Middlesex. He was Lord of the 
Manor of Chedworth, M.P. Gloucester Feb. to Aug. 1727, and Wilts 
April i729-4r, and voted against Walpole on the matters of the employ- 
ment of the Hessian Troops 1730, and the Excise Bill 1733, but 
supported him by his vote in favour of the Convention with Spain 
1739. He was elected Recorder of Warwick April 1737, and was 
created Lord Chedworth 12 May 1741, but died 3 April 1742, and was 
buried at Withington. 

1727. Sept. 5. Benjamin Bathurst. T. 944. 

Thomas Chester. T. 936. 

Charles Selwyn. W. 923. 

Hon. M. D. Morton. W. 910. 

A Double Return of all four candidates, but on petition, the 
Return was amended by Order of the House 16 Feb. 1728, by erasing 
therefrom the names of Morton and Chester. As to Mr. Chester, see 
the County 1734. 

Hon Matthew Ducie Moreton, eldest son of the ist Lord Ducie, 
(see County 1708,) was born before 1700, M.P. Cricklade Feb. 1721-2, 
Calne Feb. 1723-7, Gloucester 1727 till uns. Feb. 1728, 
Tregony Feb. to April 1734, and Lostwithiel March to 2 May 1735, 
when he succ. his father as 2nd Lord Ducie. His lordship was Joint 
Principal Surveyor of the Customs in the Port of London 13 Feb. f 742 
to 13 Jan. 1753, Vice Admiral of co. Glouc. 13 Feb. 1755 to Nov. 1758, 
Lord Lieut, and Cus. Rot. of co. Glouc. 14 Feb. 1755 to Nov. 1758, 
Constable of St. Briavel's Castle, Warden of the Forest of Dean, and 
Keeper of the deer and the woods there, and Lieutenant of Bristol 14 
Feb. 1755 to Nov. 1758, when he res. all these posts. High Steward of 
Gloucester 1755 till he res. 1766, and was created Lord Ducie of 

Members for Gloucester. 209 

Tortworth, with remainder to his nephews Thomas and Francis 
Reynolds 23 April 1763. He d. unm. 25 Dec. 1770, when the Barony 
of Ducie of Moreton became extinct. 

Benjamin Bathurst of Lydney, 3rd son of Sir Benjamin B., and 
brother to the ist Earl Bathurst, (see Cirencester 1705,) was born 1693, 
and matric. Trin. Coll. Oxon. 30 June 1708, aged 16. He m. (i) 17 14 
Finetta (who d. 27 Feb. 1738, having had 22 children,) dau. and coheir 
of Henry Poole, of Kemble, Wilts, and (2) 22 Oct. 1741 Catherine (who 
d. 1794, having had 14 children,) only dau. of Rev. Lawrence Brodrick 
D.D , Prebendary of Westminster, Chaplain to the House of Commons, 
brother to Alan 1st Lord Midleton. Mr. Bathurst was F.R.S., app. a 
Verdurer of H.M.'s Forest of Dean Sept. 1732, Out Ranger of Windsor 
Forest May 1763-7, voted against Walpole, M.P. Cirencester 1713-27, 
Gloucester 1727-54, and Monmouth 17541111 his death 5 Nov. 1767, 
where having sat for 54 years he was possibly the " Father of the House 
of Commons." He and John Selwyn (see 1734,) were great benefactors 
towards erecting the new Church of St. John the Baptist at Gloucester. 

Charles Selwyn of West Sheen, Richmond, Surrey, 2nd son of 
Col. William S. of Matson (see 1698,) and brother to the M.P. 1734, 
was b. 1689, received a commission when three years old as Ensign in 
the Queen Dowager's (now 2nd Queen's) Foot 29 Feb, 1692, (his father 
being then Col. of the regt.,) and became Lieut. Coldstream Guards 
2 Jan. 1708. He m. Maria dau. of Thomas Hyde, was Chief Equerry 
to the Queen Aug. 1727 till her death Nov. 1737, Mayor of Gloucester 
1736, M.P. Gloucester 1727-34, and Ludgershail 1741-7, and died s.p. 
at his seat West Sheen 9 June 1749. 

1734. May 7. John Selwyn. W. 

Benjamin Bathurst. T. 

Col. John Selwyn of Matson, eldest son of the M.P. 1698, was 
b. 20 Aug. 1688, became an officer in the army under William HI, 
and first smelt powder as a young boy, and served several campaigns 
under the Duke of Marlborough, to whom he was A.D.C. He was app. 
Capt.and Lieut. -Col. ist Foot (now Grenadier) Guards 25 March 1707, and 
Col. of a newly raised regt. (the 39th Foot) i Dec. 1 709, (at the age of 2 1 ), 
which was afterwards disbanded. Two years afterwards he disposed of 
his commission and purchased the Colonelcy of the 3rd Foot (Buffs) 
from the Duke of Argyll 26 Feb 17 11. He served the campaign of 
171 1 and highly distinguished himself in the affair near Douay 12 July, 
when he was severely wounded. After the Peace of Utrecht he 
obtained permission to dispose of his Colonelcy, 4 April 1714, 
and then retired from the army. Col. Selwyn m. his cousin 
Mary eldest dau. of Lt. Gen. Thomas Farrington M.P. He 
was a Clerk of the Board of Green Cloth to the Prince 
of Wales Jan. 17 16-18, a Groom of the Bedchamber to 
the Prince 1718-27, and to the King July 1728 10 May 1731, 

2 10 Membkrs fok Gloucester. 

and again Oct. i7,38. He was Receiver General and Comptroller of the 
CustomsFeb. i72ito Aug. 1727. (when he surrendered it to his brother 
Henry), Treasurer of the Queen's Household May 1730 till her death 
Nov. 1737, afterwards Treasurer of the late Queen's Pensions 1737-51, 
(?app. Gentleman of the Horse to the King Sept. 1736,) Paymaster of the 
Marines Dec. 1746 to Nov. 1751, Treasurer to George Prince of 
Wales May to Nov. 1751, voted for Walpole, and was M.P. Whitchurch 
(Hants) 1727-34, and Gloucester 1734 till his death 5 Nov. 1751. 
Col. Selwyn who was Mayor of G. 1727, 1734, constructed a reservoir 
for Gloucester at his own expense, and the grateful city erected his 
statue in its centre. As shewing the spirit of the times, the following 
paragraph in the Gent. Mag. is of interest: "10 Nov. 1731, Numb. 
54617 came up a prize of ^2,000 in the present Lottery and fell to 
Col. Selwin.'' 

1741. May 26. John Selwin. W. 107 1. 

Benjamin Hyett. 879. 

Benjamin Bathursi. T. 869. 

1754 voted. On a scrutiny Bathurst was returned by a majority of 
15, and Selwyn by 216, the figures being given as Selwyn 1070, Bathurst 
869, Hyett 854, but Hyett presented a petition, which however was 
dismissed May 1742. Benjamin Hyett of Painswick, eldest son of the 
M.P. 1722, was born 17 Dec. 1708, matric. Pemb. Coll. Oxon. 6 Nov. 
1724, aged 15, created D.C.L. 17 April 1761. He became a barrister at 
law of the Inner Temple 3 July 173T, married Frances only dau. of Sir 
Thomas Snell Knt., and died 15 Dec. 1762, aged 53. His brother 
Nicholas Hyett, (see Tewkesbury 1774), left a son Benjamin Hyett, who 
d. 1810, (see Stroud 1832). 

1747. July I. John Selwyn. W. 

Benjamin Bathurst. T. 

1 75 1. Nov. 19. Charles Barrow of Highgrove, vice Selwyn 
deceased. Second son of Thomas B. (by Margaret sister of Joseph 
Knight who was Sheriff of Bristol 1681, and relict of John Pope of 
Bristol), and nephew of Thomas B. of Field Court, he was created D.C.L. 
Oxford 2 July 1754, and m. Mary dau. of Daniel Randall of Gloucester. 
He was joint lessee of the Manor of Churcham, one of the Common 
Council of Tewkesbury in 1774, one of the two Bailiffs 1758, 1768, and 
Recorder thereof 1777-87, voted for Wilts 1769, was made a Baronet 
with remainder to Thomas Crawley-Boevey his kinsman by marriage 22 
Jan. 1784, and for Gloucester Nov. 1751 till his death s.p. 10 Jan. 1789. 

1754. April 15. Charles Barrrow. W. 

George Augustus Selwyn. W. 

Mr. Powell Snell of Guiting Grange, after having demanded a 
poll declined it. He was the eldest son of John S. of Gloucester, m. 
Dorothy dau. of Charles Yate, unsucc. cont. the city 1761, and d. 1767. 

Members for Gloucfster. 211 

Many members of the Snell family were buried in Upton St. Leonards 
Church. G. A. Selwyn of Matson, younger but only surviving son of 
Col. John S. (see 1734), was b. 11 Aug. 1719, educ. at Eton, and matric. 
Hart Hall, Oxon. i Feb. 1739, aged 19. He was Surveyor of 
the Meltings and Clerk of the Irons in the Mint May 1740-91, 
Paymaster of the Board of Works Dec. 1755 till it was abolished 
June 1782, Surveyor General of Crown Lands Jan. 1784-91, and 
Chief Clerk and sole Examiner in the Registry in Court of Chancery 
in Barbadoes January 1753-91. "To these places, a correspondent in 
the Diary, adds the post of Receiver General of Waif and Stray jokes. 
Being possessed of much classical knowledge, a brilliant wit, good 
humour, and a considerable share of observation, he therefore was soon 
noticed as a wit and bon vivant, and divided with Lord Chesterfield 
most of the good things of their times." {Gent. Mag.) He was the 
proprietor of the Borough of Ludgershall, and returned two nominees 
to Parliament. Mr. Selwyn who is said to have had a taste for 
attending executions, was Mayor of Gloucester 1758, 1765, voted against 
Wilkes, 1769, M.P. Gloucester 1754-80, and Ludgershall 1747-54, and 
1780 till his death unmarried 25 Jan. 1791, being buried at Matson. 
George HI visited Mr. Selwyn at Matson on 29 July 1788. His sistev 
and heir Albinia m. Hon. Thomas Townshend, father of the ist 
Viscount Sydney. 

1755. Dec. 29. G. A. Selwyn, re-el. on taking office. 

1761. Mar. 25. Charles Barrow. W. 1012. 
G. A, Selwyn. T. 981. 
Powell Snell. — 583. 

1768. March 16. Charles Barrow. 
G. A. Selwyn. 

1774. Oct. 7 The same. 

1780. Sept. 14. Charles Barrow. W. 
John Webb W. 

John Webb LL.D. of Cote House, near Bristol, and Norton 
Court, (quaere son or brother of Richard Webb Mayor of G. 1760, 
1767, 1782, and grandson of the M.P. 170S,) was b. 1730, and m. 

Arabella (who d. 1801, aged 59). He was one of the two Sheriffs 

of Gloucester 1761, Mayor 1770, 1776, 1786, and M.P. 1780 till his 
death in London 4 Feb. 1 795, aged 64. (M.L Gloucester Cathedral). 

1784, March 31. Sir Charles Barrow Bart. 
John Webb. 

1789. Feb. 5. John Pitt. T. 837. 

Col. H. T. Howard. W. 836. 

vice Barrow deceased, This was a memorable fight, the poll being 
kept open 15 days. John Pitt of Gloucester, attorney at law, was b, 

2 12 Mkmbers for Gloucester. 

1727, one of the two Bailiffs of Tewkesbury 1759, 1762, 1768, 1770, 
1789, and Chamberlain thereof 1771-92, and sat fot Gloucester Feb. 
1789 till his death at his house in Palace Yard, Gloucester, 14 July 
1805, aged 78. " He died possessed of considerable property, which 
devolves to his daughter. He was an eccentric character, but a man of 
great homely benevolence." {Ge?it. Mag.) 

1790. June 16. John Webb. W. 
John Pitt. T. 

1795. Feb. II. Col. Henry Thomas Howard of Thornbury 
Castle, vice Webb deceased. Second son of Henry Howard ofGlossop, 
CO. Derby, and brother to Bernard who became 12th Duke of Norfolk 
1815, he was born 7 Oct. 1766, and married 12 Sept. 1801 Eliz. 3rd. 
dau. of Edward Long of Aldermaston, Berks, Chief Justice of the Vice 
Admiralty Court of Jamaica. He was one of the Common Council 
of Gloucester in 1803 and 1819, made Major R. North Gloucester 
Militia 31 Alarch 1791, Lt.-Col. 24 Nov. 1798 to i July 1811, 
and High Steward of Gloucester 181 1. He unsuccessfully fought 
Gloucester Feb. 1789, but represented it Feb. 1795-1818. He was 
returned for Arundel 1790 but vacated his seat in order to stand for 
Gloucester Feb. 1795. In 1812 he was elected both for Arundel and 
Gloucester but preferred the latter. He afterwards sat for Arundel 
1818-20, and for Steyning 1820-4. Col. Howard assumed the additional 
surname of Molyneux by R.L. 9 July 1812, and the final surname of 
Howard by R.L. 14 Oct. 181 7, obtained a patent of precedency as a 
Duke's brother 15 Oct. 1817, and became Lord Henry Howard- 
Molyneux-Howard. His Lordship was Deputy Earl Marshal of 
England to his brother the 12th Duke of Norfolk 15 Jan. 1816 till his 
own death 17 June 1824. 

1796. May 25. Joha Pitt. T. 

Henry Howard. W. 

1802. July 6. The same. 

1805. Aug. 7. Robert Morris. W. 530. 

Lord Arthur Somerset. T. 333. 

vice Pitt deceased. The poll lasted 3 days. As to Lord Arthur John 
Henry Somerset, see Williams' Pari. Hist, of Wales. 

Robert Morris of Barnwood Court, was a banker at Gloucester, 
of which he was one of the two Sheriffs 1791, and a Common Councillor 
in 1803. He was J. P. co. Glouc, and long held a commission in the 
Gloucestershire Yeomanry, being a Captain in i8o6. He was also app. 
Captain Commandant Gloucester Vol. Cavalry 22 Sept. 1803, and rep. 
Gloucester Aug. 1805 till his death 2 Sept. 1816. Qusre if he was the 
Robert Morris called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn 7 May 1767. 

Members for Gloucester. 213 

:8o6. Oct. 29. Henry Howard. W. 

Robert Morris. W. 

1807. May 4. The same. 

18 1 2, Oct. 5. H. Howard Molyneux. W. 
Robert Morris. W. 

1816. Oct. I. Edward Webb. W. 849. 

R. B. Cooper. T. 730. 

vice Morris deceased. Col. Edward Webb of Adwell Tetsworth, and 
Stoke Bishop, son of the M.P. 1780, m. 27 July 1807 Jane Mary 
Catherine 3rd and yst. dau. of Sir John Guise Bart, of Highnam, (see 
County 181 1,) and was created D.C.L. Oxford 12 June 1823. 
He was President of the Anchor Society i8i8, and sat for 
Gloucester Oct. 1816-32, being defeated May 1838. He was 
one of the Gloucester Common Council m 1819, Capt. R. North 
Gloucester Militia 22 March 1803, Lt. Col of the ist Eastern Batt. 
Gloucestershire Local Militia 14 April 1809, and being greatly weakened 
by sea sickness on his voyage to America, was taken ill at Niagara Falls, 
and d. at New York 18 Sept. 1839. He was buried at Elmore 21 Oct. 

1818. June 24. Edward Webb. W. 894. 
R. B. Cooper. T. 868. 

M. F. F. Berkeley. W. 841. 

Seven days poll, when 1703 voted. The plumpers were, for 
Webb 13, Cooper 778, Berkeley 12. Split votes, Webb and Cooper 71, 
Webb and Berkeley 810, Cooper and Berkeley 19. Robert Bransby 
Cooper of Dursley, " may be considered as the nominee of the Duke of 
Beaufort and party, and a grateful proxy." {Full Vieiv of the House of 
Commons, 1821.) He sat for Gloucester 1818-30, and was defeated Oct. 
1816 and 1830. He was eldest son of Rev. Samuel Cooper D.D. 
rector of Great Yarmouth, by Maria Susannah dau. and heir of James 
Bransby of Shottisham, Norfolk, and was b. 21 Feb. 1762, and m. 6 
May 1784 Anne dau. and heir of Wm. Purnell of Dursley, co. Glouc. 
He was made Captain Dursley Vol. Cavalry 13 Sept. 1800, and d. 10 
May 1845, ^t his son's residence Stancombe Park, near Gloucester, 
aged 83, being then the senior J. P. for co. Glouc. He wrote in 1824 
A Letter on Peculiar Tenets of the Present, and other Pamphlets, and 
was distinguished for his extensive Christian benevolence. His youngest 
brother the celebrated Surgeon to the King, Sir Astley Paston Cooper, 
was created a Baronet 1821. 

1820. March 6. Edward Webb. 
R. B. Cooper. 

214 Members for Gloucester. 

1826. June 9. The same. 

1830. July 30 Edward Webb. W. 830. 

to John Phillpotts. W. 814. 

Aug. 4. R^ P. Cooper. T. 415. 

The poll lasted 5 days, from 30 July to 4 August, and 1600 
voted. Plumpers. Webb 474, Phillpotts 531, Cooper 136. Split votes, 
Webb and Phillpotts 180, Webb and Cooper 176, Philpotts and Cooper 
103. John Phillpotts of Porthgwidden, Cornwall, eldest son of John P. 
(the landlord of "The Bell" at Gloucester,) was called to the bar at the 
Inner Temple 22 Nov. 1822, and went the Oxford Circuit and Gloucester 
Sessions. He m. 1797 Sarah dau. of Thomas Chandler of Ashcroft 
Hall, CO. Glou., was J. P. cos. Glouc. and Cornwall, Sheriff of Gloucester 
City 1816, Alderman in 1819, M.P. 1830-1, 1835-4, 1837-47, and 
defeated 1831, 1835, and d. suddenly from heart disease whilst riding in 
an omnibus in Regent's Circus 30 June 1849, aged 74. His brother 
Henry was Bishop of Exeter 1830-69. 

1831. May 2-4. M. F. Berkeley. W. 730. 

Edward Webb. W. 699. 
John Phillpotts. W. 270. 

The poll lasted 3 days, from 2 to 4 May, and 964 voted. Maurice 
Frederick Fitzhardinge Berkeley of Berkeley Castle, 2nd son of Frederick 
5th Earl of Berkeley, was b. 3 Jan. 1788, and m. (i) 4 Dec. 1823 Lady 
Charlotte Lennox (who d. 20 Aug. 1833) 6th dau. of Charles 4th Duke 
of Richtnond, and (2) 30 Sept. 1834, Lady Charles Moreton 3rd dau. 
of Thomas ist Earl of Ducie. He entered the Royal Navy June 1802, 
became Lieut 9 July 1808, Capt. 7 June 1814, Rear Admiral Oct. 1849, 
Vice Adm. Oct. 1856, and Admiral of the White 15 Jan. 1862. He 
commanded the gunboats in the Tagus, co-operating with the troops in 
the lines of Torres Vedras, and was thanked in public orders by the 
Duke of Wellington. He commanded the Thunderer (84 guns) at the 
capture of St. Jean d'Acre, for which he received the gold medal, and 
was made a C.B. 1841. Admiral Berkeley held office as "a Lord of the 
Admiralty April 1833 to Dec. 1834, July 1837 to March 1839, J"ly '^4^ 
to March 1852, and Dec. 1852 to Nov. 1857, and unsucc. cont. 
Gloucester 1818, but rep. it 1831 till April 1833, (when he was defeated 
on seeking re-election after accepting office), 1835-7, when defeated and 
1841-57, when he again lost his seat. He was a D.L. for Sussex, made 
a Privy Councillor 13 Aug. 1855, K.C.B. 5 July 1855, and G.C.B. 
28 June 1861. In 1858 he claimed a summons to Parliament as Baron 
of Berkeley, being seized as tenant for life of the Castle and Manor, but 
his claim was rejected by the House of Lords. He was however created 
Lord Fitzhardinge 5 Aug. 1861. His lordship d. 17 Uct. 1867. 

Members for Gloucester. 215 

1832. Dec. II. 

M. F. Berkeley. 



J. Phillpotts. 



H. T. Hope. 



1197 voted out of 1300 on the register. Plumpers, Berkeley 
128, Phillpotts 47, Hope 328. Split votes, Berkeley and Phillpotts 
473, Berkeley and Hope 83, Phillpotts and Hope 138. 

1833. April g. H. T. Hope. T. 566. 

M.F.Berkeley. W. 457. 

vice Berkeley app. a Lord of the Admiralty. Capt. Berkeley res. at the 
close of the first days poll. Henry Thomas Hope of Deepdene, Surrey, 
eldest son of Thomas Hope, author oi Anastasius, who d. 3 Feb. 1831, 
by Hon. Louisa Beresford yst. dau. of the ist Lord Decies, Archbishop 
of Tuam 1794, was b. in 1808, M.A. Trin. Coll. Camb. 1829, and m. 
in 1841 Anne Adele dau. of M. Joseph Bichat. Mr. Hope was J. P. 
cos. Glouc. and Surrey, a director of the London and Westminster 
Joint Stock Bank, M.P. East Looe 1830-2, Gloucester April 1833-41, 
and 1847-52, unsucc. cont. Marylebone 1832, and Gloucester 1832, 
1841, 1852, Jan. 1853, and d. 4 Dec. 1862, aged 54, He was a great 
patron of architectural art. 

1835, Jan. 7. 

M. F. Berkeley. 



H. T. Hope. 



/ Phillpotts. 



W. Cother 



1257 voted out of 1308. Plumpers, Berkeley 93, Hope 70, 
Phillpotts 24, Cother o. Split votes, Berkeley and Hope 105, Berkeley 
and Phillpotts 509, Berkeley and Cother i, Hope and Phillpotts 55, 
Hope and Cother 391, Phillpotts and Cother 10. William Cother of 
Gloucester, was a noted farmer, and a great breeder of Cotswold sheep. 
He was tenant of all the farm lands in Middle Aston, Oxon, and d. in 
the open field suddenly on the night of 12 April 1871, and was buried 
in Gloucestershire. 'J'wo of his sons were called to the bar. 

1837. July 24. H. T. Hope. T. 727. 

J. Phillpotts. W. 710. 

M. F. Berkeley. W. 630. 

1279 voted out of 1361. Plumpers, Hope 428, Phillpotts 29, 
Berkeley 34. Split votes, Hope and Phillpotts 192, Hope and Berkeley 
107, Phillpotts and Berkeley 489. 

1838. May 21. H.T.Hope. T. 685. 

Edward Webb. W. 579. 

vice Hope who had res. on a petition being presented against his return. 

2i6 Members for Gloucester. 

1841. June 29. J. Phillpotts. W. 753. 

M. F. Berkeley. W. 732. 

H. T. Hope. T. 646. 

Viscount Loftus. T. 510. 

Plumpers, Phillpotts 4, Berkeley 18, Hope 9, Loftus o. Split 
votes, Phillpotts and Berkeley 660, Phillpotts and Hope 84, Phillpots 
and Loftus 5, Berkeley and Hope 51, Berkeley and Loftus 3, Hope and 
Loftus 502. The Colours were, Tory — Sky Blue, Whig — Orange and 
Green, Phillpotts — Purple and White. As to Viscount Loftus, see 
Williams' Oxfordshire Members. 

1846. July II. Capt. M. F. Berkeley, re-el. on taking office. 

1847. July 28. H. T. Hope. C. 

Capt. M. Berkeley. L. 

Mr, VV. P. Price canvassed, but did not proceed to a poll. 

1852. July 8. W.P.Price. L. 831. 

Adm. M. Berkeley. L. 786. 
H. T. Hope. C. 760. 

William Philip Price of Tibberton Court, eldest son of William 
Price, merchant fwho was Sheriff of Gloucester 1819, Mayor 1822, J.P. 
for the city and county, and d. 1838,) was born at Gloucester 1817, 
and m. 1837 Frances dau. of John Chadborn, solicitor, Gloucester. 
He was extensively engaged as a timber merchant at Gloucester and 
Grimsby, as head of the firm of Price and Son, (established in 1740), 
became J.P. (Michaelmas 1842,) and D.L. (1852,) co. Glouc, H.S. 
1849, and was Chairman Gloucestershire Banking Co. 1860-85. Mr. 
Price was Sheriff of Gloucester 1848, and rep. the City 1852 to Aug. 
1859 when unseated, and 1865-73. He succ. Admiral Berkeley as 
Pres. Gloucestershire Incorporated Chamber of Commerce 1859-73, (of 
which he was a founder 1839,) was Dep. Ch. Midland Railway 1864-70, 
Chairman thereof 1870 till he res. May 1873, one of the committee of 
management of the Gloucester and Berkeley Canal Co. 1840-70, first 
Chairman of the Directors thereof 1870 to April 1873, and Chairman of 
the Gloucester and Dean Forest Railway till 1873, and was a Railway 
Commr. (^^3000 a year) 2 Aug. 1873 till his death at Tibberton Court 
31 March 1891, aged 74. He was a leading member of the Unitarian 
body, and a Hibbert trustee. Mr. Price had one son (see Tewkesbury 
1868,) and three daughters, Gertrude who m. 1869 Charles George 
Brooke-Hunt R.N. ot Bowden Hall, and has a son Charles Ernest 
Brooke born 187 1, and three daughters, Edith, and Alice Gwenllian 
who m. 1886 Charles Lee Williams of Alton Barnes, Pusey, Wilts and 
has a son Owen Llewellyn born 1887. 

Members for Gloucester, 217 

1853. Jan. 4. Adm. M. Berkeley. L. 761. 
H. T. Hope. C. 670. 

vice Berkeley, who being app. a Lord of the Admiralty, was re-elected. 

1855. March 31. W. P. Price, re-el. after accepting the 
Stewardship of the Manor of Northstead, having been concerned in a 
Government contract, in the Crimea. 

1857. March 28. Sir R. W. Garden. C. 743. 
W. P. Price. L. 714. 

Adm. M. Berkeley. L. 710. 

Sir Robert Walter Garden Knt. of West Molesey, Surrey, yst. 
son of James G. of London, was b. 7 Oct. 1801, and m. i Jan. 1827 
Pamela Eliz. Edith dau. of W. J. Andrews M.D. 19th Foot. He became 
Ensign 82nd Foot 30 Oct. 1817, was placed on half-pay the same day, 
and retired from the army before 1830. He became a Stock and Share 
Broker in the Gity of London, was Alderman of Dowgate Ward 1849-71, 
Sheriff of London and Middlesex 185 1, Knighted after the Queen's 
visit to the Gity 1851, Lord Mayor of London Nov. 1857-8, made a 
Gommr. of Lieutenancy for the Gity 1849, and J. P. Middlesex and 
Surrey. Sir Robert unsucc. cont. St. Albans Dec. 1850, Gloucester 
1859, Marylebone April 1861, Reading 1868, and Barnstaple Feb. 
1880, but rep. Gloucester 1857-9, ^'^^ Barnstaple April 1880-5. He 
was created a Baronet 14 June 1887, and was Alderman of Bridge 
Ward Without and 'Father of the Gity' 1871 till his death 19 Jan. 

1859. April 30. W. P. Price. L. 807. 

C. J. Monk. L. 779. 

Sir R. W. Garden. G. 595. 

On petition this election was declared void Aug. 1859, and the 
writ was suspended till Feb. 1862. Gharles James Monk of Everleigh 
House, Wilts, only son of Rt. Rev. James Henry Monk, Bishop of 
Gloucester and Bristol, was b. 3c Nov. 1824. educ. at Eton, B.A. Trin. 
GoU. Garab. 1847, M.A. 1850, ent. Lincoln's Inn 21 Nov. 1845, and 
was called to the bar 11 June 1850. Mr. Monk m. 25 Aug. 1853 Julia 
(who d. 26 Dec. 1870) dau. of P. S. Ralli of London, Consul General 
for Greece, and was app. Chancellor of the diocese of Bristol 1855, and 
of Gloucester 1859, but res. both posts 1884. He was President of 
the Association of Chambers of Commerce of U.K. 1881-4, app. a 
Director of the Suez Canal Co. 1884, J. P. co. Glouc, D.L. 1859, and 
author olThe Golden Horn, 1850. Mr. Monk unsuccessfully contested 
Cricklade 1857, and Gloucester 1892, but represented Gloucester April 
till Aug. 1859 when unseated, 1865-85, and from 1895. 

2i8 Members for Gloucester. 

1862. Feb. 26. Hon. C. P. Berkeley. L. 761. 
J. J. Powell Q.C. L. 716. 

Richard Potter. C. 687. 

vice Price and Monk whose election was declared void. Hon. Charles 
Paget Fitzhardinge Berkeley, younger son of the ist Lord Fitzhardinge, 
(see 1831,) was born 19 April 1830, and married 6 Dec. T856 Louisa 
Elizabeth only dau. of Henry Lindow-Lindow (formerly Rawlinson.) 
He was M.P. for Gloucester Feb. 1862-5, unsuccessfully contested West 
Gloucestershire July 1867, and 1874, and became D.L. co. Glouc. 1862, 
and J. P. and D.L. for Sussex. Mr. Berkeley succeeded his brother, 
(see Cheltenham 1856,) as 3rd Lord Fitzhardinge 29 June 1896. 

John Joseph Powell was eldest son of Thomas P. of Gtoucester, 
and was b. there 3 Sept. 1816, ent. Middle Temple 28 May 1842, was 
called to the bar 16 April 1847, and went the Oxford circuit, became a 
Queen's Counsel 3 Feb. 1863, Bencher of his Inn 13 Nov. 1863, and 
Treasurer 1876. Mr. Powell sat for Gloucester Feb. 1862-5, and unsucc. 
cont. Weymouth 1868, and Gloucester 1874, was Recorder of Wolver- 
hampton 21 May 1864-91, and a Judge of County Courts for the West 
Riding of Yorkshire, (circuit No. 14,) 9 April 1884-5, ^"'i ^^"^ Greenwich 
(circuit No. 47,) Oct. 1885 till his death, unmarried, suddenly, while on 
a visit at Widmore Lodge, Bickley, 15 Sept. 1891, aged 75. 

The defeated Candidate, Richard Potter of Standish House, 
Stonehouse, — aptly described as "A King of Men," — and one of 
Gloucester's most material benefactors, was born in Manchester 23 July 
181 7, and was the only son of Richard Potter of that city, who was M.P. 
for Wigan 1832-9. He was a nephew of Sir Thomas Potter Knt. of Buile 
Hill, Manchester, and a cousin to Sir John Potter Knt., M.P. for 
Manchester 1857-8, and to Thomas Bayley Potter, M.P. for 
Rochdale 1865-95. Having been privately educated at Clifton, 
and at the London Univ., he graduated B.A. 1838, M. A. 1841, Queen's 
Coll. Camb., became a student of the Inner Temple 16 Nov. 1837, and 
was called to the bar 28 Jan. 1842. He married 14 Aug. 1844, 
Laurencina (who died 1882) only dau. of Laurence Heyworth of Liver- 
pool, who was M.P. for Derby 1848-52 and 1853-7. The panic follow- 
ing on the French Revolution of 1848 deprived him of a considerable 
portion of his income, and in 1849-50 Mr. Potter joined the firm of 
Price and Co. timber merchants, and took an active share in the develop- 
ment of its local business, and the establishment of its branch houses. 
Price, Potter, Walker, and Co., Great Grimbsy, and Price, Potter, and 
Co., Barrow-in-Furness. On 10 April i860, as Chairman of the Board of 
Directors, he laid the foundation stone of the great works of the 
Gloucester Wagon Co., and he continued Chairman until Sept. 1863, 
when he was elected Chairman of the Great Western Railway. He 
afterwards again acted as Chairman of the Wagon Co. until 1878. 
During the Crimea War Mr. Potter was the originator of the idea for 
supplying the Allied Forces with wooden huts for housing the troops, 

Members for Gloucester. 219 

and it was owing to the intervention of his firm in carrying this humane 
project into execution, that his partner Mr. W. P. Price accepted the 
Chiltern Hundreds, but was immediately re-elected. Mr. Potter became 
a director of the Great Western Railway in 1849, but retired in 1856. 
He again joined the Board in June 1863, and was Chairman thereof 
Aug. 1863 to Nov. 1865. He was also a director of the West Midland 
Railway till 1863, (when it was amalgamated with the G.W.R.), and of 
the Grand Trunk Railway of Canada 1862-9, and President thereof 
1869-76, and was for some years a director of the Hudson's Bay 
Company, one of the English Commissaries of the Dutch Rhenish Rail- 
way, and was also intimately connected with the South Wales Coal Co. 
Ltd., the Ruabon Coal Co. Ltd., and the Severn Bridge Railway. He 
was J. P. for counties Gloucester, Hereford, Monmouth and Glamorgan. 
Mr. Potter died at the Box House, Minchinhampton, i Jan. 1892, 
leaving nine daughters, Laurencina who m. 1867 Robert Durning Holt, 
first Lord Mayor of Liverpool 1893; Catherine who m. 1883 Right 
Hon. Leonard Henry Courtney, M.P. Liskeard 1876-85, and S.E. 
Cornwall since 1885, Chairman of Ways and Means 1886-92 ; Mary 
Elizabeth who m. [870 Arthur Twisden Playne of Longford, Minchm- 
hampton ; Georgina who m. 1873, Daniel Meinertzhagen of Mottisfont 
Abbey; Blanche who m. 1878, W. Harrison Cripps of Stratford Place, 
London; Theresa (who d. 1893, having) m. 1881, Charles Alfred 
Cripps, Q.C., M.P., (see the Stroud Division); Margaret Heyworth who 
m. 1880, Henry Hobhouse of Hadspen House, Castle Cary, M.P. for 
East Somerset since 1885 ; Rosalind Heyworth who m. 1889, Arthur 
Dyson Williams who d. 1896 ; and Beatrice who m. 1892, Sidney Webb, 
L.C.C., of Grosvenor Road, London. 

1864. May 25. J. J. Powell, re-el. on being made Recorder. 

1865. July 12. W. P. Price. L. 854. 

C. J. Monk. L. 774. 

Adam Kennard. C, 726. 

Adam Steinmetz Kennard who was also defeated at Salisbury 
1880, was a banker. 

1868. Nov. 18. W. P. Price. 
C. J. Monk. 
Major N. Lees. 
E. J. Brennan 

Col. Nassau Lees also unsucc. cont. Helston 1874. 

1873. May 8. W. K. Wait. C. 1850. 

Thomas Robinson . L . 1767. 

vice Price app. a Railway Commr. William Killegrew Wait of Bristol, 
eldest son of Wm. K. VV ait of Bristol, was b. 21 Dec. 1826, and m. 13 
June 1857 Eliz. dau. of John Perrin of Wicklow. He was a merchant 
of Bristol, Mayor of that City 1869, and J.P. 1870, and represented 
Gloucester May 1873-80, but was defeated 1880, and 1885. 




















220 Members for Gloucester. 

1874. Feb. 3. W. K. Wait. 
C. J. Monk. 
/ / Powell. 
Sit J. T. Lawrence. 

Sir James John Trevor Lawrence 2nd Bart, of Burford, Dorking, 
was M.P. for Mid Surrey Nov. 1875-85, and fur South East Surrey 

1880. April r. T. Robinson. 
C. J. Monk. 
W. K. Wait. 
B. St. J. Ackers. 

On petition Mr. Robinson v^as unseated in June 1880, a Royal 
Commission made an enquiry March 1881, and in consequence of its 
report, the issue of a writ was suspended during the existence of this 

Thomas Robinson of Longford Park, 2nd son of Thomas R. of 
Herefordshire, was b. 8 Jan. 1827, and m. 10 Aug. 1852 Harriette, dau. 
of John Godwin J.P. of Worcester. He commenced business as a corn 
merchant at Gloucester 1849, was a member of the Town Council 
1857-68, Mayor 1865, 1866, 1872, 1874, app. J.P. for the county about 
1857, and for the city about 1887, and was M.P. for the city April to June 
1880, when unseated, and 1885-95. He was Knighted at Windsor 18 
July 1894, and died 26 Oct. 1897. 

At the Disolution 18 Nov. 1885, the representation of Gloucester 
was limited to one Member. 

1885. Nov. 24. T. Robinson. L. 2222. 

W. K. Wait. C. 1726. 

1886. July 2. T. Robinson. G.L. 1908. 

John Ward. C. 17 13. 

John Ward, Mayor of Gloucester, died 7 March 1895, aged 75. 

1892. July 4. T. Robinson. G.L. 2885. 
C.J. Monk. L.U. 2800. 

1895. July 16. C. J. Monk, L.U. 3264. 
Spencer Wells. R. 2791. 

As to Mr. Monk, see r859. Sir Spencer Wells succ. his father 
as 2nd Bart, in 1896, and was for some time Private Secretary to Sir 
Wm. Harcourt, Chancellor of the Exchequer. Gloucester had 1527 
reg. electors in 1832, 1743 in 1858, 4437 in 1868, 5019 in 1S74, 5721 
in 1884, and 6900 in 1895. Until 1832 the sole right of election was 
in the Freemen. The Sheriff of the City of Gloucester is the Returning 


The Borough of Stroud was first enfranchised in 1832, and the 
Mayor was the Returning Officer. It had 1247 electors in 1832, 1287 
in 1858, 5614 in 1868, and 6368 in 1884. The extraordinary series of 
five contested elections and three petitions which took place within 13 
months 1874-5, are without a parallel. 

W. H. Hyett. 



David Ricardo. 



G. P. Scrope. 



1832. Dec. 13. 

William Henry Hyett F.R.S., of Painswick House, eldest son of 
Rev. Henry Cay Adams of Shrewsbury, was b. 2 Sept. 1795, educ. at 
Westminster, and matric. Ch. Ch, Oxon, 21 Oct. 1813. He took the 
name and arms of Hyett, by Act of Parliament in 1815, on succeeding 
to the estates of Benjamin Hyett of Painswick, who d. 21 June 1810, 
(see Gloucester 1741,) of whose wife he was first cousin once removed. 
He m. 25 Oct. 1821 Anne Jane 2nd dau. of Joseph Seymour Biscoe of 
Hempsted Court, Gloucester. Mr. Hyett was J. P. and D.L. co. 
Gloucester, one of the Common Council of Gloucester in 1819, 
M.P. Stroud 1832-4, and d. 10 March 1877, aged 81. He 
left the Whig Party at the same time as Lord Stanley, afterwards 
Earl of Derby. The following account of his career, from the 
Strotid News of 17 March 1877, will be read with interest: — 
"Mr. Hyett was born in September 1795, so that he was in 
his 82nd year at the time of his decease. He was educated at 
Westminster School, where he remained for the seven years between 
1805 and 181 2, and went from thence to study with a private tutor in 
Edinburgh. Here he laid the foundation of a close and intimate 
friendship with Francis Jeffrey, at whose country house he spent two 
summers, and with whom he took two pedestrian tours which covered 
nearly the whole of the Highlands. In 1813 he entered as a gentleman 
commoner at Christ Church, vi^here he kept terms for two years, and 
witnessed the reception of the allied sovereigns, and of Blucher and 
Platoff. From Jeffrey he had imbibed Whig principles, and also a 
belief in self education ; in pursuit of which, as soon as the Continent 
was open to EngHshmen, he set out upon his travels. He was on the field 
of Waterloo before the burial of the dead was completed ; and was in 
Valenciennes before it had been evacuated by General Rapp. After 
this, he spent three months in Paris during the occupation by the allied 
armies ; and he loved to narrate, years afterwards, how his pride as an 
Englishman was gratified by the contrast between the Russian and the 
English Artillery. In 1817, he left home for a more extended tour j 

22 2 Members for Stroud. 

and spent the summer in Switzerland, the autumn in Italy, and the 
winter in Rome. In the following year, he travelled in the spring 
through Western Calabria by Reggio to Sicily ; passed the summer at 
Sienna, and again wintered at Rome. In 1819 he went by Eastern 
Calabria to Otranto, Corfu, and Albania — where he visited Ali Pasha at' 
Yanina — spent two months at Athens, visited the Plains of Troy, and 
swam across the Hellespont from Sestos to Abydos ; not following the 
short course taken by Lord Byron, but the longer one attributed by 
tradition to Leander. This feat he accomplished in an hour and fifty 
minutes. On leaving the Dardanelles, he went by way of Constantinople, 
the Black Sea, and the Danube, to Vienna, where he took up his 
quarters for the winter. Here he had the misfortune to engage as a 
courier the afterwards notorious Teodoro Maiocchi who, in 1820, came 
to England in his service, and whose involvement with the affairs of 
Queen Caroline occasioned him, soon afterwards, no little annoyance. 
The following year saw the natural termination of these pleasant 
wanderings ; for in 1821 Mr. Hyett married Anne Jane, second daughter 
of Joseph Seymour Biscoe, Esq., then of Hempsted Court, Gloucester, 
and settled down upon his estates at Painswick. Here he passed eleven 
years of tranquility, attending to his property and his magisterial duties, 
and occasionally going to Scotland for his favourite sport of deerstalking. 
The Reform Bill of 1832, by which Stroud was made a borough, roused 
his political ambition, and he became a candidate for a seat in 
Parliament. There were two other candidates, both now deceased, Mr. 
Ricavdo and Mr. Poulett Scrope, but they were substantially of the 
same opinions with himself, and his personal popularity bore down all 
opposition The declaration of the poll was — Hyett, 985 ; Ricardo, 
585 ; Scrope, 562. He had not only obtained a majority of 400 over 
his colleague in the representation, but he obtained also, in his own 
immediate neighbourhood, a tribute probably without parallel in the 
history of electioneering. There were 152 electors in the Painswiek 
district, and all but one of them voted for him. The single exception 
was a Dissenting minister, who thought that Mr. Hyett " did 
not go far enough on the slavery question,'' and who soon 
afterwards called at Painswick House to explain and apologise. 
Notwithstanding the triumphant character of his return, Mr. 
Hyett's Parliamentary career was short and unsatisfactory. He was too 
high-minded to stoop to political expediences for the sake of party, and 
the advanced Whigs, to whom he at first allied himself, did not bear 
the scrutiny incidental to an intimate acquaintance. He came to think 
that they were more bent upon schemes for the retention of power than 
upon legislation for the good of the kingdom ; and, after the Lichfield 
House Compact, he ceased to act with them. At the same time he 
found that his income would not support the additional expense of a 
town establishment, and he shrank from being separated from his family 
during the session. Parliament was dissolved in two years, and he was 
prevented by the above-mentioned combination of personal and political 
reasons, from again offering himself to the constituency. The change 

Members for Stroud. 223 

in his opinions, which began during his Parliamentary hfe, continued 
and increased during subsequent years, until he at last became a 
declared Conservative. He was wont to say that the old Whigs were 
always careful to restrain popular clamour and extravagant expectations, 
but that modern Liberals never hesitate to inflame the passions of 
the mob for the sake of obtaining a brief triumph over rivals. 
On ceasing to be a member of the House of Commons, Mr. 
Hyett turned his attention to scientific agriculture, and became a 
frequent contributor to the transactions of the Royal Agricultural 
Society. In these papers, and in some lectures printed at about the 
same time, he detailed the results of many instructive experiments, and 
from these he was led on to some curious investigations into "the 
possibility of modifying the growth of trees by watering them, or by 
saturating the earth around them, with various metallic and other 
solutions. He succeeded in imparting to many woods an artificial 
colour, and also in rendering the wood harder and better capable of 
being polished, and the variegated parquetrie and other wood-work in 
Painswick House is slill an evidence of his success. His labours in 
this and other directions led to his election as a Fellow of the Royal 
Society, and also obtained for him a gratifying acknowledgement from 
the Highland Society. His busy mind was next devoted to the 
improvement of the education of the labouring classes, and he set about 
this work in the practical fashion of seeking to improve the education 
given in Painswick itself. In 1844, he got the new free-school built, and 
in [846 the new national school, for which he gave the plans and raised 
the bulk of the subscriptions. In 1857 he had the satisfaction of 
describing his principl-s and methods, aud of shewing what 
they liad accomplished, in a paper which he read to an educational 
conference held under the presidency of the Prince Consort. 
In 1856, Mr. Hyett contributed largely to the establishment of the 
Lunatic Asylum at Barnwood, not only in money, but also in know- 
ledge and experience. His attention had been directed to the treatment 
of the insane in 1817, when he was a member of the committee for 
building the County Asylum ; and in his subsequent travels he had made 
a point of visiting asylums wherever he found them existing. Barnwood 
was one of the first institutions designed to give the benefits of a public 
asylum to patients who were not of the pauper class ; and, when it was 
opened, Mr. Hyett availed himself of the temporary absence from home 
of his family to go and live there as a boarder for some weeks, taking 
his meals with the patients, and satisfying himself by the closest inspec- 
tion that the conduct of the asylum was in all respects what it ought to 
be. Such was his notion of responsibility ; and when he had done this, 
he said that he felt able to vouch for the management, and to recom- 
mend that patients should be sent there. In 1866, Mr. Hyett founded 
the Eye Institution at Gloucester; not only giving considerable 
guarantee towards the expenses in the event of any failure of 
subscriptions, but also giving his constant attendance as Chairman 
of Committee, and his influence in all the battles which have 

2 24 Members for Stroud. 

always to be fought by the supporters of a new charity. Of 
late years, when failing health had impared his bodily activity, Mr. 
Hyelt found occupation and solace in literary pursuits. His well- 
known pseudonym of " Atticus " appeared frequently in cur columns ; 
and, in 1869, he published a volume of poems, under the title of 
"Flowers of the South," containing skilful and graceful translations from 
Horace and from Filicaja, with a few others from French and German 
writers. Originally of great stature and superb physique, Mr. Hyett 
early suffered severly from gout, and was often confined to his bed for 
days together. Latterly, dropsy was added to his other maladies ; and, 
about a year ago, his recovery was for a time despaired of. His great 
strength enabled him to rally, but he was never restored to his former 
powers, and for the last few weeks his health had been steadily declining. 
The recent change to colder weather brought on an attack of bronchitis, 
against which he was unable to contend. For a few days he endured 
much distress from difficulty of breathing ; and on Saturday evening his 
long and useful life was brought peacefully to a close." His 
only surviving son, Francis Adams Hyett, of Painswick House, 
was born 18 Nov. 1844, educ. at Eton, graduated B.A. Trin. 
Hall, Camb., 1868, and having entered the Inner Temple 5 April 1869, 
was called to the bar 26 Jan. 1872. He m. 12 July 1870 Ellsn Maria 
4th dau. of Charles Carpenter of Brighton. Mr. Hyett is joint author, 
with Rev. W. Bazeley, of the BibliographeT' s Manual of Gloncestershhe 
Literature. He is a J. P. for Gloucestershire, and Deputy Chairman of 
Quarter Sessions since 1886, and having taken an active part in county 
affairs for the last 20 years, is a member of several local Councils and 
Boards, of some of which he is Chairman. 

David Ricaido of Gatcomb Park, 2nd son of David Ricardo, 
the author of works on currency and banking, (who sat for 
Portarlington 1819 till his death 1824,) was b. 18 May 1803, and m. 
I June 1824 Catherine 4th dau, of William Thomas St. Quinton of 
Scampton Hall, Yorks. He was M.P. Stroud 1832 till he resigned 
May 1833, Chairman of the Stroud Board of Guardians till 1856, and 
d. 17 May 1864. His brother Osman Ricardo was M.P. for Worcester 
1847-65, (see Winiat?is' Worcestershire Members). 

1833. May 27. George (Julius Duncombe) Poulett Scrope of 
Castle Combe, Wilts, vice Ricardo who accepted the Stewardship of the 
Chiltern Hundreds . Second son of John Poulett Thompson of 
Roehampton, Surrey, and Austin Friars, and brother to Charles Lord 
Sydenham, Gov. Gen. of Canada 1839-41, he vi'as b. in 1797, matric. 
Pembroke Coll. Oxon. 26 May 1815, aged 18, m. 1821 Emma dau. and 
heir of William Scrope of Castle Combe, and Cockerington, co. Lincoln, 
and took the name and arms of Scrope in lieu of Thompson, by Royal 
license 22 March 1821. Mr. Poulett Scrope, who was a great 
antiquary, F.R.S., and F.G.S., unsucc. con. Stroud 1832, but rep. it 
May 1833 till he res. Aug. 1867. He was J.P. and D.L. Wilts, patron 

Members for Stroud. 225 

of one living, author of Considerations on Volcanos, the Geologv of 
Central France, the Life of Lord Sydenham, and several pamphlets, and 
d. 19 Jan. 1876, aged 78. 


Jan. 9. G. P. Scrope. 



Col. C. R. Fox. 



J. C. Symons. 



Jelinger Cookson Symons of Aberystwith, Glamorgan, never 
attained a seat in Parliament. 

Colonel Charles Richard Fox, son of the 3rd Lord Holland, was 
b. 6 Nov. 1796, and m. 19 June 1824 Lady Mary Fitzclarence, sister of 
George ist Earl of Munster. He served in the Royal Navy 1809-13, 
being present at the siege of Cadiz in 1810, and at Tarragona in 1813 
on board the " Malta" under V.A. Sir B. Hallowell. He ent. the army 
as Ensign Grenadier Guards 29 June 1815, and became Lieut, in the 
army 5 Nov. 1818, Lieut. 85th Foot 25 March 1819, Capt. 9 Aug. 1820, 
Major on half-pay 6 Nov. 1824, Major 8sth Foot 14 April 1825, Lt.-Col. 
34th Foot 14 Aug. 1827, Capt. and Lt.-Col. Grenadier Guards 8 Oct. 
1830-6, when placed on half-pay, Col. unattached 10 Jan. 1837, Major 
Gen. 9 Nov. 1846, Lt.-Gen. 20 June 1854, and General 6 March 1863. 
He was M.P. for Calne 1831-2, Tavistock 1832-4, Stroud Jan. to May 
1835, when he res. to provide Lord John Russell with a seat. Tower 
Hamlets 1841-7, when defeated, and also unsucc. cont. Sandwich May 
1841. Col. Fox was Equerry to the Queen Consort July 1830-1, and to 
the King March 1831 to May 1832, extra A.D.C. to the King May 
1832-7, and to the Queen 1837-46, Surveyor General of the Ordnance 
Nov. 1832 to 12 Jan. 1835, May to Sept. 1841, and July 1846 to June 
1852, (? Storekeeper of the Ordnance April to May 1835,) Secretary to the 
Master General of the Ordnance May 1835 to May 1841, Receiver 
General of the Duchy of Lancaster April 1839-73, and Colonel of the 
57th Foot 5 Sept. 1865 till his death 13 April 1873, aged 76. General 
Fox was a well-known figure in fashionable circles, and is said to have 
had the finest collection of Greek coins in the world. 

1835. May 19. Rt. Hon. Lord John Russell. W. 

vice Col. Fox who accepted the Chiltern Hundreds. This distinguished 
statesman and zealous Parliamentary Reformer, was b, 19 Aug. 1792, 
the 3rd son of John 6th Duke of Bedford, and was educ. at Westminster 
School, and Edinburgh Univ. He m. (i) 11 April 1835 Adelaide (who 
d. I Nov. 1838) dau. of Thomas Lister of Armitage Park, co. Stafford, 
and widow of her cousin Thomas 2nd Lord Ribblesdale, and (2) 20 
July 1841 Lady Frances Anna Maria Elliot dau. of Gilbert 2nd Earl 
of Minto. Lord John Russell became Captain ist Bedfordshire 
Militia 29 Sept. i8io, and was M.P. Tavistock (at the age of 20) May 
1813 till he res. March 1817, and again 1818-20, and Nov. 1830-1, co. 


2 26 Members for Stroud. 

Huntingdon 1820-6, Bandon Bridge Dec. 1826-30, Devon and 
Tavistock 1831, but preferred Devon, till 1832, South Devon 1832 
till April 1835, when he was defeated on seeking re-election after 
accepting office as Home Secretary, Stroud May 1835-41, and the 
City of London 1841 till he was created Earl Russell 30 July 1861. 
His lordship held ofifice as Paymaster General of the Forces Nov. 1830 
(being sworn of the Privy Council 22 Nov. 1830), to Nov. 1834, 
Home Secretary April 1835-9, Sec. of State for War and the 
Colonies Aug. 1839 to Sept. 1841, First Lord of the 
Treasury and Prime Minister July 1846 to March 1852, and 
Nov. 1865 to June 1866, Sec. of State for Foreign Affairs 
Dec. 1852-3, and June 1859-65, a member of the Cabinet without 
office March 1853-4, Lord President of the Council April 1854 to 
Jan, 1855, Sec. of State for the Colonies Feb. to July 1855, and was 
sent on a special mission as Commr. to the Congress of Vienna Feb. 
to April 1855. He was made a Commr. for Promoting the Fine Arts 
22 Nov. 1841, LL.D. Edinburgh 8 Nov. 1845, ^ Governor of the 
Charterhouse 14 July 1846, an Elder Brother of the Trinity House 
7 Feb. 1849, ^ Governor of Wellington College 1853, K.G. 21 May 
1862, G.C.M.G. 30 June 1869, Lord Rector of Aberdeen Univ. Dec. 
1863-4, received the Freedom of Edinburgh Nov. 1845, of Aberdeen 
Sept. 1859, and of Dundee Sept. 1863, and was author of ^ History 
of the British Constitution, Memoirs of the Affairs of Europe from 
the Peace of Utrecht, Life of William Lord Russell, Don Carlos, 
a Tragedy, ■axxd. the Correspondence of John fourth Duke of Bedford. 
His Lordship, who was one of those ordered to prepare the celebrated 
Reform Bill of 1832, and who led the Liberal Party in the House of 
Commons 1834-55, died 28 May 1878, aged 85, having lived in 
retirement for several years. 

1837. July 26. G P. Scrope. W. 6q8. 

Lord John Russell. W. 681. 
Serj. John Adams. T. 297. 

Serjeant John Adams, who also unsucc. cont. Warwick March 
1837, was called to the bar at the Middle Temple 27 Nov. 1812, made 
Serjeant at Law 1824, Chairman of the Middlesex Magistrates 1836, 
and was Assistant Judge of the Middlesex Sessions 1844, till his death 
10 Jan. 1856, aged 69. 

1841. July I. W. H. Stanton. W. 594. 

G. P. Scrope. W. 527. 

Sir W. L. Wraxall T. 377. 

Sir Wm. Lascelles Wraxall, elder son of Sir Nathaniel Wm. 
Wraxall, E.I.C.S. of Wraxall, Somerset, the famous author of WraxalVs 
Memoirs, was b. 5 Sept. 1791, succ. his father as 2nd Bart 7 Nov. 
1831, was Lieut. 34th Regt„ and d. unm. z May 1863. 

Members for Stroud. 227 

William Henry Stanton of The Thrupp, Stroud, son of William 
S. of Stroud, was b. 6. Oct, 1790, and m. to Feb. 1823, Jane eldest 
dau. of Roger Smith of Manor House, Walworth. He was M.P. 
Stroud 1841-52, J.P. CO. Gloucester, and d. 24 March 1870. 

1847. Aug. 30. W. H. Stanton. L. 563. 
G. P. Scrope. L. 541. 

M. M. Turner. L. 176. 

Merryweather Turner also unsucc. cont. Dudley 1837, Poole 
1847, and Newark 1852. 

1852. July 8. G. P. Scrope. L. 565. 

Lord Moreton. L. 528. 
Samuel Baker. C. 488. 
John Norton. L. 316. 

Henry John (Reynolds-Moreton) Lord Moreton, of Tortworth 
Court, eldest son of the 2nd Earl of Ducie (see County 1831,) was b. at 
Sherborne 26 June 1827, and m. 24 May 1859 his cousin Julia 
dau. and heir of James Haughton Langston, M.P. of Sarsden, 
Oxon, (see Williams^ Oxfordshire Members). He sat for Stroud 
1852 till he succ. his father as 3rd Earl of Ducie 2 June 1853, 
and was made J.P. co. Oxford, D.L. co. Gloucester 25 March 
1851, and Lord Lieut, and Cus. Rot. 4 Nov. 1857. Lord Ducie held 
office as Captain of the Yeoman of the Guard June 1859 to July 
1866, and was sworn a P.C. 6 July 1859. He is F.R.S., patron of 3 
livings, a trustee of the Hunterian Museum, Hon. Col. Gloucestershire 
Volunteers from 16 June t868, and was a County Alderman 1889-95. 
His lordship has been Lord Warden of the Stannaries in Cornwall 
and Devon since 1888. 

1853. June 28. Edward Horsman ofEasthorpe, Rugby, vice 
Lord Moreton called to the Upper House, This political free-lance 
was b. 8 Feb. 1807, the son of William H., and nephew of the 8th 
Earl of Stair, and educ. at Rugby, which he entered 1819, and Trin. 
Coll. Carab. He became an advocate of the Scottish bar 1832, was 
a Royal Comrar. of Church Inquiry in Scotland, J.P. co. Edinburgh, a 
Lord of the Treasury May 1840 to Sept. 1841, P.C. 10 March 1855, 
and Chief Secretary for Ireland March 1855 to May 1857, when he 
quitted the government. Mr. Horsman m. 18 Nov. 1841 Charlotte 
Louisa only dau. of John Charles Ramsden M.P., and sister to Sir 
John Wm. Ramsden 5th Bart. M.P. (see Williams' Pari. History of 
Wales). He unsucc. cont, Cockermouth 1835, but represented it 
Feb. 1836-52, when again defeated, and sat for Stroud June 1853-68, 
and Liskeard May 1869 till his death at Biarritz s.p. 30 Nov, 1876. 
In 1840 Mr. Horsman fought a duel at Wormwood Scrubbs with 
James Brogden M.P, 

2 28 Members for Stroud. 

1855. March 6. Edward Horsman, re-elected on taking 

1857. March 27. G. P. Scrope. L. 

Rt. Hon. E. Horsman. L. 

1859. April 29. The same. 

1865. July 12. Rt. Hon. E. Horsman. L. 687. 
G. P. Scrope. L. 685. 

Hon. A.J. G. Ponsonby. L. 287, 

As to Mr. Ponsonby, see Cirencester 1852. 

1867. Aug. 20. H. S. P. Winterbotham. L. 580. 

J. E. Dorington. C. 508. 

vice Scrope res. Henry Selfe Page Winterbotham, 2nd son of Lindsay 
W. of Stroud, banker, was born at Tewkesbury 2 March 1837, educ. 
at Amersham School, Bucks, and graduated at London Univ. B.A. 
(honours) 1856, (Hume scholar in Jurisprudence 1858, and in Political 
Economy 1859, Univ. Law scholar 1859), L.L.B. 1859, Fellow 1861, 
was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn 17 Nov. i860, and went the 
Oxford circuit. He was M.P. Stroud Aug. 1876-73, and Under Sec. 
of State for the Home Dept. March 1871, till his death unmarried 
13 Dec. 1873, aged 36. 

1868. Nov. 19. S. S. Dickenson. L. 2907. 

H. S. P. Winterbotham. L. 2805. 
J. E. Dorington. C. 2096. 

Sebastian Stewart Dickinson of Brown's Hill House, Stroud, 
son of Major Gen. Thomas D. of the Hon. E.LC. Service, was born 
at Bombay 2^ March 1815, elected to Eton 1829, and was called to 
the bar at the Inner Temple 7 June 1839. He m. 6 April 1856, 
Frances Stephana eldest dau. of W, H. Hyett of Painswick, (see 1832), 
and sat for Stroud 1868 till unseated May 1874. He was Captain 
(Stroud Company) ist Gloucestershire Rifle Volunteers 2 Aug. 1861 
to May 1878. Mr. Dickinson succeeded Mr. Ricardo (see 1832) as 
Chairman of the Stroud Board of Guardians in 1856, and held that 
position for 22 years until his death. He was elected in 1866, 
Chairman of the Second Court of Quarter Sessions, and having been 
chosen Chairman of Quarter Sessions for the county in 1874, continued 
to discharge those duties until his death 23 Aug. 1878. 

1874. Jan. 8. J, E. Dorington. C. 2817. 
Sir H. Havelock. L. 2426. 

vice Winterbotham deceased. As to John Edward Dorington, see the 
Tewkesbury division 1886, 

Members for Stroud. 229 

The defeated candidate General Sir Henry Marshman Havelock 
V.C. of Blackwell Hall, Darlington, was b.. at Chinsurah, Bengal, 6 
Aug. 1830, the eldest son of the heroic Major Gen. Sir Henry Havelock 
K.C.B., who relieved Cawnpore, and defended Lucknow, but died at 
Alumbagh 25 Nov. 1857. He ent. the army as Ensign 39th Foot 
31 March 1846, Lieut. 23 June 1848, Adjutant loth Foot 1851, 
Capt. i8th Foot 9 Oct. 1857, served as Assistant Quarter Master 
General in the Persian Expedition 1857, (medal) and in Canada 1867-9, 
was A.D.C. to his father during the campaign against the rebels in 
Oude, then commanded ist Regt. of Hodson's Horse (Sikhs and 
Afghans) till end of the mutiny, was twice severely wounded, received 
the medal and two clasps and won the Victoria Cross by personal 
bravery at Cawnpore in Aug. 1857, and was made Brevet Major in 
the army 19 Jan. 1858. He was created a Baronet 22 Jan. 1858, (his 
father having died before the issue of letters patent creating him a 
Baronet), served in the New Zealand war 1863-3 (medal), C.B. 1866, 
Brevet Lt.-Col. 26 April 1859, Brevet Col. 17 June 1868, Dep. Asst. 
Adj. Gen. at Aldershot 1861-7, Asst. Adj. Gen. in Ireland March 1869 
to Oct. 1872, unsucc. cont. Stroud Jan 1874, but was M.P. 
Sunderland Feb. 1874 till March 1881, when app. Brigadier General on 
the staff, to command the 2nd Infantry Brigade at Aldershot, but 
retired Dec. 188 1 . Sir Henry who assumed the additional surname and 
arms of Allan by royal license 17 March 1880, on inheriting the bulk 
of the estatates of that family in co. Durham and the North Riding, 
m. 10 May 1865, Lady Alice Moreton 2nd dau. of Henry 2nd Earl of 
Ducie, (see County 1831). He became Major General 18 March 1878, 
Hon. Lt. Gen. (retired), 1882 K.C.B., 1887 Hon. Col. (2nd Brigade) 
Durham Artillery Militia (N. div. of RA.) 7 May 1887-97. 
Commanding Tyne and Tees Brigade of Infantry Volunteers 17 
Oct. 1888-97, J-P- North Riding Yorkshire, J.P. and D.L. co. Durham, 
County Alderman 1889, M.P. South East Durham 1885-92, when 
defeated, and 1895-7, and Col. of the Royal Irish Regt. from 1895 
till his death. He was murdered by native tribesmen, his body being 
found 31 Dec. 1897, near Fort Ali Musjid. 

1874. Feb. S. W. J. Stanton. L. 2798. 

S. S. Dickinson. L. 2794. 

J. E. Dorington. C. 2763. 

George HoUoway. C. 2467. 

On petition this election was declared void in May. As to 
George Hollo way, see the Stroud Division of the County 1886. 

Walter John Stanton of Culls House, 2nd son of Charles S. 
of Upheld Lodge, (who was brother to the M.P. 1841,) was born at 
The Thrupp 24 March 1828, educ. at Warminster School, and 
married in Nov. 1865 Mary dau. of William Capel of The Grove. 
He was a civil engineer — a pupil of the late Joseph Locke — and a 

230 Members for Stroud. 

woollen cloth manufacturer at Stroud, and M.P. Feb. to May 1874, 
when unseated on petition, and 1880-5. He was made J.P. co. 
Gloucester, Lieutenant (Stroud Company) ist Gloucestershire 
Volunteers 2 Aug, 1861, Captain 2nd Battalion 15 May 1878-81, 
and received the honorary rank of Major. Mr. Stanton_ unsuccess- 
fully contested the Stroud Division 1886, as a Liberal Unionist. 

1874. May 18. J. E. Dorington. C. 2796. 

A. J. Stanton. L. 2722. 

H. R. Brand. L. 2677. 

G. Holloway. C. 2582. 

On petition Mr. Dorington was unseated in July. Alfred 
John Stanton of The Thrupp, was 2nd son of W. H. Stanton (see 
1841,) and brother to General Sir Edward Stanton K.C.M.G., 
Charge d'Affaires to Bavaria 1876-82. He was b. 20 Sept. 1825, 
educ. at King's College School, London, and m. (i) 4 June 1857 
Anna eldest dau. of John Alexander of Newtown, Limavady, co. 
Londonderry. She d. 14 Oct. 1858, and he m. (2) 22 July 1862 
Harriet Margaret eldest dau. of Henry Hooper Wilton of Whitminster 
House, Gloucester. He was app. J.P. co. Glouc. Oct. 1865, sat for 
Stroud May 1874-80, and was a County Alderman Jan. 1889 to 
March 1895. 

1874. July 27. Henry Robert Brand. L, 2695. 

James Thotnas Stanton. C. 2613. 

vice Dorington unseated. On petition this election was also declared 

As to Mr. Brand, see the Stroud division of the County 1885. 
The defeated candidate James Thomas Stanton of The Leaze, 
Stonehouse, fourth son of the M.P. 1841, and brother to Mr. Alfred 
Stanton (see May 1874,) was born 4 Aug. 1830, and married 23 
Dec. 1856 Louisa L. second dau. of J. Biddell of Stratfords, Stroud. 
He entered the 68th Bengal Native Infantry in the Hon. East India 
Company's Service in Dec. 1851 or Jan. 1852, and served through 
the Burmese war 1852-3, for which he received the medal, and 
through the Indian Mutiny 1857-9, for which he also was granted 
the medal. He retired from the service in Dec. 1859 or Jan. i860. 
Mr. Stanton is a J.P. for Gloucestershire. 

1875. Feb. 22. S. S. MarHng. L. 2786. 

Viscount Bury. C. 2577. 

vice Brand unseated. As to Mr. MarHng, see West Gloucestershire 
1868. The defeated candidate William Coutts (Keppel) Viscount 
Bury, only son of George 6th Earl of Albemarle, whom he succ. 
21 Feb, 1891, was b. in London 15 April 1832, and m. 15 Nov. 1855 
Sophia Mary 2nd dau. of Sir Allan Napier McNab Bart., Prime 

Members for Stroud. 231 

Minister of Canada. He was educ. at Eton, Ensign and Lieut. 
Scots Guards ;848-53, Lieut. 43rd foot 1853, retired 1854, after 
having served in India as A.D.C. to Lord Frederick Fitz-Clarence, 
was Capt. 2nd Middlesex Militia 1854-9, Lt.-Col. 12th Middlesex 
(Civil Service) R. Vol. 19 June 1860-90, (rank of Col.,) a Vol. A.D.C. 
to the Queen 1881. He was Private Sec. to Lord John Russell, 
Prime Minister (see 1835,) 1850-1, Civil Sec. and Supt. of Indian 
Affairs for Canada Dec. 1854-9, Treasurer of the Queen's Household 
June 1859 to May 1866, Under Sec. of State for War March 1878 to 
April 1880, and June 1885 to Feb. 1886, P.C. June 1859, K.C.M.G. 
1870, M,P. Norwich 1857, till unseated March i860, Wick Dec. 
1860-5, Berwick upon-T weed 1868-74, when defeated, and unsucc. 
cont. Dover 1865 and Stroud Feb. 1875. He was summoned to the 
House of Lords in his father's Barony of Ashford 6 Sept. 1876, 
Pres. R. Horticultural Society 1865-75, J. P. Norfolk and Hants, and 
d. 28 Aug. 1894, 

1880. April 3. W. J. Stanton. L. 3098. 

H. R. Brand. L. 3081. 

G. Holloway, C. 2810. 

J. E. Dorington. C. 2722. 

In Nov. 1885 the Borough of Stroud, for electoral purposes, 
became merged in the Stroud division of the County. 


The Borough of Tewkesbury was enfranchised at the close of 
the first Parliament of James L, and the Writ, bearing date 30 March 
1610, is still preserved, setting forth that, by Letters Patent, dated 
23 March 1610, the King had granted to the Bailiffs and Burgesses 
power thenceforth to return two Burgesses to Parliament. The first 
Return itself has been lost, and therefore the exact date is not known, 
but the Commons Journal uniler date 16 April 1610, says, "Sir Dudley 
Diggs and Mr. Ferris, Burgesses sworn for Tewkesburie, — a new 
Borough." The Parliament was dissolved 9 Feb. 1611. Since 1660 
no less than 9 members of the Dowdeswell family have been returned 
for Tewkesbury, while 8 Martins have represented the Borough since 
the year 1741. 

1610. April. Sir Dudley Diggs Knt. 
Edward Ferrers. 

Sir Dudley Diggs of Chilham Castle, Kent, (which he built,) 
son and heir of Thomas D. of Wootton Court, Kent, who d. 1636, 
aged 81, was b. 1583, matric. Univ. Coll. Oxon, 18 July 1600, aged 
17, B.A. I July 1 60 1, and m. Mary yst. dau. and co-heir of Sir 
Thomas Kemple Knt. of Olantigh, and thereby acquired Chilham 
Castle. He was adm. to Gray's Inn 2 Feb. 1618 (by Henry ' Prince 
of Purpoole,') and also 2 Feb. 1631, chosen a Bencher thereof 7 Feb. 
1631, Knighted at Whitehall 29 April 1607, M.P. Tewkesbury April 
1610-11, March to June 1614, 1620-2, 1624-5, 1625-6, Kent 1628-9, 
Ambassador to Russia April to Oct. 1618, and to Holland 1620-1, a 
Gentleman of the King's Privy Chamber 1618, and a Master in 
Chancery Jan 1631 to March 1637. Sir Dudley was an eminent 
lawyer, and being granted the reversion of the Mastership of the 
Rolls Nov. 1630, entered into possession of that office 18 April 1638, 
but d. 18 March 1639, buried at Chilham. In 1608 he gave ;^"i6o to 
purchase lands for the benefit of the Tewkesbury Free Grammar 
School. He was committed to the Tower for attacking the Duke of 
Buckingham in 1625. An original picture of Sir Dudley Diggs, by 
Cornelius Jansen, was preserved at Pull Court. John Chamberlain 
wrote from London to his friend Sir Dudley Carleton 4 Dec. 161 1, 
"Sir Dudley Diggs busy with the discovery of the north west 
passage," and again 3 March 1614, "Sir Dud. Diggs is moving every 
stone to obtain employment." On 6 Nov. 16 15 he was examined in 
reference to the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury. {Cal. State Papers). 

Members for Tewkesbury. 233 

Edward Ferrers was eldest son of Roger F. of Fiddington, and 
brother to William Ferrers, (the benefactor of the Free Grammar 
School, who was High Steward of Tewkesbury, and d. 26 Sept. 

1614. March. Sir Dudley Digges Knt. 
Sir John RatclifFe Knt. 

The latter was the 2nd son of Sir John Ratcliffe M.P. of 
Didsall, and heir to his brother Sir Alexander, whom he succeeded in 
the family estates 1599. He was adm. to Gray's Inn 18 March 1606, 
and Knighted, and was M.P. Tewkesbury March to June 1614, 
Lancashire 1620-2, 1624-5, May to Aug. 1625, and Tavistock Feb. to 
June 1626. He was slain in the Duke of Buckingham's disastrous 
expedition to the Isle of Rhe on 29 Oct. 1627. Henry de 
Vere, Earl of Oxford, wrote to Secretary Conway, as 
follows : — " His Lieutenant being displaced, begs that Conway's 
son may succeed him, that Sir John Ratcliffe may continue 
his company till otherwise provided for, and that Capt. Ball may not 
have a company, but be permitted to command his (Oxford's) 
company." The Cal. State Papers also gives a " Newsletter, 5 Nov. 
1627. On board the Triumph in the Road of Rh6. On the 29th the 
Duke (of Buckingham) resolved to retreat to a little island at the end 
of Rh^, called Loye, and there to embark. They did so, followed by 
the enemy, who refused to atack until the English came to the narrow 
passage of a bridge, where they drove in the English horse upon Sir 
Charles Rich's regiment, where he and Sir John Radcliffe were slain. 
A hot skirmish ensued. Our men spoiled one another, and more 
were drowned than slain. The Duke was the last man in the rear, 
and carried himself beyond expression bravely. The bridge was 
ultimately made good, and the embarkation effected the next 
morning. " 

1620. Dec. 21. Sir Dudley Diggs. 
Giles Bridges. 

Of Wilton Castle, Ross, co. Hereford, eldest son of Hon. 
Charles Brydges of that place, (2nd son of Sir John Bruges, of Sudeley, 
created Lord Chandos 1554). He was b. 1573, matric. St. Alban Hall, 
Oxford, 27 Nov. 1590, aged 17, and m. 16 Jan. 1620, Mary only dau. 
of Sir James Scudamore Knt. M.P. of Holme Lacy, co. Hereford. 
He was mad., a Baronet 17 May 1627, sat for Tewkesbury 1620-2, 
and CO. Hereford 1625, 1628-9, was H.S. co. Hereford 1625, and d. 
Aug. 1637. His grandson became 8th Lord Chandos. {St& Williams^ 
Herefordshire Members). 

1624. Jan. Sir Dudley Diggs Knt. 

Sir Baptist Hickes Knt. and Bart. 

Of Campden, 3rd and yst. son of Robert Hicks, a wealthy 
mercer in Cheapside, and grandson of John Hicks of Tortworth, was 

234 Membkrs for Tewkesbury. 

b. 1551, and was brought up in his father's business, and having great 
dealings with the Court, (through the influence partly, of his elder 
brother Sir Michael Hicks, Secretary to Lord Treasurer Burghley,) for 
his rich silks irriported from Italy, and other foreign parts, he thereby 
amassed a large estate. He was sworn in " Servant " to James I, in 
1603, was Knighted 23 July 1603, and was H.M.'s Einancial 
Agent. Sir Baptist was one of the first citizens who kept 
shop after receiving such an honour, and in 1607 he had 
some dispute with the Court of Aldermen about it. He had 
subsequently a contest with the same body for precedency standing 
upon his Knighthood, which matter came at last to be decided by the 
Court Marshal. In 1584 he m. Elizabeth dau. of Richard May of 
London, and sister to Sir Humphrey May Knt. He was an 
Alderman of London before 6 March 1612, J. P. co. Glouc. in 
1625, J. P. Middlesex, D.L. 23 March 1625, made a Baronet 
I July 1620, M.P. Tavistock (as Hexte) 1620-2, and Tewkesbury 
1624-5, 1625, Jan. to June 1626, and March to 5 May 1628, when 
he was created Viscount Campden with special remainder to his son- 
in-law Edward Lord Noel, who had m. his elder dau. and co-heir 
Juhana. He d. 18 Oct. 1629, aged 78. He purchased the manor of 
Campden soon after 1608, and built a house there, the outside of 
which cost ^29,000, and in the lanthorn on the top of the house he 
ordered lights to be set up in dark nights for the benefit of travellers. 
This house was burnt down by the King's party in the Civil War, lest 
it should be made a garrison for Parliament. In 161 2 he founded and 
endowed an Almshouse for 6 poor men and 6 women in Campden, and 
gave by will ;^Soo for a stock to set the poor at work. He gave in his 
lifetime ^^100,000 to charitable uses. (M. I. Campden). Stow, in 
his Survey of London, says it was reported that his two daughters 
and co-heiresses had ^"100,000 each. His younger dau. Mary was 
married three times, (i) to Sir Charles Morrison Knt. of Cashiobury, 
Herts, (whose only dau. Elizabeth m. Arthur Lord Capel, father of 
Arthur ist Earl of Essex, see 1660 ;) 2ndly to Sir John Cooper Bart, 
of Wimborne St. Giles, Dorset (see 1640 ;) and (3) to Sir Edward 
Alford Knt. (see 1640). 

1625. April 28. The same, re-elected 20 Jan. 1626. 

1628. March II. Sir Baptist Hickes Knt. and Bart. 
Sir Thomas Culpeper Knt. 

Sir Thomas Colepeper, third son of Francis C. of Hollingbourne 
Kent, matric. Hart Hall, Oxon, 15 Oct. 1591, aged 13, and ent. 
Middle Temple 1594. He was Knighted 23 Sept. 1619, M.P. 
Chippenham March to June 1614, and Tewkesbury 1628-9, was lord 
of the manor of Hasleton, near Northleach, Kent, where he had a 
large estate, and was buried at Hollingbourne 25 Jan. 1661. Sir 
Thomas Colepeper of HoUingbourn, Kent. 30 April 1646, compounds 
for delinquency in going into the King's quarters : being an officer 

Members for Tewkesbury. 235 

of .the King's revenue. Never took up arms. 24 Sept. 1646, Fine 
;^i,3i8, reduced on review to ;^i,o44 15/-. 16 Jan. 1647, Patron of 
Hucking, Kent, further reduced 27 Nov. to ^844 is. His widow 
Doris was buried at Hollingbourne 6 Aug. 1662. 

1628. June 4, Sir William Hickes Knt. and Bart, of Bever- 
stone Castle, vice his uncle Sir Baptist Hicks called to the Upper House. 
Son of Sir Michael Hicks, Secretary to Lord Treasurer Burghley, who 
d. 15 Aug. 1612, he was b. 1605, and m. 8 Sept. 1625 Hon. Margaret 
Paget eldest dau. of William 4th Lord Paget. He was made a Baronet 
21 July 1619, Lieut, of Waltham Forest, M.P. Tewkesbury June 
1628-9, and d. 9 Oct. 1680. " 1649, Particulars of his estates in cos. 
Essex, Gloucester, Notts, and in London, for which he wishes to 
compound. With note that the fine imposed upon him was ;^iooo." 
" 24 Sept. 1648, Information that he is a dehnquent, and has an 
estate at Beverstone and Wiccomb not yet sequestered. 26 Sept., 
His estate to be seized and secured, and rents stayed in tenants' hands. 
10 April 1650, Sequestration to be taken off, he having compounded 
in Essex." 

1640. March 10. Sir A. Ashley Cowper Bart. 
Sir Edward Alford Knt. 

Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper of Wimborne St. Giles, Dorset, 
eldest son of Sir John Cooper M.P. of Rockbourne, Hants, (son-in-law 
of Viscount Campden, see 1624,) was b. at Wimborne 22 July 1621, 
became the King's ward on his father's death 1631, matric. Exeter 
Coll. Oxon. 24 March 1637, entered himself a student of Lincolns Inn 
1638, and was chosen a Bencher thereof 28 Jan. 1673. He married 
three 'times, (i) 25 Feb. 1639 (when aged 17) Margaret (who d. 
10 July 1649) dau. of Thomas ist Lord Coventry, Lord Keeper of the 
Great Seal, (see Williams' Worcestershire Members,) 2ndly 25 April 
1650 Lady Frances Cecil (who d. 1654) dau. of David Earl of Exeter, 
^"d (3) 30 Aug. 1655 Margaret dau. of William 2nd Lord Spencer, 
and sister to the Earl of Sunderland. He succ. his father as 2nd 
Bart. 23 March 1631, and was M.P. Tewkesbury (at the age of 19) 
March to May 1640, Downton (in a Double Return) Dec. 1640, (but 
did not sit till Jan. 1660,) Wilts June to Dec. 1653, Wilts, Poole, and 
Tewkesbury 1654, when he preferred Wilts, till Jan. 1655, Wilts 1656, 
(but was not allowed by Cromwell to sit), Wilts and Poole Jan. 1659, 
but preferred Wilts, till April 1659, and Dorset April to Dec. 1660. 
This " Political Changeling " at first took sides with the King whom 
he joined at Oxford in 1642, and who in 1643 made him Col. of a 
regiment of horse, and Captain of a troop of foot which he raised, 
Governor of Weymouth, Sheriff of Dorset, and President of the King's 
Council of War for Dorset. In Jan. 1644, however, he became the 
King's implacable foe, and received from Parliament a commission as 
Field Marshal to command the brigade of horse and foot in Dorset 
3 Aug. 1644. He took Wareham 10 August, was added to the 

236 Members for Tewkesbury. 

Pari. Committee for Dorset 14 August, and made Commander in 
Chief in Dorset 25 Oct. 1644. He was High Sheriff of Dorset in 
Dec. 1646, till Feb. 1648, app. one of the Committee to assess Dorset 
and Wilts, a Militia Commr. for Dorset July 1648, and J. P. for Wilts 
and Dorset Feb. 1649. The Council ordered the Committee for the 
House to assign him a stable and coach-house 3 Aug. 1653. Sir 
Anthony was a member of many Committees 1653, a member of the 
6th Council of State July to Nov. 1653, of the 7th Council Nov. 
1653, of the Protector's Council 16 Dec. 1653 to Feb. 1654, and 
March to Dec. 1654, of the Council of State May 1659, and 2 Jan. to 
May 1660, and was made by Pari, one of the Committee for Dunkirk 
Sept. 1659, a Commr. of the Army 26 Dec. 1659, Col. of Fleetwood's 
regt. of horse 7 Jan. i66o, and Captain of foot in the Isle of Wight 
Fei). 1660. Sir Anthony was a most singular character, and greatly 
assisted in the Restoration of Charles II., by whom he was added to 
the Privy Council 27 May 1660, and made a Commr. to try the 
Regicides. He received a formal pardon 27 June 1660, and further 
pardons 10 Feb. and 8 June 1661, and was created Lord Ashley 
20 April 166 r, (when he took the additional surname of Ashley,) 
and Earl of Shaftesbury 23 April 1672. He was a very prominent 
personage in history, as one of the celebrated Cabal, and held office 
as Under Treasurer of the Exchequer 1661-7, Chancellor of the 
Exchequer and a Lord of the Treasury May 1667 to Nov. 1672, a Lord 
of the Admiralty 9 July 1673 to 29 Sept. 1674, one of the Committee 
for Foreign Plantations i Dec. 1660, Pres. of Council of Trade and 
Plantations 27 Sept. 1672 to April 1676, and as Lord High Chancellor 
17 Nov. 1672 to 9 Nov. 1673, when he was removed from office, for 
speaking too freely against the growing Popish interest at Court. 
He was dismissed from the Privy Council 19 May 1674. For 
questioning the legality of the Long Parliament, he and others were 
committed prisoners to the Tower July 1676, where he remained till 
26 Feb. 1678, but then making his submission, was enlarged, and was 
app. President of the Council (;^4,ooo a year) April 1679, but was 
again struck off the Council 15 Oct. following. Lord Shaftesbury, 
who was Lord Lieut, of Dorset May 1667 till removed 19 May 1674, 
was again sent to the Tower 2 July 1681, for four months, but on 
trial was acquitted of high treason 24 Nov., and went to Holland 
28 Nov. 1682, where he d. 22 Jan. 1683, aged 61. 

Sir Edward Alford of Cashiobury, Herts, 2nd son of John A. 
of Offington, Sussex, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon, 30 Oct. 1612, aged 17, 
and m. (i) Mary younger dau. and co-heir of the ist Viscount Campden 
(see 1624,) and widow (i) of Sir Charles Morrison Bart, of Cashiobury, 
who d. 1628, and (2) of Sir John Cooper Bart, of Wimborne, who d. 
1631, (father of Sir Edward's colleague, the Earl of Shaftesbury.) He 
m. (2) Anna dau. of Clement Corbet LL.D., Chancellor of Norwich. 
Sir Edward Alfred was Knighted 8 Dec. 1632, and was M.P. for 
Colchester 1620-2, 1624-5, April to Aug. 1625, Steyning 1628-9, 

Members for Tewkesbury, 237 

Tewkesbury March to May 1640, Oct. 1640 (in a Double Return) till 
declared void Aug. 1641, and Oct. till Dec. 1641, when his election 
was again voided. He was however also elected for Arundel Oct. 1640, 
which he rep. till he was disabled to sit 22 Jan. 1644, (and it wason 
the ground that he had already taken his seat for Arundel that his 
election for Tewkesbury was voided.) He was an active royalist, 
taken prisoner at Exeter 1649, and heavily fined. The House of 
Commons resolved 28 Sept. 1643 "that the estate of Sir Edward 
Alforde shall be forthwith sequestered for his long and wilful neglecting 
and deserting the service of the Commonwealth in not attending as 
he ought in the House." {Commons Journal.) The Committee for 
Advance of Money assessed him at ;£8oo on 5 Feb., and at;£i5oo on 
28 July 1644, but granted an order for his charge 25 July 1649 "he 
having since compounded." On 29 Nov. 1645, being then described 
as of Oflfington, he " begs to compound for delinquency in leaving 
London for York in June 1642, living in the King's quarters, lending 
the King £,200, and sitting in the first Assembly at Oxford His 
estate is much impoverished being so situated that it has to pay 
contributions to four garrisons, and one manor both to Banbury and 
Warwick, and has lain under sequestration two years. It is also 
heavily charged. 26 Feb. 1646, Fine ^2908. Reduced 18 July 1649 
to ;£i284 15s., but ;^iooo taken off if he settle £,100 a year from 
Cheltenham Rectory on the ministers." 

1640. Oct. 22. John Craven \ 

Sir Edward Alforde Knt. J 

Sir Robert Cook Knt. \ 

Edward Stephens. J 

This was a Double Return by two indentures, but the whole 
election was declared void and a new one ordered 6 Aug. 1641. John 
Craven was 2nd son of Sir William Craven Knt., Lord Mayor of 
London 161 1, and brother to William Earl Craven, (see Williams' 
Worcestershire Members). He m. Elizabeth dau. of William Lord 
Spencer, and was created Lord Craven, of Ryton, Salop, 21 March 
1642, but d. s.p. in 1648, his Will being dated 28 May 1647, and 
proved 26 Feb. 1648. 

1641. Oct. Sir Edward Alford. ) 

Sir Robert Cook. j 

Sir Robert Cook. 
Edward Stephens. 


This was another Double Return, Alford and Cook being 
chosen by the Bailiffs, while the Inhabitants returned Cook and 
Stephens. The Return was amended by taking off the file the 
indenture returned by the Bailiffs, and accordingly Alford was 
unseated, and Cook and Stephens declared duly elected. {Commons 

238 Members for Tewkesbury. 

Journal 25 Dec. 1643, and 27 Jan. 1644). As to Sir Robert Cooke 
and Edward Stephens, see the County 1640 and 1660. 

1645. Oct. 3. John Steevens, vice Cooke deceased. (See 
Bristol 1660). 

1653. June. No Members a//w«/^i/ for Tewkesbury in the 
" Little Parliament." 

1654. July. (One Member) Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper 
Bart. (See 1640). 

1654. Oct. Francis St. John (?). 

On 4 Oct. a new writ was ordered in the room of Sir A. A. 
Cooper who elected to serve for Wilts. {Commons Journal.) There is 
also a writ dated 12 Oct. 1654 ordering the election in question, 
with a small fragment only of the Return made thereto. Bennetfs 
Tewkesbury gives the name of the new Member as Francis St. John, 
eldest son of Oliver St. John, of Longthorpe, Northants, Chief Justice 
of the Common Bench 1648-60, but says that be never took his seat. 
Francis St. John was educ. at Emmanuel Coll. Camb , adm. to 
Lincoln's Inn, called to the bar 6 Feb. 1656, sat for Peterborough 
Jan. to April 1659, and 1679-81, ■ and m. (i) Mary sole dau. and heir 
of Dionysius Wakeringe of Kelvedon, Essex, and (2) Mary eldest dau. 
of Aid. Dannett Foorth of London. 

1656. Aug. 5. (One Member.) Francis White of Westminster. 

Bennett says that Valentine Disbrowe of Becking, Essex, 
(3rd but eldest surviving son of the famous Major General John 
Desborough, brother-in-law to Oliver Cromwell, (see Gloucester 1656,) 
was elected first for Tewkesbury 5 Aug. 1656, but that Col. White 
represented it during the greater part of the Parliament. This 
however is a clear error, and there is no evidence to show that 
Valentine Desborough was elected for Tewkesbury, after White's 
death, or in fact that he ever sat in Parliament. 

About Lt.-Col. Francis White little is known save from the 
Cale7idars of State Papers which testify however that he was an 
active Commonwealth officer, whose loss at sea was greatly deplored. 
It is doubtful, but not impossible, that he was the person referred to 
in the resolution of the House of Commons 11 Aug. 1642, "that 
Francis White and Hugh Clausey, Irish gentlemen stayed at Ilchester 
gaol, Somerset, be forthwith released from any farther restraint, 
putting in any good security that they will transport to Rebels no 
ammunition or other warlike provision." On 12 Nov. 1644 
"Francis and WiUiam White of London gave a bond of;^sooto 
John Hunt, Sergeant of the House of Commons, to whom Francis 
White hath submitted himself, for peaceful behaviour to Parliament," 

Members for Tewkesbury. 239 

As Major of the Lord General's regiment of Foot he went on 
Cromwell's behalf in May 1649 to reason with the mutinous 
soldiers ("the Levellers") at Burford, Oxon. On 11 Sept. 
1650 the Council of State gave a warrant to pay Major 
Francis White £,2,°o, given him by order of Pari. 10 Sept. for 
bringing news of good success in Scotland. He was Lieut.-Col. of 
Col. Goff's regiment of foot in 1653, and in a pamphlet dated 1658 is 
said to have been a Colonel of foot, and to have received ^^365 per 
annum of the public money. On 15 Aug. 1653 the Council 
" allowed Lt.-Col. White to open a door from his house in King's 
street into the orchard of Whitehall for as long as he and his family 
inhabit there." On 30 Aug. 1653 his propositions for a recruit of 
arms for his regiment were referred to the Ordnance Committee. In 
1655 he was one of the most active of the ofHcers forming the 
Committee of Ordnance, and as such made several reports to the 
Council. On 9 Oct. 1657 the Council determined "to advise his 
Highness (the Protector) to send Col. F. W. (described as Colonel of 
his Highness' regiment,) to Mardike to take charge of matters there. — 
Frost to advance F. W. ^300 for the services he is to undertake at 
Mardike." On his return journey he was lost at sea, as 
appears from the following letters. On 7 Dec. 1657 Admiral 
Sir Richard Stayner writes from "The London, Downs, to the 
Admiralty Commrs."- — The Half Moon has arrived from Mardyke with 
the news that Sir John Reynolds and Lt.-Col. White came from thence 
in a pink with them, but it is much feared that tlie pink and they 
are lost, as a trunk has been taken up, which had letters from Col. 
White's wife (Mary), and other things, which testify plainly that it is 
his." Stayner again writes on 10 Dec. — " I hear from Mardyke that 
Reynolds and White were lost in the pink." Secretary Thurloe wrote 
to Ambassador Lockhart Jg Dec, — "I fear that Reynolds and Lt. Col. 
White are cast away, coming from Mardyke in a pink ; if so the loss 
is much to be lamented, they being 2 very worthy persons, and of 
great use." Capt. James Strutt wrote to the Admiralty Commrs. on 
II Dec. 1657, — "The same night (4 Dec.) that pink was lost about 
the Gooodwin Sands," and gave further particulars, mentioning the 
fact that Col. White was determined to go in the pink, though warned 
against the danger of crossing in such a little vessel. The Council 
on I April 1658 resolved to " advise an order to pay ;^6oo in trust for 
portions of Col. White's 3 daughters ; also ^36 a year to his widow 
Mary White, till ;^6oo is paid." 

1659. Jan. Edward Cook. 
Robert Longe. 

Bennett says that the Right Hon. John Thurloe, Principal 
Secretary of State was chosen for Tewkesbury at this time, and in 
support of this statement he quotes the following correspondence 
from Thurloe' s State Papers, Vol. 7, p. 572 :— 

24° Members for Tewkesbury. 

" A letter from the Burgesses of Tewkesbury to Secretary Thurloe. 

" Noble Sir, — We understand that you are pleased so much to 
honour this poor corporation as to accept of our free and unanimous 
electing you one of our burgesses in the next parliament, and to sit a 
member for this place. Sir, we are so sensible of the greatness of the 
obligation, that we know not by what expressions sufficiently to 
demonstrate our acknowledgements, only at present we beseech you 
to accept of this for an earnest, that whomsoever you shall think 
worthy to be your partner, shall have the second election ; and our 
real and hearty affections to serve and honour you whilst we are, as 
we shall ever strive to be. 

Sir, your most humble and obliged servants, 

E. Hatch. Tho. Clarke ) ^ ,.„ 

Richard Dowdeswell. Tho. Jeynes ) ^Y ' ^• 

Will. Neast ] 
William Willson. John Beach > Justices. 

John Carver. Will. Hatton ) 

Tewkesbury, T7th Dec. 1658." 

Secretary Thurloe's answer to the Burgesses of Tewkesbury. 

"Gentlemen, — I received yours of the 17th instant, and thereby 
a very great demonstration of your affection to me, havinge expressed 
your willingness not only to betrust your concernment in the parlia- 
ment with me, but to have reguard to my recommendation of him, 
whom you are to choose for your other burgesse. I heartily wish, 
that my ability to serve your corporation in the parliament, and 
elsewhere, were answerable to the good opinion you have of me. All 
that I can say is, that I shall endeavour, as I am obliged, to serve you 
faithfully, hopeinge you will doe yourselves more right in your choice 
of my partner, than you have in pitching upon me, knowinge you 
have many able gentlemen, both in the country and amongst 
yourselves, very fit for that trust. My Lord Disbrowe tells me, he 
hath propounded a worthy person, whose recommendation will make 
it necessary for me to make use of the liberty you have been pleased 
to give. 31 Decemb. 1658." 

As no other evidence however can be foundelsewhere to support 
this statement, and as Thurloe was at this time undoubtedly elected 
for Huntingdon, Wisbech Borough, and Cambridge University, and 
made his election to sit for the University, till April 1659, the 
probability is that he changed his mind, and was never really 
returned for Tewkesbury. An account of this interesting personage 
may however not be out of place at this point. 

John Thurloe of Great Milton, Oxon, was born at Abbot's 
Roding, Essex, 1616, his father Rev. Thomas Thurloe being rector 

Members for Tewkesbury. 241 

of that parish. Having been educ. by Oliver St. John, Chief Justice 
of the Common Bench 1648-60, he became his ' servant,' and through 
his favour obtained several offices. He was Secretary to the 
Parliamentary Commissioners at the Treaty of Uxbridge, and was 
admitted to Lincolns Inn in 1647, and called by himself to the bar 
9 Nov. 1653. He was soon afterwards app. Receiver or Clerk of the 
Cursitors fines, (worth more than ^350 a year). In 1650 he became 
" Keeper of the Treasury of the Company of undertakers for drawing 
Bedford level in the isle of Ely." In March 1651 he attended his 
patron Oliver St. John and Walter Strickland, the Pari. Ambassadors 
to Holland, as their Secretary, and on his return in June 1651, was 
made Secretary to the Council of State, The Protector made him 
Secretary of State 10 Feb. 1654, and he was continued in this place by 
Richard Cromwell Sept. 1658, and although turned out of office by 
Scott in 1659, was replaced 27 Feb. 1660, (jointly with John 
Thompson) and acted till the Restoration in May 1660. In that 
year he was accused of high treason, but was soon set at liberty, and 
in fact he displayed such talents for administrative business and used 
with such moderation the immense authority placed in his hands 
during the Commonwealth, that Charles II. invited him to take office 
after the Restoration, but this offer he declined, and lived in 
retirement until his death in Lincolns Inn 21 Feb. 1668, aged 51, 
and was buried under the Chapel there. Secretary Thurloe m. (i) 
the dau. of — Peyton; and (2) Anne 3rd dau. of Sir John Lytcott of 
East Moulsey, Surrey, (by Mary dau. of Nicholas Overbury M.P. of 
Bourton on the Hill, (see Gloucester 1604) ; and (3) the dau. of 
— Cookes of Chissel, Essex. Thurloe was also Postmaster General 
1655-9, and in that capacity detected several plots formed against the 
Commonweath. The Council of State on 24 April 1655 advised that 
he be app. " to manage the affairs of the Post Office" at a rent of 
^ 1 0000 a year, and this was approved by the Protector 3 May. 
Elsewhere he is said to have taken a contract of the Post Office at 
p^ 14000 a year, which he surrendered in 1659. He was one of the 
Privy Council July 1657 to April 1658, and May to Aug. 1658. 

Edward Cook of Highnam, was the younger son of Sir Robert 
C. (see County 1640,) was a Col. of Horse, and d.s.p. 1683, 

Robert Long of Westminster, was the 4th and youngest son 
(by his 2nd wife) of Sir Walter Long M.P. of Wraxhall and Draycot, 
Wilts. He was secretary to Charles II. in exile, and sworn one of his 
Privy Council abroad 14 May 1649. He was M.P. Tewkesbury 
1659, and Boroughbridge 1661-73, Surveyor General to the 
Queen Mother in Jan. 1661, was made a Baronet r Sept. 1662, 
held office as Chancellor of the Exchequer and a Lord of the 
Treasury 8 Sept. 1660 to 24 May 1667, sworn a Privy Councillor 
3 July 1672, "got ;^5oooo at least by the Queen Mother's 
business he managed," (Flagellum Parliamentarium, 1672,) and 

242 Members for Tewkesbury. 

was Auditor of the Exchequer 21 May 1662 till his death 
unmarried 13 July 1673, when the title devolved by special remainder 
upon his nephew James. He may have been the Robert Longe who 
was called to the bar at Lincolns Inn 5 June 1627, or the Robert Long 
who was ordered on 20 Nov. 1645 "to be called to the bar this or 
next term." 

1660. April 12. Hon. Henry Capel. 
Richard Dowdeswell. 

This was called the Healing or Convention Parliament. Mr. 
Capel was the 2nd son of Arthur Lord Capel, who was beheaded for 
his loyalty 1649, and brother to Arthur Earl of Essex, who was First 
Lord of the Treasury in 1679. He m. Dorothy dau. of Sir Richard 
Bennet of Kew, and was made K.B. at the Coronation 23 April 1661, 
M.P. Tewkesbury April to Dec. 1660, 1661-81, and 1690-2, 
Cockermouth 1689-90, and was created Lord Capel i March 1692. 
His lordship was a firm and able administrator, and was sworn a 
Privy Councillor 21 April 1679, and again 14 Feb. 1689, First Lord 
of the Admiralty Feb. 1679 to Feb. 1680, a Lord of the Treasury 
April 1689 to March i6go, a Lord Justice of Ireland July 1693 to 
May 1695, and Lord Deputy of Ireland May 1695 till his death s.p. 
at Dublin 14 or 30 May 1696, when the title expired. 

The family of Dowdeswell, so long connected with the 
representation of Tewkesbury, derives from John Dowdeswell of 
Hill House, who was resident in Bushley previous to 1560, and died 
in 1607. His eldest son Roger D. of Pull Court, married 16 April 
1600 Martha dau. of Richard Blomer of Burthrop, and bought the 
respective estates of Hill House 1606, Bushley Park 1620, and Pull 
Court 1628. He died 3 Oct. 1633, leaving three sons and three 
daughters. His eldest son Richard Dowdeswell of Pull Court, was 
born at Burthrop in 1600, and m. 1628 Anne dau. of Sir Charles 
Pleydell, Knight of the Golden Fleece, of Mydge Hall, Wilts. He 
was Steward to Lord Coventry, and sat for Tewkesbury April to 
Dec. 1660, and 1661 till his death in 1673, aged 73. (M. I. Bushley.) 
Mr. Dowdeswell in 1635 purchased from John CoUes of Leigh, the 
manor and tithes of Bushley. It was through his exertions that 
Tewkesbury obtained in 1672 an exemplification of the charter 
granted by James I. He was an active royalist, and in 1642 the 
House of Commons sent for him as a delinquent " for being active 
and assisting in the putting the commission of Array into execution," 
and ordered the Serjeant to rece've and keep him in safe custody. 
On 3 March 1645 the House resolved " that Mr. R. D. of co. 
Worcester be sent up to the Parliament and not exchanged without 
the consent of the 'Worcestershire Committ&&" {Commons Journar). 
At one time he had to ask pardon of the House for saying in debate 
" that there was a violent stream against the Chancellor," (Clarendon,) 
whose part he took. On 24 May 1650 he was " Informed 

Members for Tewkesbury. 243 

against for assisting the late King, with men and money in 1643 '^^^ 
1644. 24 Nov. 1652, He is to shew cause in a week why his estate 
should not be sequestered. 26 Nov. 1651, Information that R.D. 
was an active Commr. of Array at Pichcroft Meadow near Worcester 
in 1642, and brought others to act with him. That in Feb. 1644 he 
was in arms and one of the guards when Sir William Russell (see 
Williams' Worcestershire Members,) made Tewkesbury a garrison, and 
brought in large sums for the advance of the army, that he procured 
meetings of the countrymen ' to keep in the rogues at Gloucester, 
otherwise there would be no living for them ;' that he sent letters to 
the King's garrisons, and was voted a delinquent by the County 
Committee in 1644 or 1645. Also that he sent horses and servants 
to Charles Stuart and the Scots' army in 1651, and persuaded many 
to join their army." 

1673. Nov. II. Sir Francis Russell Bart, of Strensham, co. 
Worcester, vice Richard Dowdeswell deceased. Charles Dowdeswell 
of Forthampton, wished to obtain the seat at this date in the 
Corporation interest, but the Bishop of Worcester favoured Russell. 
(See Bennett's Tewkesbury.) He was the third son of the M.P. 1660, 
was born 1634, m. Elizabeth dau. of John Coles of Hatfield, co. 
Hereford, and died 1706, having purchased Forthampton from 
Christopher Capel, Earl of Essex, in 1671. 

Sir Francis was the eldest son ot Sir William Russell M.P. (see 
Williams'' Worcestershire Members,) whom he succ. as 2nd Bart. 30 
Nov. 1669. He was b. 1636, m. Anne dau. of Sir Rowland Lytton 
Knt. of Knebworth, Herts, sat for Tewkesbury Nov. 1673-81, 1685-7, 
1689-90, and d. 24 Jan. 1705, aged 68, (when the title expired,) and 
was buried 2 Feb. at Strensham. (M.I.) In 1674 he gave by deed 10 
almshouses in Church yard and land for the benefit of 10 poor widows 
of Tewkesbury. 

1679. Feb. 17, Hon Sir Henry Capel K.B. 
Sir Francis Russell Bart. 

1679. Aug. 8. Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Capel K.B. 
Sir Francis Russell Bart. 

1 68 1. Feb. The same. 

No return has been found for this election, but Bennett gives 
their names as the Members, and quotes a document by which on 
22 Feb. 1681 they released the Town by deed from paying their 

1685. March 23. Sir Francis Russell. T. 
Richard Dowdeswell. W. 

Eldest son of William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, (H.S. 1678, 
who d. 1683, and was eldest son of the M.P. 1660.) His mother was 

244 Members for Tewkesbury. 

Judith dau. of Sir James Wymondsell Knt. of Putney. He was born 
16.153, niatric. Ch. Ch. Oxon, 27 July 1669, aged 16, and m. 1676 
Elizabeth dau. of Sir Francis Winnington Knt. (see 1692). Mr. 
Dowdeswell, who was very zealous for the Protestant succession, was 
H.S, CO. Glouc, 1689, lord of the manor of Corse Court, and sat for 
Tewkesbury in 10 Parliaments 1685-7 ^nd 1689-1710, and d. 1711. 
He and his father in law had a great hand in obtaining the charter 
for Tewkesbury in 1686, and he was made one of the 24 principal 
burgesses or Common Council under the charter of 13 July 1698. 
Mr. Dowdeswelj's eldest surviving sister Anne m. 1683 Robert Tracy, 
Recorder of Tewkesbury 1698-1735, Justice of the Common Pleas 
1702-26, (see Williams^ Herefordshire Members.) Quaere did another 
sister marry Charles Hancock, (see 1698). 

1689. Jan. 10. The same. 

1690. Feb. 18. Richard Dowdeswell. W. 

Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Capell. W. 

1692. Nov. 14. Sir Francis Winnington Knt. of Stanford, 
CO. Worcester, vice Capel, called to the Upper House. This Member 
was the son of Major John Winnington, and was b. at Worcester 
7 Nov. 1634, and matric. Trin. Coll. Camb. He entered the Middle 
Temple 28 Nov. 1656, where he was called to the bar ex gratia 
9 Feb. 1660, and chosen Bencher 24 June 1672, Autumn Reader 
1675, and Treasurer 29 Oct. 1675. He was made a King's Counsel 
1672, Solicitor General Jan. 1675 to Jan. 1679, was Knighted 17 
Dec. 1672, M.P. Windsor Feb. 1677-9, Worcester 1679-81, Tewkesbury 
Nov. 1692-8, and was Chairman of Ways and Means (? 1690) to 
1695. Sir Francis m. (1) Elizabeth Herbert of Powick, and (2) 
Elizabeth sister and co-heir to Edward Salway of Stanford, and 3rd 
and yst. dau. of Edward Salway M.P. (see Williams' Worcestershire 
Members^ and became sole possessor of Stanford, having obtained the 
right of the other two sisters therein. He presented to Stanford 
26 Sept. 1673, and to Wolfrelow, co. Hereford 1687. In 1674 he 
purchased for ;!^2675 the title of Samuel Gardiner M.P. to the manor 
of Bewdley, of which he became the " lord farmer " under the 
Crown. Sir Francis, who was a keen sportsman, made his will 1697, 
and d. i May 1700. (M.I. Stanford). There is a doubtful tradition 
that the great Lord Somers was once his clerk in chambers, and 
received great benefits by his kindness. 

1695. Oct. 28. Richard Dowdeswell. W. — 

Sir Francis Winnington. W. — 
Sir Richard Cocks. W. — 

Sir Richard Cocks (see County 1698,) petitioned against 
Winnington 2 Dec. 1695, whom he accused of undue influence, " by 
means of threatening those who had voted for the Petitioner, to 

Members for Tewkesbury. 245 

turn them out of their houses, unless they withdrew their votes, and 
also detaining the town book, with other undue practices." No 
determination as to this petition appears, and it was probably not 
proceeded with. 

1698. July 26. Charles Hancock. W. 

Richard Dowdeswell. W. 

Quaere brothers-in-law and cousins. Charles Hancock of 
Twyning, who sat for Tewkesbury 1698 to Dec. 1700, was seemingly 
either brother to or the son of William H. of that place (by Ann dau. 
of Richard Dowdeswell, see 1660,) m. (i) the eldest dau. and co-heir 
of Richard Baugh, lord of the manor of Twining (who d. 1682,) and 
became lord of that manor, (and quaere (2) the sister of his colleague 
Richard Dowdeswell). He entered the Middle Temple 30 April 1661, 
and was called to the bar i May 1668. In July 1698 an assignment 
of all the Corporation property was ordered to be made to Bridges 
^[anfan, (see Williams' Worcestershire Members^) Richard Lygon of 
Madresfield, and Charles Hancock, as Trustees for the Corporation of 
Tewkesbury. When the Town obtained its new charter 12 March 
1686, Mr. Hancock was appointed its Mayor, and at the same time 
one of its Aldermen, Justices of the Peace, and Common Council. 
He was also Mayor 8 July to Oct. 1686, and was living in 1712 when 
Atkyns in his History of Gloucestershire said, " He has a great estate 
in this (Twining) parish, and other places." 

1701. Jan. 10. Richard Dowdeswell. 

Edmund Bray, (see County 1720.) 

1701. Nov. 28. The same, re-el. 20 July 1702, 11 May 1705. 

1708. May 6. Richard Dowdeswell. 
Henry Ireton. 

As to Mr. Ireton, see Cirencester 1698. 

1 7 10. Oct 10. William Bromley. W. 
Henry Ireton. W. 

William Bromley of Upton-upon-Severn, son of Henry B. 
(who was great great grandson of Lord Chancellor Bromley, (see 
Williams' Worcestershire Members,) was b. 28 April 1685, matric. Oriel 
Coll. Oxon 10 April 1701, aged 15, entered the Middle Temple 
6 Feb. 1702, and was called to the bar 19 May 17 10. He was adm. 
an Honorary Freeman of Worcester 1729, sat for Tewkesbury 
1710-13, and was Recorder thereof 1735 till his death 7 Feb. 
1756. Mr. Bromley "built the present mansion" at Upton, 
and restored to it the ancient name of Ham Court. He m. (i) in 
1719 Mary (who d.s.p. 9 March 1737) dau. and co-heir of Joseph 
Moore of London, banker, and (2) Judith dau. of— Hanbury. His 
only dau. and heir m. John Martin, (see i7S4') 

246 Members for Tewkesbury. 

1712. Jan. 1. William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, vice Ireton 
deceased. Eldest son of the M.P. 1685, born 1682, matric. Ch. Ch. 
Oxon 10 Feb. 1700, aged 18, and m. (i) in 1711 Hon. Catherine 
Cockayne (who d. 17 16) dau. of Lord Cullen, of Rushton, Northants, 
and (2) in 17 18 Anne dau. and heiress of Anthony Hammond the 
elegiac poet, of Somersham, and great grand-daughter of Sir Dudley 
Digges, (see i6io). He was M.P. Tewkesbury Jan. 1712-22, 
H.S. CO. Gloucester 1726, and d. 5 Sept. 1728, aged 46. 

1 7 13. Sept. 5. William Dowdeswell. W. 

Charles Dowdeswell. W. 

These Members were cousins. Charles Dowdeswell of 
Forthampton, elder son of Charles D. of that place, (see 1673,) was b. 
1688, matric. Ball. Coll. Oxon. 12 March T706, aged 17, and sat for 
Tewkesbury 1713 till his death (about May) 1714, aged 25. He m. 
in 1707 his cousin Anne dau. of Mr. Justice Robert Tracy, (see 
Williams' Herefordshire Members,) and she re-married in 1720 as 2nd 
wife to Thomas Wylde M.P. of the Commandery, Worcester, (see 
Williams'' Worcestershire Members). His only surviving child Anne, 
to whom her father left ;^ioooo dower, m. 1727 Robert Wylde, son 
(by his first wife) of the said l^homas Wylde M.P. Richard 
Dowdeswell of Besford Court, succeeded his brother Charles in 1714, 
and in 1733 obtained an Act of Parliament to sell Forthampton, to 
pay his niece's dower, and it was sold to Bishop Madox 1747. He 
died 1748. 

1 7 14. June 18. Anthony Letchmere. W. — 

Edward Popham. — 

vice Charles Dowdeswell deceased. Popham petitioned 3 July 17 14, 
without success. Anthony Lechmere was the elder son of Edmund 
L. of Hanley Castle, co. Worcester, and was born 1675, and called to 
the bar at the Middle Temple in 1700. He m. Anne dau. of Thomas 
Foley M.P. of Stoke Edith, (see Williams' Herefordshire Members). 
Mr. Lechmere was admitted an Honorary Freeman of Worcester in 
1719, and moved the Address in the House of Commons May 1717. 
He sat for Bewdley Oct. to Dec. 17 10, when he was ousted on 
petition, and for Tewkesbury June 1714 till app. Joint Receiver 
General of the Customs June 1717, which lucrative office he held 
until his death 5 Feb. 1720. Several of his family sat in Parliament. 
(See Williams' Worcestershire Members). 

1 7 15. Feb. I. William Dowdeswell. W. 

Anthony Lechmere. W. 

1717. June 25. Nicholas Lechmere. W. — 
Edward Popham. — 

vice his brother Anthony Lechmere app. Rec. Gen. of the Customs. 
(Popham again petitioned 1717.) This able lawyer and statesman 

Members for Tewkesbury. 247 

was the 2nd son of Edmund Lechmere of Hanley Castle, co. 
Worcester, and was born 7 Aug. 1675, educ, at Merton Coll. Oxon, 
and m. 8 June 1727 Lady Elizabeth Howard eldest dau. of Charles 
3rd Earl of Carlisle, (by Elizabeth Capel only surviving dau. of Arthur 
Earl of Essex, see 1660). He became a student of the Middle Temple 
I May 1693, bar. at law 25 Nov. 1698, Bencher 29 Oct. 1714, Queen's 
Counsel 1708, and was M.P. Appleby 1708-10, Cockermouth 1710 
to June 1 717, and Tewkesbury June 17 17 till created Lord Lechmere 
4 Sept. 1721. He held office as Solicitor General Oct. 1714 
to Dec. 1715, Attorney General March 1718 to May 1720, Chancellor 
of the Duchy of Lancaster June 1717 to June 1727, and was sworn a 
Privy Councillor i July 17 18. Lord Lechmere was adm. an 
Honorary Freeman of Worcester 17 19, and was also Recorder of 
Gloucester 18 May 1716 till his death s.p. 18 June 1727, when the 
title became extinct. His widow re-married to Sir Thomas Robinson 
Bart., and on her death 10 April 1739, "a considerable fortune" 
devolved upon his nephew Edmund Lechmere, son of the M.P. 1714. 

1718. March 19. Nicholas Lechmere, re-el. on being made 
Attorney General. 

1721. Oct. 25. Viscount Gage. W. 241. 
George Reade. W. 185. 

vice Rt. Hon. Nicholas Lechmere, called to the Upper House. Reade 
petitioned 6 Nov. 1721 on account of tumults and disorders "which 
the Bailiffs refused to quell." Thomas (Gage) Viscount Gage of the 
Kingdom of Ireland, so created 14 Sept. 1720, was the eldest son of 
Joseph Gage of Sherburn Castle, Oxon, and m. (i) Benedicta Maria 
Theresa (who d. 25 July 1749) only dau. and heir of Benedict Hall 
of High Meadow, co. Gloucester, and thereby acquired that seat, and 
(2) 26 Dec. 1750 Jane Godfrey, reUct of Henry Jermyn Bond of Bury 
St. Edmunds. Lord Gage unsucc. cont. co. Glouc. March 1720, but 
was M.P. Minehead April till unseated May 1717, and Tewkesbury 
Oct, 1721-54, when he failed and petitioned. He voted for Walpole 
on the riiatter of employing the Hessian troops 1730, but, though a 
Whig voted against him on the Excise Bill 1733, and the Convention 
1739, and was generally in Opposition to him during the latter years 
of his ministry. He succ. his kinsman Sir Wm. Gage Bart. K.B. in 
his estates and as 8th Bart. 23 April 1 744, and was Master of the 
Household to Frederick Prince of Wales May 1743 till the Prince's 
death March 175 1. In June 1738 the Gentleman' s Magazine staxeA 
that Lord Gage was then app. Governor of Barbadoes, but though 
his name may havp been mentioned, he never held that post. He 
was greatly interested in local affairs, was lord of the manor of 
Bicknor, a Verdurer of Dean Forest till he resigned May 1752, and 
presented the town of Cheltenham with a fire engine in 1721, and 
gave another to Tewkesbury in 1734. On 31 March 1732 he 

248 Members for Tewkesbury. 

received the thanks of the House of Commons for detecting the 
fraudulent sale of Lord Derwentwater's forfeited estates. liOrd Gage 
who was a F.R.S., died 21 Oct. 1754- 

1722. March 20. Viscount Gage. W. — 

Col. George Reade. W. — 
Thomas Reade. — 

Thomas Reade who pet. against Lord Gage without success in 
1722, was perhaps the son of Col. George Reade, who was a younger 
son of Sir Edward Reade 2nd Bart, of Shipton Court, co. Oxford, and 
Barton, Berks, and brother to Sir Thomas Reade 3rd Bart, of Thame, 
CO. Oxford, (M.P. Cricklade 1715-47, a Clerk of the Green Cloth, who 
m. Jane dau. of Sir Ralph Button Bart., and d. 1752). Col. George 
Reade of Shipton, sat for Tewkesbury 1722-34, having failed and pet. 
Oct. 1 72 1. He voted with Walpole for the Hessian Troops 1730, and 
the Excise Bill 1733, being then a Major in the Foot Guards. He 
ent. the army 1703, served several campaigns in the reign of Anne, 
became Capt. Lieut, ist Foot (now Grenadier) Guards 13 March 1708, 
Capt. and Lt.-Col. before 20 June 1727, 2nd Major thereof 24 Nov. 1729, 
Col. of the 29th (or Worcestershire) regiment 3 June 1733, (then at 
Gibraltar,) Col. of the 9th (East Norfolk) regt. 28 Aug. 1739, Col. of 
the 9th Light Dragoons i Nov. 1749-56, Brigadier General 2 July 
1739, Major Gen. i Jan. 1743, Lieut. 3 Gen. Aug. 1747, and d. 
28 March 1756. 

1727. Aug. 21. Col. Ceorge Reade. W. 
Viscount Gage. W. 

1734. Apr. 29. Robert Tracy. W. 287. 

Viscount Gage. W. 279. 

John Mattin. W. 232. 

Robert Tracy of Stanway, eldest son of John T. of Swell, who 
d. 1735, was b. 1706, and matric. New Coll. Oxon. 10 Nov. 1724, aged 
18, He was app. a Trustee for colonizing Georgia April 1732, M.P. 
Tewkesbury 1734-41, defeated at Worcester 1747, but seated on 
petition Feb. 1748, and sat till 1754, and again failed and pet. there 
1761. He voted for the Convention 1739. 

1 741. May 5. Viscount Gage. W. 
John Martin. W. 

John Martin of Overbury, 3rd son of William M. of Evesham, 
sat for Tewkesbury 1 741-7, having failed 1734. He was baptized 
8 July 1692, and m. (i) Katharine dau. of Joseph Jackson of Sneed 
Park, CO. Gloucester, and (2) the widow of — Kinloch. He d. 27 July 
1767. Mr. Martin, who was a banker in Lombard Street, built a 
handsome house at Overbury, which was burnt down in 1735, but he 
re-built it. His eldest dau. m. May 1741 Sir Nicholas Carew Bart., 
and took him ;^i 2,000. 

Members for Tewkesbury. 249 

1747. June 30 Viscount Gage. W. 

William Dowdeswell. W. 

William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, eldest surviving son (by 
his 2nd wife) of the M.P. 1712, was born 172;, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon, 
2 April 1737, aged 16, educ. at Westminster School, (of which he was 
a Busby Trustee 1769-75,) entered Leyden Univ. 1745, and made the 
usual ' grand tour ' through Germany, Italy, and France. On 15 
Nov. 1747, he m. Bridget dau. of Sir Wm. Codrington tst Bart, of 
Dodington, and sister to the M.P. 1761. Mr. Dowdeswell was 
chosen as one of the two Bailiffs of Tewkesbury 1 745, and was Chairman 
Worcestershire Quarter Sessions till 1775, M.P. for Tewkesbury 1747-54, 
and CO. Worcester 1761 till his death at Nice 3 March 1775, aged 54, 
being buried in Bushley Church 9 April. He held office as Chancellor 
and Under Treasurer of the Exchequer and a Lord of the Treasury 
July 1765 to Aug. 1766, and was sworn a Privy Councillor 10 July 
1765. He voted for Wilkes 1769, and led the Whig Party in the Lower 
House 1765-75. Edmund Burke (see Bristol 1774,) wrote his epitaph. 

1754. April 16. Nicolson Calvert. W. 252. 

John Martin jun. W. 246. 

Vicount Gage. W. 117. 

Lt.-Col. Hon. Thomas Gage. W. 94. 

Lord Gage and Col. T. Gage, his younger son, petitioned 
without success. In a " Letter " Lord Gage asserted that there 
existed in Tewkesbury "an illegal association of electors whose object 
was to sell their votes to mend the roads." The Hon. Thomas Gage 
was a distinguished officer, who was Commander-in-Chief in North 
America during the earlier part of the War of Independence. He 
was born 1721, and m. 8 Dec. 1758, Margaret dau. of Peter Kemble, 
President of the Council of New Jersey, and his eldest son Major 
Gen. Henry Gage succ. his uncle William as 3rd Viscount Gage 1 1 Oct. 
1791. General Gage who (or his brother) was appointed Equerry to 
Frederick Prince of Wales June 1743, was Lieut, of Cholmondeley's 
(48th) Foot in 1745, Capt. in Batterean's Foot (the old 62nd) which 
fought at Culloden, till disbanded 1748, A.D.C. to Lord Albemarle 
in Flanders 1747-8, became Major of Lee's Foot (55th regt.) March 
1748, Lt.-Col. of Sir Peter Halket's (44th) regt. 2 March 1751, 
and as such was wounded in the disaster to General Braddock's army 
near Fort du Quesne, Virginia, 9 July 1755, where he led the 
advance. He saw much service in North America 1755-75, 
received the local rank of Colonel while serving in N. America, 
Jan. 1758 and was made Col. of " a regt. of Rangers to be raised in 
America" (the 80th foot) 9 May 1758, whom he led in the unfortunate 
attack upon Ticonderago, (when Viscount Howe was killed,) July 
1758. ,He was app. Gov. of Montreal in Oct. 1760 and was so April 
1762. He was Commander-in-Chief of the forces in N. America Oct. 
1764 to Oct. 177s, and was also made Governor of Massachusetts 
1774, in which State the Rebellion broke out. He was made Major 

250 Members for Tewkesbury. 

Gen. 5 March 1761, Lt.-Gen. 30 April 1770, General 26 Nov. 1782, 
Col. in Chief 60th regt. 21 Sept. to 7 Nov. 1768, Col. 22nd foot 29 
March 1762, Col. 17th Dragoons 18 April 1782, and d. 2 April 1787. 

Nicolson Calvert of Hunsdon House, Herts, eldest son of 
Felix C. of Hadham, and Furneaux Pelham, Herts, sat for Tewkesbury 
1754-74, voted for Wilkes 1769, and d. in London 4 May 1793, aged 
67, seemingly unmarried. In 1755 Calvert subscribed ;^i5oo, and 
Martin ;^2ooo towards repairing the roads leading from Tewkesbury. 

John Martin jun. of Ham Court, in Overbury, and Quy Hall, 
CO. Camb., eldest son of the M.P. 1741, was born Dec. 1724, matric. 
Worcester Coll. Oxon. 9 March 1742, aged 17, created M.A. 22 Aug. 
1746, and sat for Tewkesbury 1754-61. He m. 3 Dec. 1761 Judith 
dau. and sole heir of WilUam Bromley of Ham Court, (see 17 10,) and 
thereby acquired that estate. He d. s.p. 4 June 1794. In 1777 he 
gave ;^ioo to repair Stanbury road. 

1 76 1. March 26. Sir William Codrington. W. 
Nicolson Calvert. W. 

Sir William Codrington of Dodington, eldest son of Sir William 
C. whom he succ. as 2nd Bart. 17 Dec. 1738, was b. 26 Oct. 1719, 
matric. Univ. Coll, Oxon. 14 Dec. 1736, and m. 22 Feb. 1736 Anne 
Acton of Fulham, Middlesex. He was brother-in-law to Rt. Hon. 
William Dowdeswell (see 1747,) and was M.P. Beverley 1747-61, 
Tewkesbury 1761-92, and voted for Wilkes 1769. He was Lt. Col. 
South Gloucestershire Militia from the time it was embodied 25 July 
1759 *^i'l ^^^ death in London 11 March 1792, aged 72. 

1768. March 18. The same. 

1774. Oct. 8. Sir W. Codrington. W. 

Joseph Martin. W. 

In 1774 Nicholas Hyett the Recorder of Tewkesbury 1760-77, 
was very anxious that his son should be chosen one of the Members, 
and he offered to spend ;£i5oo to bring about his election, {Benneil's 
History,) but he never attained his wish. 

Joseph Martin, who succeeded his uncle as a banker in 
Lombard street, was 2nd son of the M.P. 1741, and brother of the 
M.P.s. 1754 and 1776. He was born 19 Jan. 1726, and m. 6 Feb. 
1749 Eleanor dau. of Sir John Torriano Knt. of College Hill, London. 
He was Sheriff of London and Middlesex 1771, M.P. Gatton 1768-74, 
and Tewkesbury 1774 till his death 30 March 1776. 

1776. April 8. James Martin of Lombard Street, banker, 
vice his brother Joseph Martin dec. Third son of the M.P. 1741, he 
was born the same day and year as George III., on 4 June 1738, and 
m. 17 Feb. 1774 Penelope dau. of John Skipp of the Upper Hall, 

Members for Tewkesbury. 251 

Ledbury, co. Hereford. He was a director of the Million Bank in 
1781 and 1792, and in 1777 gave /is°° 'o repair Stanbury road. 
He sat for Tewkesbury April 1776 to 1807, and was Captain of the 
Tewkesbury troop of Volunteer Cavalry 8 Nov. 1803 till his death 
26 Jan. 1810. The Gentleman's Magazine gave him an excellent 
character. "Honest James Martin," who was called 'the Andrew 
Marvel of his time,' was a frequent debater in the House, where he 
steadily opposed the American war. His opponents called him 
' Starling ' Martin, from an incident that took place in debate. 

1780. Sept. II. Sir W. Codrington. W. 
James Martin. W. 

1784. April 6. James Martin. W. 266. 

Sir W. Codrington. W. 210. 
John Embury. W. 150. 

The poll lasted 2 days. John Embury of Twyning and 
Lincolns Inn, son of John E. of Bushley, matric. Worcester Coll. 
Oxon. 20 March 1771, aged 18, and was H.S. co. Glouc. 1792 

1790. June 18. James Martin. 

Sir W. Codrington. 

1792. March 19. Capt. William Dowdeswell, wVe Codrington 
deceased. Third son of the M.P. 1747, he was b. 1761, adm. to 
Westminster School ig Jan. 1770, entered the army as Ensign 
ist Foot Guards 6 May 1780, Lieut, and Capt. 4 May 1785, 
(rank in the army 13 June 1782,) Capt. and Lt.-Col. 8 Feb. 
or 3 May 1794, was A.D.C. to the Duke of Portland, Lord 
Lieut, of Ireland in 1782, joined the Duke of York's army at Tournay 
1793, and fought at Lincelles, and the sieges of Valenciennes and 
Dunkirk 1793, became Col. in the army 26 Jan. 1797, commanded a 
Battalion of the 60th foot for a short time in 1798, removed to 86th 
foot in 1803, Major General 25 Sept. 1803, Lt.-Gen. 25 July 1810, 
and General 19 July 1821. He sat for Tewkesbury March 1792-7, 
and was Governor of the Bahama Islands Nov. 1797-1801, became in 
1802 Private Secretary to Lt.-Gen. Lord William Bentinck, Gov. of 
Madras, and was app. to the staif of the Bengal army Oct. 1804, and 
served in the Mahratta war, and at the siege of Bhurtpore 1805. 
He commanded the troops at Cawnpore 1806, and was made 
Commander in Chief in Bengal Feb. 1807, but returned to England 
Nov. 1808. He succeeded his eldest brother Col. Thomas D. (who 
served with the Guards in the American war 1776-7, and was 
afterwards Lt.-Col. Worcestershire Militia, and who had been blind 
for many years,) in the family estate of Pull Court 11 Nov. 181 1, 
and was made J. P. for co. Gloucester. General Dowdeswell died 
unmarried 1 Dec. 1828, aged 67, having given £^10 towards repairing 

252 Members for Tewkesbury. 

Tewkesbury Church in that year. He was a great collector of prints. 
He inherited the Ponton estate under the will of Mr. Pennyman, 
whose wife was a Codrington. 

1796. May 30. James Martin. W. 296. 

Col. W. Dowdeswell. T. 296. 

Feier Moore. W. 168. 

Philip Francis. W. 100. 

Poll 5 days, when 413 voted. Moore and Francis pet. without 
success 12 Oct. 1796, for on i March 1797 the House resolved, "that 
the right of election was in the freemen at large and in all freeholders 
of an entire dwelling house within the ancient limits of the Borough." 
Peter Moore "a Bengal Nabob" was also defeated at Coventry 1802, 
but the election being voided, he rep. it March 1803-26, when he lost 
his seat. 

Sir Philip Francis, of East Sheen, Surrey, the reputed author 
of the famous Letters of Junius, was born in Dublin 22 Oct. 1740, the 
son of Dr. Philip Francis, the translator of Horace. His mother was 
a Miss Roe, the descendant of Sir Thomas Roe, (see Cirencester 
1620.) He came to England in 1750, was placed at St. Paul's School 
in 1753, and in 1756 Henry Fox, afterwards Lord Holland, gave him 
a small place as a clerk in the office of the Secretary of State for the 
Southern Department. Through Mr. Pitt's patronage he was made 
Secretary to General Bligh in 1758, and was present at the capture 
and demolition of Cherbourg. Two years later he became Secretary 
to the Earl of Kinnoull, Ambassador to Portugal. Francis was First 
Clerk in the War Office 1763-72, and one of the Council of Bengal 
1773 to Dec. 1780. On 17 Aug. 1780, his quarrel with Warren 
Hastings culminated in a> duel, when Francis was shot through the 
body. Returning to England he was M.P. for Yarmouth, (Isle of 
Wight,) 1784-90, Bletchingly 1790-6, and Appleby 1802-7, and was 
distinguished for the bitter attacks he made upon Warren Hastings 
during a lengthy period. He was disappointed of his hope of being 
made Governor General of India in 1806, but was made K.B. 29 Oct. 
1806, and G.C.B. 2 Jan. 1815. Sir Philip Francis was married twice, 
his second wife, whom he married when he was over 70 years of age, 
being Miss Watkins the daughter of a clergyman. He died in 
London 22 Dec. 1818, aged 78. 

In answer to a writ dated 17 Nov. 1797, the Bailiffs of 
Tewkesbury returned 25 Nov. that owing to an informality in their 
proclamation of the election, they had been unable to proceed to a 
due election. A new writ was therefore issued 13 Dec. and the 
election took place. 

Members for Tewkesbury. 253 

1797. Dec. 18. 

Christopher Codrington. 



Peter Moore. 



George ToUett. 



vice his cousin Col. W. Dowdeswell app. Governor of the Bahamas. 
Poll 2 days. Moore petitioned, but in Jan. 1798 his petition was 
declared frivolous and vexatious. George Tollett, of Betley Hall, co. 
Stafford, son of Charles Embury of Bushley, matric. Trin. Coll. Oxon 
25 Feb. 1785, aged 17, B.A. 1788, bar. at law Lincolns Inn (as 
Tollett) June 1792, and assumed the name of Tollett in lieu of 
Embury. (See 1784). 

Christopher Codrington of Dodington Park, eldest son of 
Edward C. of London, (yst. brother to the M.P. 1761,) was born Oct. 
1764, m. 15 Aug. 1796 Hon. Caroline Georgiana Harriott only dau. 
of Thomas 2nd Lord Foley, (see Williams^ Worcestershire Members^ 
and took the prefix surname of Bethel by royal license 17 Nov. 1797. 
He was made Capt. Commdt. Tewkesbury Volunteer Cavalry 22 Aug. 
1803. On the death of his cousin Sir William Codrington 3rd Bart, 
in France in 1816, he assumed the title of Baronet, and continued to 
do so during his life, although it was established in Doctors Commons, 
and acknowledged by the Heralds College, that William Raimond 
Codrington was the real possessor of the title as 4th Bart. He was 
lord of the manor ot Marshfield, erected a very handsome gallery in 
Marshfield Church in 1818, and gave ;Q\o towards repairing 
Tewkesbury Church in 1828. He sat for Tewkesbury Dec. 1797- 
1812, was H.S. CO. Glouc. 1793, and d. 5 Feb. 1843. His grandson 
Sir Gerald Codrington was created a Baronet in 1876. 

1802. July 5. James Martin. W. 

C. Bethell Codrington. T. 

1806. Oct. 31. The same. 

1807. May 5. C. B. Codrington. T. 229. 

C. Hanbury-Tracy. W. 220. 
John Martin. W. 124. 

Poll 2 days. Charles Hanbury-Tracy of Toddington, younger 
son of John Hanhury M.P. of Pontypool, co. Monmouth, ('see Uilliams' 
Pari. Hist, of Wales,) was b. 28 Dec. 1777, matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon, 
I Feb. 1796, and m. 29 Dec. 1798, Hon. Henrietta Susanna Leigh only 
child and heir of Henry 8th and last Viscount Tracy, (who d. 27 April 
1797,) and thereby acquired the Toddington estates, and took the 
additional surname and arms of Tracy by royal license 10 Dec. 1798. 
He sat for Tewkesburyy 1807-12, and Jan. 1832-7, and was defeated May 
1831. He was H.S. co. Glouc. 1800, and co. Montgomery Feb. 1804, 
patron of 2 livings, and gave;£'ioo to repair Tewkesbury Church in 1828. 
He was elected Lord Sudeley 12 July 1838, and was Lord Lieut of co. 
Montgomery 11 Feb. 1848, till his death 10 Feb. 1858, aged 80. 

2 54 Members for Tewkesbury. 

r8i2. Oct. 5- J. E. Dowdeswell. T. 
J. Martin. W. 

John Edmund Dowdeswell of Pull Court, 6th and yst. son of the 
M.P. 1747, was b. ,3 March 1772, educ. at Westminster 1779-89, matric. 
Ch. Ch. Oxon, 29 April 1789, aged 17, B.A. 1793, M.A. 1795. He 
was a pupil of Sir Samuel Romilly (see Bristol 181 2) in his chambers, 
became a bar. at law Inner Temple 6 May 1796, Bencher 18 Nov. 1834, 
Reader 1841, and Treasurer of that Inn 1842. He m. 4 Sept. 1800, 
Caroline only dau. of Charles G. Brietzcke, one of the Senior Clerks in 
the Treasury. He was M.P. Tewkesbury 1812-32, Recorder 1 798-1833, 
a Commr. of Bankrupts 1806-20, a Metropolitan Commr. in Lunacy 
1832-6, and a Master in Chancery 8 Feb. 1820 till his death ii Nov. 
1851. He and his colleague John Martin subscribed ^100 each 
towards repairing Tewkesbury Church in 1828. His brother Rev. 
Edward C. Dowdeswell, who d. 1848, re-built Pull Court 1836, and 
re-built and endowed Bushley Church 1843. 

John Martin of 68 Lombard Street, banker, eldest son of James 
Martin (see 1776,) was b. 27 Nov. 1774, and m. 5 March 1803, Frances 
dau. of Richard Stone of Chislehurst, who was also a partner in the 
banking firm of Martin, Stone, and Foote, of 68, Lombard Street. He 
was one of the two Bailiffs of Tewkesbury i8ir, which he unsuccessfully 
contested 1807, but represented 1812 till his death 4 Jan. 1832, aged 57. 
He and his colleague Mr. Dowdeswell gave " 200 guineas each towards 
the building of the School at Tewkesbury on the system of the Rev. Dr. 
Bell, which had lately been erected there. The total expense of this 
elegant structure, which rivals any similar edifice in any provincial town 
of the kingdom, exceeded ^1300." {Gentleman's Magazine, July, 1818.) 

1818. June 16. The same, re-elected 6 March 1820, 9 
June 1826. 

1 83 1. May 4. John Martin. W. 238. 

J. E. Dowdeswell. T. 222. 
C. Hanbury- Tracy. W. 170. 

Poll 2 days, when 387 voted. Plumpers, Martin 10, Dowdeswell 
130, Tracy 4. Spht votes, Martin and Dowdeswell 77, Martin and Tracy 
151, Dowdeswell and Tracy 15. 

1832. Jan. 23. Charles Hanbury-Tracy (see 1812,) vice John 
Martin deceased. 

1832. Dec. 12. C. Hanbury-Tracy. W. 210. 
John Martin, W. 195. 

W. Dowdeswell. T. 184. 

364 voted out of 386 registered electors. Plumpers, Martin 2, 
Dowdeswell 137. Split votes, Tracy and Martin 178, Tracy and 
Dowdeswell 32, Martin and Dowdeswell 15. 

Members for Tewkesbury. 255 

John Martin, eldest son of the M.P. 1812, was born 2 Feb. 
1805, and m. (i) 31 Oct. 1837 Mary (who d. 27 July 1843) dau. of 
Capt. Thomas Aubrey Morse. Bombay Artillery, and (2) 7 Jan. 1847 
Henrietta Maria eldest dau. of Evan Hamilton Baillie of London. He 
was a partner in Martin, Stone, and Co. bankers, Lombard street, a 
director of the Guardian Assurance Co., and an East India stock 
proprietor, sat for Tewkesbury 1832-4, and 1837-59, was defeated 1835, 
and d. at Upper Hall, Ledbury, 7 March 1880. 

1835. Jan. 6. W. Dowdeswell. T. 195. 

C. Hanbury-Tracy. W. 195. 
John Martin. W. 192. 

379 voted out of 392. Plumpers, Dowdeswell 176. Split votes, 
Dowdeswell and Tracy 11, Dowdeswell and Martin 8, Tracy and 
Martin 184. 

William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, eldest son of the M.P. 1812, 
was born 8 Oct. 1804, educ. at Westminster 12 June 1812-22, matric. 
Ch. Ch. Oxon. 22 Oct. 1822, B.A. 1826, M.A. 1829, and m. 17 March 
1839 Amelia Letitia yst. dau. of Robert Graham of Cossington House, 
Somerset. He was elected one of the corporation of Tewkesbury 1829, 
M.P. 1835-47, defeated 1832, J. P. co. Gloucester, J. P. and D.L. co. Wor- 
cester, and H.S. thereof 1855. He sold Ponton and bought Queenhill and 
Holdfast 1853. He buill the Chancel and School 1856, and d. 6 Feb. 
1887, aged 82. His only brother John Christopher Dowdeswell, bar. 
at law of the Inner Temple 1832, was Recorder of Tewkesbury till his 
death in 1850, while their only sister Catherine m. 1833 Richard Benyon 
Berens of Kevington, Kent. 

1837. July 25. W. Dowdeswell. T. 219. 
John Martin. W. 192. 
Joseph Peel. T. 169. 

370 voted out of 403. Plumpers, Dowdeswell 9, Martin 150, 
Peel I. Split votes, Dowdeswell and Martin 42, Dowdeswell and 
Peel 168, Martin and Peel 9. Joseph Peel was brother to Jonathan 
Peel who was defeated at Cheltenham 1837, and was a kinsman of the 
Prime Minister. 

1841. June 30. W. Dowdeswell. T. 193. 

John Martin. W. 189. 

John Easthope jun. R. 181. 

375 voted out of 407. Plumpers, Dowdeswell 184, Martin 2, 
Easthope i. Split votes Dowdeswell and Martin 8, Dowdeswell and 
Easthope i, Martin and Easthope 179. Mr. Easthope was born 1810, 
but died v.p. 7 Jan. 1849. He was the son of Sir John Easthope Bart, 
(see Williams' Oxfordshire Members). 

256 Members for Tewkesbury. 

1847. July 28. John Martin. L. 

Humphrey Brown. L, 

Of Tewkesbury, son ot Humphrey Brown, a merchant and 
extensive carrier, was b. at Tewkesbury 1803, and m. 1834 the dau. of 
Charles Edward Chandler of Tewkesbury. He was sometime a 
merchant and carrier of Tewkesbury, and was an active promoter of 
the Birmingham and Gloucester Railway, and well known as a railway 
statist and traffic taker. He was a director of the unfortunate British 
Bank, sat for Tewkesbury 1847-57, when defeated, and d. in 
Westminster 6 June i860. 

1852. July 8. Humphrey Brown. L. 205. 
John Martin. L. 189. 

Edward C. W. Cox. C. 147. 

Edward WilHam Cox the well-known Serjeant at law, unsucc. 
cont. Taunton 1865, but rep. it 1868 until unseated in 1869. He was 
editor and proprietor of The Law Times, The Queen, and The Field. 

1857. March 28. Hon. F. Lygon. C. 200. 

John Martin. L. 169. 

Humphrey Brown. L. 127. 

E. C. W. Cox. C. 25. 

Hon. Frederick Lygon of Madresfield Court, co. Worcester, 
younger son of Henry 4th Earl Beauchamp, (see Williams' Worcester- 
shire Members^ was b. 10 Nov. 1830, educ. at Eton, raatric. Ch, Ch. 
Uxon. 15 Dec. 1848, B.A. 1852, fellow of All Souls Coll. 1852-66, 
M.A. 1856, Hon. D.C.L. 22 June 1870, and was one of the council of 
Keble Coll. 1871-82. He entered himself a student of the Inner 
Temple in i86o, but was never called to the bar. He m. (i) 18 Feb. 1868 
Lady Mary Catherine Stanhope (who d. 30 June 1876) only dau. of 
Philip 5th Earl Stanhope, and (2) 24 Sept. 1878 Lady Emily Annora 
Charlotte Pierrepoint elder dau. of Sydney 3rd Earl Manvers. Mr. 
Lygon was Civil Lord of the Admiralty March to June 1859, and sat for 
Tewkesbury 1857-63 when he resigned his seat, and was elected for 
West Worcestershire, for which he sat till he succ. his brother as 6th 
Earl Beauchamp 4 March 1866. His Lordship was made Dep. 
Lieut. CO. Worcester 24 Jan. 1854, J. P. 1857, and Lord Lieut, 
and Custos Rotulorum thereof 13 May 1876. He held office as Lord 
Steward of the Queen's Household Feb. 1874 to May 1880, and as 
Paymaster General June 1885 to Feb. i886, and again Aug. 1886 to 
June 1887. Earl Beauchamp was sworn a Privy Councillor 2 March 
1874, and was an official trustee of the British Museum, F.S.A., patron 
of 4 livings, Captain Worcestershire Yeomanry 7 July 1854 to Aug. 
1859, and Hon. Col. 2nd Vol, Batt. Worcestershire regiment 2 1 Aug. 
1880, till his death 19 Feb. 1891. 

1859. March 8. Hon. F. Lygon, re-el. on taking office. 

Members for Tewkesbury. 257 

1859. April 29. Hon. F. Lygon. C. 

James Martin. L. 

Of Lombard Street, banker, and Upper Hall, Ledbury, co. 
Hereford, 2nd son of the M.P. 1812, was b. in Lombard Street i8 May 
1807, and educ. at the Charterhouse. He was M.P. Tewkesbury 
1859-65, defeated 1865 and March i866, J.P. and D.L. co. Hereford, 
and died unmarried at Chislehurst Common, Kent, 17 Aug. 1878. His 
personalty was sworn under ^^500,000. 

1864. Feb. 9. John Reginald Yorke (see East Gloucestershire 
1872,) vice Lygon who resigned to stand for West Worcestershire. 

1865. July t2. W. E. Dowdeswell. C. 195. 

J. R. Yorke. C. 182. 

James Martin. L. 150. 

William Edward Dowdeswell of Pull Court, eldest son of the 
M.P. 1835, was b. 13 June 1841, adm. to Westminster 7 June 1855, 
matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon, 16 June 1859, and m. 2 Feb. 1869 Emily 2nd dau. 
of Sir Thomas George Augustus Parkyns 6th Bart, of Ruddington Manor, 
Notts. He sat for Tewkesbury 1865-6, when he res. his seat, and was 
chosen for West Worcestershire, for which he sat till May 1876, when he 
retired from Parliament. Mr. Dowdeswell who was made J.P. 1863, 
and D.L. co. Worcester, and Captain Worcestershire Yeomanry 21 June 
1867, died s.p, 12 July 1893, aged 52. He was succeeded in the estates 
by his next brother the Rev, Edmund Richard Dowdeswell, who was 
born 14 Jan. 1845, and has been Incumbent of Bushley since 1881. 
Mr, Arthur Charles Dowdeswell, the 3rd son of the M.P. 1835, was born 
1846, and was a County Councillor for Worcestershire 1889-95, but died 
suddenly 14 Sept. 1897. 

1866. March 20. Sir E. A. H. Lechmere. C. 151. 

James Martin. L. 147. 

vice Dowdeswell who resigned in order to stand for West Worcestershire. 
Sir Edmund Anthony Harley Lechmere of Rhydd Court, co. Worcester, 
only son of Sir Edmund Hungerford Lechmere, whom he succ. as 3rd 
Bart. 2 April 1856, was b. 8 Dec. 1826, educ. at the Charterhouse, 
matric. Ch. Ch. Oxon. 15 May 1845, B.A. from St. Mary Hall 1849, 
M.A. 1852. He m. 30 Sept. 1858 Louisa Rosamund only surviving 
child of John Haigh of Whitwell Hall, Yorks, and was senior partner in 
Worcester Old Bank. Sir Edmund was made a Knight Commander of 
the Servian Order of the Takova, for servicesrenderedintheTurko-Servian 
war, and a Knight of the Holy Sepulchre, received the Grand Cordon of the 
Medjidie, and was made a Knight of Malta (2nd class,) and a Knight 
Commander of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of which he was 
many years Secretary and Receiver, and in 1893 Chancellor, of the 
English branch. He was made J.P. co. Worcester 1851, Dep. Lieut. 
1852, H.S. 1862, Captain 19th Worcestershire Rifle Volunteers, and 


258 Members for Tewkesbury. 

was patron of 4 livings. Sir Edmund unsucc. cent. Tewkesbury 1868 
and 1874, but rep. it March 1866-8, and sat for West Worcestershire June 
1876-92, and for South Worcestershire 1892 till his death 18 Dec. 1894. 

On the dissolution of Parliament 11 Nov. 1868, Tewkesbury was 
deprived of one of its Members, by virtue of the Reform Act 1867. 

1868. Nov. 17. W. E. Price. L. 355. 

Sir E. Lechmere. C. 323. 

William Edwin Price of Tibberton Court, only son of William 
Philip Price (see Gloucester 1852,) was b. 10 Jan. 1841, educ. at Eton 
1850-6, and matric. from Univ. Coll. London 1857, B.A. 1859. Having 
passed the Royal Military College, Woolwich, he became Ensign 36th 
Herefordshire Regiment 23 April 1861, Lieut. Aug. 1863, but retired 
from the army Feb. 1865. He was made J. P. co. Gloucester 1869, was 
sometime Captain Gloucestershire R. Volunteers, Lieut. R. North 
Gloucester Militia 9 March 1866-7, Captain R. South Gloucester Militia 
27 Dec. 1867, and Major thereof (3rd Batt. Gloucestershire regiment) 
21 June 1880-6. Major Price m. 29 July 1878 Margaret 2nd dau. of 
Robert Needham Philips M.P. of the Park, near Manchester. He was 
a partner in Price, Walker, and Co., timber merchants, Gloucester, etc. 
He sat for Tewkesbury 1868 till unseated June 1880, and d.v.p. at 
Tibberton Court 10 Feb. 1886, aged 45, leaving two sons, Morgan 
Philip b. 1885, and William Robert b. 1886. 

1874. Jan. 31. W. E. Price. L. 350. 

Sir E. Lechmere. C. 323. 

1880. April. I W. E. Price. L. 350. 

John Fowler. C. 340. 

On petition this election was declared void June 1880. Mr. 
Fowler, the engineer of the Forth Bridge, was created a Baronet 1 890. 
Mr. J. A. Fowler was his son. 

1880. July 12. R. Biddulph Martin. L. 380. 
John Arthur Fowler. C. 298. 

Richard Biddulph Martin of Chislehurst, Kent, elder son of 
Robert M. of Overbury Court, who d. March 1897, aged 88, by Mary 
Anne d. of John Biddulph of Ledbury, (see Williams' Herefordshire 
Members^) was b. in Eaton Square 12 May 1838, educ. at Harrow, and 
matric. Exeter Coll. Oxon. 13 May 1856, B.A. 1859, M.A. 1863. He 
m. 25 Aug. 1864 Mary Frances only dau. of Admiral Richard Crozier, 
K.T.S., of West Hill, Isle of Wight. Mr. Martin was a founder and 
sometime President of the Institute of Bankers, and is Chairman of 
Martin's Bank, London, which firm, tradition says, has carried on a 
banking business in Lombard Street, since the latter part of the 
fifteenth century, and therefore claims to be 200 years older than the 
Bank of England. He is a Commr. of Lieutenancy for the City of 
London, J.P. for Kent, F.R.G.S., and Treasurer of the Royal Statistical 

Members for Tewkesbury. 259 

Society. He unsucc. cont. East Worcestershire 1868, the City 
of London April 1880, Mid Essex 1885, and Mid Devon 
1886, but was the last Member for Tewkesbury July 1880 
to Nov. 1885, and has sat for Mid Worcestershire since 1892. 
From the interesting little work The Grasshopper, by the late Mr. ]. B. 
Martin, dealing with the history of Martin's Bank, it appears that the 
actual date when that Bank was first founded is unknown, but it is 
beheved to have existed before i6oo, as the business of Sir Richard 
Martin Knt., who was Lord Mayor of London 1593, and to whom the 
Queen once farmed the Mint. In 1531 his name appears as Master of 
the Mint, and in 1584 he and his son (and successor) Richard Martin 
were appointed to that office, and held it till 1615. He is mentioned as 
a Goldsmith in connection with Sir Thomas Gresham, but there is no 
actual mention of the Banking business till the year 1677 when in a 
Directory, amongst those Goldsmiths who keep " running Cashes," 
appear the names of Charles Duncombe and Richard Kent at the 
Grasshopper, Lombard Street. On the death of Kent, Charles and 
Valentine Duncombe took the business. In 1695 Mr. Smith and Mr. 
Spinks were partners, and in 1698 Andrew Stone became a partner. 
He was the father of two distinguished sons Andrew and George, the 
younger of whom was Archbishop of Armagh 1747 till his death in 
1764. Andrew Stone, of Kew, Surrey, the elder son, was born in 1702 
or 1703, and held several offices under Government. He was Private 
Secretary to the Duke of Newcastle, was Under Secretary of State for the 
Southern Department 1736-48, and for the Northern Department 
1748-50, and 1751-4, a Commissioner of Trade and Foreign Plantations 
Nov. 1749 to Oct. 1761, and M.P. for Hastings 1741-61. He was 
appointed to the sinecure places of Joint Collector of Papers in the 
Secretary of State's offlce 1739, Secretary for the Island of Barbadoes 
1742, and Registrar of Chancery in Jamaica 1747. Mr. Stone was 
moreover Sub. Governor to George Prince of Wales 1751-6, and his 
Secretary 1756-60, and was Treasurer to Queen Charlotte Sept. 1761 
until his death 19 Dec. 1773. Mr. Smith took as a clerk Thomas 
Martin, who after his death entered into partnership with Andrew Stone. 
Their names were associated together in 1703, and those of their 
descendants from that time until 1852, when Mr. George Stone left the 
firm. At his death in 1861 the Stone family became extinct in the 
male line. The Stones and Martins intermarried in the beginning of 
this century. Mr. Frederick Norman and Mr. Edward Norman, the 
two partners with Mr. R. B. Martin, are descended from the Stones on 
the female side. 

At the Dissolution of Parliament 18 Nov. 1885, the Borough of 
Tewkesbury was deprived of its remaining Member, by the operation of 
the third Reform Act of J 885, and became merged in the Tewkesbury 
Division of the County. Tewkesbury had 386 registered electors in 
1832, 371 in 1858, 745 in 1868, 688 in 1874, and 746 in 1884. The 
Mayor acted as the Returning Officer from 1836, previous to which 
date the two Bailiffs performed that duty. 




Abyngdon, Richard 



, Edmund de... 


Ackers, B. St. John 


Beach, Michael Hicks- 


Acton, Sir John de 


Rt. Hon. Sir M. E. Hicks- 


AgK-Gardner, J. T. 


Sir M. H. Hicks- 


Aldworth, Richard 


Beauchamp, Fred 6th Earl 




Sir Richard 




Beauflour, Geoffrey 


Alford, Sir Edward 



Henry 7th Duke of ... 


Andrews, John 


H. C. 6th Duke of ... 


Anlep, John ... 


H. F. 8th Duke of ... 


Apowell, Adam 


Beaupyne, Thomas 


Apsley, Henry 1st Lord 



, Richard 


Henry Lord ... 


Bell, Sir 



H. G. Lord . . 


Bello Monte, Stephen de 


Arches, William de 



, Richard 


Arnold. Sir Nicholas . . 


Bere, Kinard de la 


Ash, Michael de 



Hon. Sir Charles 


Ashley, Lord... 


Charles 2nd Earl 


Ashwell, Richard 


Hon. Charles Paget . , . 


Aston, Robert de 


Hon. Craven 


Atkyns, Sir Robert, jun. 


Francis H. F. 




Hon. Fred. W. F. ... 


Axebrugg, John de 


Hon. George 


Aylberton, Elias de 


George 13th Lord ... 


Aylbrighton, Hugh de... 


Hon. SirG. C. 
Sir Giles de 


Babbecary, Thomas 


Hon. Grantley 


Bagot, John ... 


GrenviUe C. L. 


Baillie, Evan ... 


Hon. Henry 


James Evan . . . 


James 3rd Earl 


Balle, Roger .. 


John de 


Bannebury, John 


Sir John de ... 


Baret, Richard 


Sir John 




John Symes... 



. 183 

Sir Maurice ... 


Barker, John ... 


Sir Maurice... 


Barre, John ... 


Sir Maurice... 


Barrow, Sir Charles 


Sir Maurice... 


Basset, Sir Simon 


Admiral Sir Maurice... 


Bathe, John ... 




Bathon, Nicholas de ... 




Bathurst, Allen 


Sir Richard ... 


Allen 1st Earl 




Allen Alexander 


Robert de ... 


Allen A, 6th Earl 


Thomas de . . . 


Hon. Allen Benj. 




Benjamin ... 


Hon. Sir Thomas 


Hon. Benjamin 


W. Fitzhardinge 


Rt. Hon. C. Bragge-. 



John ... 


Hon. Henry.. 


John, jun. 


Henry 2nd Earl 

. 167 

Thomas ... ,,] 


Henry 3rd Earl 



Sir John 


H. G. 4th Earl 


Blackwell, Samuel 


Peter „ 


Blake, Thomas ... ;;; 


Index to the Members. 


Blaket, Sir John 
Blanch, John... 
Blanket, Edmund 
Blekstere, Richard le.. 
Blike, Gabriel 
Blount, Edmund 

Bokeland, Thomas 
Bokerell, Henry 
Bole, John le ... 
Boletourt, Lord 
Botiller, John le 

John de 

Thomas de 

Thomas le 

Sir Thomas ... 
Bourton, John 
Bradenstok, John de ... 
Richard de 
Bradeston, Sir Edmund de 
Bradewell, William de 
Bragge, Charles 
Bragge-Bathurst, Rt. Hon. C. . 
Brand, Hon. H. R. ... 
Bray, Edmund 
Brayton, John 
Brett, Henry ... 
Brickdale, Matthew 
Bridgman, John 
Bridlep, William 
Bright, Henry 
Brockeworth, Henry de 
John de . . 
Brockwod, William 
Bromley, William 
Bromley -Chester, W. ... 
Brompton, Richard 
Bromwioh, Isaac 

Sir John de 
Brooke, Sir David 

Broun, Robert 
Brounyng, John 
Brown, Humphrey 
Browne, John... 

Brugge, John de 
Bruyn, William 
Brydges, Sir Edmund ... 

Hon. Giles ... 
Sir Giles 
Sir .John 
Hon. William 
Bryhthampton, R. de ... 
Burke, Rt. Hon. Edmund 
Bury, John le... 
Butler, Robert 
Butte, John ... 
Bnyrsy, Nicholas 
Byrde, Richard 


















































. 181 












. 182 



Calvert, Nicolson 
Campden, Viscount 
Candavere, John 
Cann, Sir Robert 
Canynges, John 

Capel, Hon. Sir Henry 

Lord ... 
Caple, Christopher 
Garden, Sir R. W. 
Carre, William 
Caasy, John .. 
Cely, Alexander 
Chadesle, John de 
Chaimburleyn, Richard 
Chandos, Edmund Lord 
Giles Lord ... 
John Lord ... 
William Lord 
Charteris, Hon. Francis 
Chaunger, Henry le 
Chaunterell, William ... 
Cheddre, John le 

Chedworth, John Lord 
Chelreye, R. de 
Cheltenham, John de ... 
Maurice de 
William de 
Chester, Thomas 



W. Bromley ... 
Cheyne, Sir John 
Churchill, Sir John 
Cirencestre, Walter de 
Clare, Viscount . . 

Clerk, Richard le 
Clyf, William de 
Clifford, Henry de 



Clopton, John de 

Clyve, John ... 
Cocks, Sir Richard 
Codrington, C. Bethell 
C. W. 

Sir William 
Coggeshale, John de ... 
Cokes, Roger ... 
Coker, Nicholas 
Cokesey, Thomas 
Colchester, Sir Duncombe 

Maynard ... 
Cole, Richard 
Coles, John ... 
Colpek, Richard 
Colston, C. E. H. A. ... 

Colville, Robert 
Colyngton, John de 


Index to the Members. 

Combe, John de 
Oomper, Geoffrey 
Compton, John de 
Cooke, Edward 

Sir Robert 

Sir William ... 


Cooper, Sir A. Ashley... 
E,. Bransby ... 
Coperych, Thomas 
Corbet, Sir William ... 
Corsham, Henry de 
Cossham, Handel 
Coster, Thomas 
Coubrugg, William de... 
Coueleye, John de 
Coumbe, Walter de 

Coxe, Charles... 

John ... 
Craven, John... 
Cresswell, Bstcourt 
Crikkelade, Nicholas ... 
Cripps, Charles Alfred 


Crofts, John ... 
Crook, Peter ... 

Peter ... 

Cromhale, John de . . 
Croupes, Sir Kiohard de 
Cruger, Henry 
Crumpe, Sir Richard ... 
Culpeper, Sir Thomas . . . 

D'Abitot, Robert 

Daiues, Sir William . . . 

Dalby, Richard 

Dale, Henry ... 

Dan vers, Charles 

Darcy, Sir John 

Dastyn, Robert 

Daubeny, George 

Davis, R. Hart 

Dawnay, John 

Day, Sir Thomas 

De la Bere, Kinard 

Denbaud, Thomas 

Denys, Sir Gilbert 
Sir Walter 

Derby, Walter 

Derehurst, Thomas 

Desborough, John 

Dickinson, S. S. 

Diggs, Sir Dudley 

Dilke, Sir C. W. 

Doddridge, John 

Dode, Henry ... 

Dodying, John 

Dorington, Sir John . . . 




Doughty, John 



Dowdeswell, Charles ... 






General W. 



Richard ... 



Richard ... 



William ... 



Rt. Hon. W. 




. 255 


W. E 



Downe, Viscount 



Drewys, John 



Droys, John ... 



Ducie, H. G. Earl of 



H. J. Earl of 



M. D. 1st Lord 



M. D. 2nd Lord 



Dudbroke, David 



Dunsany, Lord 



Dursley, Charles Viscount 



James Viscount 



W. F. Viscount 



Dutton, James 



John ... 



Sir John 



Sir Ralph 




Hon. Ralph H. 


Earle, Joseph 



Sir Thomas 



Edwards, Thomas 



Blcho, Lord ... 



Eldesf eld, William 



Elemore, John 



Elton, Sir Abraham 



Sir Abraham 



Elyott, Robert 


Bspecer, John le 






Robert le 

. 177 


Thomas le 



Walter le 

. 178 


Estcourt, Sir Giles 



Sir Thomas ... 






Esterfield, John 




Fairfax, Hon. Sir Thomas 






Farley, John ... 



Felde, John in the 



Ferrers, Edward 

. 233 


Ferrieres, Baron de 



Ferry s, Henry 



Fitzhardinge, C. P. 3rd Lord 



F. W. 2nd Lord. 



M. F. 1st Lord . 



Fitz Nichol, John 



Sir Thomas 



Foster, John ... 



Fox, General C. R. 



Fraunceys, Everard le... 






John jun. ... 


Index to the Members. 


Fraunoeys, Reginald le 

Frome, William 
Frompton, Walter 
Fry, Lewis 
Fulbroke, John 
Fyltou, Blias de 
Fysshe, Thomas 
Fysshere, Richard le ... 

(iacelyn, Roger 

Sir Walter .. 
Gage, Viscount 
Gardner, J. T. Agg- ... 
Gardyner, Robert 
Garnons, Luke 
George, John ... 
Giffard, Sir John 
Gifford, John... 
Gilbert, Robert 
Gildeney, Henry 
Glanville, Sir John 
Gloucester, John de ... 

Thomas de 
Golafre, John... 
GoldhuU, Robert de 
Gorges, Sir Theobald , . . 
Grandison, Viscount ... 
Grevell, John 
Greyndore, Robert 
Guise, Sir Berkeley 

Sir Christopher 

John de 

Sir John 

Sir John 

Sir WilUam 
Guy, John 
Gyene, Robert 

Hale, Sir Matthew 
R. Blagden 
Robert de la 

Hamelyn, John 

Hampden, Viscount ... 

Hanbury, John 

Hanbury-Tracy, Charles 

Hancock, Charles 

Hanham, Thomas 

Hanyngteld, William de 

Harris, David 

Hart, Sir Richard 

Hasard, John... 

Haselton, John de 

Hathewy, Thomas 

Haukare, William le ... 

Hauneley, Thomas de ... 

Hawkes, John 

Hayes, William 

Heberer, Roger le 

Hede, John ... 

Helion, Sir Walter de . . . 




Herbert, Thomas 



Hereford, John de 

.. 178 


William de ... 

.. 179 


Hert, Nicholas 

.. 187 


Hertford, William de ... 

.. 177 


Hervey, William 



Hewes, Thomas 

.. 185 


Heyberare, William .. 



Hicks, Sir Baptist 


Sir William ... 



Hicks-Beach, Michael .. 



Rt. Hon. Sir M. E. 



Sir. M. H. 



Hildesley, Richard de ... 



Hill, Sir Edward S. ... 



Hoblyn, Robert 



Hoby, Richard 



Hodges, Luke 



Hodgson, Kirkman D. 



Holford, K. S. 



Holhurst, R. de 



Holloway, George 



Holmes, Robert 



Hooke, Aid. Humphrey 



Sir Humphrey 



Hoorn, John ... 



Hope, Adam de 



Henry T. 

.. 215 


Hopkins, John 



Hornoastle, John de ... 



Horsman, Rt. Hon. E. 



Howard, Edw. Staflford 



Lord H. Molyneux 



Howe, Sir John 



John ... 



John Grubham ... 



Rt. Hon. John G. 



Sir Richard 



Hungerford, Sir Anthony 



Sir John ... 


Huate, Hugh le 



John le 



Hyde, Sir Nicholas 



Hyett, Benjamin 






W. H. 



Hylley, John ... 



Insula, William de 


Ireton, Henry 




Jackson, Joseph 






James, Thomas 



Jerningham, Sir Henry 



Jersey, Earl of 



Jooe, Gilbert ... 



Sir Philip 



Jones, D. Brynmdr 






John ... 



Sir WiUoughby... 



Jubbes, Thomas 



Index to the Members. 



Kaleway, Robert 

... 108 

Massey, Sir Edward ... 

... 199 

Kayrdef, Edward de ... 


Massynger, William ... 

... 189 

Kemmyse, John 


Master, George 

... 151 

Kingsoote, Sir Nigel ... 



... 170 

Kingston, Sir Anthony 




Sir Nicholas de 



... 161 

Sir William... 



... 163 

Knap, Thomas 



... 166 

Knight, Sir John 


Thomas, jun. ... 

... 168 

Sir John 

... 122 

T. W. Chester 

... 173 

Kyng, John ... 


Col. T. W. Chester 

... 176 

Kyngeshagh, William de 


Sir William ... 

... 155 

Kyngesloue, Roger de ... 



... 165 

Kyst, Richard 


Meede, Philip 

... 103 

Methelan, John 


Lanfeden, Thomas 

... 109 

MUes, John W. 

... 140 

Langebrugg, Hugh de ... 
Langley, John de 


Philip John 

... 137 


Philip, W. S. ... 

... 137 

John de 


Mille, Thomas 






Langton, W. H. Gore . . 

.. 138 

Moigne, Sir Thomas ... 


Laurence, Robert 

.. 180 

Monemouth, John de ... 

... 181 

Lawson, H. L. W. 


Monk, Charles J. 

... 217 

Lechmere, Anthony ... 

., 246 

Montfort, Sir Edmond 


Sir Edmund A. H. 

.. 257 

More, Richard de la ... 


Rt, Hon. Nicholas 


Stephen de la ... 



.. 246 


.. 185 

Lenthall, Sir John 

.. 195 

Moreton, Hon. A. H. ... 



.. 195 

Hon. H. G. F. 


Le Spycer, see Espeoer 

H. G. F. Lord 


Leyoestre, John 


H. H. Lord ... 


Lippincott, Sir Henry ... 


H. J. Lord ... 

... 227 

Lodelawe, Thomas de . . . 


Matthew Ducie 


Long, Sir Robert 


Hon. M. D, ... 


Longe, Richard 


Morgan, Sir Richard ... 


Loveday, Thomas 


Morley, Samuel 

... 140 

Lucas, John ... 


Morris, Robert 


Lucy, John ... 


Mortymer, Hugh 


Lun, John le ... 


Morton, Thomas 


Lygon, Hon. Frederick 


MuUings, J. R. 


Lymryk, Thomas 


Lyncoln, Robert de ... 


Neast, William 


Ly veden, Roger 


Neel, John ... 


Newburgh, Charles Earl of 


Maohen, Thomas 


James Earl of 


Maiamore, Stephen de ... 

.. 178 

Newton, John 


Malmesbury, John de . . . 


Nicholas, Thomas 


Mansel, Sir William ... 


Northfolk, William de... 




North wyco, John de ... 


Manwardy, Richard 


Norton, Thomas 


Manye, Sir Anthony ... 


Norwood, Henry 


Mare, Sir Thomas de la 


Notyngham, William ... 


Marling, Sir S. S. 


Nourse, Luke ... 


Marmyan, William 

.. 188 

Nugent, Robert 

.. 126 

Marten, Richard 

.. 153 


.. 126 

Martin, James 

.. 250 


.. 257 

Dole, Walter de 


John ... 


Okynton, Thomas 


John, jun. 

.. 250 

Oldisworth, Arnold 



.. 254 

William ... 



.. 255 

Olyver, William 



.. 250 

Ossory, Earl of 


R. Biddulph ... 

.. 258 

Otery, John ... 


Marty n, Robert 


Overbury, Sir Nicholas 


Index to the Members. 


Palet, Robert .. 
Panes, Richard de 
Parker, Hugh le 
Pate, Pichard .. 
Paunoefoift, John 

Sir John .. 
Thomas . . . 
Pavy, William 
Pavys, Richard 
Payne, Robert 
Pendok, Andrew de ... 
Penebrugg, Fulk de 
Peto, SirS. M. 
Phillpotts, John 
Pitt, John 

Plunkett, Hon. J. W. ... 
Hon. R. E. S. 
Pokerel, Gilbert 
Ponsonby, Hon. Ashley 
Poole, Sir Giles 
Sir Henry 
Henry ... 
Henry ... 
Henry ... 
Pope, John 

Robert ... 
Popham, Sir John 
Porter, Arthur 
Powell, Sir John 

J. J 

Power, Walter 
Powle, Rt. Hon. Henry 
Thomas jun. 
Poyntz, John ... 
Sir John 
Sir Nicholas . . . 
Sir Nicholas . . . 
Sir Robert 
Preston, Sir Robert 
Preyers, Henry de 
Price, Wm. Edwin 
Wm. Philip 
Protheroe, Edward 

Edward, jun. 
Pury, Thomaa, sen. 
Thomas, jun. 
Pynke, John ... 

Ratoliffe, Sir John 
Rawlyns, John 
Reade, Col. George 
Reede, William 
Ricardo, David 
Rich, Col. Nathaniel 

Sir William 
Ringston, Philip 



Robinson, Anthony ... 


Elisha Smith 


Sir Thomas... 


Roe, Sir Thomas 


Rolt, Sir John 


Romeneye, John de 


Eonde, Walter 


Roubergwe, Nicholas de 
Rous, Sir John de 



Sir Roger le 


Russell, Sir Francis 


Francis Shirley 


Rt. Hon. Lord John ... 




Sir Maurice ... 




William de 


Ryver, Henry de la 


Sir Richard de la 



St. John, Francis 




Salop, Thomas de 


Saltern, William 


Samuelson, Godfrey B. 


Henry B. 


Sanoto Lando, Sir John de 


Sandys, Sir Miles 


Schreiber, Charles 


Scrope, G. Poulett 




Sebrok, Sir Lawrence 


Selers, John de 


Selwyn, Charles 


Geo. Augustus 






Semys, Thomas 


Serjaunt, John 


Sevenhampton, John de 
Seymour, John 





Sir John 


Nicholas de ... 


Thomas de 


Seynto Lo, Sir John de 


Seys, Evan ... 


Shaftesbury, Earl of ... 


ShareshuU, Sir Adam ... 


Robert de ... 


Sharpe, John ... 


John, jun., 


Sheffield, Earl of 


Sherborne, Lord 

Shipman, John 

Shipwarde, John 


Singleton, Laurence ... 




Slaughter, John 


Smyth, Sir Jarrit 




Snell, John 


Snigge, Sir George 




Index to the Members. 


Somerset, Edw. Arthur ... 78 

LordR. E. H. .,, 69 

Somerwell, William ... ... 95 

Southby, Richard ... ... 161 

Southwell, Rt. Hon. Edward ... 12.5 

Edward . . ... 66 

Spelly, Elias ... . . ... 96 

Spencer, William ... ... 103 

Spycer, see Especer 

Spyne, John ... ... ... 99 

Stanton, Alfred J. ... 230 

Walter J. ... ... 229 

W. H. 227 

Staverton, Richard de .. . ... 180 

Stephens, Edward ... ... 59 

James ... ... 198 

John ... ... 58 

John ... ... 98 

Nathaniel ... ... 52 

Thomas ... ... 61 

Thomas ... ... 63 

Steuward, Thomas ... ... 181 

Stevens, Thomas ... ... 185 

Stoke, John ... ... ... 95 

Thomas de ... ... 181 

Stone, John ... ... ... 161 

Strange, Robert ... 104 

Robert ... 154 

Thomas ... ... 151 

Stranshawe, Robert ... ... 33 

Strete, John de ... 92 

Streynesham, John ... ... 185 

Sudeley, Lord ... 253 

Sir John de . . . ... 17 

Sweynesey, Robert ... ... 183 

Sydenham, Richard ... ... 95 

Tailor, John ... ... ... 115 

Taverner, Edward ... ... 182 

John le ... ... 87 

Tedistill, Walter .. ... 98 

Thorn, Nicholas ... ... 107 

Robert ... ... 106 

Thorp, Sir John ... ... 24 

Throckmorton, Sir Baynham ... 57 

Sir Baynham ... 59 

John ... ... 49 

Sir Thomas ... 47 

Thurloe, John ... ... 240 

Thynne, James ... ... 165 

Tilly, James ... ... ... 93 

Toker, William ... ... 105 

Tory nton, Philip de ... ... 92 

Townsend, Charles ... ... 143 

Tracy, C. Hanbury ... .. 253 

Sir John ... ... 21 

Sir John ... ... 48 

John Viscount... ... 48 

Robert ... ... 248 

Sir Robert ... ... 50 

Robert Viscount ... 50 

Thomas ... ... 66 

Sir William ... ... 7 

Tracy, William, jun. . . 

Trenode, Richard 
Tropyn, John... 

Troubrugg, William de 
Trye, John 

Turtle, Roger... 
Twyneho, John 
Tyderinton, William de 
Tyndall, Robert 
Trykkelade, Nicholas .. 

Vaughan, Henry 

Veel, Sir Peter de .. 
Veltare, William le 
Veys, John ... 
Viell, John ... 
Villiers, Viscount 
Vivonia, Sir John 
Vyvyan, Sir R. R 

Wagstaff, John 

Wait, W. K. ... 

Waleys, Ralph 

Walour, Robert le . . 

Walsh, John ... 
John de 

Wauton, William de ... 

Wawepol, Walter 

Webb, Edward 
John . . 

Wellescoten, John de .. 

Wellishot, Adam 

Wemyss, Earl of 

Westoote, Edmund . . 

Westhale, William de . . . 

Weston, John de 

SirJ. D 

White, Col. Francis ... 

Whitshed, James 

Whitson, John 

Whittington, Sir Guy ... 
Robert de 
William de 
Sir William de 
William ... 
William ... 

Williams, Mark 

Wills, Sir W. H. 

Winnington, Sir Francis 

Wiuterbotham, A. B. 

H. S. P. 

Wodehouse, William 

WodhuU, Richard de ... 

Wood, Silyanus 

Worcester, Charles Marquis of . 



















































Index to the Members. 


Worcester, Henry Marquis of 
H. C. Marquis of 
H. F. Marquis of 

Wroughton, Henry 

Wycoumbe, Johnde 

Wyghtfelde, William 

Wykam, William 

Wykes, Nicholas 

Wyldemersh, Robert 

Wyndliaro, Francis 






Wynston, John de 
Wynter, Sir Edward 
Sir William 
Wythe, Sir Maurice 

Yate, Kobert ... 

Yonge, Thomas 

Yorke, John K. 




Index to the Defeated Candidates. 

Acland, James 
Adams, John ... 
Agg-Gardner, James ... 
Albemarle, Earl of 
Allan, Sir H. Havelook- 
Allen, Arthur Acland . . . 
Charles Peter . . . 
Atkyns, Sir Robert 

Baillie, Hugh D. 
Baker, Samuel 
Biggs, Russell 
Bishop, George 
Biasell, J. B. ... 
Blaydes, Wilfrid 
Brennan, E. J. 
Broughton, Lord 
Bury, Viscount 

Carpenter, Alfred 
Cary, John ... 
Chambers, Sir G. H. 
Clutterbuok, — 
Cobbett, William 
Colchester, Henry 
Colchester- Wemyss, M. W. 
Combe, Henry 
Cother, William 
Cottesloe, Lord 
Cox, B. C. W. 
Cresswell, R. Estoourt 
Cunningham, W. 

Debenham, Frank 
Delabere, John 
de Mauley, Lord 
Dutton, Hon. John 



Easthope, John, jun. 


Ely, Marquis of 


Embury, John 


Esoott, Bickham 




FoUett, Brent S. 


Fowler, Sir John 

John Arthur 


Foyle, — 

Francis, Sir Philip 


Freke, Philip ... 

Fremantle Hon. T. F 


Fripp, William 

Fust, Sir Edward 



Gage, Hon. Thomas 


Gardner, James Agg- . . . 

Gaskell, W. P. 


Goldsmid, Sir Julian . . . 

Gore, H. H 

Guest, Sir Ivor 



Haggett, John 


Hallewell, B. G. 


Hare, Sholto Vere 


Hart, William 


Hartley, W. H. 


Havelock-Allau, Sir H. 


Henley, Robert 


Hillen, — 


Hobhouse, Sir Benjamin 

Sir J. Cam... 


Hobson, S. G. 


Holland, Edward 


Howell, T. Bayley 


Hunt, Henry ... 








Index to the Defeated Candidates. 



luderwick, F. A. 

... 176 

Power, J. 0. Connor ... 

... 144 

Inskip, James 

... 142 

Powlett, William 

... 122 

Judd, James 

... 144 

Reade, Thomas 


Ridler, William 

... 147 

Kennard, Adam S. 

... 219 

Romilly, Sir Samuel ... 

... 134 

Lawless, H. H. 

... 144 

Sherborne, Lord 


Lawrence, Sir J. T. 

... 220 

Slade, Sir E. W. 

... 138 

Lees, Col. Nassau 

... 219 

Smith, Capt. B. C. ... 

... 146 

Lehmann, R. 0. 

... 149 

Snell, Powell 

... 210 

Somerset, Lord Arthur 

... 212 

Leigh, T. C. Haubury... 


Spencer, John 

... 127 

Lewis, — 

... 131 


... 127 

Loftus, Viscount 

... 216 

Stanton, James T. 

... 230 

Lucas, Fred. Louis 


Stephens, John 
Sudeley, Lord 



MoGeachy, F. A. 

... 138 

Symons, J. C. 


Marling, Sir W. 

... 79 

Moore, Peter ... 

... 252 

Thompson, T. Perronet 

... 146 

Tollett, George 

... 253 

Nixon, B. de Couroy ... 

... 144 

Turner, M. M. 

... 227 

Norton, John ... 

... 227 

Ward, John... 

... 220 

Onslow, Thomas 

... 166 

Wells, Sir Spencer 

... 220 

Wemyss, M. W. Colohester- 


Peach, Samuel 

... 130 

Whatley, T. D. 

... 173 

Peel, Jonathan 

... 145 

Williams, John 

... 136 

Joseph ... 

... 255 

Wilson, J. Havelock ... 


Pellatt, Apsley 


Wimborne, Lord 


Penn, Sir William 

... 117 

Wraxall, Sir W. L. 


Philipps, Sir John 

... 126 

Wyndham, George 


Ponsonby, Hon. Charles 

... 174 

Popham, Edward 

... 246 

Young, Edward 

.. 166 

Potter, Richard 

... 218 


J. T. Agg-Gardner Esq., Evesham House, Cheltenham. 

Alfred Baldwin Esq. M.P., Wilden House, Stourport. 

W. Henry Barneby Esq., Bredenbury Court, Bromyard. 

The Right Honourable Earl Bathurst, Cirencester House. 

The Honourable Allen Benjamin Bathurst M.P., Cirencester House. 

Sir Thomas S. Bazley Bart., Hatherop Castle, Fairford. 

William Bethell Esq., Rise Park, Hull. 

Col. J. A. Bradney, Talycoed, Monmouth. 

The Bristol Public Libraries. 

James Bruton Esq., Wootton, Gloucester. 

John Bryan Esq., Minchinhampton. 

G. E. Cokayne Esq. F.S.A., (Clarenceux King of Arms), College of 
Arms, London, E.G. 

Edward Conder Esq. F.S.A., New Court, Colwall. 

Captain J. G. Cotterell, ist Life Guards, Garnons, Hereford. 

Charles Alfred Cripps Esq. Q.C., M.P., (Attorney General to H.R.H. 

the Prince of Wales,) 45, Parliament Street, London, S.W. 
Edmund William Cripps Esq., Ampney Park, Cirencester. 
Wilfrid J. Cripps Esq. C.B., F.S.A., Cirencester. 
C. H. Dancey Esq , 6, Midland Road, Gloucester. 
Sir F. D. Dixon- Hartland Bart. F.S.A., M.P., 14, Chesham Place, 

London, S.W. 
Sir John E. Dorington Bart. M.P., Lypiatt Park, Stroud. 
The late Arthur C. Dowdeswell Esq., Ripple Hall, Tewkesbury. 
Rev. Edmund R. Dowdeswell, Bushley, Tewkesbury, (2 copies). 
J. A. Doyle Esq., Pendarren, Crickhowell, (2 copies). 
The Right Honourable Lord Fitzhardinge, Berkeley Castle. 
Lewis Fry Esq. M.P., Goldney House, Clifton. 
WiUiam George Esq., St. Wulfstan's, Durdham Park, Bristol. 
Messrs. William George's Sons, Top Corner, Park Street, Bristol, 

(2 copies). 
Mr. Henry Gray, Antiquarian Bookseller, 47, Leicester Square, London, 

W.C. (2 copies). 

270 List of Subscribers. 

Sir William Guise Bart, Elmore Court, Gloucester. 

J. Eglinton A. Gwynne Esq. F.S.A., Folkington Manor, Polegate, Sussex. 

Major General Robert Hale, Alderley, Wotton-under-Edge. 

His Excellency the Right Honourable Viscount Hampden, (Governor 
of New South Wales), Government House, Sydney. 

Henry V. Hart-Davies Esq., Court Hayes, Limpsfield, Surrey. 

The Right Honourable Lord Hawkesbury F.S.A., Kirkham Abbey, York. 

The Right Honourable Sir Michael Edward Hicks-Beach Bart. M.P. 
(Chancellor of the Exchequer,) Netheravon, Salisbury. 

R. Kirkman Hodgson Esq., Ashgrove, Sevenoaks, Kent. 

Edward Stafford Howard Esq., (Commissioner for Woods and Forests), 
9, Egerton Place, London, S.W. 

Andrew A. Hunter Esq , 6, Orisdale Terrace, Cheltenham. 

Francis A. Hyett Esq., Painswick House, Stroud. 

D. Brynmor Jones Esq. Q-C, M.P., 27, Bryanston Square, London, W. 

James Jones Esq., Williamstripp Park, Fairford. 

H. M. Kemeys-Tynte Esq., Halswell Park, Bridgwater. 

St. David M. Kemeys-Tynte Esq., Sherwood, Bridgwater. 

Russell James Kerr Esq., The Haie, Newnham-on-Severn. 

Colonel Sir Nigel Kingscote K.C.B., 19. South Audley Street, London, W. 

Christian W. Lawrence Esq., Sandywell Park, Andoversford. 

Stanley Leighton Esq. F.S.A,, M P., Sweeney Hall, Oswestry. 

Sir W. Thomas Lewis Knt. and Bart., The Mardy, Aberdare. 

R. M. Lippincott Esq., Over Court, near Bristol. 

The London Library, (per C. T. Haghery Wright Esq., Librarian,) St. 
James' Square, S.W. 

Sir William H. Marling Bart., Stanley Park, Stroud. 

Kingsmill Marrs Esq., South Park, Saxonville, Mass., U.S.A., (per 
Messrs. J. Rimell & Son. Booksellers, 91, Oxford Street, 
London, W.) 

Rev. George S. Master, Bourton Grange, Flax Bourton, Bristol. 

Colonel T. W. Chester Master, Knole Park, Almondsbury, R.S.O. 

The Right Honourable Lord Moreton, Sarsden, Chipping Norton. 

His Grace the Duke of Norfolk K.G., (Postmaster General,) Norfolk 

House, St. James' Square, London, S.W. 
Alfred H. Paul Esq., The Close, Tetbury. 
Sir Henry Peto Bart., Chedington Court, Crewkerne. 
The late George H. Piper Esq., F.G.S., The Court House, Ledbury. 

List of Subscribers. 271 

Arthur Twisden Playne Esq., Longford, Minchinhampton. 

Mrs. W. E. Price, Tibberton Court, Gloucester. 

Edward Robinson Esq., The Towers, Sneyd Park, Bristol. 

C. J. Ryland Esq., Cardwell Chambers, Marsh Street, Bristol. 

Godfrey B. Samuelson Esq., 7, Cadogan Gardens, London, S.W. 

Robert Forsyth Scott Esq., St. John's College, Cambridge. 

Frederick Sessions Esq. F.R.G.S., Gloucester. 

Godfrey Says Esq., Wirewood's Green, Chepstow. 

The Right Honourable Lord Sherborne, 9, St. James' Square, 
London, S.W. 

A. E. Smith, Esq., The Hollies, Nailsworth. 

Raglan G. H. Somerset Esq., (Gentleman Usher to the Queen,) 
2, Morpeth Terrace, London, S.W. 

Alfred John Stanton Esq., Shirley House, Pittville, Cheltenham. 

James T. Stanton Esq., The Leaze, Stonehouse. 

Robert Ingham Tidswell Esq., Haresfield Court, Stonehouse. 

R. V. Vassar-Smith Esq., Charlton Park, Cheltenham. 

Henry T. Weyman Esq., Solicitor, Ludlow. 

Works by the same Author. 

The Parliamentary History of Wales, 1541-1895, price 21/- 
Herefordshire Members, 1213-1896, (out of print.) 
Worcestershire Members, 12 13-1897, price 15/- 
In preparation — Oxfordshire Members, 12 13-1899, price 10/6 

These historical and genealogical studies, which practically 
form a new Biographical Dictionary for each County of which they 
treat, open up a previously unexplored branch of Family History, and 
have met with a most favourable reception. The intention is to give 
in a clear and concise form as full and exhaustive accounts as possible 
of the lives and achievements of the Members of Parliament, whose 
ranks be it remembered, have ever been supplied from the most 
learned, the most valiant, and the most eminent of those who have 
made English History. The Author would esteem it a favour if 
gentlemen interested in the matter, would kindly communicate any 
information in their possession dealing with such Members of their 
Family as have sat in Parliament, to 

Talybont, Brecknock. 



i;i3iiii!i, i